Listed in reverse date order:
Liu 2005 Biosocial bases of aggressive and violent behavior - implications for nursing studies. Gesch 2002 Influence of supplementary vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids on the antisocial behaviour of young adult prisoners. Horrocks 1999 Health benefits of docosahexaenoic acid. Dykman 1998 Effect of nutritional supplements on attentional-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Starobrat 1998 The effect of deficiency of selected bioelements on hyperactivity in children with certain specified mental disorders. Schmidt 1997 Does oligoantigenic diet influence hyperactive/conduct-disordered children--a controlled trial. Schoenthaler 1991 Applied Nutrition and Behavior.
The following excerpts are in alphabetical order by first author.
- Effect of nutritional supplements on attentional-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Dykman KD, Dykman RA. Integr Physiol Behav Sci. 1998 Jan-Mar;33(1):49-60" . . . The glyconutritional supplement decreased the number and severity of ADHD, associated ODD and CD symptoms, and side effects [for those taking stimulant medications] in all groups during the first two weeks of the study. . . . Present results suggest that symptoms of ADHD may be reduced by the addition to the diet of saccharides used by the body in glycoconjugate synthesis."TOP
- Full text: (get password)
Influence of supplementary vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids on the antisocial behaviour of young adult prisoners C. Bernard Gesch, Sean M. Hammond, Sarah E. Hampson, Anita Eves and Martin J. Crowder, British Journal of Psychiatry (2002), 181, 22 - 28" Experimental, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised trial of nutritional supplements on 231 young adult prisoners, comparing disciplinary offences before and during supplementation.TOP
Results: Compared with placebos, those receiving the active capsules committed an average of 26.3% ... fewer offences. Compared to baseline, the effect on those taking active supplements for a minimum of 2 weeks was an average 35.1% ... reduction of offences, whereas placebos remained within standard error.
Conclusions: Antisocial behaviour in prisons, including violence, are reduced by vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids with similar implications for those eating poor diets in the community."
- Health benefits of docosahexaenoic acid. Horrocks LA, Yeo YK, Pharmacological Research 1999 Sep;40(3):211-25[DHA is one of the omega-3 essential fatty acids] "... The inclusion of plentiful DHA in the diet improves learning ability, whereas deficiencies of DHA are associated with deficits in learning...The visual acuity of healthy, full-term, formula-fed infants is increased when their formula includes DHA ... DHA deficiencies are associated with foetal alcohol syndrome, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, cystic fibrosis, phenylketonuria, unipolar depression, aggressive hostility, and adrenoleukodystrophy....DHA is present in fatty fish (salmon, tuna, mackerel) and mother's milk. DHA is present at low levels in meat and eggs, but is not usually present in infant formulas.... DHA has a positive effect on diseases such as hypertension, arthritis, atherosclerosis, depression, adult-onset diabetes mellitus, myocardial infarction, thrombosis, and some cancers."TOP
- Biosocial bases of aggressive and violent behavior — implications for nursing studies , Liu J; Wuerker A, Int J Nurs Stud, 2005 Feb;42(2):229-41" Although aggression and violence have been increasingly viewed as a major public health problem with a biological and health basis, it has been under-researched in the nursing and health context. This paper reviews early biological risk factors for violence. These factors include pregnancy/birth complications, fetal exposure to nicotine, alcohol, and drugs, low cholesterol, malnutrition, lead and manganese exposure, head injuries and brain dysfunction, low arousal, low serotonin, low cortisol, and high testosterone. A biopsychosocial violence mode is proposed. Finally, the paper argues that nursing is ideally placed to develop a new body of knowledge based on a biosocial perspective that can lead to more effective prevention programs for violence. "TOP
Does oligoantigenic diet influence hyperactive/conduct-disordered children--a controlled trial. , Schmidt MH, et al., Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 1997 Jun;6(2):88-95.Note, that this study was done on children with both ADHD and conduct disorder. Only 44% of them improved on Ritalin, while 24% of them improved equally well using a Feingold-type diet.TOP
"Effects of diet were compared with those yielded by stimulant medication (methylphenidate). ... Twelve children (24%) showed significant behavioral improvement in two behavior ratings during diet relative to control diet conditions ... The amount of positive changes in behavior in those who received both treatments was about the same... dietary treatment cannot be neglected as a possible access to treating hyperactive/disruptive children ..."
- Applied Nutrition and Behavior, S.Schoenthaler, J.Moody, L.Pankow, Journal of Applied Nutrition, November 1, 1991, Vol. 43Review of studies at California State University; implementation of "nutrient dense diets" in 813 state juvenile detention facilities "resulted in significantly improved conduct, intelligence, and/or academic performance..."TOP
- The effect of deficiency of selected bioelements on hyperactivity in children with certain specified mental disorders, Starobrat-Hermelin B, Ann Acad Med Stetin 1998;44:297-314"... shortage [of magnesium, copper, zinc, calcium, iron] occurs more often among hyperactive children than among those being healthy, and deficiency of magnesium is the most frequent in this respect ... The zinc content in hair was higher among children with ADHD and disruptive behaviour disorder. ... The analysis of influence exerted by magnesium supplementation on hyperactivity has been carried out in the group of total 75 children with ADHD jointly with magnesium deficiency ... The obtained results have clearly disclosed significant increase of magnesium, zinc, calcium content ... and ... decrease of hyperactivity in the group of children treated with magnesium. At the same time, however, among the children given standard treatment without magnesium, hyperactivity has intensified ... The findings herein presented indicate that it is necessary to take into consideration a possible bioelements deficiency among children with ADHD. Consequently, the accomplished study proves that there is a need of magnesium supplementation in ADHD children irrespectively of other mental disorders."TOP