Collection of Studies
Full Text Documents and Abstracts
Last update: January 13, 2016

Most are in PDF Format. Some were scanned from paper copies and may take some time to open.
If you need an Acrobat Reader, you can get it here.

Those studies not openly available on the Internet are in a password-protected file to protect their copyright. If the study you want is asking for a password, write us and we will be happy to send it to you.

Most are organized simply by last name of primary author. If you should find a broken link, please let us know.

- Shula Edelkind
Feingold Research Information

In March, 2000, a 14-year-old boy died suddenly of a heart attack. Rumors of "underlying heart defect" were circulated in the parent suport groups for ADHD, but none of the articles about him had interviewed a cardiologist. So I interviewed a cardiologist, as well as the medical examiner involved, and this is my article, with links to others pulished at the time and later.

  1. AACAP 1997 - American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry - Practice Parameters 1997
    -- see also PRACTICE PARAMETERS 1997 for more information

  2. AACAP 2007 - American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry - Practice Parameters 2007
    *ADHD; says in 1997 there was no evidence to support diet and "no studies have appeared since then that would justify their use."

  3. AAGAARD 2011
    The occurrence of adverse drug reactions reported for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications in the pediatric population: a qualitative review of empirical studies
    *ADHD, medication side effects, drug reactions, Aagaard, Hansen

  4. AALTO-KORTE 2000
    Allergic contact dermatitis from tertiary-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ) in a vegetable hydraulic oil
    *allergy, TBHQ, BHA, dermatitis, Finland

  5. AAP 1985
    "Inactive" Ingredients in Pharmaceutical Products
    American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Drugs
    *Food Dye, Color

  6. AAP 1997
    "Inactive" Ingredients in Pharmaceutical Products: Update
    American Academy Committee on Drugs
    *Food Dye, Color

  7. AAP 2001 American Academy of Pediatrics: 2001
    ADHD - Unproven Treatments
    * Note that DIET is no longer listed as an "unproven treatment" ... well it's a far cry from being a recommended treatment, but maybe that will come in another 30 years?

  8. AAP 2001
    Clinical Practice Guideline: Treatment of the School-Aged Child With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    * adhd,American Academy of Pediatrics

  9. AAP 2008:
    Grand Rounds - February 2008
    "we ... admit we might have been wrong." [Full article]

    Food intolerance (food hypersensitivity) and chronic complaints in children: the parents' perception.
    * Conclusion: Doctors should talk to parents about the possibility of food intolerance for patients wih asthma, rhinitis, hay fever, diarrhoea, or hyperactivity.

  11. ABD EL-WAHAB 2012
    Toxic effects of some synthetic food colorants and/or flavor additives on male rats
    *Food dyes, flavors, rats, Abd El-Wahaab, Moram.

  12. ABDEL 1997 - ABSTRACT
    A study on the reproductive toxicity of erythrosine in male mice
    * Erythrosine (Red 3) reduced sperm count and increased sperm abnormality.

  13. ABHILASH 2011
    Effect of Long Term Intake of Aspartame on Antioxidant Defense Status in Liver
    *Rats, Glutathione, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT)

  14. ABIKOFF 1984 - abstract
    Does behavior therapy normalize the classroom behavior of hyperactive children?
    * Behavioral treatment normalized aggression but not adhd or hyperactivity. Abikoff, Gittelman

  15. ABIKOFF 1985 - abstract
    The normalizing effects of methylphenidate on the classroom behavior of ADDH children.
    * ADHD. "ADDH children were significantly improved on measures of attention but continued to be significantly less attentive" Abikoff, Gittelman.

    Physiological effects of some synthetic food colouring additives on rats.
    * Yellow 5, Yellow 6, Blue 1, etc. decreased red cell count, color in liver, hemorrhage in liver & kidney, congested blood vessels

  17. ABU-TAWEEL 2014
    Cognitive and biochemical effects of monosodium glutamate and aspartame, administered individually and in combination in male albino mice
    * MSG, aspartame together caused measurable decrease in dopamine, serotonin, glutathione.
    * Each caused disruptiion in cognitive ability, memory, learning - together was worst.
    * Abu-Taweel, M.A., Ajarem, Ahmad. Saudi Arabia

  18. ACCARDO 1994
    Nutrition and Behavior: The legend continues (ridicules diet as treatment)
    *adhd, food additives, opinion piece: "The parent who wants to engage in scientific debate about the harmfulness of food additives needs to be sent off to read the article by Shaywitz ..."

  19. ADAMS 1981
    Lack of behavioral effects from Feingold diet violations
    * ADHD, diet. This is often quoted as one of the "negative" studies. I you add up the individual amounts of coloring that they list in Table 2 on Page 311, you will discover that they actually only add up to 18.8 mg and NOT the 26.3 mg total listed in the table.

  20. ADAMS 1997
    Nutrition and its relationship to autism.
    * tutorial, nutrition, candidiasis (yeast), gluten/casein intolerance, celiac disease, diet, vitamins, minerals. Case studies.

  21. ADAMS 2000
    Workshop to identify critical windows of exposure for children's health: Neurobehavioral Work Group Summary
    *developmental neurotoxicolgy, developmental disorders, behavior, Adams, Barone, LaMantia, Philen, Rice, Spear, Susser

  22. ADAMS 2004
    Pilot Study of a Moderate Dose Multivitamin/Mineral Supplement for Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder
    * Actually, B6 test before study looked like kids with autism are high in B6, but that is because they apparently
       convert to active form slowly and are low in THAT.
    * Good overview of a variety of other nutrients in autism. Adams & Holloway.

  23. ADAMS 2011
    Nutritional and metabolic status of children with autism vs. neurotypical children, and the association with autism severity

  24. ADAMS 2011
    Effect of a vitamin/mineral supplement on children and adults with autism
    * Improvement in methylation, glutathion, exidative stress, sulfation, ATP, NADH, NADPH.
    * "...a vitamin/mineral supplement is a reasonable adjunct therapy to consider for most children and adults with autism."
    * Adams, Audhya, McDonough=Means, Rubin, Quig, Geis, Gehn, Loresto, Mitchell, Atwood, Barnhouse, Lee.

  25. ADESMAN 2011
    Restricted elimination diet for ADHD
    *Criticism of Pelsser 2011

  26. AHAMED 2007
    Environmental lead toxicity and nutritional factors
    * Lead exposure without food is more absorbed; range is from 10% to 80%.
    * Influence lead effects: Food, calcium, zinc, beta-carotene, vitamin B6, vitamin E, vitamin C, selenium, iron
    * Ahamed & Siddiqui. India.

  27. AHMED 2008
    Psychogenic and organic movement disorders in children
    *Tourette Syndrome, ataxia, Ahmed, Martinez, Yee, Besag.

  28. AHMED 2011
    Induction of Apoptosis, Necrosis and differentiation in hepG2 cell line (Comparison between natural and Synthetic products)
    *Cancer, Tumors, TBHQ, Apoptosis, Malignancies

  29. AKHTER 2011
    Therapeutic Potential and Anti-Amyloidosis Mechanisms of Tert-Butylhydroquinone for Alzheimer’s Disease
    Alzheimer's disease, dementia, amyloid, brain, mice, TBHQ, glutathione, antioxidant, oxidative stress. China. Akhter, Katre, Li, Liu, Liu.

  30. AKSGLAEDE 2006
    The Sensitivity of the Child to Sex Steroids: Possible Impact of Exogenous Estrogens
    *Cancer, hormones disruption, childhood, estradiol, steroids, estrogenic, Aksglaede, Juul, Leffers, Skakkebaek, Andersson, Denmark

  31. AL ABOUD 2011
    Blue toes after stimulant therapy for pediatric attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    *ADHD, Adderall, Stimulant Medication, Vascular Damage

  32. ALAM 1997
    Platelet sulphotransferase activity, plasma sulphate levels and sulphation capacity in patients with migraine and tension headache.
    *PST, Waring, Sulphation, Sulfation

  33. ALBERTI 1999
    Sulphation deficit in "low-functioning" autistic children: a pilot study.
    *PST, Waring, Sulphation, Sulfation, Paracetamol, Tylenol

  34. AL-DEGS 2009
    Determination of Three Dyes in Commercial Soft Drinks Using HLA/GO and Liquid Chromatography.
    *Red 40 Allura Red, Yellow 6 Sunset Yellow, Yellow 5 Tartrazine

  35. ALDOUS 1994
    An Outbreak of Illness Among Schoolchildren in London: Toxic Poisoning Not Mass Hysteria
    *Cucumbers, pesticide, Aldous, Ellam, Murray, Pike

  36. ALDRED 2003
    Plasma Amino Acid Levels in Children with Autism and Their Families
    * Autism, Asperger; patients & parents and siblings have elevated or reduced levels of some amino acids.
    * Aldred, Moore, Fitzgerald, Waring.

  37. AL FRAYH 2001
    Increased Prevalence of Asthma in Saudi Arabia
    *Asthma in children increased from 8% in 1986 to 23% in 1995, Al Frayh, Shakoor, Gad El Rab, Hasnain. Saudi Arabia.

  38. ALI 1993
    Snoring, Sleep Disturbance, and Behaviour in 4-5 year olds
    *Children, sleep, smoking, hyperactive, aggression, Ali, Pitson, Stradling

  39. ALI 2000
    Locomotor and Learning Deficits in Adult Rats Exposed to Monosodium-L-Glutamate During Early Life
    *Rats, MSG, decreased learning, quote: "MSG treatment in young (weaned) rats induces subtle, long-lasting changes in the dopamine (DA) receptor status and/or DAergic neuronal pathways." Ali, Bawari, Misra, Babu. India.

  40. ALI 2012
    MonoSodium Glutamate-induced Damage in Rabbit Retina: Electroretinographic and Histologic Studies
    * MSG, glutamate. Lowest dose tested (1 g/kg) had adverse effects on rabbit retina.
    * Higher dose showed extensive damage to retina.
    * Ali, Ed-Gohary, Metwally, Sabra, Sayed. Egypt.

  41. ALLAN 2011 - abstract
    Diet and asthma: nutrition implications from prevention to treatment.
    * Asthma related to omega 3 - 6 ratio change, vitamin D deficiency, other antioxidants, most important before birth.

  42. ALLAN 2015 - abstract
    Maternal vitamin D and E intakes during pregnancy are associated with asthma in children.
    * Low Vitamin D and E in mother increase asthma risk in children.
    * Allan, Prabhu, Craig, McNeill, Kirby, McLay, Helms, Ayres, Seaton, Turner, Devereux.

  43. ALLEN 1984
    Adverse Reactions to Foods
    *Allergy, food intolerance, pharmacological, asthma, MSG, urticaria, hives, salicylate, food, glutamate, nitrates, sorbic acid, benzoic acid, benzoates, colorings, colourings, dyes, sulphite, sulfite, amines, questionnaire, diet at RPAH, Australia, Allen, Van Nunen, Loblay, Clarke, Swain

  44. ALLEN 2010
    Role of Hyperparathyroidism in the Management of Depression and Anxiety

    Mental health of children with learning disabilities
    - Note: "Parents themselves often impose a particular diet in an attempt to improve the behavioural problems of children with autistic-spectrum disorders. Exclusion diets (particularly gluten and casein) and supplements such as fish oils and vitamin B6 are common. The possible benefits of these dietary manipulations have yet to be rigorously evaluated."
    *Behavior, Sleep, ADHD, Self-Talk, Psychosis, Autism, Medications

  46. ALLOWAY 2010
    The Prevalence of ADHD-Like Symptoms in a Community Sample - UK

  47. ALLURA RED (Red 40, E-129)
    * History, monograph, date estimate: after 2007

  48. ALOMIRAH 2010
    The Dietary Exposure Assessment to Selected Food Additives and Contaminants for the GCC Countries Population

  49. ALPAY 2010
    Diet restriction in migraine, based on IgG against foods: A clinical double-blind, randomised, cross-over trial

  50. ALQAHTANI 2010
    The Comorbidity of ADHD in the General Population of Saudi Arabian School-Age Children
    *Oppositional-Defiant Disorder, ODD, Conduct Disorder, CD, Anxiety, Depression

  51. AL-SHINNAWY 2009
    Physiological Effect of a Food Additive on Some Haematological and Biochemical Parameters of Male Albino Rats
    *Rats, food colors, food dyes, amaranth/Red 2, Egypt.

  52. ALSOLAIMAN 2003
    FD&C Blue Dye No. 1 and Blue Nail Discoloration: Case Report
    *Blue 1, Brilliant Blue, Adverse Effects, Tube Feedings, Systemic Absorption

  53. ALTOUNYAN 1978
    A patient's view of asthma
    * written when asthma was still often thought to be psychosomatic, but a great description & a good story

    Pharmaceutical preparations which contain tartrazine
    * (Spanish)Cross-reaction with asperin allergy; drugs should label additives. 45% labs say their drugs have Yellow 5

  55. AMAN 2002
    Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of Risperidone for the Treatment of Disruptive Behaviors in Children With Subaverage Intelligence
    *Retarded Children

  56. AMIN 2010 - ABSTRACT
    Effect of food azo dyes tartrazine and carmoisine on biochemical parameters related to renal, hepatic function and oxidative stress biomarkers in young male rats.
    * Both high and low doses of yellow 5 and carmoisine damage liver, kidney, biochemical markers.

  57. AMIRI 2013
    Psychiatric Comorbidities in ADHD Children: An Iranian Study among Primary School Students
    * phobia, ODD, tics, enuresis, bedwettingli

  58. AMOS-KROOHS 2011
    Neonatal methylphenidate does not impair adult spatial learning in the Morris water maze in rats
    * brain. Ritalin in pregnancy does not change anxiety, swimming, spatial learning in babies. (Cognitive function not tested?)
    * Amos-Kroohs, Williams, Vorhees.

  59. AMOS-KROOHS 2013
    Neurobehavioral phenotype of C57BL/6J mice prenatally and neonatally exposed to cigarette smoke
    * prenatal cigarette smoke exposure affects brain on offspring long-term: subnormal anxiety, impaired learning and memory.
    * Amos-Kroohs, Williams, Braun, Graham, Webb, Birtles, Greene, Vorhees, Pisano.

  60. Amphetamines - chapter from textbook Drugs and Human Behavior
    *Amphetamine, Cocaine, Stimulants, Benzedrine, Asthma, Narcolepsy, Depression, Hyperactivity, ADHD, Appetite Suppressant, Combat, Preludin, Ritalin, Crystal Meth

    Biological Factors in Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder
    *ADHD, review, neurological factors, brain damage, neurological dysfunction, under-reactivity to stimulation, toxic reactions - food dyes "very small percentage of children" ... quoted studies: Taylor 1979, Conners 1980, and Gross 1987, medication side effects - phenobarbital, dilantin. Anastopoulos, Barkley.

  62. ANDERSEN 1979
    Feingold Diet
    *Letter to editor re Breakey, environmental factors, hyperkinetic, quotes National Medical Health and Research Council June 1978, family environment, no proof.

  63. ANDERSON 1995
    The Brain: Adverse reactions to food and the CNS (Centrai Nervous System)
    * reports that histamines, tyramine, phenyl-ethylamine, etc. aspartame, msg reported to cause headache; then proceeds to mnimize Feingold diet and environmental illness in general.

  64. ANDERSON 1998
    Acute Toxic Effects of Fragrance Products
    *Perfume, mice, mouse, sensory, pulmonary, lung, irritation, ASTM-E-981, airflow, nervous system, neurotoxicity, neurological testing, worse on repetition of exposure.

  65. ANDERSSON 1999
    Exposure to Exogenous Estrogens in Food: Possible Impact on Human Development and Health
    *Environmental chemicals, hormone, estradiol, meat, Andersson, Skakkebaek

  66. ANDREAS 2012
    Association of Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder with Physical Activity, Media Time, and Food Intake in Children and Adolescents
    * ADHD, diet, TV. Andreas, Egmond-Frohlich, Weghuber, de Zwaan. Germany.

  67. ANDREWS 2004
    Thimerosal Exposure in Infants and Developmental Disorders: A Retrospective Cohort Study in the United Kingdom Does Not Support a Causal Association
    *Autism, vaccines, mercury, thimerosal, Andrews, Miller, Grant, Stowe, Osborne, Taylor
    Note: Taylor testified against Wakefield in Burton Congressional Hearings in 2000

  68. ANTHONY 1999
    - letter re Hill's complaint that diet is difficult
    *ADHD, Diet, Omega 6, Zinc

  69. ANTICO 1995 - ABSTRACT
    The role of additives in chronic pseudo-allergic dermatopathies from food intolerance.
    * "additives are a frequent cause of chronic pseudo-allergic dermatopathies in adult patients and, in general, a problem of primary importance in the allergology practice."

  70. ANTYPA 2009
    Omega-3 fatty acids (fish-oil) and depression-related cognition in healthy volunteers

  71. AOSHIMA 1997
    Modulation of GABA receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes by 13-L-hydroxylinoleic acid and food additives.
    *Tenpaku, Rats, Additives, Perfumes, Caffeine, Vanillin, Brain

  72. AOSHIMA 1999
    Potentiation of GABAA receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes by perfume and phytoncid.
    *Rats, Brain

  73. AOSHIMA 2001
    Effects of bisphenol A and its derivatives on the response of GABA(A) receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes.
    *Rats, BPA, Brain

  74. APPLETON, author of Lick the Sugar Habit
    124 ways sugar can ruin your health

  75. ARAI 1998 - ABSTRACT
    Food and food additives hypersensitivity in adult asthmatics. III. Adverse reaction to sulfites in adult asthmatics
    * Japanese. 12 of 20 patients tested in Japan reacted to metabisulfite. Symptoms were asthma, urticaria, etc.

  76. ARCIA 2003
    Presenting problems and assigned diagnoses among young Latino children with disruptive behavior
    *Hyperactive, ADHD, Hyperactivity, Aggression, ODD

    Tyrosine administration to pregnant rats induces persistent behavioral modifications in the male offspring.

    " large increase in diet tyrosine during pregnancy modifies the behavior of male offspring."

  78. ARLAPPA 2013
    Fluorosis in India: an overview
    * fluoride. India.
    * It is referred to as a nutrient in this article. disagrees and provides scientific resources including CDC

  79. ARNOLD 1990
    Does Hair Zinc Predict Amphetamine Improvement of ADD/Hyperactivity?
    *zinc deficiency, Arnold, Votolato.

  80. ARNOLD 1999
    Treatment alternatives for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
    Journal of Attention Disorders

  81. ARNOLD 2000
    Does Zinc Moderate Essential Fatty Acid and Amphetamine Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder?
    *ADHD, zinc, efa, children, Efamol, evening primrose oil, GLA, d-amphetamine, Arnold, Pinkham, Votolato, review.

  82. ARNOLD 2001 - ABSTRACT (**)
    Alternative treatments for adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
    "Although oligoantigenic (few-foods) diets have convincing double-blind evidence of efficacy for a properly selected subgroup of children, they do not appear promising for adults."

    Note: Dr. Arnold explained to us that his conclusion is based, not on a study showing lack of effect, but on the lack of any study on the effect of diet on adults.

  83. ARNOLD 2005
    Zinc in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

  84. ARNOLD 2011
    Zinc for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Placebo-Controlled Double-Blind Pilot Trial Alone and Combined with Amphetamine
    *ADHD, zinc, larger doses needed, Arnold, DiSilvestro, Bozzolo, Crowl, Fernandez, Remadan, Thompson, Mo, Sbdel-Rasoul, Joseph

  85. ARNOLD 2012
    Artificial Food Colors and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Symptoms: Conclusions to Dye for
    * ADHD, food dye, FDA

  86. ARSENEAULT 2000
    Minor Physical Anomalies and Family Adversity as Risk Factors for Violent Delinquency in Adolescence

  87. ARSHAD 2001
    Food Allergen Avoidance in Primary Prevention of Food Allergy
    *Children, prophylactic allergen avoidance, atopy, atopic disorders, urticaria, hives, asthma, breastfeeding, hydrolysed formula, hydrolysate, peanut, egg, additives not discussed.

  88. ARSHAD 2003
    Primary Prevention of Asthma and Atopy During Childhood by Allergen Avoidance in Infancy: A Randomised Controlled Study
    *Children, asthma, atopy, atopic, house dust mite, allergen, allergic, prophylactic, breastfeeding, Arshad, Bateman, Matthews, UK.

  89. ASBJØRNSEN 2010
    An Examination of Shared Variance in Self-Report and Objective Measures of Attention in the Incarcerated Adult Population

  90. ASERO 2002
    Multiple Intolerance to Food Additives
    *Letter to editor, behavior, allergy, double blind challenge study, BHA, sodium metabisulfite, MSG, monosodium glutamate

  91. ASERO 2007
    Chronic Rhinitis with Nasal Polyposis Associated with Sodium Glutamate Intolerance
    * MSG, polyps, case study, Asero, Bottazzi, Italy.

  92. ASHIDA 2000
    Synergistic effects of food colors on the toxicity of 3-amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-1) in primary cultured rat hepatocytes.

  93. ASHLEY 2013 - abstract
    Children's daily exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls from dietary supplements containing fish oils.
    * All supplements had PCB from fish oil contaminants. Ashley, Ward, Anderson, Schafer, Zaoudeh, Horwitz, Velinsky.

  94. ASMUS 1999
    Bronchoconstrictor additives in bronchodilator solutions.

  95. ASMUS 2001
    Pulmonary function response to EDTA, an additive in nebulized bronchodilators.

  96. Aspartame:

  97. ASSIES 2010
    Plasma and Erythrocyte Fatty Acid Patterns in Patients with Recurrent Depression: A Matched Case-Control Study

  98. ASTHMA: Indroduction & Definition
    * Reducing asthma from a disease to a symptom

  99. ASTIGARRAGA 2000
    Not broken - just different: Helping teachers work with children with attention-deficit disorders
    * Article for school counselors. Admits diet is a factor but gives no resource; just discusses meds. Astigarraga & McEachern

  100. ATICI 2001
    Misbehaviour in British and Turkish Primary Classrooms
    * comparison of Turkish & British classroom behavior, expectations, etc.

  101. AUDET 2010
    Mitigating effects of the adoptive caregiving environment on inattention/overactivity in children adopted from Romanian orphanages
    * Indicates that care-giving certainly does impact ADHD ... so much for statements that "bad parenting" is not at fault

  102. AUGUSTINE 1980
    Neurotransmitter release from a vertebrate neuromuscular synapse affected by a food dye.

  103. AUGUSTINE 1983
    Neurotransmitter release and nerve terminal morphology at the frog neuromuscular junction affected by the dye Erythrosin B

  104. AUGUSTINE 1983
    Presynaptic effect of Erythrosin B at the frog neuromuscular junction: ion and photon sensitivity.

  105. AZIZ 2015 - abstract
    The spectrum of noncoeliac gluten sensitivity
    * NCGS = noncoeliac gluten sensitivity. Review. IBS, neurological, psychological, fibromyalgia, skin rash, IBD.
    * Aziz, Hadjivassiliou, Sanders. UKaziz

  106. AXTELL 2000
    Association between Methylmercury Exposure from Fish Consumption and Child Development at Five and a Half Years of Age in the Seychelles Child Development Study: An Evaluation of Nonlinear Relationships
    *Children, mercury, fish, prenatal, postnatal, Axtell, Cox, Myers, Davidson, Choi, Cernichiari, Sloane-Reeves, Shamlaye, Clarkson

  107. AZEVEDO 1997
    Stress and the Blood Brain Barrier
    *pyridostigmine, acetylcholinesterase, CNS, Israeli soldiers, Gulf War Syndrome, Catecholamines, stress, rats

  108. BABINSKI 2010
    Late Adolescent and Young Adult Outcomes of Girls Diagnosed With ADHD in Childhood: An Exploratory Investigation

  109. BACHOROWSKI 1990
    Sucrose and Delinquency: Behavioral Assessment
    * low glucose levels, increased insulin secretion after glucose in some criminals. Bachorowski, Newman, Nichols, Gans, Harper, Taylor.

  110. BACKON 1989
    Inhibiting Noradrenergic Overactivity by Inhibition of Thromboxane and Concomitant Activation of Opiate Receptors via Dietary Means
    *Addiction, Serotonin, Melatonin, Calcium, Anxiety, Depression, Schizophrenia, Sleep, Enuresis, TS, Tourette, Parkinson, Alzheimers, Dementia, Anorexia, ADHD, AIDS

  111. BADAWY 1971
    The effects of salicylate on the activity of rat liver tryptophan pyrrolase in vitro and in vivo

  112. BADAWY 1971a
    The effects of salicylate on the activity of tryptophan pyrrolase in rat liver

  113. BADAWY 1982(a)
    Mechanisms of Elevation of Rat Brain Tryptophan Concentration by Various Doses of Salicylate
    * Smallest dose of salicylate which displaces tryptophan from binding site is 2.5 mg/kg - it causes rise in brain tryptophan.
    - Note: Even 0.5 mg/kg raises brain tryptophan, by inhibiting activity of liver tryptophan pyrrolase (enzyme).

  114. BAENKLER 2008 - (Review Article)
    Salicylate Intolerance: Pathophysiology, Clinical Spectrum, Diagnosis and Treatment

  115. BAHNA 1994
    Blind Food Challenge Testing with Wide-Open Eyes
    Allergy, Diet, Food

  116. BAILEY 1993
    The Biology of Autism
    *Autism, genetics, seizures, epilepsy, Down's

  117. BAILEY 1999
    Transmission of primary nocturnal enuresis and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    *ADHD, enuresis, bedwetting, Bailey, Ornitz, Gehricke, Gabikian, Russell, Smalley
  118. BAKER 1967
    Vitamins, Total Cholesterol, and Triglycerides in 642 New York City School Children

  119. BAKER 2002
    Asthma Management: Part I: An Overview of the Problem and Current Trends

  120. BAKER 2002
    Asthma Management: Part II: Pharmacologic Management

  121. BALARDIN 2010
    Subjective Mild Depressive Symptoms are Associated With Abnormal Diurnal Cycle of Salivary Cortisol in Older Adults

    High-pressure Food Processing

  123. BALATSINOU 2004 - abstract
    Asthma worsened by benzoate contained in some antiasthmatic drugs.
    - Recommends attention to additives present in some drugs.

  124. BALBANI 2006
    Pharmaceutical excipients and the information on drug labels

  125. BALDWIN 1997
    Introduction to Allergy Research Foundation Conference Procedings, 1997

  126. BALLABAN-GIL 1998
    Complications of the Ketogenic Diet
    *Epilepsy, Seizures, Children, side effects, Gallaban-Gil, Callahan, O'Dell, Pappo, Moshe, Shinnar

  127. BALLARD 2010
    Do dietary interventions improve ADHD symptoms in children?
    * says "probably not" says outcome measures of studies unvalidated

  128. BAMFORTH 1993
    Common food additives are potent inhibitors of human liver 17a-ethinyloestradiol and dopamine sulphotransferases

  129. BANERJEE 2007
    Environmental Risk Factors for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  130. BARAK 2002
    The Effect of Herbal Remedies on the Production of Human Inflammatory and Anti-inflammatory Cytokines
    *Sambucol, Protec, Chizukit, Propolis, Echinacea, Immune System, Barak, Birkenfeld, Halperin, Kalickman

  131. BARANCZYK 1992
    Properties of phenol sulphotransferase from brain of the monkey Rhesus macaca

  132. BARASHNEV 1979 - abstract, Russian
    Role of vitamin B6 in treating children with hereditary metabolic pathology

  133. BARKLEY 1997
    Behavioral Inhibition, Sustained Attention, and Executive Functions: Constructing a Unifying Theory of ADHD
    *Attention, Impulsivity, Hyperactivity, New Model

  134. BARNARD-BRAK 2010
    Coexisting Disorders and Academic Achievement Among Children With ADHD

  135. BARNES 1998
    Difficult asthma

  136. BARNHARDT 2012
    Symptoms in Children with Convergence Insufficiency: Before and After Treatment
    * CI symptoms influences ADHD symptoms, reading, and attention. Diet not mentioned.

  137. BARON 2010
    The Gold Medal Face of ADHD - Michael Phelps at the Olympics

  138. BARRETT 2007
    Diet & Nutrition: Hyperactive Ingredients?

  139. BARRATT 2010
    Test of time : Children Who Wait (1973) by Jane Rowe and Lydia Lambert
    - children "in care" ... see others: Tarran-Sweeney 2010, DeJong 2010

  140. BARTON 2005
    Letter to the Editor: Atomoxetine Hydrochloride [Strattera] and Executive Function in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    * pilot study, 9 children, adhd
    * Research funded by Eli Lilly (pharma)
    * Barton, Mooney, Prasad. UK & Scotland

  141. BASAK 2014 - abstract
    Effects of maternally exposed food coloring additives on laryngeal histology in rats.
    * Maternal exposure to "no adverse effect" amounts of food dye causes tissue changes and possible cancer in offspring.

  142. BASARANOGLU 2013
    Fructose as a key player in the development of fatty liver disease
    * obesity, high fructose corn syrup, sugar, diabetes, hyperinsulenemia, insulin resistance, fatty liver.
    * Basaranoglu, Sabuncu, Senturk. Turkey. SEE ALSO TETRI 2008

  143. BASSEY 2011
    Surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria 2004-2009
    *Vaccines, polio, Africa

  144. BATAINEH 2006
    Impact of 12-Week Ingestion of Sodium Fluoride on Aggression, Sexual Behavior, and Fertility in Adult Male Rats

  145. BATEJAT 1999 - abstract - French
    Evaluation of the attention span of 10,000 school children 8-11 years of age
    * ultradian fluctuation. Low= 8-9:30 am. High=4-4:30 pm. Time change messes kids up for a week. Sleep important too.

  146. BATEMAN 2004
    The effects of a double blind, placebo controlled, artificial food colourings and benzoate preservative challenge on hyperactivity in a general population sample of preschool children

  147. BATEMAN 2004
    Discussion of above study in Science

  148. BATEMAN 2004
    Rejoinder to Eigenmann PA, Haengelli CA, Food colourings and preservatives—allergy and hyperactivity (Lancet 2004; 364:823–4) and an erratum

  149. BAUER 2001
    Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) induction of pulmonary inflammation: A role in tumor promotion
    * BHT, cancer, Bauer, Dwyer-Nield, Keil, Koski, Malkinson
    *They found that how many tumors the mice get is related to which kind of mouse and which carcinogen they used with the BHT. In other words, they use the BHT to increase the results of other chemicals that cause cancer. Why? Because they need to study cancer, so they need mice with cancer. So ... why is it still in our breakfast cereal?

  150. BAUER 2005
    Toll-Like Receptor 4 in Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT)–Induced Mouse Pulmonary Inflammation and Tumorigenesis

  151. BAUER 2013
    Prenatal and perinatal analgesic exposure and autism: an ecological link
    * acetaminophen, circumcision. Bauer, Kriebel.

  152. BAUMGAERTEL 1999
    Alternative and Controversial Treatments for ADHD
    *Review, Alternative medicine, Diet, Feingold, Allergy, Sugar, Aspartame, Yeast, Supplements, Vitamins, Magnesium, B6, Zinc, Essential Fatty Acids, Omega 3, EFA, Nootropics, Piracetam, DMAE, Vision, Homeopathy, Auditory, TOmatis, Biofeedback, Hypnotherapy

  153. BAXTER 2001
    Salicylic Acid in Soups Prepared from Organically and Non-organically Grown Vegetables
    Salicylate, Pesticides, Baxter, Graham, Lawrence, Wiles, Paterson

  154. BAXTER 2002
    Identification and determination of salicylic acid and salicyluric acid in urine of people not taking salicylate drugs
    * Salicylates, aspirin, see PATERSON 2001, BLACKLOCK 2001
    * Baxter, Lawrence, Graham, Wiles, Paterson

  155. BAXTER 2003
    Salicylism and herbal medicine

  156. BAXTER 2008
    Pediatric fatality secondary to EDTA chelation
    Note: The wrong chemical was used, and it was pointed out that the names were similar and often used interchangeably. Nevertheless, the take-home message here, according to the author, was not that medications should be more carefully labeled, or even more carefully used, but that chelation should not be used.

  157. BEAUSOLEIL 2007
    Food intolerance and childhood asthma: What is the link?
    * Claims no convincing evidence of food additives, and that food induced asthma is rare.
    * Authors Beausoleil, Fiedler, Spergel, claim "no conflicts of interest that are directly relevant"
    * Note publication is called Pediatric Drugs

  158. BECKER 2010
    Similarities in features of autism and asthma and a possible link to acetaminophen use
    * fever, inflammation, genetic, cytokines, immune system, brain. Becker, Schultz

  159. BEGEROW 1994
    Long-term mercury excretion in urine after removal of amalgam fillings
    *Mercury, Dental, Begerow, Zander, Freier, Dunemann

  160. BEGLEY 2005
    Perfluorochemicals: Potential sources of and migration from food packaging
    FDA, PTFE, nonstick, coatings, food packaging, cookware, pots, Begley, White, Honigfort, Twaroski, Neches, Walker

  161. BEHEN 2007
    Abnormal Brain Tryptophan Metabolism and Clinical Correlates in Tourette Syndrome
    *TS, Serotonin, Children, Behen, Chugani, Juhasz, Helder, Ho, Maqbool, Rothermel, Perry, Muzik

  162. BEKLE 2004
    Knowledge and attitudes about Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A comparison between practicing teachers and undergraduate education students
    - Note: See Table 3 on Page 156: In the chart of responses of teachers to "myths" the LOWEST correct score is #16 "Diets are usually not helpful in treating most children with ADHD." The teachers were supposed to agree with this statement, but only 23% of teachers and 22% of students agreed. The authors consider this a problem in that "77% of teachers and 78% of students saw diet as being useful in the treatment of ADHD children." Instead of looking for ways to "re-educate" the teachers on this subject, maybe the authors should have considered the possibility that the teachers are right?

  163. BELL 1977
    Physiological Responses of Human Adults to Foods Containing Phosphate Additives

  164. BELL 1997
    Testing the Neural Sensitization and Kindling Hypothesis for Illness from Low Levels of Environmental Chemicals
    *MCS, Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, Bell, Rossi, Gilbert,Kobal, Morrow, Newlin, Sorg, Wood

  165. BELL 2013
    A Comparison of Daily Consumption of Artificial Dye-containing Foods by American Children and Adults
    * Children, ADHD, food color, food dye, diet; she counted NUMBER of exposures with no amounts. No indication if toothpaste, mouthwash, shampoo, soap, etc. included. Children had more than twice the number of exposures as adults. This was for her Masters Degree.

  166. BELLINI 2013
    Headache and comorbidity in children and adolescents
    * migraine, depression, znxiety, epilepsy, sleep, adhd, ts, Tourette, atopic, heart (ischemic stroke, patent foramen ovale, genetic

  167. BELLISLE 1998
    Functional food science and behaviour and psychological functions
    In this review published in 1998, the studies done in 1994 were totally ignored. Bellisle is very negative on the use of diet -- note that it is on the ILSI website (ILSI is current name of old Nutrition Foundation - they are international powerful food/additive industry organization). In 1998, the only studies they cite are the 1980 Swanson & Kinsbourne study which they criticize and say "maybe" it was not double-blind although it SAYS in the study itself that it was double-blind, and the Weiss 1980 study which they claim was on 22 hyperactive children -- actually these were NOT hyperactive children if you see the study itself which is listed below -- Weiss specifically says that none of them had any clinically significant psychiatric problems, and NONE of them were diagnosed with hyperkinesis (ADHD).

  168. BEMRAH 2008 - abstract
    Assessment of dietary exposure in the French population to 13 selected food colours, preservatives, antioxidants, stabilizers, emulsifiers and sweeteners.
    * Most at risk of exceeding ADI: nitrites, sulfites, annatto. Bemrah, Leblanc, Volatier.

  169. BEMRAH 2012
    Assessment of dietary exposure to annatto (E160b), nitrites (E249-250), sulphites (E220-228) and tartaric acid (E334) in the French population: the second French total diet study
    * followup of Bemrah 2008. Only sulfites (sulphites) exceeded ADI. EFSA going to reevaluate annatto in 2015. Bemrah, Vin, Sirot, Aquilar, Ladrat, Ducasse, Gey, Retho, Nougadere, Leblanc.

  170. BENAC 2011
    US panel rejects calls for warning labels on link between food dyes and hyperactivity

  171. BEDELIUS 2003
    Diet and ADHD: Is There A Relationship?
    * says it is the belief in the diet that works (placebo), the extra preparation, etc. So he suggests doing all the attention, preparation, shopping, and including children on label reading .. without actually doing the diet. Now THERE's an interesting study idea!!

  172. BENNETT 1997
    The Health of Criminals Related to Behaviour, Food, Allergy and Nutrition: A Controlled Study of 100 Persistent Young Offenders
    *hyperactivity, adhd, food allergy, diet, nutrition, behavior, Bennett, Brostoff, UK

  173. BENNETT 1998
    The Shipley Project: Treating Food Allergy to Prevent Criminal Behaviour in Community Settings
    *children, EPD, food allergy, mineral imbalance, behavior, diet, Bennett, McEwen, Rose, UK

  174. BENTON 1988 - abstract
    Effect of vitamin and mineral supplementation on intelligence of a sample of schoolchildren

  175. BENTON 2001
    Micro-nutrient supplementation and the intelligence of children
    * Review of 13 studies. 10 reported positive response in non-verbal measures.

  176. BENTON 2007
    The impact of diet on anti-social, violent and ciminal behavior
    *Review, Meta-analysis, elimination diet, omega 3, fatty acids, vitamins, blood sugar, aggression, violence.

  177. BENTON 2008
    The influence of children’s diet on their cognition and behavior
    * Says diet works but Egger study using oligoantigenic diet causes him to think Feingold Diet not sufficiently

  178. BERA 2010
    Mitigation of arsenic-mediated renal oxidative stress in rat by Pleurotus florida lectin
    - mushrooms for arsenic poisoning

    Study of strawberry flavored milk under pulsed electric field processing

  180. BERNA 2010
    Induction of Depressed Mood Disrupts Emotion Regulation Neurocircuitry and Enhances Pain Unpleasantness
    * Sad mood caused greater activity in certain parts of brain, related to pain
    * Berna, Leknes, Holmes, Edwards, Goodwin, Tracey

  181. BERNARD 2000
    Autism: A unique type of mercury poisoning.
    * ARC Research (unpublished?
    * Bernard, Enayati, Binstock, Roger, Redwood, McGinnis.

  182. BERNARD 2002
    The role of mercury in the pathogenesis of autism
    *Autism, thimerosal, vaccines, mercury

  183. BERTHIAUME 2010
    Getting Clued In : Inferential Processing and Comprehension Monitoring in Boys With ADHD

  184. BESSONOV 2008 - abstract
    Determination of dyes sudans in of raw foods (Russian)
    Use of forbidden dyes increased; concentration from 3 mg/kg to 500 mg/kg.

  185. BEVERLY 2008
    Communication and Academic Challenges in Early Adolescence for Children Who Have Been Adopted From the Former Soviet Union

  186. BHA
    National Toxicology Program's Twelfth Annual Report on Carcinogens
    "is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen" ....

  187. BHAGAVAN 1975
    The Effect of Pyridoxine Hydrochloride on Blood Serotonin and Pyridoxal Phosphate Contents in Hyperactive Children
         - Vitamin B6

  188. BHATIA 1996
    Allergy to Tartrazine in Alprazolam.

  189. BHATIA 2000 = abstract
    Allergy to tartrazine in psychotropic drugs.

  190. BIDDLE 2011
    Physical activity and mental health in children and adolescents: a review of reviews
    *depression, anxiety, self-esteem, physical activity, mental health

  191. BIEDERMAN 2005
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - Seminar
    Ignores all recent studies, quoting Connors review in 1980 and the Wolraich sugar study. He says: "Although the idea that particular foods or food additives might cause ADHD received much attention in the media, systematic studies have shown that this theory is wrong"

  192. BIERMAN 1978
    Food additives and hyperkinesis - Are there nuts among the berries?
    - rather vicious attack on Dr. Feingold

  193. BIME 2012
    Association of dietary soy genistein intake with lung function and asthma control: a post-hoc analysis of patients enrolled in a prospective multicentre clinical trial
    * eating soy improves asthma. diet, lung. Bime, Wei, Holbrook, Smith, Wise.

  194. BING 1950
    Chemicals Introduced in the Processing of Foods

  195. BING 1955
    Chemicals Introduced in Foods

  196. BING 1956
    Statement on Chemical Additives (Slocum presented to American Public Health Association)

  197. BIRD 2009
    Food allergy and asthma.

  198. BLACKLOCK 2001
    Salicylic acid in the serum of subjects not taking aspirin. Comparison of salicylic acid concentrations in the serum of vegetarians, non-vegetarians, and patients taking low dose aspirin
    * Salicylates, aspirin. See also PATERSON 2001
    * Blacklock, Lawrence, Wiles, Malcolm, Gibson, Kelly, Paterson

  199. BLANCHARD 2001
    The brain decade in debate: III. Neurobiology of emotion
    * symposium in Brazil. Blanchard, Fellous, Guimaraes, Irwin, LeDoux, McGaugh, Rosen, Schenberg, Volchan, Cunha.

  200. BLASZCZYK 2013
    Magnesium: Its role in nutrition and carcinogenesis
    * Article about magnesium & cancer, but mentions low magnesium impacting ADHD symptoms several times. Blaszczyk & Duda-Chodak. Poland

  201. BLAU 2010
    * PKU, Tetrahydrobiopterin sometimes stimulates phenylalanine hydroxylase (enzyme) activity so they can tolerate more Phe.

  202. BLAYLOCK 1999
    Food Additive Excitotoxins and Degenerative Brain Disorders - published openly as an article here
    Same article also called Excitotoxins, Neurodegeneration and Neurodevelopment

  203. BLAYLOCK 2003
    The Central Role of Excitotoxicity in Autism Spectrum Disorders

  204. BLAYLOCK 2004
    Excitotoxicity: A Possible Central Mechanism in Fluoride Neurotoxicity

  205. BLAYLOCK 2008
    A Possible Central Mechanism in Autism Spectrum Disorders, PART 1

  206. BLAYLOCK 2009
    A Possible Central Mechanism in Autism Spectrum Disorders, PART 2: Immunoexcitotoxicity

  207. BLAYLOCK date unknown
    The Danger of Excessive Vaccination During Brain Development The Case for a Link to Autism Spectrum Disorders

  208. BLAYLOCK date unknown
    Mercury Amalgam Fillings: Lies, Damn Lies and Statistics

  209. BLAYLOCK 2007
    A Possible Central Mechanism in Autism Spectrum Disorders: Interaction of Activated Microglia, Excitotoxicity, Reactive Oxygen and Nitrogen Species, Lipid Peroxidation Products and the Role of Elevated Androgen Levels in Autism Spectrum Disorders

  210. BLAYLOCK 2007
    The Danger of Overvaccination with the Present Vaccine Policy

  211. BLAYLOCK 2009
    A Possible Central Mechanism in Autism Spectrum Disorders, PART 3: The role of excitotoxin food additives and the synergistic effecs of other environmental toxins

  212. BLAYLOCK 2009
    Immune-Glutamatergic Dysfunction as a Central Mechanism of the Autism Spectrum Disorders

  213. BLOOM 2011
    Cutaneous Adverse Food Reactions in Dogs: Something New to Chew on
    *Editorial, skin, food allergy, CAFR=cutaneous adverse food reactions, CAD=canine atopic dermatitis

  214. BLUM 2008
    Attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder and reward deficiency syndrome

  215. BLUNDEN 2011
    Diet and sleep in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Preliminary data in Australian children
    * ADHD, sleep, diet, sugar, Blunden, Milte, Sinn. Australia

  216. BOBEK 1976 = abstract
    Effect of long-term fluoride administration on thyroid hormones level blood in rats.
    * Thyroid given to rats changes thyroid hormone in blood

  217. BOCARSLY 2010
    High-fructose corn syrup causes characteristics of obesity in rats: Increased body weight, body fat and triglyceride levels

  218. BOHANNON 2009
    The Theory? Diet Causes Violence. The Lab? Prison

  219. BOLTE 1998
    Autism and Clostridium tetani
    * subacute chronic tetanus infection of GI tract; reduced toxicity. Fragments go to CNS via vagus nerve.
    * Medical Hyppotheses. Strategies to test.

  220. BONAFINA 2000
    ADHD and Reading Disabilities: A Cluster Analytic Approach for Distinguishing Subgroups
    - Note: 4 Subgroups were identified. Somebody should do a study to see which of these subgroups reponds best to the Feingold diet.

  221. BONDI 2009
    Excessive Cow's Milk Consumption and Iron Deficiency in Toddlers : Two Unusual Presentations and Review

  222. BONFIELD 2013
    The impact of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder on recovery from mild traumatic brain injury
    * concussion, head injury, brain damage, head trauma, adhd. Bonfield, Lam, Lin, Greene

  223. BOOIJ 2006
    Diet rich in .-lactalbumin improves memory in unmedicated recovered depressed patients and matched controls

  224. Book: Critical Issues in Neuropsychology: The Impact of Disease on Behavior, 1988
    Pg. 322-323. All pages 291-334 available upon request

  225. BORA 2010
    Pitfalls in Salicylate Toxicity

  226. BORIS 1994
    Foods and Additives are Common Causes of the Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder in Children

  227. BORIS 2004 - pollen
    Pollen Exposure as a Cause for the Deterioration of Neurobehavioral Function of Children with Aautism and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder.
    Note: many pollens contain a lot of salicylate. See Shelley 1964

  228. BORIS 2004 - pollen challenges
    Pollen Exposure as a Cause for the Deterioration of Neurobehavior Function in Children with Autism and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder: Nasal Pollen Challenges

  229. BORKE 1999
    Chronic Fluoride Ingestion Decreases 45Ca Uptake by Rat Kidney Membranes

  230. BORSTING 2012
    Improvement in Academic Behaviors Following Successful Treatment of Convergence Insufficiency
    * Eyes, vision. Yes, treatment improves schoolwork. Treatment was various exercise programs; Diet not mentioned

  231. BORZELLECA 1985 = abstract
    Chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity study of FD & C Blue No. 2 in mice.
    * No consistent compound-related or biological adverse effects observed. Note that no cognitive, neurological, developmental, or activity tests performed on this or others by Borzelleca.

  232. BORZELLECA 1985 = abstract
    Chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity study of FD & C Blue No. 2 in rats.
    * No toxicity or cancers observed, but significant increase in gliomas in high-dose rats; food consumption and body weight increased.

  233. BORZELLECA 1986 = abstract
    Multigeneration study of FD & C Blue No. 2 in rats.
    * No changes observed, except blue fur, green feces, and some fertility reduction

  234. BORZELLECA 1987 = abstract
    Evaluation of the potential teratogenicity of FD & C Blue No. 2 in rats and rabbits.
    * No toxicity or cancers observed

  235. BORZELLECA 1988 = abstract
    Chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity studies of FD & C Yellow No. 5 (tartrazine) in rats.
    * No effect observed.

  236. BORZELLECA 1988 = abstract
    Chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity studies of FD & C Yellow No. 5 (tartrazine) in mice.
    * No effect observed.

  237. BORZELLECA 1991 = abstract
    Lifetime toxicity/carcinogenicity studies of FD & C Blue No. 1 (brilliant blue FCF) in rats and mice.
    * No observed adverse effects

  238. BORZELLECA 1991 = abstract
    A chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity study of FD & C Yellow No. 5 (tartrazine) in mice.
    * No consistent significant effect observed.

  239. BORZELLECA 1991 = abstract
    Lifetime toxicity/carcinogenicity studies of FD & C red no. 40 (allura red) in mice.
    * no observed effect of Red 40

  240. BOSE 2005
    DNA damage and G2/M arrest in Syrian hamster embryo cells during Malachite green exposure are associated with elevated phosphorylation of ERK1 and JNK1
    * Dye used as a parasiticide and antibacterial in fish - okay in aquarium, but in farmed fish for food, it remains in the muscle. It is banned in UK. Banned in US since 1983 for food-related use. In 2007, FDA blocked import of fish from China that had this dye.

  241. BOSE 2006
    Decreased Phosphoactive ERKs and JNKs in Malachite-Green-Transformed Syrian Hamster Embryo Fibroblasts Are Associated with Increased Phosphoactive p38 Kinase: Possible Therapeutic Importance
    *Textile dye, used as food dye in India illegally, Bose, Gour, Motiwale, Rao. India

  242. BOTELHO 2014
    Development and analytical validation of a simple multivariate calibration method using digital scanner images for sunset yellow determination in soft beverages
    * artificial dye, Yellow 6. Cheaper, faster way to detect and measure
    * Botelho, de Assis, & Sena. Brazil.

  243. BOUCHARD 2010
    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Urinary Metabolites of Organophosphate Pesticides.

  244. BOUCHER 2012
    Prenatal Methylmercury, Postnatal Lead Exposure, and Evidence of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder among Inuit Children in Arctic Québec
    * Mercury, PCB, Lead. ADHD, behavior. Inuit population, Canada.
    * Boucher, Jacobson, Plusquellec, Dewailly, Ayotte, Forget-Dubois, Jacobson, Muckle. Canada.

  245. BOURKE 2012
    Exposure to repeated maternal aggression induces depressive-like behavior and increases startle in adult female rats
    * stress, depression, startle

  246. BOUTILIER 2000
    Green Colon: An Unusual Appearance at Autopsy

  247. BOUVARD 1995
    Low-dose naltrexone effects on plasma chemistries and clinical symptoms in autism: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study
    * Naltrexone improved symptoms a little better than placebo for some kids in a one-month trial.
    * What was IN placebo, not mentioned. See also BROWN 2009
    * Bouvard, Leboyer, Launay, Recasens, Plumet, Waller-Perotte, Tabuteau, Bondoux, Dugas, Lensing, Panksepp. France.

  248. BOUVY 2011
    Willingness to pay for adverse drug event regulatory actions
    *Pharmaceutical, regulation of drugs, dialysis. Bouvy, Weemers, Schellekens, Koopmanschap, Netherlands, Dutch

  249. BOUWSTRA 2003
    Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids have a positive effect on the quality of general movements of healthy term infants

  250. BOWTON 2010
    Dysregulation of dopamine transporters via dopamine D2 autoreceptors triggers anomalous dopamine efflux associated with ADHD

  251. BOYLAN 2005
    Low iron stores may contribute to ADHD symptoms

  252. BOYLE 2011
    Trends in the Prevalence of Developmental Disabilities in US Children, 1997–2008

  253. BOZZETTO 2012
    Asthma, allergy and respiratory infections: the vitamin D hypothesis
    * Review of data on relationship between vitamin D, asthma, allergy, etc.
    * Bozzetto, Carraro, Giordano, Boner, Baraldi. Italy.

  254. BRADLEY 1937
    The Behavior of Children Receiving Benzedrine - early use of stimulant meds

  255. BRADLEY 2001
    Biological Contributions to the Presentation and Understanding of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Review

  256. BRADY 2010
    Methylphenidate Transdermal System in Adults With Past Stimulant Misuse: An Open-Label Trial - funded by Shire
    Note: no abuse noted in this study, but I recall finding a support group for abusers who wee discussing how to misuse the patch successfully.

  257. BRAGANZA 2006
    Nutritional Interventions: Part Two: When parents ask about diet therapy for ADHD
    * multiple errors!!
    • Says Feingold eliminated aspartame (did not yet exist) and that aspartame contains salicylate (not true)
    • Lists a few salicylates as though that's all ... complains Dr. Feingold did not say what "dosage" of salicylates are a problem
    • Claims that double-blind trials "demonstrated that hyperactivity symptoms improved in only a very small percentage of children on the Feingold Diet" .... no .... after 60% improved, only a small percent REACTED to tiny dye challenges.
    • Refers to National Advisory Committee on Hyperkinesis and Food Additives as if it is a government organization - not true; it is an INDUSTRY organization. So is Nutrition Foundation
    • Quoted Weiss 1980 study as "no change" by diet ... not true. It was a CHALLENGE study
    • Quotes 1% improved .... Wender review, 1986. Isn't that just a tad bit OLD? Again, he reviewed CHALLENGE studies, not the DIET.
    • Says all improvement is due to parental increase of attention ....

  258. BRAUN 2006
    Exposures to Environmental Toxicants and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in U.S. Children
    * Braun, Kahn, Froehlich, Auinger, Lanphear
    * "We conclude that exposure to prenatal tobacco and environmental lead are risk factors for ADHD in U.S. children."

  259. BRAWLEY 2004 = abstract
    Allergic rhinitis in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
    * Most children with ADHD had allergic rhinitis. Evaluation and treatment of the rhinitis could help the ADHD

  260. BREAD 2008
    A “Softer” Approach to Improving the Quality of Refrigerated Bakery Products - Note - very different from bread you make at home!!

  261. BREAKEY 1991
    A report on a trial of the low additive, low salicylate diet in the treatment of behaviour and learning problems in children
    * ADHD, hyperactivity, additives, food dyes
    * Breakey, Hill, Reilly, Connell

  262. BREAKEY 1992 - abstract
    Dietary treatment for hyperactive children

  263. BREAKEY - 1996
    Response to NH & MRC: Second Stage of Consultation re Advice for Health Professionals and Educators re ADHD.

  264. BREAKEY 1997
    Review: The Role of Diet and Behaviour in Childhood

  265. BREAKEY 1997
    Letter to the Editor re Diet Therapy, comment on Garland & Weiss 1996 article

  266. BREAKEY 2004 - abstract
    Is food intolerance due to an inborn error of metabolism?

  267. BRENNER 1977
    A study of the efficacy of the Feingold Diet on hyperkinetic children
    (Dr. Brenner originally intended to prove Dr. Feingold wrong. He couldn't, and changed his mind.)

  268. BRENNER 1979
    Trace mineral levels in hyperactive children responding to the Feingold diet
    - There was a significantly higher level of copper in the children who did respond to the Feingold diet.

  269. BRENT 2004
    A Pediatric Perspective on the Unique Vulnerability and Resilience of the Embryo and the Child to Environmental Toxicants: The Importance of Rigorous Research Concerning Age and Agent

  270. BRIGGS 1989 - abstract
    Short-term effects of butylated hydroxytoluene on the Wistar rat liver, urinary bladder and thyroid gland.
    * BHT, Liver tumors

  271. BROCK 2003
    Food Safety: Risk Assessment Methodology and Decision-Making Criteria

  272. BROCKEL 1998 - abstract
    Lead, attention, and impulsive behavior: changes in a fixed-ratio waiting-for-reward paradigm.
    * Rats, exposed to lead could not wait for reward

  273. BROTONS 2010
    Effectiveness of Varicella Vaccines as Postexposure Prophylaxis.

  274. BROWN 1978 - abstract
    Mutagenicity testing of certified food colors and related azo, xanthene and triphenylmethane dyes with the Salmonella/microsome system.
    * mutagenic testing, DNA, azo dyes. Brown, Roehm.

  275. BROWN 2001
    Theoretical estimation of blood mercury levels from Thimerosal injections using a one compartment biokinetic model.
    (An analysis to “bound” potential mercury tissue levels)

    Adverse reactions to food
    * Bruijnzeel-Koomen, Orolani, Aas, Bindslev-Jensen, Bjorksten, Moneret-Vautrin, Suthrich. Switzerland.

  277. BRUNETTI 2014
    Pantethine treatment is effective in recovering the disease phenotype induced by ketogenic diet in a pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration mouse model
    * genetic mutation, mitochondria, mouse, ketogenic, nervous system. Italy. Brunetti, Dusi, Giordano, Lamperti, Morbin, Fugnanesi, Marchet, Fagiolari, Sibon, Moggio, d"Amati, Tiranti.brun

  278. BRUNNER 1981 - abstract
    Food colors and behavior
    * Brunner, Vorhees, Butcher.

  279. BRUNO 1993 - abstract + Page 1
    Clinical outcome and brain MRI four years after carbon monoxide intoxication
    * Bruno, Wagner, Orrison. Brain lesions

  280. BRUSCHWEILER 2014 - abstract
    Identification of non-regulated aromatic amines of toxicological concern which can be cleaved from azo dyes used in clothing textiles.
    * Dyes in cloth are absorbed into body or broken by skin bacteria to release aromatic amines. toxicity, cancer concern.
    * Bruschweiler, Kung, Burgi, Muralt, Nyfeler. Switzerland.

  281. BRYSON 2004
    Public Deception on Fluoride (book review)

  282. BUCK 1993 - abstract
    Toxic reaction to salicylate in a newborn infant: similarities to neonatal sepsis.
    * aspirin while pregnant. Buck, Grebe, Bond

  283. BULLEN 2004
    A pilot study to explore the challenges of changing children's food and health concepts

  284. BURBACHER 2005
    Comparison of Blood and Brain Mercury Levels in Infant Monkeys Exposed to Methylmercury or Vaccines Containing Thimerosal
    * methylmercury via oral gavage, compared to ethylmercury by injection
    * Ethylmercury apparently metabolized and excreted faster
    * Burbacher, Shen, Liberato, Grant, Cernichiari, Clarkson

  285. BURDOCK 2007
    Safety Assessment of Castoreum Extract as a Food Ingredient
    * Beaver butt glands; no known medical uses but in traditional med it is used as analgesic, and to treat restless sleep & menstrual problems.
    * There were two toxicity studies on animals; original data not available; 2 human studies for skin irritation (not food)

  286. BURGESS 2000
    Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

  287. BURLTON-BENNET 1987
    A Single Subject Evaluation of the K-P Diet for Hyperkinesis

  288. BURNETT 2009
    Final Amended Report on the Safety Assessment of Ammonium Thioglycolate, Butyl Thioglycolate, Calcium Thioglycolate, Ethanolamine Thioglycolate, Ethyl Thioglycolate, Glyceryl Thioglycolate, Isooctyl Thioglycolate, Isopropyl Thioglycolate, Magnesium Thioglycolate, Methyl Thioglycolate, Potassium Thioglycolate, Sodium Thioglycolate, and Thioglycolic Acid
    - cosmetic chemicals, used in hair coloring, depilatories, etc. (67 pages long)

  289. BURNS 2005 Book Review
    Fear of Food: A Diary of Mothering

  290. BURROWS 2009
    Palette of Our Palates: A Brief History of Food Coloring and Its Regulation

  291. BURROWS 2006
    Same as above, before publication

  292. BUSSING 1998
    Knowledge and information about ADHD: Evidence of cultural differences among African-American and white parents
    * Black parents less likely to know about ADHD, more likely to think it is caused b too much sugar, and less likely to want to use written information. Criticism of doctors who "still" recommend sugar restriction and special diets.

  293. BUSSING 2002
    Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Symptoms of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    (suggests doctors should find out what they are using and talk them out of it)

  294. BUSSING 2006
    What ‘‘Dr. Mom’’ ordered: A community-based exploratory study of parental self-care responses to children’s ADHD symptoms
    * diet mentioned as not helpful, using up parental resources & most used for ODD. Questionnaire. Bussing, Koro-Ljungberg, Williamson, Gary, Garvan.

  295. BUSTOS 2008
    Including Blood Lead Levels of All Immigrant Children When Evaluating for ADHD

  296. BUTLER 1979 - abstract
    Biogenic amine metabolism in Tourette syndrome.
    * MHPG, homovanillic acid, serotonin, dopamine. Butler, Koslow, Seifert, Caprioli, Singer.

  297. CADE 1999 - (actually Sun & Cade)
    A Peptide Found in Schizophrenia and Autism Causes Behavioral Changes in Rats
    The National Autistic Society, Vol 3(1) 85–95

  298. CADE 2000
    Autism and Schizophrenia: Intestinal Disorders
    - 81% of autistic children improved.

  299. CALIFF 2006
    Clinical trials bureaucracy: unintended consequences of well-intentioned policy

  300. CALLEGARO 2010
    Effect of wheat bran and flaxseed on cadmium effects and retention in rats

  301. CAMPBELL 2004
    Attitudes of healthcare professionals and parents regarding genetic testing for violent traits in childhood

  302. CAMPO 2004
    Recurrent Abdominal Pain, Anxiety, and Depression in Primary Care
    "Helicobacter pylori infection and celiac disease are not etiologic in most cases, and despite suspicions about food allergies, lack of dietary fiber, gluten sensitivity, and lactose malabsorption, results of dietary intervention such as fiber supplementation and lactose- free diets have been disappointing."

    Note: The author discounts dietary change as "disappointing" without suggesting it be ruled out. He does not appear to consider 30 years of reports that while the Feingold diet "cures" many children's abdominal pain (and psychiatric disorder), those who don't get better on Feingold often do get better on a gluten-free/casein-free diet.

  303. CANADA 2010
    Health Canada Proposal to Improve Food Colour Labelling Requirements

  304. CANDURA 2000 - abstract
    Occupational poisoning with psychiatric manifestations (Italian)
    * metals, pesticides, solvents, carbon monoxide, psychosis, brain, alzheimer's. Candura, Butera, Gandini, Locatelli, Tagliani, Fasola, Manzo.

  305. CANNON 2001
    highlights of the 2002 issue of the British Journal of Psychiatry ... including the Gesch study on vitamins for violence, sex and antipsychotic meds, etc.

  306. CANNON 2002
    Perinatal and childhood risk factors for later criminality and violence in schizophrenia: Longitudinal, population-based study

  307. CANT 1986
    Effect of maternal dietary exclusion on breast fed infants with eczema: two controlled studies.

  308. CARDINAL 2001
    Impulsive Choice Induced in Rats by Lesions of the Nucleus Accumbens Core

  309. CARLTON 2000
    Rational dosages of nutrients have a prolonged effect on learning disabilities.

  310. CARPANINI 1978 - abstract
    Long-term toxicity studies on Chocolate Brown HT in rats
    * Like many early studies, cancer and death is what they looked for. Carpanini, Butterworth, Gaunt, Kiss, Grasso, Gangolli.

  311. CARTER 1985
    A dietary management of severe childhood migraine.
    * Review. Treatment listed as melatonin, consistent schedule, morning bright light, treat iron deficiency. Carter, Hathaway, Lettieri.

  312. CARTER 1993
    Effects of a few foods diet in attention deficit disorder
    - Needs legal size paper to print. Emphasis in red is added.

  313. CARTER 2014
    Common sleep disorders in children.

    Systematized Contact Dermatitis and Montelukast in an Atopic Boy
    * aspartame, formaldehyde, allergy. Castanedo-Tardan, Gonzalez, Connelly, Giordano, Jacob.

  315. CASTELLANOS 2002
    Anatomic magnetic resonance imaging studies of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    * Neuroimaging, ADHD, children

  316. CASTELLANOS 2002
    Developmental trajectories of brain volume abnormalities in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    * ADHD, children, brain volumes, change in medicated children.
    * Castellanos, Lee, Sharp, Jeffries, Greenstein, Clasen, Blumenthal, James, Ebens, Walter, Zijdenbos, Evans, Giedd, Rapoport.

  317. CASTRO 2002
    Interactions Between Additives: Its Effect on Sorbate Stability and Z. bailii Minimum Inhibitory Concentration in Model Aqueous Systems Resembling Salad Dressings

  318. CATANZARO 1971
    Spectrum and Possible Mechanism of Carrageenan Cytotoxicity
    * Suppresses delayed hypersensitivity by killing macrophages via lysosome damage.
    * Catanzaro, Schwartz, Graham.

  319. CAZALS 1998
    Alterations in average spectrum of cochleoneural activity by long-term salicylate treatment in the guinea pig: a plausible index of tinnitus

  320. CAZALS 2000
    Auditory sensori-neural alterations induced by salicylate.
    The two Cazals studies above show tinnitis (noise in ears) as result of salicylate. This one also says salicylate can produce changes in hearing, difficulty in understanding speech, hypersensitivity to noise, etc. These are some of the problems often improved using the Feingold Program Stage One - which eliminates salicylate-containing foods.

  321. CDC 1998
    Lead Poisoning Associated with Imported Candy and Powdered Food Coloring -- California and Michigan
    *Case studies, Mexico, spice, lozeena, Iraq, epidemiology, Dorfman, tamarindo, picarindo, jellied, candy, pottery, chili, spices, India

  322. CEMEK 2014
    Effects of Food Color Additiveson Antioxidant Functions and Bioelement Contents of Liver, Kidney and Brain Tissues in Rats
    * food dye, yellow 5, tartrazine, carmoisine. dyes alter bioelement levels in organs.
    *"We concluded that tartrazine and carmoisine affect and alter bioelements levels in vital organs e.g. liver, kidney and brain. This issue should be considered by food manufacturers and consumers always."
    * Cemek, Buyukokuroglu, Sertkaya, Alpdagtas, Hazini, Onul, Gones. Turkey

  323. CESERANI 1978
    Tartrazine and prostaglandin system
    - Tartrazine (Yellow #5) causes bronchoconstriction similiar to aspirin in aspirin-sensitive asthmatics

  324. CHANG 2013
    Allergic Diseases in Preschoolers are Associated with Psychological and Behavioural Problems
    * allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, asthma, sleep

  325. CHAPEL 1982
    The Hyperactive Child

  326. CHAUHAN 2006
    Review: Oxidative stress in autism.
    * Glutathione, inflammation, abnormal iron and copper metabolism.

  327. CHAVEZ 2009
    An Update on Central Nervous System Stimulant Formulations in Children and Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    * Conclusion: stimulants are safe and effective. Ritalin less likely than amphetamine to increase blood pressure. Amphetamines ok for 3 yrs old children. Chavez, Sopko, Ehret, Paulino, Goldberg, Angstadt, Bogart.

  328. CHEATHAM 2006
    N.3 Fatty acids and cognitive and visual acuity development: methodologic and conceptual considerations

  329. CHEESEMAN 2012
    Artificial Food Color Additives and Child Behavior
    *criticizes Weiss 2012; refers to old studies; Cheeseman is Acting Director, Office of Food Additive Safety, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (of FDA)

  330. CHEN 1980 - abstract
    Clinical study on treatment of children attention deficit hyperactivity disorder by jiangqian granule (Chinese).
    * Jiangqian granule (JQG) lowered blood lead levels and improved behavior better than Ritalin.

  331. CHEN 1980 - abstract
    Potentiation of acoustic-trauma-induced audiogenic seizure susceptibility by salicylates in mice.
    * noise + salicylates is more seizure risk than noise alone. Chen, Aberdeen.

  332. CHEN 1980 - abstract
    Potentiation of noise-induced audiogenic seizure risk by salicylate in mice as a function of salicylate-noise exposure interval.
    * Exposing mice to noise 6 hours after salicylate induces seizure; salicylate makes cochlea vulnerable to noise damage. Chen, Aberdeen.

  333. CHEQUER 2012
    Genotoxic and mutagenic effects of erythrosine B, a xanthene food dye, on HepG2 cells
    * Red 3, inhibits enzymes, inhibits protein-protein interactions, toxic to pituitary, toxic to spermatogenesis.
    * "Although ErB [Red 3] is approved for use in the food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries, it must be used carefully because it damages the DNA structure." Chequer, Venancio, Bianchi, Antunes
    * Note: what does "use CAREFULLY" mean?

  334. CHEUNG 2007
    Malignant Tourette Syndrome

  335. CHOI 2010
    Comparative nephrotoxicity induced by melamine, cyanuric acid, or a mixture of both chemicals in either Sprague-Dawley rats or renal cell lines
    * Combination of melamine and cyanuric acid caused kidney damage.
    * Choi, Kwak, Kwak, Kim, Han, Roh, Bae, Ahn, Jung, Kwon, Jang, Lim, Kwack, Han, Kang, Kim, Kim, Lee

  336. CHOI 2012
    Developmental Fluoride Neurotoxicity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    * children neurodevelopment, IQ, prenatal exposure.
    * Choi, Sun, Zhang, Grandjean. Denmark. China.

  337. CHRISTIAN 1999 - abstract
    Developmental toxicity studies of four fragrances in rats.
    * Tested 4 fragrances on pregnant rats, killing them day 20 of pregnancy. Skeletal malformations at high dose only, so concluded it is safe. No behavioral observations made. Christian, Parker, Hoberman, Diener, Api.

  338. CHRISTIAN 2004
    Chronic aspartame affects T-maze performance, brain cholinergic receptors and Na+,K+-ATPase in rats.
    *Rats, brain, enzymes, maze

  339. CHUNG 1978
    Reduction of Azo Dyes by Intestinal Anaerobes
    - an oldie but goodie, showing metabolism of dyes by breakage of the azo bond into carcinogenic metabolites.

  340. CHUNG 1981
    Mutagenicity testing of some commonly used dyes.

  341. CHUNG 1983 - abstract
    The significance of azo-reduction in the mutagenesis and carcinogenesis of azo dyes.
    * intestinal microflora reduce azo dyes to aromatic amines.

  342. CHUNG 1999
    Effects of butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) on the acetylation of 2-aminofluorene and DNA-2-aminofluorene adducts in the rat.

  343. CHUNG 2005
    Daily intake assessment of saccharin, stevioside, D-sorbitol and aspartame from various processed foods in Korea
    * Artificial sweeteners aspartame & saccharin were low, with "high users" at 40.7% and 11.4% of ADI. Stevia and D-sorbitol have no ADI. Splenda/sucralose not mentioned.
    * Chung, Suh, Yoo, Choi, Cho, Cho, Kim. Korea.

  344. CHUNG 2010
    Importance of a balanced diet on the physical fitness level of schoolchildren aged 6–12

  345. CHUNG 2010
    The Relationship Between Parental Concerns and Final Diagnosis in Children With Developmental Delay

  346. CIAPUCCINI 2010
    Aspartame-Induced Fibromyalgia, an Unusual but Curable Cause of Chronic Pain.
    *Ciappuccini, Ansemant, Maillefert, Tavernier, Ornetti

  347. CICMANEC 1996
    Comparison of four human studies of perinatal exposure to methylmercury for use in risk assessment.
    * Mercury, prenatal, Indian, fishing villages, risk management.

  348. CIESIELSKI 2012
    Cadmium Exposure and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in U.S. Children
    * cadmium at levels thought safe -> learning disability, LD, ADHD, special ed.
    * Ciesielski, Weuve, Bellinger, Schwartz, Lanphear, Wright.

  349. CLARK 1987
    Rotavirus Isolate W161 Representing a Presumptive New Human Serotype
    * New rotavirus W161 found;
    * author has no explanation for high antibody titers to it in human sera & cow's milk.
    * This was over 20 years ago; perhaps there is more info now?
    * Clark, Hoshino, Bell, Groff, Hess, Bachman, Offit.

  350. CLARK 1995
    An Examination of Dietary Influences on Delinquency
    * No statistical correlation found. Author says self-report of delinquency and diet are poor design.

  351. CLARK 1999
    Autistic symptoms in children with attention de®cit-hyperactivity disorder
    * DAMP = Disorders of Attention, Motor Control and Perception
    * 65-80% of parents reported autistic symptoms in children with ADHD; 63.6% also ODD or CD. Clark, Feehan, Tinline, Vostanis. UK

  352. CLARK 2003
    Safety, efficacy, and immunogenicity of a live, quadrivalent human-bovine reassortant rotavirus vaccine in healthy infants.
    * same as placebo; some virus shedding, showing "at least a low level of replication in the human host.
    * Clark, Bernstein, Dennehy, Offit, Pichichero, Treanor, Ward, Krah, Shaw, Dallas, Digilio, Eiden, Ivanoff, Kaplan, Heaton.
    * Funded by Merck; researchers were current or former Merck employees.

  353. CLARK 2004
    Vaccines for rotavirus gastroenteritis universally needed for infants.
    * Pediatricians will explain to parents the necessity for a rotavirus vaccine.
    * History of rotashield vaccine and intussusception. Rotashield withdrawn.
    * Rotateq being tested internationally on 60,000 infants.

  354. CLARKE 2002
    EEG evidence for a new conceptualisation of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    * EEG, 2 groups

  355. CLARKE 2003 - (PKU)
    The Maternal Phenylketonuria Project: A Summary of Progress and Challenges for the Future

  356. CLASSEN 2008
    Evidence childhood epidemics of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are opposite extremes of an immune spectrum disorder induced by immune stimulants. Role of race and associated cortisol activity as a major determining factor of the type of diabetes
    * vaccines stimulate immune system.grass fed horses immunized and obese. author is Classsen Immunotherapies - patents on testing vaccines for ability to cause diabetes.

  357. COCHRANE 2015
    Thresholds in chemical respiratory sensitisation
    * respiratory allergy, asthma, chemicals rhinitis, occupational asthma, routes of exposure.
    Cochrane, Arts, Ehnes, Hindle, Hollnagel, Poole, Suto, Kimber. Japan. UK.

  358. COHLE 2013
    Fatal coronary artery intimal hyperplasia due to amphetamine use
    * Intimal hyperplasia = overgrowth of inside of vessel wall, considered by some normal, but increases in response to cardiac treatments and overcomes interventions such as stents, bypass, etc.
    * See more:
    * Case report of death of 29 year old man on amphetamine 11 years for ADHD, from intimal hyperplasia after old infarct (previous heart attack)

  359. COHLY 2005 - abstract
    Immunological findings in autism
    * Immune regulation, cytokines, autoimunity, mercury, measles, genes, cd4 cells t-cells, Th1/Th1 immunity, thimerosal, MMR (Error: Cohly says MMR vaccine contained thimerosal. Thimerosal has never been used in MMR which is a live vaccine, according to CDC).

  360. COLEMAN 1979
    A preliminary study of the effect of pyridoxine administration in a subgroup of hyperkinetic children: a double-blind crossover comparison with methylphenidate.

  361. COLLINS 1989 - abstract
    Study of the teratogenic potential of FD & C Red No. 40 when given by gavage to rats.
    * During 19 days pregnancy, given Red 40 up to 1000 mg/kg. Babies killed before birth; no behavioral observations of mothers or rats. Fetal resorptions, steletal variations considered "random." Collins, Black, Welsh, Brown.

  362. COLLINS 1989 - abstract
    Study of the teratogenic potential of FD&C Red No. 40 when given in drinking water.
    * Red 40 given pregnant rats, killed day 20 pregnancy. Dose-related increasein skeletal variations at one level. No behavioral observations. Collins, Black, Welsh, Brown.

  363. COLLINS 1993 - abstract
    Teratogenic potential of FD&C Red No. 3 when given by gavage.
    * During 19 days of pregnancy, Red 3 not teratogenic at 800 mg/kg ... no behavioral observations of mother or baby rats (killed before birth). Collins, Black. Ruggles

  364. COLLINS 1993 - abstract
    Teratogenic potential of FD&C Red No. 3 when given in drinking water.
    * During 19 days of pregnancy, Red 3 not teratogenic. Babies not born; no behavioral observations of mother except they drank less water. Collins, Black, O'Donnell, Shackelford, Bulhack.

    Intolerance to Additives

  366. COLLINS-WILLIAMS 1985 - abstract
    Clinical spectrum of adverse reactions to tartrazine
    * Yellow 5. Review of literature and practical approach for doctors

  367. COLLISON 2012
    Nutrigenomics of hepatic steatosis in a feline model: effect of monosodium glutamate, fructose, and Trans-fat feeding
    * MSG, cat, genes, liver disease. Collison, Zaidi, Saleh, Makhoul, Inglis, Burrows, Araujo, Al-Mohanna.

  368. COLLISON 2013
    Prediabetic changes in gene expression induced by aspartame and monosodium glutamate in Trans fat-fed C57Bl/6 J mice
    * nutrasweet, aspartame, msg. Liver, trans-fat, cholesterol. Mice. Collison, Makhoul, Zaidi, Inglis, Andres, Ubungen, Saleh, Al-Mohanna.

  369. COLLISON 2013
    Commentary on: "Further studies are necessary in order to conclude a causal association between the consumption of monosodium L-glutamate (MSG) and the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in the rural Thai population" by Insawang.
    * MSG, metabolic syndrome, Thailand

  370. COLQUHOUN 1994 - abstract
    Attention deficit/hyperactive disorder: A dietary/nutritional approach
    * Review. Feingold Program adapted for UK. Other nutrients also should be improved. Psychlit. UK

  371. COLTER 2008
    Fatty acid status and behavioural symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in adolescents: A case-control study

    Commission on Crime Control and Violence Prevention (See Crime 1981)

  372. COMINGS 1990 - abstract
    Blood serotonin and tryptophan in Tourette syndrome.
    * Lower serotonin/platelet ratio in trptophan and serotonin; similar in adhd. Suggest dysregulation of serotonin metabolism. gene may be tryptophan oxygenase.

  373. COMINGS 1993 - abstract
    Serotonin and the biochemical genetics of alcoholism: lessons from studies of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and Tourette syndrome.

  374. COMINGS 1996 - abstract
    Polygenic inheritance of Tourette syndrome, stuttering, attention deficit hyperactivity, conduct, and oppositional defiant disorder: the additive and subtractive effect of the three dopaminergic genes--DRD2, D beta H, and DAT1
    * dopamine, genes, adhd, tics, ocd, alcohol abuse, anxiety. Comings, Wu, Chiu, Ring, Gade, Ahn, MacMurray, Kietz, Muhleman.

  375. COMPTON 2009
    Physical Manifestations of Neurodevelopmental Disruption: Are Minor Physical Anomalies Part of the Syndrome of Schizophrenia?

  376. CONNERS 1980
    Dose-Time Effect of Artificial Colors in Hyperactive Children
    Note: 30 mg food dye in chocolate cookies used as challenge material

  377. CONNERS 1976
    Food additives and hyperkinesis: A controlled double-blind experiment
    * One of the early double blind diet studies, even before Harley
    - See also letter from MILLER 1978

  378. CONNERS 1980
    Food Additives and Hyperactive Children (book)

  379. CONNOLLY 2010
    Pattern of intake of food additives associated with hyperactivity in Irish children and teenagersNote - Ireland was already in the process of taking food dyes out of the kids' food.

  380. COOK 1976 = abstract
    The Feingold dietary treatment of the hyperkinetic syndrome.
    * 13 of 15 children puton diet got better. Authors seem unsure. Cook, Woodhill. Australia.

  381. COOK 1995
    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and whole-blood serotonin levels: effects of comorbidity
    * Srotonin levels of children related to levels of their mothers. Children with ADHD + CD or ODD had higher serotonin.
    * Other studies show a dietary connection to serotonin function, useful even if there is genetic differences.
       See BACKON 1989, BHAGAVAN 1977, DALAL 2010 to start.
    * Cook, Stein, Ellison, Unis, Leventhal

  382. COOKE 2006
    Are there critical periods for brain growth in children born preterm?

  383. COOPER 2011
    ADHD Drugs and Serious Cardiovascular Events in Children and Young Adults

  384. COOPER 2014
    Antenatal Acetaminophen Use and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    * ADHD, Tylenol, 60,000+ people reported Tylenol use during pregnancy
    * the more weeks the Tylenol taken, the more ADHD, the more hyper ... but causation not proved yet.
    * Cooper, Langley, Thapar. Denmark

  385. COOPERMAN 1978
    Hyperactivity and diet.
    * Editorial, history, Canadian Medical Association Journal

  386. COPPEN 2005
    Treatment of depression: time to consider folic acid and vitamin B12

  387. CORDEIRO 2010
    Co-Occurrence of ADHD and High IQ: A Case Series Empirical Study

  388. CORDER 1995
    Aspirin, Salicylate, Sulfite and Tartrazine Induced Bronchoconstriction. Safe Doses and Case Definition in Epidemiological Studies.

  389. CORMIER 2007
    Diet and Child Behavior Problems: Fact or Fiction?
    - pediatric nursing article, tries for a balanced view, sort of. Reviews all the old studies as though they are definitive, but does introduce the newer studies showing that additives do affect behavior, commenting that these studies have a selection bias because of "possible overrepresentation by families interested in hyperactivity." (And here I thought studies on kids with hyperactivity were supposed to study kids WITH it .... ?)

  390. CORRADO 1998
    Positive Association between Helicobacter pylori Infection and Food Allergy in Children
    *Allergy, H. pylori, Corrado, Luzzi, Lucarelli, Frediani, Pacchiarotti, Cavaliere, Rea, Cardi, Italy.

  391. CORTESE 2008
    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, Tourette’s syndrome, and restless legs syndrome: The iron hypothesis

  392. CORTESE 2009
    Sleep Disturbances and Serum Ferritin Levels in Children with ADHD
    *adhd, sleep, children, Cortese, Konofal, Bernardina, Mouren, Lecendreux, France

  393. CORVAGLIA 1999
    Depression in adult untreated celiac subjects: diagnosis by the pediatrician

  394. COUGHTRIE 1999
    Phenol sulphotransferase SULT1A1 polymorphism : molecular diagnosis and allele frequencies in Caucasian and African populations
    *phenol sulphotransferase, PST, sulfation, sulphation

  395. CRIME 1981
    Current Findings and Research Trends in Violence Prevention - Nutrition and Biochemical Influences
    Commission on Crime Control and Violence Prevention

  396. CROMWELL 1989
    Hair mineral analysis: Biochemical imbalances and violent criminal behavior
    * significantly different levels of trace minerals violent & nonviolent criminals; zinc to copper ratio most important
    * "results of this study indicate that biochemical differences exist between violent and nonviolent criminals."
    * Cromwell, Abadie, Stephens, Kyler.

  397. CROOK 1961
    Systemic Manifestations Due to Allergy
    Reviews cases in the 1950s, before additives much in the diet, and diagnosis of "tension fatique syndrome."

  398. CROSS 1999
    Self Promotion of Deep Tissue Penetration and Distribution of Methylsalicylate After Topical Application
    * comparison of two salicylates absorbed through skin of rats, as in pain relieving rubs. Cross, Megwa, Benson, Roberts.

  399. CRUZ 2006
    Do Foods or Additives Cause Behavior Disorders?
    * ADHD,
    * Note: Although this review is dated 2006, it reviews the studies done in the 1970s, meta analysis done in 1982 (ignoring the Schab meta analysis of 2004), the NIH conference in 1982 (but not 1998)... and ignoring most of the new studies or belittling them. The Bateman 2004 study is described, then dropped in favor of a long list of "negative" studies - all of them from the 1970s or 1980s.

  400. CSERHATI 2004
    The history of bronchial asthma from the ancient times till the Middle Ages

  401. CSPI 2008
    Chemical Cuisine 2008
    * Food additives, food dyes, bht, bha, aspartame, etc.

  402. CURATOLO 2010
    Education in Child Neurology: The Role of the International Child Neurology Association (ICNA)
    CSPI (Voodoo Science etc.) SEE HARNIK 1982

  403. CURATOLO 2010
    Autism Spectrum Disorders in Tuberous Sclerosis: Pathogenetic Pathways and Implications for Treatment

  404. CURRAN 2011
    In Utero and Lactational Exposure to PCBs in Mice: Adult Offspring Show Altered Learning and Memory Depending on Cyp1a2 and Ahr Genotypes
    * pesticides, cytochrome P450, combination of genetics & toxin on learning and behavior

  405. CURRAN 2011
    In Utero and Lactational Exposure to a Complex Mixture of Polychlorinated Biphenyls: Toxicity in Pups Dependent on the Cyp1a2 and Ahr Genotypes
    * Genes control brain, thymus, liver, spleen damage from pesticides. Curran, Vorhees, Williams, Genter, Miller, Nebert.

  406. CURRIE 2013 (working paper)
    Do stimulant medications improve educational and behavioral outcomes for children with ADHD?
    * Increase in use of stimulant drugs is associated with worse academic performance. Reasons discussed.

  407. CURRIE 2014
    Do stimulant medications improve educational and behavioral outcomes for children with ADHD?
    * Increase in use of stimulant drugs is associated with worse academic performance. Reasons discussed. Currie, Stabile, Jones.

  408. CURTIN 1997
    Reward Dependence is Positively Related to Urinary Monoamines in Normal Men
    * Avoiding harm, reward dependence, novelty seeking - all depend on MAO system.
    * MAO level in urine related to reward dependence.
    * Curtin, Walker, Peyrin, Soulier, Badan, Schulz.

  409. CURTIS 2008
    Nutritional and Environmental Approaches to Preventing and Treating Autism and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A Review
    * Toxins, mercury, lead, pesticides, prenatal smoking.
    *omega 3, vitamins, zinc, magnesium, phytochemicals, chelation. Curtis & Patel.

  410. CYSNEIROS 2009
    Epilepsy and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy? Eat more fish!

  411. DABEKA 2014 - abstract
    Total mercury in canned tuna sold in Canada in 2006.
    * Yellowfin < Skipjack < Albacore. Dabeka, McKenzie, Forsyth.

  412. DALAKAS 2006
    Role of IVIg in autoimmune, neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative disorders of the central nervous system: present and future prospects
    * CNS, Alzheimer's, neurodegeneration

  413. DALAKAS 2008
    IVIg in other autoimmune neurological disorders: current status and future prospects
    * autoimmune, Alzheimer's, fibrosis.

  414. DALAL 2010
    Involvement of high plasma corticosterone status and activation of brain regional serotonin metabolism in long-term erythrosine-induced rearing motor hyperactivity in young adult male rats
    *food colors, hyperactivity, serotonin, Dalal, Poddar, India

  415. DALBY 1985 = abstract
    Will population decreases in caffeine consumption unveil attention deficit disorders in adults?
    * coffee effect similar to stimulants; author predicts increased adult ADHD reports.

  416. DALEY 2006
    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A review of the essential facts.
    * Because the Southampton studies showed that NON-ADHD children were also vulnerable to adverse reactions to food dyes, Daley claims that means that diet as a therapy for ADHD is "doubtful" ... UK.

  417. D'AMELIO 2005
    Paraoxonase gene variants are associated with autism in North America, but not in Italy: possible regional specificity in gene–environment interactions
    * Organophosphate pesticides, PON1

  418. DAMEN 2006
    Prophylactic Treatment of Migraine in Children. Part 1. A Systematic Review of non-Pharmacological Trials

  419. DAMIANI 2011
    Case Report: Vicia faba Hypersensitivity and ASA Intolerance in a Farmer: A Case Report
    *Asthma, allergy, legumes, methyl salicylate, beans, Damiami, Aloia, Priore, Pastore, Nardulli, Lippolis, Macchia, Ferrannini

  420. D'AMICO: Poster
    Developmental neurotoxicity assessment in zebrafish: a survey of 200 environmental toxicants
    * D'Amico, Li, Seng, McGrath

  421. DAPTACEL 2002
    Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine Adsorbed DAPTACEL
    * Package insert

  422. DARCEY 2007
    Gluten for Punishment
    - article re celiac disease

  423. DARCHEVILLE 1992
    Fixed-Interval Performance and Self-Control in Children

  424. DAVID 1983
    The Relationship of Hyperactivity to Moderately Elevated Lead Levels

  425. DAVID 1987
    Reactions to dietary tartrazine
    Note: While he used a high dose - 250 mg Yellow 5 -- he tested children already in the throws of reactions. He attracted parents of children who were not doing well in their efforts at using dietary intervention, although the parents claimed that they saw some effect. They were requesting his help. Instead, he treated the parents like neurotics to whom he intended to prove that their children were not sensitive to food dyes. He used neither cognitive testing, learning testing, nor parent questionnaire - his method was to ask the busy nurses to "observe" the children.

  426. DAVIDS 2003 = abstract
    Animal models of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
    * better adhd models needed. Davids, Zhang, Tarazi, Baldessarini.

  427. DAVIS 1964 = abstract
    Chronic rat and dog toxicity studies on tartrazine
    * No effect ... only growth, cancer, survival observations. Rats got diarrhea. One of 4 high-doss got pyloric gastritis. No behavioral descriptions.

  428. DAVIS 2011
    Maternal diet and offspring development
    * obesity, maternal obesity increases risk of adhd ... similar to prenatal alcohol exposure

  429. DAWSON 1990 = abstract
    Childhood asthma: what do parents add or avoid in their children's diets?
    * mostly dairy, additives, eggs avoided, not by professional advice. Diet controversial.

  430. DEBES 2009
    The Presence of Comorbidity in Tourette Syndrome Increases the Need for Pharmacological Treatment.

  431. DEBIEC 2011
    Noradrenergic Enhancement of Reconsolidation in the Amygdala Impairs Extinction of Conditioned Fear in Rats – a Possible Mechanism for the Persistence of Traumatic Memories in PTSD
    * Debiec, Bush, LeDoux

  432. DeBOISSIEU 1997 = abstract
    Multiple food allergy: a possible diagnosis in breastfed infants.
    * Removing cow's milk usually not enough alone, but excluding other suspected foods or using formula cleared symptoms. De Boissieu, Matarazzo, Rocchiccioli, Dupont.

  433. De JONG 2010
    Some reflections on the use of psychiatric diagnosis in the looked after or “in care” child population
    - see also Tarren-Sweeney 2010

  434. DeLATTRE 1999 = abstract
    Factors contributing to adverse soft tissue reactions due to the use of tartar control toothpastes: report of a case and literature review.
    * pyrophosphate, tartar control, requires increase in flavoring and detergents, causing hypersensitivity reactions.

  435. DEL BENE DAVIS 2009
    Home environmental health risks of people with developmental disabilities living in community-based residential settings: Implications for community-health nurses.
    * Fragile populations and environmental health risks
    * Indoor pollutants and community-based residential settings

  436. DE LIMA 2011
    Odors as triggering and worsening factors for migraine in men
    * headache, perfumes, fragrance. Osmophobia. deLima, Sapienza, Giraud, Fragoso. Brazil.

  437. DEMARQUAY 2006
    Rating of Olfactory Judgements in Migraine Patients

  438. DENGATE 2002 - (Calcium propionate)
    Controlled trial of cumulative behavioural effects of a common bread preservative
    Calcium propionate is one of the additives not eliminated on the Feingold diet, but products containing it are marked. In Australia, where this study was done, the amount used in the bread is much higher than here in the US

  439. DE OLIVEIRA 2000
    Vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis: a retrospective cohort study of acute flaccid paralyses in Brazil.

    Depression: See CORVAGLIA 1999, OGLETREE 2001, VERKASALO 2005

  440. DERVOLA 2012
    Marine omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids induce sex-specific changes in reinforcer-controlled behaviour and neurotransmitter metabolism in a spontaneously hypertensive rat model of ADHD
    * Omega 3, ADHD, rats

  441. DESHMUKH 2007
    Anxiety, panic and adult asthma: A cognitive-behavioral perspective
    * asthma, anxiety, hyperventilation, stress, distress, cognitive-behavioral therapy. Deshmukh, Toelle, Usherwood, O'Grady, Jenkins. Australia

  442. DESI 1978 = abstract
    Studies on the immunosuppressive effect of organochlorine and organophosphoric pesticides in subacute experiments.
    * Rabbits given Lindane, Malathion, Dichlorophos showed cholinesterase inhibition and dose dependent immune response. Desi, Varga, Farkas.

  443. DESI 1985 = abstract
    Immunotoxicological investigation of the effects of a pesticide; cypermethrin.
    * Rabbits and rats showed dose-response reduction in immune response. Desi, Varga, Dobronyi, Szklenarik.

  444. DESILVA 1997 = abstract
    Lead exposure and children's intelligence: do low levels of lead in blood cause mental deficit?
    * Argument that low IQ causes pica causing elevated lead, called reverse causation.

  445. DESJARDINS 1998
    Transcriptional activity of quinone methides derived from the tumor promoter butylated hydroxytoluene in HepG2 cells
    *BHT, tumor promoter, cytochrome P450, Desjardins, Beard, Mapoles, Gee, Thompson

  446. DESMOND 1981 = abstract
    Tartrazine (FD & C yellow #5) anaphylaxis: a case report.
    * case study. Desmond, Trautlein.

  447. De STEFANO 2004
    Age at First Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccination in Children With Autism and School-Matched Control Subjects: A Population-Based Study in Metropolitan Atlanta
    * Vaccines, MMR, autism. DeStefano, Bhasin, Thompson, Yeargin-Allsopp, Boyle.

  448. De STEFANO 2004 - abstract
    Occupational asthma due to low molecular weight agents.
    note: dyes, amines, and metals are included. "These agents act as haptens which combine with a carrier protein to form a complete antigen"

  449. De VIZIA 1995 = abstract
    Metabolic alkalosis due to the use of an oligoantigenic diet in infancy.
    * case study of infant on prolonged oligoantigenic diet causing deficit of potassium and sodium chloride

  450. DEVLIN 1992
    Tartrazine in Atopic Eczema

  451. DIAS-TOSTA 2004
    Neurological morbidity in vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis in Brazil from 1989 up to 1995.

  452. DICKERSON 1980 - abstract
    Diet and hyperactivity

  453. DICKERSON 1980 - Page 1
    Food, nutrition, anti-social behaviour and criminality.
    * Discussion of foods and additives and criminality. UK

  454. DiGIROLAMO 2009
    Role of zinc in maternal and child mental health
    * Review Feingold diet effectiveness, drug treatment. Dickerson, Pepler.

  455. DILLER 2010
    ADHD in the College Student: Is Anyone Else Worried?

  456. Di LORENZO 2002
    Urinary metabolites of histamine and leukotrienes before and after placebo-controlled challenge with ASA and food additives in chronic urticaria patients
    * allergy, salicylates, tartrazine, yellow 5, sodium benzoate, msg, sulfite
    * DiLorenzo, Pacor, Vignola, Profita, Esposito-Pellitteri, Biasi, Corrocher, Caruso. Italy.
    * Note: maximum tartrazine tested = 20 mg

    DINKEL 2004 (See SAPOLSKY 2004)

  457. Di PALMA 1990 = abstract
    Tartrazine sensitivity.
    * azo dyes, regulations, vasculitis, purpura, dermatitis, urticaria, asthma. Doesn't agree w/adhd. palma

  458. DIXIT 2010
    Usage pattern and exposure assessment of food colours in different age groups of consumers in the State of Uttar Pradesh, India
    *food colors, food dyes, ADI, Dixit, Purshottam, Gupta, Khanna, Das, India

  459. DIXIT 2011
    Usage pattern of synthetic food colours in different states of India and exposure assessment through commodities preferentially consumed by children

  460. DIXIT 2011
    A Simple Method for Simultaneous Determination of Basic Dyes Encountered in Food Preparations by Reversed-Phase HPLC
    *food dyes, Dixit, Khanna, Das, India

  461. DIXON 1990
    Inhaled sodium metabisulphite induced bronchoconstriction: inhibition by nedocromil sodium and sodium cromoglycate
    * sulfite, asthma. Dixon, Ind. UK.

  462. DODIG 2008
    Chronic Autoimmune Urticaria in Children
    * children, histamine,urticaria, autoantibodies, thyroid, diet low in salicylates and preservatives, iv immunoglobulin. Dodig, Richter. Croatia.

  463. DODIG 2009 = abstract
    The role of zinc in the treatment of hyperactivity disorder in children (Croatian)
    * Treatment with 55 mg/day zinc sulfate (15 mg zinc) aloen or with Ritalin helps adhd symptoms.

  464. DODSON 2012
    Endocrine Disruptors and Asthma-Associated Chemicals in Consumer Products
    * asthma, chemicals, phthalates, pollution. Dodson, Nishioka, Standley, Perovich, Brody, Rudel

  465. DOEGLAS 1975
    Reactions to aspirin and food additives in patients with chronic urticaria, including the physical urticarias
    * 19 of 23 aspirin-sensitive patients (82.6%) also reacted to tartrazine (Yellow 5), sodium benzoate, indomethacin, etc. Netherlands.

  466. DOGGETT 2004
    ADHD and drug therapy: is it still a valid treatment?
    - Does not mention eliminating additives, but has a wonderful quote at very end: "Currently, parents, teachers, and doctors make decisions about drug therapy – being the same ones who appear to receive the greatest benefit from it. In the future, these decision-makers should consider selecting therapies less on the needs of adults and more on the long-term needs and benefits of children."

  467. DOGUC 2012
    Effects of maternally exposed colouring food additives on cognitive performance in rats
    *Rats, coloring, hyperactivity, Learning, Children, food dyes, tartrazine, red 40, yellow 5, red 3, yellow 6, blue 1, blue 2, Gultekin, Doguc, Ceyhan, Ozturk, see Gultekin 2012

  468. DOGUC 2015
    Are there any remarkable effects of prenatal exposure to food colourings on neurobehaviour and learning process in rat offspring?
    * rats, food dyes, erythrosine, Red 40, Yellow 6, Tellow 5, Blue 1, Blue 2, amaranth, azorubine, ponceau.
    * prenatal exposure at no affect level caused increase in mobility, anxiety, and decreased motivation in offspring. Doguc, Aylak, Ilhan, Kulac, Gultekin. Turkey.

  469. DOHAN 1973
    Relapsed Schizophrenics: Earlier Discharge from the Hospital After Cereal-Free, Milk-Free Diet

  470. DOHAN 1973 - Letter in British Medical Journal re Ireland
    Coeliac Disease and Schizophrenia

  471. DOLAN 1985
    Carbon monoxide poisoning.
    * carbon monoxide causes cardiac problems, flu symptoms, and neurologic problems in survivors. Symptoms can mimic other diseases. dolan. Hyperbaric oxygenation may help.

  472. DOLAN 1987 = abstract
    Carboxyhemoglobin levels in patients with flu-like symptoms.
    * 23.6% of paople w/flu symptoms had blood carbon monoxide levels of 10% or more. Dolan, Haltom, Barrows, Short, Ferriell.

  473. DOLGIN 2014
    FDA clearance paves way for computerized ADHD monitoring
    * QB test, quantified behavior test

  474. DOMMISSE 2000
    Nutritional and other natural medical treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

  475. DONER 2004
    The Role of Allergy in Recurrent Otitis Media with Effusion
    *Ear Infection, Children, Doner, Yariktas, Demirci

  476. DONOGHUE 2010
    The clinical practice of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for children and young people with a diagnosis of Asperger’s Syndrome

  477. DOSREIS 2003 = abstract
    Parental perceptions and satisfaction with stimulant medication for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
    * authors say parental misconceptions about diet and danger of drugs should be addressed. Dosreis, Zito, Safer, Soeken, Mitchell, Ellwood.

  478. DOSREIS 2005 = abstract
    Multiple psychotropic medication use for youths: a two-state comparison.
    * 1/3 children given multiple drugs, most common in male, white, 10-14 yrs, disables, foster-care. Most common: stimulants w/antidepressants, antipsychotics, or alpha-agonists. DosReis, Zito, Safer, Gardner, Puccia, Owens.

  479. DOWNHAM 2000
    Colouring our foods in the last and next millennium
    * Natural and artificial colors, history, market trends. Downham, Collins. UK.

  480. D'SOUZA 1985 = abstract
    Tartrazine and indomethacin increase firing rates in the carotid sinus nerves of guinea pigs.
    * D'Souza, Biggs.

  481. D'SOUZA 1987 = abstract
    Aspirin, indomethacin, and tartrazine increase carotid-sinus-nerve activity and arterial blood pressure in guinea pigs.
    * All 3 increase arterial blood pressure & dose-dependently increase carotid-sinus nerve activity. (Only indomethacin needs a prescription). D'Souza, Biggs.

  482. DUBNOV-RAZ 2010
    Body Mass Index of Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    - ADHD kids less obese than normal kids

  483. DUFAULT 2009
    Mercury from chlor-alkali plants: measured concentrations in food product sugar
    - (resulting in mercury in corn syrup)

  484. DUFAULT 2009
    Mercury exposure, nutritional deficiencies and metabolic disruptions may affect learning in children First link is 41 pages. Formatted link here prints in 15 pages.

  485. DUFAULT 2012
    A macroepigenetic approach to identify factors responsible for the autism epidemic in the United States
    * Genes, diet, nutrition, zinc, metals, PON1, mercury, organophosphate pesticides, high fructose corn syrup, HFCS

  486. DUMBRELL 1978 = abstract
    Is the Australian version of the Feingold diet safe?
    * Safe: balance of nutrients superior to "normal" diet. Dumbrell, Woodhill, Mackie, Leelarthaepin

  487. DUNCAN 1993
    Exclusive breast-feeding for at least 4 months protects against otitis media.

  488. DUTHIE 2011
    Natural salicylates: foods, functions and disease prevention
    *Salicylates, disease prevention, Duthie, Wood.

  489. DuVERNOY 2000
    Hypotonic-Hyporesponsive Episodes Reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) 1996-1998.

  490. DWYER-NIELD 2010
    Epistatic interactions govern chemically-induced lung tumor susceptibility and Kras mutation site in murine C57BL/6J-ChrA/J chromosome substitution strains
    Note: "Tumor multiplicity increased if BHT administration followed urethane exposure ..."

  491. EAGLE 2012
    Toxicological effects of red wine, orange juice, and other dietary SULT1A inhibitors via excess catecholamines
    * SULT1A = PST enzyme, catecholamine, dopamine, blood pressure, migraine, atrial fibrillitation, diabetes, alcohol

  492. EAGLE 2014
    ADHD impacted by sulfotransferase (SULT1A) inhibition from artificial food colors and plant-based foods
    * PST = SULT, adhd, artificial food dyes, colors, tyrosine, dopamine,
    * brain, polyphenols, inverted-U ADHD response to inhibition

  493. EDELSON 1998
    Autism: Xenobiotic influences
    * 16 of 18 autistic children had toxic chemicals in bloos exceeding adult tolerance.
    * Abnormal D-glucaric acid & abnormal xenobiotic influence on liver detox.
    * Edelson & Cantor. Atlanta, GA

  494. EDITOR 2000 - Journal of Attention Disorders
    From the Editor: ADHD: Historical Development and Overview - history

  495. EDWARDS 1998
    Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid levels in the diet and in red blood cell membranes of depressed patients
    * Measured omega-3 in red blood cell membranes - the less omega-3, the worse the depression.
    * Edwards, Peet, Shay, Horrobin. UK, Canada.

  496. EGBUONO 2010
    Some biochemical effects of sub-acute oral administration of L-Arginine on Monosodium Glutamate-fed Wistar Albino Rats. 2: Serum alkaline phosphatase, total acid phosphatase and aspartate aminotransferase activities.
    * Arginine (ARG) potentiates the MSG effect on prostate, liver, other organs.
    * MSG tested at 5 mg/kg - much lower than 1 g/kg tested by Ali 2012.
    * Egbuono, Ezeokonkwo, Ejikeme, Obidoa, Ezeanyika. Nigeria.

  497. EGGER 1983 = abstract
    Is migraine food allergy? A double-blind controlled trial of oligoantigenic diet treatment.
    * "93% of 88 children with severe frequent migraine recovered on oligoantigenic diet" followed by double-blind trial.

  498. EGGER 1985
    Controlled trial of oligoantigenic treatment in the hyperkinetic syndrome
    - 62 of 76 selected overactive children (81.6%) improved.

  499. EGGER 1989 - seizures with migraine &/or ADHD
    Oligoantigenic diet treatment of children with epilepsy and migraine
    - epilepsy & headache: 80% improved. 55% stopped seizures. 25% had fewer seizures.
    - this included 75% of those with generalized epilepsy, 100% of those with petit mal, and 85% of those with partial epilepsy.
    - Of those with epilepsy ALONE, none improved on diet.

  500. EGGER 1992 - ADHD & bedwetting)
    Effect of diet treatment on enuresis on children with migraine or hyperkinetic behavior
    - 76% improved.
    - missing last page with end of Discussion and References

  501. EGGER 1992
    Hyposensitisation in children with food-induced hyperkinetic syndrome in News for Practitioners, European Journal of Pediatrics (1992) 151: 864-865
    - Note: This study involved EPD, in use in England for 30 years but illegal here today.

  502. EGGER 1992
    Controlled Trial of Hyposensitisation in Children with Food-Induced Hyperkinetic Syndrome

  503. Egger 1993 = abstract
    Controlled trial of hyposensitisation in children with food induced migraine.
    * double blind; EPD is effective. Egger, Stolla, McEwen

  504. EGGER 1997
    Hyperkinetic Syndrome
    *adhd, children, food intolerance, behavior, hyperkinetic, aggressive, conduct disorder

  505. EGGER 1998 = abstract
    Headaches and psychopathology in children and adolescents.
    * Proposed serotonergic dysregulation; girls have headache + depression, anxiety; boys have headache + conduct disorder. Egger, Angold, Cosello.

  506. EHLIN 2003
    Prevalence of gastrointestinal diseases in two British national birth cohorts
    * GI, Crohn's, colitis, IBS, gall stones, ulcer prevalence. Ehlin, Montgomery, Ekbom, Pounder, Wakefield

  507. EICH 1979 = abstract
    Effect of the Feingold Kaiser Permanente diet in minimal brain dysfunction.
    * NO ABSTRACT FOUND. Eich, Thim, Crowder.

  508. EICHENFIELD 2003
    Atopic Dermatitis and Asthma: Parallels in the Evolution of Treatment

  509. EIGENMANN 2004
    Comment: Food colourings and preservatives—allergy and hyperactivity
    Takes issue with the Bateman study.

    Final paragraph:
    "We do not believe that routine testing should include screening for food colouring and preservatives as causative factors for hyperactivity. If the parents raise the question, a diet limited in time — eg, for 3 or 4 weeks — might be instituted, and its effect carefully assessed by the managing physician. Parents should also be questioned about the disruption of the diet on the child’s daily life. If parents and health professionals decide to continue the diet after the trial period, repeated assessments — eg, every 6 months—should be done as no data for the duration of such a diet are available so far. We strongly believe that unnecessary diets should not be instituted for hyperactivity."

  510. EILAND 2014 = abstract
    Priapism associated with the use of stimulant medications and atomoxetine for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children.
    * Ritalin, stimualnts, adhd, prolonged erection. FDA warning. Eiland, Bell, Erramouspe.

  511. EISENHARDT 2001 - abstract
    Nitromusk compounds in women with gynecological and endocrine dysfunction.
    * musk fragrances may be endocrine disrupter and cause ovarian insufficiency. Eisenhardt, Runnebaum, Bauer, Gerhard.

  512. ELHKIM 2007 = abstract
    New considerations regarding the risk assessment on Tartrazine An update toxicological assessment, intolerance reactions and maximum theoretical daily intake in France.
    * Estimated French intake only 37% of ADI. Estimate intolerance at 0.12% but loose products like ice cream not labeled. Elhkim, Heraud, Bemrah, Gauchard, Lorino, Lambre, Fremy, Poul. France.

    El-Wahaab 2012 (SEE: Abd Ed-Wahaab)

  513. EL ZEIN 2005
    Cytogenetic effects in children treated with methylphenidate

  514. ELIA 1999
    Treatment of attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder
    * Discussion of drug treatments. Covers all other treatments in one sentence - says not proved effective.
    * Elia, Ambrosini, Rapoport.

  515. ELLIOT 2007
    Color and Psychological Functioning

  516. ELLIOT 2009
    The Effect of Red on Avoidance Behavior in Achievement Contexts
    - the color causes avoidance behavior (color of test booklets, not food color)

  517. ELLIS 1995 - abstract
    Prevention of myocardial infarction by vitamin B6.
    * B6 prevents or delays death from heart disease. B6 forms pyridoxal phosphate, coenzyme needed for homocysteine. Ellis, McCully.

  518. ELLIS 2007
    Impact of a traffic light nutrition tool in a primary school

  519. EMSLEY 2008
    Safety of the omega-3 fatty acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in psychiatric patients: Results from a randomized, placebo-controlled trial
    * Omega-3 used for psychiatric patients, but safety not studied.
    * Schizophrenia patients given 2 grams/day or placebo in addition to meds
    * 2 grams/day well tolerated; cholesterol lower, bleeding time longer, weight gain
    * Emsley, Niehaus, Oosthuizen, Koen, Ascott-Evans, Chiliza, van Rensburg, Smit. S. Africa.

  520. ENGEL 2011
    Prenatal Exposure to Organophosphates, Paraoxonase 1, and Cognitive Development in Childhood
    *IQ, mental development, pesticides, PON1 geme, neurodevelopment, Engel, Wetmur, CHen, Zhu, Barr, Canfield, Wolff

  521. ENGLAND 2008
    The Links Between Diet and Behaviour: The influence of nutrition on mental health
    - Report of an inquiry held by the Associate Parliamentary Food and Health Forum

  522. ENGLISH 2009
    Choline transporter gene variation is associatedwith attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

  523. EPA: Blue 1, Red 40, Yellow 5 - Inert ingredient tolerance reassessment
    * Reclassified as List 4B inert ingredient, for use in pesticides - considered harmless

  524. EPPRIGHT 1996 = abstract
    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, infantile autism, and elevated blood-lead: a possible relationship.
    * Case study: ADHD & autism symptoms reduced by lowering elevated blood lead level. Eppright, Sanfacon, Horwitz.

  525. ERCAN-SENCICEK 2010
    l-Histidine Decarboxylase and Tourette’s Syndrome.

  526. ERIKSSON 1996
    Pregnant diabetic rats fed the antioxidant butylated hyrdoxytoluene show decreased occurrence of malformations in offspring
    *rats, BHT, diabetes, pregnancy, Eriksson, Siman
    *As we've said before, maybe it's a good drug - put it on the prescription pad, not on the breakfast table

  527. ERIKSEN 2002
    Sensitization and Subjective Health Complaints
    MCS, Fibromyalgia, Pain, Stress, Eriksen, Ursin

  528. ERSHOFF 1977
    Effects of diet on growth and survival of rats fed toxic levels of Tartrazine (FD&C Yellow No. 5) and Sunset Yellow FCF (FD&C Yellow No. 6)
    * purified diet, fiber

  529. ESKENAZI 2007
    Organophosphate Pesticide Exposure and Neurodevelopment in Young Mexican-American Children

  530. EUBANKS 1982
    Increased Sensitivity of Heat-Stressed Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cells to Food-Grade Antioxidants
    - TBHQ prevents repair of heat-damaged cells

  531. EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND COUNCIL DIRECTIVE on colours for use in foodstuffs, 94/36/EC

    * See Page 18: "List of the food colours .... additional information" - WARNING to be: "may have an adverse effect on activity and attention in children."

  533. EVANS 2011
    Recognising Coeliac Disease in Eastern Europe – the Hidden Epidemic in our Midst?
    *Celiac Disease, Evans, Hadjivassiliou, Sanders

  534. EWEN 1999
    Effect of diets containing genetically modified potatoes expressing Galanthus nivalis lectin on rat small intestine
    * GMO, lectin genes

  535. EZUGHA 2010
    5q14.3 Deletion Manifesting as Mitochondrial Disease and Autism: Case Report

  536. FALLICO 2010
    Colour and label evaluation of commercial pasteurised red juices and related drinks

  537. FARAONE 2003
    The worldwide prevalence of ADHD: Is it an American condition?

  538. FAROON 2000
    Effects of polychlorinated biphenyls on the nervous system
    PCB, animals, humans, neurotransmitters, dopamine, behavior, Faroon, Jones, de Rosa

  539. FAROON 2001
    Effects of polychlorinated biphenyls on development and reproduction
    *PCB, reproductive effects, humans, animals, development, Faroon, Keith, Jones, de Rosa

  540. FAROON 2001
    Carcinogenic effects of polychlorinated biphenyls
    PCB, cancer, Faroon, Keith, Jones, de Rosa

  541. FARZAEI 2015farfarza - abstract
    The role of dietary polyphenols in the management of inflammatory bowel disease.
    * IBS, antioxidants, suppress inflammation, cytokines, enzymes. Farzaei, Rahimi, Abdollahi.

  542. FASEB on MSG 1995
    Executive Summary from the Report: Analysis of Adverse Reactions to Monosodium Glutamate (MSG)

  543. FASANO 2009
    Surprises from Celiac Disease: Study of a potentially fatal food-triggered disease has uncovered a process that may contribute to many autoimmune disorders

  544. FASMER 2010
    Comorbidity of Asthma With ADHD

  545. FAULKNER-HOGG 1999
    Dietary Analysis in Symptomatic Patients with Coeliac Disease on a Gluten-Free Diet: the Role of Trace Amounts of Gluten and Non-Gluten Food Intolerances
    * gluten-free vs no detectable gluten (NDG) diet. If that not enough, they did Feingold-type diet also w/o milk, millet, soy, etc. in addition .... 77% got better. Faulkner-Hogg, Selby, Loblay. Australia.

    All References Related to Overview Assessment of Artificial Food Colors/Additives and Hyperactivity (ADHD) and Problem Behaviors in Children

    FDA: QB test (See Dolgin 2014)

  547. FDA on ANTIBIOTICS 1977
    FDA: Penicillin-containing premixes; opportunity for hearing, re. Diamond Shamrock Chemical Co.
    *Application to withdraw penicillin-containing animal feed

    All References Related to Overview Assessment of Artificial Food Colors/Additives and Hyperactivity (ADHD) and Problem Behaviors in Children

  549. FDA PETITION 2001
    Petition by H. B. Perry to delist Yellow 5

  550. FEINGOLD 1949
    Tonsillectomy in the allergic child.

  551. FEINGOLD 1960
    Antigenic property of the oral secretion of fleas
    * Benjamini, Feingold

  552. FEINGOLD 1960
    Allergy to flea bites. I. Experimental induction of flea-bite sensitivity in guinea pigs
    * Hudson, Feingold, Kartman

  553. FEINGOLD 1960
    Allergy to flea bites. II. Investigations of flea bite sensitivity in humans.
    * Hudson, Feingold, Kartman

  554. FEINGOLD 1960
    Allergy to flea bites. III. The experimental induction of flea bite sensitivity in guinea pigs by exposure to flea bites and by antigen prepared from whole flea extracts of Ctenocephalides felis felis
    * Benjamini, Feingold, Kartman

  555. FEINGOLD 1962
    Psychological studies of allergic women. The relation between skin reactivity and personality.

  556. FEINGOLD 1963
    Allergy to flea bites. IV. In vitro collection and antigenic properties of the oral secretion of the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis felis
    * Benjamini, Feingold, Young, Kartman, Shimizu

  557. FEINGOLD 1964
    Psychological variables in allergic disorders: A Review. Psychosomatic Medicine, 1964 Sep-Oct;26:543-75.

  558. FEINGOLD 1965
    The role of collagen in the induction of flea bite hypersensitivity.

  559. FEINGOLD 1966
    In vitro studies on the role of collagen in the induction of hypersensitivity to flea bites.

  560. FEINGOLD 1967
    Personality variables and allergic skin reactivity. A cross-validation study. Psychosomatic Medicine, 1967 Jun-Aug;29(4):312-22.

  561. FEINGOLD 1968 = abstract
    Recognition of food additives as a cause of symptoms of allergy.

  562. FEINGOLD 1968
    The allergic responses to insect bites
    * Feingold, Benjamini, Michaeli

  563. FEINGOLD 1973
    Congressional Record - October 30, 1973

  564. FEINGOLD 1973
    Introduction to clinical allergy, excerpt re fleas, haptens

  565. FEINGOLD 1974
    Why Your Child is Hyperactive, excerpt on flea studies

  566. FEINGOLD 1975
    Hyperkinesis and learning disabilities linked to artificial food flavors and colors. (May 1975, American Journal of Nursing)

  567. FEINGOLD 1976
    Hyperkinesis and learning disabilities linked to the ingestion of artificial food flavors and colors.

  568. FEINGOLD 1977
    Speech to Newspaper Food Editors and Writers Association, Milwaukee, WI - "A View From the Other Side")

  569. FEINGOLD 1977
    Speech to American Academy of Pediatrics

  570. FEINGOLD 1977
    Food additives in dentistry.

  571. FEINGOLD 1977 = abstract
    Behavioral disturbances linked to the ingestion of food additives

  572. FEINGOLD 1979
    Dietary Management of Nystagmus

  573. FEINGOLD 1979
    Dietary Management of Juvenile Delinquency

  574. Feingold Association Director's Meeting Recap of Dr. Ben Feingold's Presentation

  575. FEINGOLD 1980 = abstract
    Feingold diet.

  576. FEINGOLD 1982
    The role of diet in behavior
    This was finished a few days before his death. It was published with his obituary (last page)

  577. FEINGOLD 2010
    A Niche for Infectious Disease in Environmental Health: Rethinking the Toxicological Paradigm
    * Environmental health research; Feingold, Vegosen, Davis, Leibler, Peterson, Silbergeld
    * (This is Beth Feingold, not related to Ben Feingold)

    FERGUSON letter on Swanson & Kinsbourne study - see SWANSON

  578. FERGUSON 2007 - abstract>
    Genes, diet and inflammatory bowel disease
    * IBD, genes, defective reaction to bacteria leads to excessive immune response. elemental diet, omega 3, probiotics, elimination diet, polyphenols.
    * Ferguson, Shelling, Browning, Huebner, Petermann.

  579. FERGUSON 2013 - abstract
    Nutrigenetics, nutrigenomics and inflammatory bowel diseases.
    * IBS, Crohn's. dietary interventions appropriate.

  580. FERIA-VELASCO 1995 = abstract
    Chronobiological variations in the convulsive effect of monosodium L-glutamate when administered to adult rats.
    * MSG injected IP (into body cavity), causes seizures. Circadium rhythm: 70% died from MSG at 7 am but none died in afternoon or evening.

  581. FERIA-VELASCO 2006
    Chronic malnutrition caused by corn feeding increases the susceptibility for convulsions experimentally induced by onosodium L-Glutamate in rats
    * msg, seizures, serotonin, low protein diet makes rats more prone to seizures when injected with MSG
    * Feria-Velasco, Orozco-Suarez, Carabez-Torres, del Angel, Beas-Zarate
    * Abstract in English; text in Spanish

  582. FERNANDO 2009
    Salicylate intolerance: a masquerader of multiple adverse drug reactions
    *Urticaria, Fernando, Clarke

  583. FERNSTROM 2000
    Can nutrient supplements modify brain function?

  584. FESER 2010
    Periorbital dermatitis: Causes, differential diagnoses and therapy
    * allergy, eczema. Feser, Mahler, Germany.

  585. FEWTRELL 2007
    (Kleinman study) Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding: what is the evidence to support current recommendations?
         - Not-so-subtle implication that breastfeeding more than six months may cause nutrient deficiencies.

  586. FIEJO 2013
    Saccharin and aspartame, compared with sucrose, induce greater weight gain in adult Wistar rats, at similar total caloric intake levels
    * Fiejo, Ballard, Foletto, Batista, Neves, Ribeiro, Bertoluci. Brazil.

  587. FINDLING 1997
    High-Dose Pyridoxine and Magnesium Administration in Children with Autistic Disorder: An Absence of Salutary Effects in a Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study
    *autism, vitamins B6+Mg found not effective at doses given, Findling, Maxwell, Scotese-Wojtila, Huang, Yamashita, Wiznitzer
    * See RIMLAND 1998 response

  588. FINDLING 2001 - abstract
    Short-term cardiovascular effects of methylphenidate and adderall.
    * Short-term, low-dose study of Ritalin and Adderall .... no significant changes in blood pressure, pulse, etc.
    * Maximum medication 15 mg for one week. Conclusion: cardiovascular monitoring not necessary. Findling, Short, Manos.

  589. FINDLING 2010
    Changes in Emotions Related to Medication Used to Treat ADHD. Part II: Clinical Approaches - See Part I (Manos 2010)

  590. FINLEY 2004
    Does Environmental Exposure to Manganese Pose a Health Risk to Healthy Adults?
    * neurologic, Parkinson's, environment, toxicity, violence, industrial pollution. © ILSI (food industry organization) fishbein

  591. FISCHER 1977 - abstract
    Cardiomyopathic findings associated with methylphenidate.
    * Report of adult patient with lesions on heart found during bypass surgery. Fischer, Barner.

  592. FISCHER 1983 - abstract
    Adverse pulmonary responses to aspirin and acetaminophen in chronic childhood asthma.
    * Use aspirin cautiously in asthmatic children. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) sometimes is a good substitute, but not always.
    * Fischer, Guilfoile, Kesarwala, Winant, Kearns, Gartside, Moomaw.

  593. FISHBEIN 1987
    Nutritional biochemistry and behavioral disabilities.
    * neurotransmitters and dietary precursors, IQ, cadmium, learning disabilities
    * Fishbein, Meduski

  594. FISHERMAN 1973 = abstract
    Chemical intolerance to butylated-hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated-hydroxytoluene (BHT) and vascular response as an indicator and monitor of drug intolerance.

  595. FITZGERALD 1985
    Letter to Editor re Kupp article about BHA and dental caries

  596. FITZSIMON 1978 - abstract
    Salicylate sensitivity in children reported to respond to salicylate exclusion

  597. FLEMING 1993 = abstract
    Aplastic anemia and pesticides. An etiologic association?
    * Review. Organichlorines, organophosphates often associated with aplastic anemia. Fleming, Timmeny.

  598. FLICK 2011
    Cognitive and Behavioral Outcomes After Early Exposure to Anesthesia and Surgery

  599. FLOCH 2009 (editorial)
    Annatto, Diet, and The Irritable Bowel Syndrome
    * Annatto, IBS, azo dye, food coloring, allergy

  600. FLORA 2012
    Toxicity of lead: A review with recent updates
    * antioxidants, lead toxicity, chelation, nanoencapsulation, herbal extracts. Flora, Gupta, Tiwari. India

  601. FLORY 2007 - Serotonergic function in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: Relationship to later antisocial personality disorder

  602. FLUORIDE 1996
    Editorial: Neurotoxicity of Fluoride

  603. FLUORIDE 1998
    Table of Contents of Quarterly Journal of the International Society for Fluoride Research

  604. FLURY 1994
    Brilliant Blue FCF as a Dye Tracer for Solute Transport Studies - A Toxicological Overview
    *Blue 1, water flow, solute transport, Flury, Fluhler

  605. Food Additives Booklet
    Brochure from International Food Additives Council 2007

  606. FOOD ADDITIVES IN EUROPE 2000 - 700 pages
    Status of safety assessments of food additives presently permitted in the EU.
    - Objectives Page

    Food, Brain and Behavior Conference 1996
    See Egger 1997, Millstone 1997, Baldwin 1997

  607. FORS 2008
    Stepping through Science’s Door: C. W. Scheele, from Pharmacist’s Apprentice to Man of Science
    * 18th century chemist in Sweden. "the perfect scientific hero: humble beginnings, miraculous discovery, worldwide fame, and an early death caused by long hours spent working over poisonous substances in a drafty chemical laboratory"

  608. FOULKES 1996
    The Fluoride Connection

  609. FOUST 2003
    Patent application: Technique for diagnosing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

  610. FRAGA 2013
    Trigger factors mainly from the environmental type are reported by adolescents with migraine
    * stress, sleep, adolescent, children, perfume, fragrance, hot weather, diet. Fraga, Pinho, Andreoni, Vitalle, Fisberg, Peres, Vilanova, Masruha. Brazil.

  611. FREEDMAN 1977
    Asthma induced by sulphur dioxide, benzoate and tartrazine contained in orange drinks
    * Asthma. 57% reacted to 25 mg sulfur dioxide, 29% reacted to up to 300 mg sodium benzoate, and 7% reacted to 60 mg yellow 5.
    * Author used drinks, not capsules, so absorption by oral mucosa possible.

  612. FRIEDER 1987
    Prenatal Monosodium Glutamate Causes Long-Lasting Cholinergic and Adrenergic Changes in Various Brain Regions

  613. FRIEDMAN 1996
    Pyridostigmine Brain Penetration Under Stress Enhances Neuronal Excitability and Induces Early Immediate Transcriptional Response
    *Gulf War, blood brain barrier, autoimmune, chemical warfare, central nervous system, mouse, mice, CNS, Friedman, Kaufer, Shemer, Hendler, Soreq, Tur-Kaspa

  614. FRODL 2010
    Comorbidity of ADHD and Substance Use Disorder (SUD): A Neuroimaging Perspective

  615. FROEHLICH 2007
    Prevalence, Recognition, and Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in a National Sample of US Children
    * US prevalence of ADHD, by socioeconomic group. children. * Froehlich, Lanphear, Epstein, Barbaresi, Katusic, Kahn.

  616. FUGLSANG 1993 = abstract
    Prevalence of intolerance to food additives among Danish school children.
    * open challenge in lemonade; if positive, double-blind w/capsules. Estimated intolerance at 1-2%.
    * Capsules not absorbed through membranes, tongue, etc. Fuglesang, Madsen, Saval, Osterballe.

  617. FUGLSANG 1994
    Adverse reactions to food additives in children with atopic symptoms
    * allergy, food dyes, preservatives
    * Fuglsang, Madsen, Halken, Jorgensen, Ostergaard, Osterballe. Denmark
    * Note: The "high" doses of food dye given were very low, e.g. 18 mg Yellow 5 - see Table 1, pg. 32
    * Note: The followup double blind challenge by pills means that the additives were NOT absorbed through mouth or esophagus or tongue surface. Not surprising that the reactions were even fewer. Nevertheless, reactions WERE reported.

  618. FUKAYAMA 1999 = abstract
    Subchronic inhalation studies of complex fragrance mixtures in rats and hamsters.
    * Product may have 100+ fragrance chemicals. They tested 6 of them as mixture 4 hr/day 6 or 13 weeks. No problems seen.
    * Fukayama, Easterday, Serafino, Renskers, North-Root, Schrankel (members of Reseach Institute for Fragrance Materials - the international scientific authority for fragrance safety)

  619. FUNG 2009
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Coping or Curing?
    * commentary article. Fung, Lee. Singapore.

  620. FURMAN 2008
    Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Does New Research Support Old Concepts?

  621. GABY 2005
    Adverse Effects of Dietary Fructose
    -- (corn syrup)

  622. GABY 2007
    Natural Approaches to Epilepsy

  623. GADOW 1995 = abstract
    School observations of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and comorbid tic disorder: effects of methylphenidate treatment.
    * Ritalin caused small inccrease in tics but not considered a problem. Considered safe for "majority" of children with TS. Gadow, Nolan, Sprafkin, Sverd.

    Consumers with Allergic Reaction to Food: Perception of and Response to Food Risk in General and Genetically Modified Food in Particular

  625. GALANTER 2013
    Limited Support for the Efficacy of Nonpharmacological Treatments for the Core Symptoms of ADHD
    editorial, American Journal of Psychiatry.

  626. GALLAND 1999
    ADHD: What every parent needs to know

  627. GALLER 2010
    Early childhood malnutrition predicts depressive symptoms at ages 11–17
    *depression, kwashiorkor, malnutrition, children, Galler, Bryce, Waber, Hock, Exner, Eaglesfield, Fitzmaurice, Harrison, Barbados, Harvard

  628. GALLER 2011
    Early malnutrition predicts parent reports of externalizing behaviors at ages 9–17
    *malnutrition, children, behavior, executive functioning, aggression, cognitive impairment, Galler, Bryce, Waber, Medford, Eaglesfield, Fitzmaurice, Barbados, Harvard

  629. GANS 1990
    Sucrose and delinquency: Oral sucrose tolerance test and nutritional assessment.
    *Juvenile delinquent, sugar, nutrition, insulin.
    * "Nutritional status of incarcerated delinquents did not differ from that of nonincarcerated subjects on most measures."
    * Gans, Harper, Bachorowski, Newman, Shrago, Taylor.

  630. GAO 2011
    Effect of Food Azo Dye Tartrazine on Learning and Memory Functions in Mice and Rats, and the Possible Mechanisms Involved

  631. GARCIA-LOPEZ 2008
    Estudio piloto sin grupo control del tratamiento con magnesio y vitamina B6 del síndrome de Gilles de la Tourette en niños
    An open study evaluating the efficacy and security of magnesium and vitamin B6 as a treatment of Tourette syndrome in children (in Spanish)

  632. GARCIA-LOPEZ 2009
    Study Protocol: New therapeutic approach to Tourette Syndrome in children based on a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind phase IV study of the effectiveness and safety of magnesium and vitamin B6
    * vitamin B, magnesium, TS, children, expected to improve symptoms and reduces side effects of meds.
    * This is a protocol for a future study; we wrote to them Jan 2013 to ask if study has been done.
    * Garcia-Lopez, Perea-Milla, Garcia, Rivas-Ruiz, Romero-Gonzalez, Moreno, Faus, del Castillo Aguas, Diaz. Spain.

  633. GARDNER - faxed to FAUS 1999
    Index of Phenyl Food Compounds Found in Common Foodstuffs
    * charts, Brigham Young University, UT

  634. GARDNER 2009
    Mercury Induces an Unopposed Inflammatory Response in Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells in Vitro
    * Mercury - even a little affects immunity, possibly causing infectious disease or autoimmune disease.
    * Gardner, Nyland, Evans, Wang, Doyle, Crainiceanu, Silbergeld.

  635. GARDNER 2010
    The Potential of Nutritional Therapy - short article in Science, edited by Jennifer Sills

  636. GARRIDO 2010
    Attention Problems Mediate the Association Between Severity of Physical Abuse and Aggressive Behavior in a Sample of Maltreated Early Adolescents

  637. GARRIGA 1991 - abstract
    A combined single-blind, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to determine the reproducibility of hypersensitivity reactions to aspartame
    * Could not find subjects allergic to aspartame with reproducible reactions. Garriga, Berkebile, Metcalfe. NIH.

  638. GARRY 2002
    Birth Defects, Season of Conception, and Sex of Children Born to Pesticide Applicators Living in the Red River Valley of Minnesota, USA

  639. GE 2005
    Effects of High Fluoride and Low Iodine on Brain Histopathology in Offspring Rats

  640. GEIER 2005
    A two-phased population epidemiological study of the safety of thimerosal-containing vaccines: a follow-up analysis
    * ethylmercury. VAERS, DTaP, levels exceeded Federal Safety Guidelines and EPA permissible hair mercury limit total 237.5 ug mercury or 275 if flu shots too

  641. GEIER 2010
    Thimerosal exposure & increasing trends of premature puberty in the vaccine safety datalink

  642. GEIER 2010
    The biological basis of autism spectrum disorders: understanding causation and treatment by clinical geneticists

  643. GEIER 2012
    The temporal relationship between RotaTeq immunization and intussusception adverse events in the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS)
    *Geier, King, Sykes

  644. GEIER 2015
    Thimerosal: Clinical, epidemiologic and biochemical studies
    * mercury, vaccines, "poison at minute levels" , review. Geier, King, Hooker, Dorea, Kern, Sykes, Geier.

  645. GELBKE 2014
    Derivation of safe health-based exposure limits for potential consumer exposure to styrene migrating into food from food containers
    * Styrofoam containers. Gelbke, Banton, Faes, Leibold, Pemberton, Duhayon. Belgium.

  646. GELLER 2000
    3 reviews of: PC, M.D.: How Political Correctness Is Corrupting Medicine, a book by Sally Satel, M.D.; New York, Basic Books, 2000, 304 pages, $27

  647. GELLER 2005 - abstract
    Using Diet to Treat Developmental Coordination Disorder

  648. GELLER 2006 - Book Reviews
    • The Sanity of Survival: Reflections on Community Mental Health and Wellness
    • Clinical Manual of Anxiety Disorders
    • Assembling My Father: A Daughter’s Detective Story
    • Cultural Competence in Forensic Mental Health: A Guide for Psychiatrists, Psychologists, and Attorneys
    • Psychiatric Treatment of Sexual Offenders
    • American Mania: When More Is Not Enough
    • Handbook of Self-Regulation: Research, Theory, and Applications
    • Framing ADHD Children: A Critical Examination of the History, Discourse, and Everyday Experience of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    • Fatal Flaws: Navigating Destructive Relationships With People With Disorders of Personality and Character
    • Closing the Chart: A Dying Physician Examines Family, Faith, and Medicine
    • Cinemeducation: A Comprehensive Guide to Using Film in Medical Education

  649. GENDLER 1987 = abstract
    Adverse reactions to cosmetics
    * Fragrances, preservatives including formaldehyde, parabens, paraphenylenediamine in hair dye, toluene comopunds in nail polish.

  650. GEORGE 2000
    Lactate-Induced Rage and Panic in a Select Group of Subjects Who Perpetrate Acts of Domestic Violence

  651. GERAGHTY 2010
    Nutritional Interventions and Therapies in Autism: A Spectrum of What We Know Part 2

  652. GERBER 2009
    Vaccines and Autism: A Tale of Shifting Hypotheses
    * Offit explains why MMR, thimerosal, and multiple shots don't cause aautism and where the ideas came from.
    * Gerber & Offit.

  653. GERRARD 1994 = abstract
    Neuropharmacological evaluation of movement disorders that are adverse reactions to specific foods.
    * case studies of patients with tic movements triggered by milk, egg, coffee, aspartame. TS. Gerrard, Richardson, Donat.

  654. GESCH 2002 the published study
    Influence of supplementary vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids on the antisocial behaviour of young adult prisoners

  655. GESCH 2002
    Dietary supplementation with vitamins, minerals and fatty acids reduced antisocial behavior in young adult prisoners. - Article in Evidence-Based Medicine 2003

  656. GESCH 2002
    Vitamin and fatty acid supplements may reduce antisocial behaviour in incarcerated young adults - another article on Gesch from Evidence-Based Mental Health

  657. GESCH 2005
    The potential of nutrition to promote physical and behavioural well-being
    * food, changing diet, health, obesity, diabetes, cancer, heart disease, mental health, depression, schezophrenia, children, developmental disorders, sugar, behavior, mood, antisocial, crime, physiological markers

  658. GEYER 2010
    New Opportunities in the Treatment of Cognitive Impairments Associated With Schizophrenia

  659. GHANIZADEH 2008
    Comorbidity of Psychiatric Disorders and Parental Psychiatric Disorders in a Sample of Iranian Children With ADHD

  660. GHANIZADEH 2008
    Association of nail biting and psychiatric disorders in children and their parents in a psychiatrically referred sample of children

  661. GHANIZADEH 2008
    Tactile sensory dysfunction in children with ADHD

  662. GHANIZADEH 2008
    Distribution of Symptoms of Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder in Schoolchildren of Shiraz, South of Iran
    Note: Iran does not allow use of artificial food dyes, yet they found 10% of children with ADHD. We claim 10% here too - indeed, we have been claiming 10% for many years in spite of acknowledging that the rate keeps rising ... if it has been rising dramatically for the past 20 years, how is it still 10%? And when actually investigated in VA the rates were 17% and even higher. Maybe Iran is more honest in this regard?

  663. GHANIZADEH 2008
    Methylphenidate-associated enuresis in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    * Case study of boy with Ritalin-induced bedwetting.

  664. GHANIZADEH 2009
    Sleep Disturbances in Singaporean Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  665. GHANIZADEH 2009
    Can Behavioral Sensory Processing Problems Guide Us to a Better Pharmacological Management of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder? A Case Report

  666. GHANIZADEH 2010
    Comorbidity of Enuresis in Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

  667. GHANIZADEH 2010
    The Predictors of Parent Reported Behaviors Related to Olfactory Information Processing in Children with ADHD

  668. GHANIZADEH 2010
    Is It Time to Revise the Definition of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

  669. GHANIZADEH 2010
    How do ADHD children perceive their cognitive, affective, and behavioral aspects of anger expression in school setting?

  670. GHANIZADEH 2010
    Are GPs adequately equipped with the knowledge for educating and counseling of families with ADHD children?

  671. GHANIZADEH 2012
    Acetaminophen may mediate oxidative stress and neurotoxicity in autism
    * Letter to the editor, Medical Hypotheses.
    * Tylenol after MMR. sulfation process impairment. oxidative stress.antiapoptotic signaling pathway is impaired.

  672. GHANIZADEH 2015
    The effect of dietary education on ADHD, a randomized controlled clinical trial
    * When change in diet was considered a continuous variable, diet improvement led to better attention.
    * Favorite foods: favorite of the researchers (i.e., good diet, fruit, protein, milk, "does not eat what s/he wants");
    * un-favorite foods: fried, fatty, salty, sauced, sweet, candies, pickles, chips, processed fruit juices.
    * I bet the kids would not agree to this definition.

  673. GHERARDI 2001
    Macrophagic myofasciitis lesions assess long-term persistence of vaccine-derived aluminium hydroxide in muscle
    * vaccine damage

  674. GHUMAN 2008
    Psychopharmacological and Other Treatments in Preschool Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Current Evidence and Practice

  675. GHUMAN 2011
    Restricted elimination diet for ADHD: the INCA study
    * Discusses methods of implementing a Fengold-type diet for children. Suggests limit of 5 weeks trial. Worries about deficiencies.

  676. GIBB 1987
    In Vitro Inhibition of Phenolsulphotransferase (PST) by Food and Drink Constituents
    *Food dyes, PST inhibition, Gibb, Glover, Sandler.

    An Australian Exclusion Diet

  677. GIBSON 1997
    Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, Illness, and Culture: On the Margins of Health Care
    *Fibromyalgia, CFIDS, MCS

  678. GIEDD 1996
    Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Human Brain Development: Ages 4-18

  679. GILBERT 2012
    A small dose of toxicology, 2nd edition - free ebook: 280 pages - Author's page

  680. GINZEL 2007
    Critical review: nicotine for the fetus, the infant and the adolescent?
    * must strictly avoid in pregnancy, breastfeeding, childhood. Ginzel, Maritz, Marks, Neuberger, Pauly, Polito, Schulte-Hermann, Slotkin.

  681. GIOVINAZZO 1981 = abstract
    Photoallergic contact dermatitis to musk ambrette. Histopathologic features of photobiologic reactions observed in a persistent light reactor.
    * Exosue to musk ambrette, a fragrance, can make people sensitive to light. Giovinazzo, Harber, Bickers, Armstrong, Silvers.

  682. GLASS 2004
    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A literature review of causes, diagnosis, and treatments.
    * Senior research project: A chiropractic viewpoint

  683. GLASS 2011
    Pharmaceutical excipients - where do we begin?

  684. GLAZE 2004
    Childhood insomnia: why Chris can’t sleep
    *ADHD, depression, behavior

  685. GOETZ 2010
    A 12-Month Prospective, Observational Study of Treatment Regimen and Quality of Life Associated With ADHD in Central and Eastern Europe and Eastern Asia

  686. GOLD 2003
    Independent Analysis of the "Opinion of the European Commission, Scientific Committee on Food: Update on the Safety of Aspartame / E951" (SCF 2002)
    * Conflicts of interest, formaldehyde, etc. 64 pages

  687. GOLD 2014
    Low Dopamine Function in Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Should Genotyping Signify Early Diagnosis in Children?
    * Discussing genotyping for diagnosis and alternative treatments, as well as possibility of genetic determination for special diet. (Good idea) Gold, Blum, Oscar-Berman, Braverman.

  688. GOLDBERG 2010
    Methamphetamine Exposure, Iron Deficiency, and Implications for Cognitive-Communicative Function: A Case Study

  689. GOLDBERGER 1914
    The etiology of pellagra.
    * Suggestion it is not contagious and might be the diet since the nurses never get it from the patients.
    * Interesting because it is one of the early studies using concept that FOOD could cause something.

  690. GOLDBERGER 1915
    The Prevention of Pellagra: A test of diet among institutional inmates.
    * Suggested diet because nurses didn't catch it from patients. Interesting history. See SYDENSTRICKER 1958

  691. GOLDBERGER 1920
    A study of the relation of diet to Pellagra incidence in seven textile-mill communities of South Carolina in 1916.
    * 66 pages. Reports results at orphanages, prisons, history of various efforts to find cause.
    * Goldberger, Wheeler, Sydenstricker. U.S. Public Health Service.

  692. GOLDBERGER 1926
    A further study of butter, fresh beef, and yeast as Pellagra preventives, with consideration of the relation of Factor P-P of Pellagra (and black tongue of dogs) to Vitamin B.
    * Pellagra cn be prevented/cured by diet; buttermilk works better than powdered milk. Butter doesn't work at all.
    * Beef and yeast work. The beef experiment was done by boiling chopped beef 200 g/day (ugh).
    * Goldberger, Wheeler, Lillie, Rogers, US Health Service

  693. GOLDENRING 1982 - abstract
    Sulfanilic acid: behavioral change related to azo food dyes in developing rats.
    * Sulfanilic acid is azo dye metabolite; may be causative agent in behavior changes related to food dye. Goldenring, Batter, Shaywitz.

  694. GOLDMAN 1998
    Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents
    Note: Although this paper complains that "pharmacotherapy alone ... has not yet been shown to improve the long-term outcome for any domain of functioning..." the only comment about diet in this paper is: "...some 20 studies have refuted the efficacy of dietary manipulations (eg, the Feingold diet) in ADHD.62" The footnote brings one to the NIH Consensus Development Conference of 1982 - which had concluded that none of the studies were adequate, and had NOT concluded that anything was refuted. Goldman totally ignored the excellent 1994 studies (Rowe & Rowe, Boris & Mandel).

  695. GOLDMAN 2001
    Technical report: Mercury in the environment: Implications for pediatricians
    *mercury, children, Goldman, SHannon, Committee on Environmental Health

  696. GOLDMAN 2006
    The Case against Universal Varicella Vaccination
    * chicken pox, shingles, vaccine

    Golimstok 2011 -- see Rojas 2011

  697. GOMES 2013
    Citotoxicity of food dyes Sunset Yellow (E-110), Bordeaux Red (E-123), and Tatrazine Yellow (E-102) on Allium cepa L. root meristematic cells
    * all 3 dyes were cytotoxic to cells. Yellow 6, yellow 5, Red.

  698. GOMEZ-PINILLA 2011
    The combined effects of exercise and foods in preventing neurological and cognitive disorders
    *exercise, diets, nervous system, cognitive, brain, omega-3,

  699. GOOD 2009
    Did acetaminophen provoke the autism epidemic?
    * Tylenol given after vaccination. Aspirin does not cause Reye's. Toxicity of acetaminophen.

  700. GOODMAN 2013
    Artificial food colour exclusion and free fatty acid supplementation may reduce symptom severity in children with ADHD
    * Comment belittling review by Sonuga-Barke (2013) which says eliminating food dyes and supplementing with fish oil help ADHD.

  701. GORAYA 2009
    Sleep Study Abnormalities in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  702. GORDON 2011
    Broccoli or Broken Windows? The relationship between anti social behaviour and a nutrient deficient diet
    * Nutrition, malnutrition, aggression, behavior, anti-social.

  703. GORKER 2004
    Autistic-like findings associated with a urea cycle disorder in a 4-year-old girl

  704. GORMAN 2006
    Ferritin Levels and Their Association With Regional Brain Volumes in Tourette's Syndrome

  705. GOULD 1982 - abstract
    Inhibition of norepinephrine uptake into synaptic vesicles by butylated hydroxytoluene.
    * Even a little BHT blocks transport of norepinephrine. Gould, Saxer.

  706. GOULD 2009
    Childhood Lead Poisoning: Conservative Estimates of the Social and Economic Benefits of Lead Hazard Control

  707. GOYETTE 1978
    Effects of artificial colors on hyperactive children: a double blind challenge study
    - The challenge dose of food dye not specified, but implied to be 13 mg. Effects more pronounced in younger children (13 mg is a bigger dose for younger children). "...suggesting that artificial food dyes do indeed impair and disrupt the behavior of the children."

  708. GRABRUCKER 2011
    Brain-Delivery of Zinc-Ions as Potential Treatment for Neurological Diseases: Mini Review
    *Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, schizophrenia, ADHD, depression, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Down's syndrome, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, Wilson’s disease and Pick’s disease. Nutrition,Grabrucker, Rowan, Garner.

  709. GRACE 1981 - abstract
    Subacute carbon monoxide poisoning. Another great imitator.
    * suspect CO poisoning when vague flu symptoms.

  710. GRACZYK 2005
    Urban Educators’ Perceptions of Interventions for Students With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Preliminary Investigation
    *ADHD, Teachers, "Diet not effective", Graczyk, Atkins, Jackson, Letendre, Kim-Cohen, Baumann, McCoy

  711. GRAETER 1996
    Kids are different: developmental variability in toxicology
    * Graeter, Mortensen, baby, genetic, child, lead, toxicology.

  712. GRAHAM 2011
    Effects of Developmental Stress and Lead (Pb) on Corticosterone after Chronic and Acute Stress, Brain Monoamines, and Blood Pb Levels in Rats
    * risks from lead higher in stress, Graham, Grace, Braun, Schaefer, Skelton, Tang, Vorhees, Williams.

  713. GRALEWICZ 1998 - abstract
    Multiple chemical sensitivity: a new type of toxicity? (Polish)
    * MCS, pesticides, solvents.

  714. GRANDJEAN 2006
    Developmental neurotoxicity of industrial chemicals

  715. GRANDJEAN 2014
    Neurobehavioural eff ects of developmental toxicity
    * autism, adhd, dyslexia, brain, chemicals
    * proposing international clearinghouse to test new and existing chemicals. Grandjean & Landrigan. Denmark.

  716. GRANET 2005
    The Relationship between Convergence Insufficiency and ADHD
    * vision problems common with adhd, and so children with adhd diagnosis should be evaluated for convergence insufficiency.
    * Granet, Gomi, Ventura, Miller-Scholte.

  717. GRANVILLE 2001
    Blue Colon at Autopsy

  718. GRAUER 2000
    Stress Does Not Enable Pyridostigmine to Inhibit Brain Cholinesterase after Parenteral Administration
    *Gulf War, chemical warfare, blood brain barrier, mice, stress, Grauer, Alkalai, Kapon, Cohen, Raveh

  719. GRAY 2002
    Effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on cyclo-oxygenase and lipoxygenase activity in whole blood from aspirin-sensitive asthmatics vs healthy donors.

  720. GRAY 2013
    Salicylate elimination diets in children: is food restriction supported by the evidence?
    * Failsafe diet. Australia. adhd, eczema, gi ... but no evidence in Medline. 50% have adverse effects, e.g., eating disorders, deficiencies

    1. GRAY - Breakey's comment
      Salicylate elimination diets in children: is food restriction supported by the evidence?

    2. GRAY - Heller's comment
      Salicylate elimination diets in children: is food restriction supported by the evidence?
      * quotes other studies; Heller, Heller & Heller

    3. GRAY - Loblay's comment
      Salicylate elimination diets in children: is food restriction supported by the evidence?

    4. GRAY - comment on comments - 2013
      Salicylate elimination diets in children: is food restriction supported by the evidence?

  721. GREENBERG 1976 - abstract
    Depressed 5-hydroxyindole levels associated with hyperactive and aggressive behavior. Relationship to drug response.
    * Raising serotonin (and 5-HI) into normal range by drugs improved behavior. Greenbert, Coleman.

  722. GREENE 1976
    Asthma due to inhaled chemical agents - amprolium hydrochloride - old study
    * Asthma, amprolium hydrochloride is chemical in a poultry-food additive.
    * Greene, Freedman, UK.

  723. GRESSANI 1999
    Strain-dependent lung tumor formation in mice transplacentally exposed to 3-methylcholanthrene and post-natally exposed to butylated hydroxytoluene
    * BHT, mice, prenatal exposure, cancer. Gressani, Leone-Kabler, O'Sullivan, Case, Malkinson, Miller.

  724. GRIEVINK 1998
    Dietary intake of antioxidant (pro)-vitamins, respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function: the MORGEN study.

  725. GRIFFIN 2008
    Parallel processing
    *autism, asperger's

  726. GROGAN 1986
    Toxicity from BHT Ingestion

  727. GROSS 1984
    Effect of Sucrose on Hyperkinetic Children

  728. GROSS 1987
    The effect of diets rich in and free from additives on the behavior of children with hyperkinetic and learning disorders.

  729. GROSSMAN 1982
    Guest editorial on Chapel 1982 article: The Feingold Diet for the Hyperactive Child

  730. GROTEN 2000 - abstract
    An analysis of the possibility for health implications of joint actions and interactions between food additives.
    * Interaction shown, but excuses it based on possible same uses so only one of the additives would be used (they forgot that people eat more than one food at a time).
    * Conclusion that there were interactions, but not a health problem. Groten, Butler, Feron, Kozianowski, Renwick, Walker. Netherlands.

  731. GRZELEWSKA-RZYMOWSKA 1986 - abstract
    Sensitivity and tolerance to tartrazine in aspirin-sensitive asthmatics
    * 31.4% of aspirin-sensitive asthmatics were sensitive to Yellow 5. When desensitized to aspirin, could tolerate food dye too.
    * Grzelewska-Rzymowska, Szmidt, Kowalski, Rozniecki

  732. GUERRINI 2006
    Epilepsy in children
    * "There is some evidence for use of the ketogenic diet in resistant spasms." ... this comes right after saying that surgery is important, works for 60%, best when done on small lesions, but most kids have big ones. Why would diet not be considered before surgery?

  733. GUIN 1982 - abstract
    Treatment of urticaria
    * histamine from mast cells important. aspirin, NSAIDS, benzoates, tartrazine (yellow 5), azo dyes, beta blockers, etc.

  734. GUIS 2002
    HLA–DRB1*01 and macrophagic myofasciitis
    - (vaccine damage)

  735. GUITTON 2003
    Salicylate Induces Tinnitus through Activation of Cochlear NMDA Receptors

  736. GULTEKIN 2012
    Allergic and Immunologic Reactions to Food Additives
    *Asthma, urticaria, BHA, BHT, Carmine, food dyes, Gultekin, Doguc, see Doguc 2012

  737. GULTEKIN 2013
    Allergic and Immunologic Reactions to Food Additives
    * Overview of reactions to food additives. Food dyes, sulfites, flavorings, preservatives, asthma, allergy. Gultekin, Doguc

  738. GUNDERSON 1986
    The Effect of Low-Level Prenatal Methylmercury Exposure on Visual Recognition Memory in Infant Crab-eating Macaques
    * Visual recognition in Macaque monkey babies & human babiesv similar.
    * Prenatal exposure to mercury: eyesight still same, but deficit in looking at new things.
    * Gunderson, Grant, Burbacher, Fagan, Mottet

  739. GUPTA 1996
    Pentoxifylline: Brief Review and rationale for its possible use in the treatment of autism
    *autism, drugs, common side effects: insomnia, red eyes, nervousness, up to 33% have GI distress (nausea, vomiting, etc); up to 17% have nervous system effects including hallucinations

  740. GUPTA 2010
    Are Incidental Findings on Brain Magnetic Resonance Images in Children Merely Incidental?

  741. GUTOWSKA 2011
    Fluoride Effects on Cholesterol Influx and Expression of the Scavenger Receptor CD36 in THP1 Differentiated Monocyte/Macrophage Cells

  742. GUYER 2000
    Breath of Life: Stories of Asthma From an Exhibition at the National Library of Medicine
    * SCROLL DOWN after clicking on link.
    * History of treatment.

  743. GUZELCAN 2009
    Vitamin B12 status in patients of Turkish and Dutch descent with depression: a comparative cross-sectional study.

  744. GULTEKIN 2013
    Allergic and immunologic reactions to food additives.
    * Mentions "hyperkinesis" once; writes about tartrazine without any mention of Rowe studies

  745. HAAVIK 1979 - abstract
    Effects of the Feingold diet on seizures and hyperactivity: a single-subject analysis.
    * Case study. Diet reduced seizures in boy. Haavik, Altman, Woelk.

  746. HABEK 2011
    Downbeat nystagmus, ataxia and spastic tetraparesis due to coeliac disease
    * neurological manifestations of celiac, gluten-free diet and IV immunoglobulins. protein in CSF, immune-related. Habek, Hojsak, Barun, Brinar.

    Gluten Sensitivity: From Gut to Brain
    *Celiac, Coeliac, Hadjivassiliou, Sanders, Grünewald, Woodroofe, Boscolo, Aeschlimann. UK.

  748. HADJIVASSILIOU 2015 - abstract
    Gluten-related disorders: gluten ataxia.
    * GI symptoms not reliable for diagnosis, onset middle age. Hadjivassiliou, Sanders, Aeschlimann

  749. HAFFNER 2006 - abstract
    The effectiveness of body-oriented methods of therapy in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): results of a controlled pilot study (German)
    * adhd. yoga reduced adhd symptoms. Haffner, Roos, Goldstein, Parzer, Resch.

  750. HAGERMAN 1987
    An association between recurrent otitis media in infancy and later hyperactivity.

  751. HALL 2004
    Probable adverse reaction to a pharmaceutical excipient
    * adverse reaction of newborn baby to benzyl alcohol; gasping syndrome
    * "prescribers should be aware of the potential for excipients to cause adverse reactions in addition to the drug itself."
    * Hall, Milligan, Berrington

  752. HALLDORSSON 2010
    Intake of artificially sweetened soft drinks and risk of preterm delivery: A prospective cohort study in 59,334 Danish pregnant women1
    * pregnancy, aspartame, acesulfame-K, prematurity, preterm delivery.
    * Halldorsson, Strom, Petersen, Olsen. Denmark.

  753. HALLER 2012
    "I've heard some things that scare me" - Responding with empathy to parents' fears of vaccinations
    * response to WAKEFIELD 1998
    * Appears to attempt to scare parents INTO vaccinations by giving examples of pertussis, smallpox, etc. Haller, Scalzo.

  754. HALLERT 2009
    Clinical trial: B vitamins improve health in patients with coeliac disease living on a gluten-free diet
    * celiac disease, vitamin deficiency, Extra B vitamins -> improvement in anxiety & mood.
    * Hallert, Svensson, Tholstrup, Hultberg. Sweden.

  755. HALLFRISCH 1990
    Metabolic Effects of Dietary Fructose
    - (corn syrup)

  756. HANSEN 2007
    Chemicals regulation and precaution: does REACH really incorporate the precautionary principle
    * REACH is Registration, Evaluation, and Authorization of Chemicals.
    * This paper outlines limitations in REACH in Europe; says it does not support     development of safer alternatives, and discusses possible improvement.
    * Hansen, Carlsen, Tickner. Denmark & US.

  757. HAPPY TUMS (article)
    Beware of Food Additives ...always read labels before buying

  758. HARA 1994 - abstract
    Diagnosis and drug treatment in hyperactive children (Japanese)
    * case studies.

  759. HARDING 2003
    Outcome-based comparison of Ritalin versus food-supplement treated children with AD/HD

  760. HARLEY 1978
    Hyperkinesis and Food Additives: Testing the Feingold Hypothesis

  761. HARLEY 1978
    Synthetic Food Colors and Hyperactivity in Children: A Double-Blind Challenge Experiment

  762. HARMON 2007
    Improving Nutrition Education Newsletters for the Food Stamp Eligible Audience
    - i.e., how to write newsletters for dummies

  763. HARNIK 1982
    Voodoo Science, Twisted Consumerism: The Golden Assurances of the American Council on Science and Health
    * CSPI

  764. HARPENDING 2002
    In our genes
    * Gene changes related to ADHD

  765. HARPER 1978 - abstract
    Nutrient intakes of children on the hyperkinesis diet
    * RDA okay. No change in nutrient intake on diet. Harper, Goyette, Conners.

  766. HARRINGTON 2006
    Parental Beliefs About Autism: Implications for the treating physician
    An article exhorting doctors to screen children at 18 months for autism, and to refer children in a timely fashion to specialists to rule out or confirm a suspected diagnosis. The advice is given in response to a survey in which most parents expressed little or no confidence in their doctor. While this advice to doctors may benefit children by making behavioral interventions available at an earlier age, the advice was unfortunately given with the specified intention of preventing parents from turning to alternative or dietary treatments.

  767. HARRIS 1986 - abstract
    The case of the black-speckled dolls: an occupational hazard of unusual sulphur metabolism.
    * PST, garlic, poor sulphoxidiser, sulfur. Harris, Mitchell, Waring, Hendry. UK.

  768. HARRIS 1996 - abstract
    Dietary modulation of human platelet phenolsulphotransferase activity
    * PST, enzymes, sulphation, sulfation. Diet affects sulfation and has effect on adverse drug reactions. Harris, Waring. UK.

  769. HARRIS 1998
    Inhibition of phenolsulphotransferase by salicylic acid: a possible mechanism by which aspirin may reduce carcinogenesis.
    (Waring group)
    Personal note from Robert Sinaiko, MD 1998: "I suspect this is competitive inhibition, since, unlike salicyllic acid, the known irreversible PST inhibiors are fairly complex polycyclic compounds. This tends to favor my MHPG test for PST actvity, since if salicylic acid influences PST activity, so will acetaminophen."

  770. HASHEM 2010
    Immunological studies on Amaranth, Sunset Yellow and Curcumin as food colouring agents in albino rats.

  771. HASHEM 2011
    Toxicological Impact of Amaranth, Sunset Yellow and Curcumin as Food Coloring Agents in Albino Rats
    *Food coloring, food dyes, rats, amaranth/Red 2, sunset yellow/Yellow 6, curcumin. No effect on liver and kidney glutathione or lipid peroxide levels. Red 2 caused skeletal abnormality in rat pups. Hashem, Atta, Arbid, Nada, Mouneir, Asaad, Egypt.
    - Note: The author says 31.5 mg/kg is the ADI. No - 3.75 mg/kg is the US ADI, and 2.5 mg/kg is the Japan ADI. Red 2 doesn't have an ADI since it is banned.

  772. HASSAN 2009
    Effects of Some Synthetic Coloring Additives on DNA Damage and Chromosomal Aberrations of Rats
    *Food colors, food dyes, rats, tartrazine/yellow 5, chocolate brown, DNA liver damage, kidney damage, comet assay, Egypt.

  773. HAZELTON 1986 - abstract
    Effects of butylated hydroxyanisole on acetaminophen hepatotoxicity and glucuronidation in vivo.
    * BHA makes acetaminophen be excreted 7 times faster. Hazelton, Hjelle, Klaassen.

  774. HEALY 2008
    Control of salicylate intolerance with fish oils
    * salicylate intolerance, urticaria, asthma, anaphylactic reactions. 10 g fish oils. Healy, Newell, Howarth, Friedmann. UK

  775. HEATHER 2003 (book review)
    A user guide to the GF/CF diet for autism, asperger syndrome and ADHD

  776. HE 2008
    Association of monosodium glutamate intake with overweight in Chinese adults: the INTERMAP Study
    * MSG. He, Zhao, Daviglus, Dyer, Van Horn, Garside, Zhu, Guo, Wu, Zhou, Stamler.

  777. HE 2011
    Consumption of monosodium glutamate in relation to incidence of overweight in Chinese adults: China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS)
    * MSG. He, Dr, Xun, Sharma, Wang, Zhai, Popkin.

  778. HEATON 2005
    Development of a Pentavalent Rotavirus Vaccine against Prevalent Serotypes of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis
    * human bovine reassortant rotavirus vaccine, well tolerated 68.8-76.6% efficacy against rotavirus
    * Almost 60% of infants got diarrhea from vaccine; 57.5% got diarrhea from placebo -
    * but it is supposed to PREVENT diarrhea, no? Placebo = same chemicals without the virus.
    * conflicts of interest: 3 authors work for Merck & 2 hold vaccine patent.
    * Heaton, Goveia, Miller, Offit, Clark

  779. HEDMAN 1981 - abstract
    Effects of tartrazine of different contractile stimuli in guinea pig tracheal muscle.
    * Yellow 5 inhibits thromboxanes from human platelets. SRS-A important. Hedman, Andersson.

  780. HEGYI 2004
    Pellagra: Dermatitis, dementia, and diarrhea
    * Pellagra is deficiency of niacin. Without skin lesions, it is hard to diagnose.
    * Hegyi, Schwartz, Hegyi.

  781. HELAL 2000
    Effect of Some Food Colorants (Synthetic and Natural products) of Young Albino Rats: I- Liver and Kidney Functions
    *Rats, food color, food dyes, annatto, carmine, fast green/green 3, tumeric, chlorophyll, sunset yellow/yellow 6, quote: "...after administration of colorants, rats became more active, nervous and aggressive." Helal, Zaahkouk, Mekkawy, Egypt.

  782. HELAL 2001
    Progressive effects of the interaction of Sodium nitrite and sunset yellow on different physiological parameters in albino rats
    *Rats, food color, food dyes, sodium nitrite, sunset yellow, yellow 6, selenium, recovery. Egypt.

  783. HELAL 2005
    Effect of Food Preservative and Food Coloring Agent on Some Physiological and Hematological Parameters in Albino Rats and the Protective Role of Garlic
    *Rats, Sunset Yellow (Yellow 6) Food dyes, coloring, preservatives, sodium nitrite, garlic (protective) RBC, WBC, Helal, Abdel-Rahman, Egypt.

  784. HENDERSON 1995 = abstract
    Effects of methylphenidate (Ritalin) on mammalian myocardial ultrastructure.
    * Ritalin causes lesions on heart muscle (myocardium) of rats and mice at earliest time and all doses, remaining 12 weeks later,
    * indicating "persistent, cumulative effects on myocardium." Henderson, Fischer.

  785. HENSCH 2010
    ADHD and Bipolar Disorder: Common Causes Common Cure?

  786. HERON 2004
    Thimerosal Exposure in Infants and Developmental Disorders: A Prospective Cohort Study in the United Kingdom Does Not Support a Causal Association
    *Autism, vaccines, thimerosal, mercury, Heron, Golding, ALSPAC team
    "There is an established link between exposure to mercury and impaired childhood cognitive development and early motor skills."
    "We could find no convincing evidence that early exposure to thimerosal had any deleterious effect on neurologic or psychological outcome."

  787. HERSEY - excerpt from Why Can't My Child Behave? re problems with early studies.

  788. HERSEY 2003
    The Feingold Solution: Assessing the Role of Diet in Children's Behavior

  789. HERVEY-JUMPER 2008
    Identifying, Evaluating, Diagnosing, and Treating ADHD in Minority Youth
    -- Note: article touches on social differences, medical differences, the fact that minority children have more health conditions, but does not go into dietary differences, different exposure to heavy metals (the chemicals, not the music) etc. It's also alarming that teachers identify almost 40% of African American students as having ADHD, and over 14% of Caucasians as having it. Both numbers are scary - is this an edidemic? Or are we doing something terribly wrong TO these children through their environment or diet?

  790. HIDAS 2011
    Oral health status, salivary flow rate and salivary quality in children, adolescents and young adults with ADHD
    * dental. Children with ADHD taking meds have less saliva and higher plaque but not enough difference to cause more caries

  791. HIGHFIELD 1998 - Alleviation of x-irradiation-based deficit in memory-based learning by D-amphetamine: Suggestions for attention deficit–hyperactivity disorder
    * Xray of newborn can cause ADHD-symptoms, helped by stimulant drugs

  792. HILL 1998
    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (see comment by Anthony 1999)

  793. HILL 2001
    An auditable protocol for treating attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    * oligoantigenic diet is okay as last resort; says not to bother with Feingold or gluten/casein free diets.

  794. HILLS 2011
    The effect of thiamin tetrahydrofurfuryl disulfide on behavior of juvenile DBA/2J mice

  795. HILTON 2009
    Reporting of MMR evidence in professional publications: 1988–2007 (related to Wakefield trial)

  796. HIMRI 2011
    A 90 day Oral Toxicity Study of Tartrazine, a Synthetic Food Dye, in Wistar Rats
    *Rats, tartrazine, yellow 5, food dye, food color, Sulfanilic acid (metabolite), liver, lung, stomach weights increase, kidney weight decrease, glucose, creatinine, cholesterol, triglecerid/triglycerides increase, hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, dose response, fatty deteneration of liver, tubular degeneration of kidney, atrophy of glomerulus, RBC shape change. Conclusion quote: "There it is necessary that people should be aware about the hazardous effects of consuming Tartrazine." Himri, Bellahcen, Souna, Belmekki, Aziz, Bnouham, Joheir, Berkia, Mekhfi, Saalaoui. Morocco.

  797. HINDLE 1978 - abstract
    The management of hyperkinetic children: a trial of dietary therapy

    Hinton 2000 - see Toxicology (Guidelines)

  798. HIRAYAMA 2013
    The effect of phosphatidylserine administration on memory and symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial
    * Japan. adhd, memory, children, phosphatidylserine supplement improved symptoms

  799. HO 1992
    Phenolic Compounds in Food: An Overview
    *Polyphenol, antioxidants, tocopherols

  800. HOANG 2010
    Treating Asthma as a Neuroelectrical Disorder
    * inflammation not always directly related to asthma severity; they call it hyper-excitatory bronchoconstriction.
    * voltage-gate sodium channels and glutamate receptors. Hoang, Shaw, Pham, Levine.

  801. HODGE 1996
    Assessment of food chemical intolerance in adult asthmatic subjects

  802. HOEKSTRA 2011
    Is there potential for the treatment of children with ADHD beyond psychostimulants?
    * diet, ritalin, review of studies, alternative treatments

  803. HOEKSTRA 2002
    Is Tourette’s syndrome an autoimmune disease?

  804. HOKANSON 2006
    PHTHALATES - DEHP, bis(2)-ethylhexyl phthalate, alters gene expression in human cells: possible correlation with initiation of fetal developmental abnormalities

  805. HOLBOROW 1980
    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome - Letter to the Editor

  806. HOLBOROW 1981
    The effect of the Feingold diet on 'normal' school children

  807. HOLENE 1998 - abstract
    Behavioural hyperactivity in rats following postnatal exposure to sub-toxic doses of polychlorinated biphenyl congeners 153 and 126.

  808. HOLENE 1999
    Behavioural effects in female rats of postnatal exposure to sub-toxic doses of polychlorinated biphenyl congener 153
    *PCB, human milk, rats, behavior, Holene, Nafstad, Skaare, Krogh, Sagvolden, Norway

  809. HOLFORD 2003
    Depression: the nutrition connection
    * Sugar, amino acids, tryptophan, women, catecholamine deficiency, phenylalanine, B vitamins, TMG, SAMe, B12, Folate, zinc, homocysteine, methionine, glutathione, genes, mood-boosting fats, omega 3, diet.

  810. HOLLEY 2010
    An hour less sleep is a risk factor for childhood conduct problems
    *adhd, sleep, behavior, children, Holley, Hill, Stevenson, Southampton, UK

  811. HONG 1989
    Oral provocation tests with aspirin and food additives in asthmatic patients
    *Asthma, bronchoconstriction, urticaria, Hong, Park, Lee

  812. HONG 2013
    Four Cases of Abnormal Neuropsychological Findings in Children with High Blood Methylmercury Concentrations
    * Mercury accumulates in brain. 4 case reports. Hong, Kim, Yu, Kim, Kim, Kim, Yu, Jung, Kim.

  813. HONG 2015
    Environmental Lead Exposure and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptom Domains in a Community Sample of South Korean School-Age Children
    * lead associated with lower IQ, high hyperactivity and impulsivity, even adjusted for mercury, manganese, cotinine, phthalate, BPA. Hong, Im, Kim, Park, Shin, Kim, Yoo, Cho, Bhang, Hong, Cho. Korea.

  814. HOOKER 2014
    Review Article
    Methodological Issues and Evidence of Malfeasance in Research Purporting to Show Thimerosal in Vaccines Is Safe
    * Mercury, poisoning, allergy, Well'ssyndrome, developmental delay, adhd, autism. Hooker, Kern, Geier, Haley, Sykes, King, Geier.

  815. HORIGUCHI 1977
    Effects of toluene on the wheel-turning activity and peripheral blood findings in mice - an approach to the maximum allowable concentration of toluene.
    * All exposed mice - even 1 ppm - turned wheels less, red blood cells decreased, white blood cells increased.
    * Currently 100 ppm allowed in workplace; should be lower. Horiguchi & Inoue. Japan.

  816. HORNIG 2008
    Lack of Association between Measles Virus Vaccine and Autism with Enteropathy: A Case-Control Study
    * Claims to replicate Wakefield's MMR study; results show no connection between MMR vaccine and GI disturbance or MMV and autism
    * See Uhlmann 2002, Krigsman 2010
    * Hornig, Briese, Buie, Bauman, Lauwers, Siemetzki, Hummel, Rota, Bellini, O'Leary, Sheils,
        Alden, Pickering, Lipkin

  817. HORROCKS 1999
    Health benefits of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
    * brain, learning, infant vision, omega-3, foetal alcohol syndrome, adhd, cystic fibrosis, pku, depression, aggression
    * Alzheimer's, heart disease, fish, triglycerides, diabetes, arthritis, asthma, cancer. Horrocks, Yeo. Korea

  818. HORVATH 2002
    Autistic disorder and gastrointestinal disease
    * "Treatment of the GI problems (eg, reflux, colitis, etc) often has beneficial effects on the behavior of children with autistic disorder."
    * GI symptoms, digestive disease, sleep disturbances, sudden irritability/aggression, pancreatic enzymes, intestinal permeability, sulfation deficit in liver, histopathology of GI tract, Wakefield.
    * Horvath, Perman.

  819. HORWITZ 2005
    Development and disability

  820. HOSSAIN 2004
    Fragrances in oolong tea that enhance the response of GABAA receptors. * Note: It is the GABA neurons that are the "brakes" of the nervous system.

  821. HOWARD 2010
    ADHD Is Associated With a “Western” Dietary Pattern in Adolescents

  822. HOWRIE 1985
    Candy flavoring as a source of salicylate poisoning.
    * methyl salicylate, oil of wintergreen, baby. Howrie, Moriarty, Breit.

  823. HROBJARTSSON 2001
    Is the placebo powerless? An analysis of clinical trials comparing placebo with no treatment
    * binary treatment: no effect. possible small benefits with continuous subjective outcomes for pain treatment.
    * Hrobjartsson & Gotzsche. Denmark.

  824. HUANG 1998
    Study of skin rashes after antibiotic use in young children
    * Children developed rash when given antibiotic when sick; not when well. When given dye-free antibiotic when sick, they were fine.

  825. HUANG 2007
    Toxic Effects of Sodium Fluoride on Reproductive Function in Male Mice

  826. HUANG 2009 (letter)
    Adverse drug reactions to antibiotic use in young children.

  827. HUMPHRIES 2008
    Direct and indirect cellular effects of aspartame on the brain
    * glutamate, headache, inxomnia, sleep, seizures, catecholamines, norepinephrine, epiniephrine, dopamine. Humphries, Pretorius, Naude. S. Africa.

  828. HUNTER 2001
    You asked for it. (Food for Thought).(Ritalin, bacteria, freeze-dried food, produce washing, alcohol consumption)

  829. HURST 1990 - abstract
    Allergy management of refractory serous otitis media.
    * earache. 20 patients not helped by usual treatments; all improved by allergy treatment and/or elimination diet. No controls improved.

  830. HURT 2014 - abstract
    An integrated dietary/nutritional approach to ADHD.
    * "Children who are suspected to have nutritional deficiencies, insufficiencies, and/or food allergies should be evaluated and, if the suspicion is confirmed, treated with supplementation or specific food elimination as part of standard care." Hurt, Arnold.

  831. HUSAIN 2006
    Estimates of dietary exposure of children to artificial food colours in Kuwait
    *diet, children, color additives, ADI, Husain, Sawaya, Al-Omair, Al-Zenki, Al-Amiri, Ahmed, Al-Sinan, Kuwait

  832. HUSAROVA 2013
    Monosodium Glutamate Toxic Effects and Their Implications for Human Intake: A Review
    * MSG. Husarova, Ostatnikova. Slovakia.

  833. HUSS 2010
    Supplementation of polyunsaturated fatty acids, magnesium and zinc in children seeking medical advice for attention-deficit/hyperactivity problems - an observational cohort study.

  834. HUSTON 2009
    Neonatal Parenteral Nutrition Hypersensitivity: A Case Report Implicating Bisulfite Sensitivity in a Newborn Infant

  835. HUTTER 2005 = abstract
    Blood concentrations of polycyclic musks in healthy young adults.
    * Fragrance. High blood levels in women using body lotion but toxicity unknown.

  836. HUYBRECHTS 2010
    Long-term dietary exposure to different food colours in young children living in different European countries
    - SCIENTIFIC REPORT submitted to EFSA

  837. HVIID 2003
    Association Between Thimerosal-Containing Vaccine and Autism
    * autism, mercury, says there is no connection, See commentary @ RIMLAND 2003. Hviid, Stellfeld, Wohlfahrt, Melbye

  838. HWANG 2014
    Ideal Treatment Model for Children Diagnosed with ADHD
    * Bugil Academy Global Leader Program (top academic educational program in Korea)

  839. IATP 2009
    Institute for Agrigulture & Trade Policy: Smart Guide to Food Dyes

  840. IBERO 1982 - abstract
    Dyes, preservatives and salicylates in the induction of food intolerance and/or hypersensitivity in children.
    * For 25 children with allergy symptoms that had no cause determined, 57.89% sensitive to dyes, 34.21% benzoates, 7.81% salicylic acid. Ibero, Eseverri, Barroso, Botey.

  841. IBRAHIM 2008
    The Role of Ginger or Green Tea in Counteracting the Deleterious Effects of Benzene Sulfonic Acid in Weanling Male Rats
    *Food dye, Sunset Yellow, Yellow 6, degrades to benzene sulfonic acid sodium salt (BSA) in light. Green tea, ginger modify liver damage in rats. Concluding quote: "It is recommended that synthetic coloring agents and food additives should be excluded from foods which may be consumed by young children." Ibrahim, Saleh, El-Shinnawy, Egypt.

  842. IDE 2005
    Hazardous child labor: Lead and neurocognitive development
    * "Overview of the extent of hazardous lead exposure in child laborers, as a model for effects of more numerous, but less studied, substances."
    * Neurotoxic effecs of lead on children / Occupational exposure of children to lead.
    * Nutrition and child labor; Environmental exposures
    * Understanding the potential costs of lead exposure to children.
    * Ide, Parker. Ethiopia.

  843. IIZUKA 2000
    Immunohistochemical analysis of measles related antigen in IBD
    * measles, Crohn's, IBD (inflammatory bowel disease, similar to IBS?), says measles does not cause Crohn's.
    * Iizuka, Chiba, Yukawa, Nakagomi, Fukushima, Watanabe, Nakagomi
    * see comment by WAKEFIELD 2001

  844. IKONOMIDOU-TURSKI 1988 - abstract
    Differential effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on seizures produced by pilocarpine in rats.
    * Salicylate pretreatment lowers seizure threshold. Poland.

  845. ILBAY 2003
    Changes in blood-brain barrier permeability during hot water-induced seizures in rats
    * rats, hot water, seizures, BBB. Ilbay, Sahin, Ates. Turkey

    ILSI 2001 - see Toxicology

  846. IMHOF 2004
    Effects of color stimulation on handwriting performance of children with ADHD without and with additional learning disabilities (not related to diet, but is most interesting as another alternative that may help some)

  847. INOMATA 2006
    Multiple Chemical Sensitivities Following Intolerance to Azo Dye in Sweets in a 5-year-old Girl
    *Artificial food dye, food color, child, MCS, food additives, tartrazine, aspirin, Inomata, Osuna, Fujita, Ogawa, Ikezawa

  848. INSAWANG 2012
    Monosodium glutamate (MSG) intake is associated with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a rural Thai population
    *MSG, diabetes, obesity, Thailand

  849. IRSFELD 2013
    Beta-phenylethylamine, a small molecule with a large impact
    * PEA, neurotransmitter, trace amine. ADHD (low PEA). Antimicrobial to be used in processing beef. Irsfeld, Spadafore, Prub.

  850. IRWIN 2012
    Different Fates of Alzheimerfs Disease Amyloid.ƒÀ Fibrils Remodeled by Biocompatible Small Molecules
    *Red 3, Blue 1 & Methylene Blue being tested on brain amyloid fibrils - possible future treatment for Alzheimer's; Blue 1 for treatment of MS & spinal injury; pass blood brain barrier. irwin

  851. ISHIHARA 1979
    Experimental Investigation on the Pathogenesis of Tartrazine-Induced Asthma
    * Yellow 5 potentiates bronchonstriction effects of other bronchoconstrictors. Isihara, Kitamura. Japan.

  852. ISMAIL 2003
    Microscopic Studies of the Effect of Some Food Additives on the Kidney of Albino Rat
    *Rats, food dyes, food coloring, sodium nitrate, Yellow 6, sunset yellow, kidney, liver enzymes, "The lumen of renal tubules ... becomes dilated with degeneration of its cells." 1 mg/kg/day Yellow 6 causes "many areas of cellular infiltrations" leading to "glomerulo-nephritis and interstitial nephritis."(US ADI is 3.75 mg/kg/day). Ismail, Moustafa, El-Rhman, Egypt.

  853. ITO 1986
    Modifying Effects of Antioxidants on Chemical Carcinogenesis.

  854. IVANCHAK 2011
    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Childhood Is Associated with Cognitive Test Profiles in the Geriatric Population but Not with Mild Cognitive Impairment or Alzheimer’s Disease

  855. JABEEN 2013
    Genotoxicity Assessment of Amaranth and Allura Red Using Saccharomyces Cerevisiae
    * Red 2, Red 40. No DNA damage to bakers yeast at 28oC ... but significant DNA damage at 37oC ... authors conclude that "heavy concentration of food colors should be avoided in baking products" ... but what about human beings? OUR body temperature is 37oC

  856. JACKSON 2012
    Arsenic, Organic Foods, and Brown Rice Syrup
    * Baby formula, Nature's One, See eNews article

  857. JACKSON 2012
    Arsenic concentration and speciation in infant formulas and first foods.
    * Baby formula, Nature's One, See eNews article

  858. JACOBSON 1996
    Intellectual impairment in children exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls in utero.
    * infants, children, prenatal exposure only slightly higher than general population.
    * IQ, memory, attention, reading all lower than normal at 11 years.

  859. JACOBSON 2003
    Prenatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and attention at school age.
    * PCB cause cognitive, learning problems if baby not breastfed. adhd

  860. JACOBSON 2010
    Color us worried: Why synthetic food dyes should be banned.
    * Nutrition Action Health Letter; good article to share. Jacobson, Kobylewski, CSPI.

  861. JAFFE 1991 - abstract
    Intranasal abuse of prescribed methylphenidate by an alcohol and drug abusing adolescent with ADHD.
    * Ritalin, drug abuse.

  862. JAMES 2003
    Respiratory Manifestations of Food Allergy
    *Food allergy, inhalation, asthma, otitis media

  863. JANICKI 1973
    Patent application: Method for dyeing protein articles of food, especially protein casings

  864. JANKOVIC 2003 - abstract
    Controversies with aspartame (Serbian).
    * Discounts 2 studies showing brain tumors and admits lowers seizure threshold but concludes is safe at 40 mg/kg/day.

  865. JANSSEN 1997
    Acetylsalicylate and salicylates in foods
    - claims Swain is all wrong and that levels are so low they cannot cause problems.

  866. JANSSON 2001 - abstract
    Strategy to decrease the risk of adverse effects of fragrance ingredients in cosmetic products.
    * (1) low concentration, (2) follow guidelines, (3) limit known sensitizers, (4) limit essential oils. Animal testing not needed.

  867. JÄRNSTRÖM 2008
    The Impact of Emissions from Structures on Indoor Air Concentrations in Newly Finished Buildings Predicted and On-Site Measured Levels

  868. JARUP 2003
    Hazards of heavy metal contamination

  869. JEFFERSON 2005
    Old Versus New Medications: How Much Should Be Taught?

  870. JIANG 2014
    Fluoride and arsenic exposure impairs learning and memory and decreases mGluR5 expression in the hippocampus and cortex in rats
    * IQ, retarded, child development, water, learning, memory, glutamate, hippocampus, cortex.
    * Jiang, Su, Yao, Zhang, Cao, Wang, Wang, Li, Xi. China.

  871. JIMENEZ-ARANDA 1996 - abstract
    Prevalence of chronic urticaria following the ingestion of food additives in a third tier hospital
    * 47.2% reacted to yellow 5, 30-36% to sulfites, 72% skin prick allergies. Some sinusitis too. Jimenez-Aranda, Flores-Sandoval, Gomez-Vera, Orea-Solano. Mexico.

  872. JIN 2009
    Tailored Additive Release Rates In Extruded Plastic Films Produced With Smart Blending Machines

  873. JO 2008
    Analyzing the Sensory Characteristics and Taste-Sensor Ions of MSG Substitutes
    * MSG, yeast extract, hydrolyzed yeast extracts
    * "A rose by another name ..."
    * Jo, Lee

  874. JO 2013
    Profound Hypotension after an Intradermal Injection of Indigo Carmine for Sentinel Node Mapping
    * Blue 2, caused severe blood pressure drop when injected during surgery. Jo, Lee, Yun, Lee. Korea.

  875. JOBLING 1995
    A variety of environmentally persistent chemicals, including some phthalate plasticizers, are weakly estrogenic
    *BHA, estradiol, estrogenic, phthalate, Jobling, Reynolds, White, Parker, Sumpter, UK

  876. JOHANSEN 2011
    Molecular mechanisms of fear learning and memory
    * PTSD. Johansen, Cain, Ostroff, LeDoux

  877. JOHNSON 1961
    The effect of the antioxidants, butylated ydroxy anisole, butylated hydroxy toluene and propyl gallate on growth, liver and serum lipids and serum sodium levels of the rat
    * BHT, BHA increase lipid content of the liver and raise cholesterol. Johnson & Hewgill. Australia.

  878. JOHNSON 1966
    Health aspects of food additives

  879. JOHNSON 1988
    Drugs, dialogue, or diet: Diagnosing and treating the hyperactive child
    * Says meds often help even if cause is dietary. Meds may conceal a food sensitivity, but author thinks the only way to find out is to withhold meds & give a 4-day fast (!!!). He comments children "do not like the Feingold diet" based on the Gross 1987 study

  880. JOHNSON 2011
    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Is it Time to Reappraise the Role of Sugar Consumption?
    *Excessive sugar may lead to disruption of dopamine function, Johnson, Gold, Ishiimoto, Lanaspa, Zahniser, Avena.

  881. JOHNSTON 2002
    Parents’ Beliefs About ADHD: Implications for Assessment and Treatment
    * Author puts diet effect on ADHD into "false beliefs"

  882. JOHNSTON 2003
    Dietary Chemicals and Brain Function

  883. JONES 1964
    The Metabolism and Excretion of Tartrazine in Rat, Rabbit and Man

  884. JONES 1971
    The physiology and management of childhood asthma
    * Interesting for history of asthma treatment - disodium cromoglycate (Intal), steroid, ACTH, psychiatry.
    * Diet or additives not mentioned.

  885. JONES 2007
    Prevalent Vitamin B-12 Deficiency in Twelve-Month-Old Guatemalan Infants Is Predicted by Maternal B-12 Deficiency and Infant Diet

  886. JONES 2007
    Fighting Disease With Fruit
    *Aboriginal health, nutrition, Australia, otitis media, ear infections, children, hearing, deficiency, vitamin C, iron

  887. JOSHI 2003
    Fish Oil Supplementation of Rats during Pregnancy Reduces Adult Disease Risks in Their Offspring

  888. JOSHI 2006
    Supplementation with flax oil and vitamin C improves the outcome of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
    * adhd, omega 3, ALA, no placebo group

  889. JUHLIN 1980
    Incidence of Intolerance to Food Additives
    * urticaria, asthma, rhinitis, aspirin intolerance, salicylates, azo dyes, benzoates. BHT, BHA, annattohyperactivity (hyperkinesia). Sweden.

  890. JUHLIN 1981
    Recurrent urticaria: Clinical investigation of 330 patients
    * asthma, urticaria, nasal polyps, migraine, arthralgia, psychiatric problems, GI problems, azo dyes, benzoates, BHT, BHA, sorbic acid, Yellow 10, carotene, canthaxanthine, annatto, nitrite. Sweden.

  891. JUNG 2010
    Sensory Characteristics and Consumer Acceptability of Beef Soup with Added Glutathione and/or MSG
    * Glutathione (GSH), MSG, Jung, Hong, Kim. S.Korea.

  892. KACZOROWSKA 2008
    Pyridoxine-Dependent Seizures Caused by Alpha Amino Adipic Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase Deficiency: The First Polish Case With Confirmed Biochemical and Molecular Pathology
    * vitamin B6, new diagnostic tools. Kaczorowska, Kmiec, Jakobs, Kacinski, Kroczka, Salomons, Struys, Jozwiak

  893. KAISAR 2006
    Do antidepressants cause suicidality in children? A Bayesian meta-analysis
    * they found an association, but concluded that they could not conclude causation

  894. KAJANNE 1999
    Laypeople’s viewpoints about the reasons for expert controversy regarding food additives

  895. KAJTA 2013
    Impact of endocrine-disrupting chemicals on neural development and the onset of neurological disorders
    * Pollutants: dioxins, polychlorinated biphenyls, pesticides, brominated flame retardants, plasticizers (bpa, nonylphenol,
    * phthalates), drugs. hormone receptors. neurological disorders, brain, autism, adhd, learning disabilities, aggressiveness, depression.
    * Cause incomplete methylation of genes. Epigenetic factors cause adult-onset disorders. Kajta, Wojtowicz. Poland.

  896. KALFF 2001
    Neighbourhood level and individual level SES effects on child problem behaviour: a multilevel analysis
    "Living in a more deprived neighbourhood is associated with higher levels of child problem behaviour, irrespective of individual level socioeconomic status."

  897. KALLSTRAND 2010
    Abnormal auditory forward masking pattern in the brainstem response of individuals with Asperger syndrome
    * hearing, autism, auditory processing, aspergers, schizophrenia, adhd. Kallstrand, Olsson, Nehlstedt, Skold, Nielzen. Sweden.

  898. KALOKERINOS 1974
    Poor black health, bad white attitudes
    * Australian Aborigines, diet, vaccines, vitamins, health

  899. KALOKERINOS 2005
    Endotoxin and Vitamin C Part 1 – Sepsis, Endotoxin and Vitamin C
    *endotoxin, bacteria, pathogens, Kalokerinos, Dettman, Meakin, Australia

  900. KALOKERINOS 2008
    Shaken Baby Syndrome: An Abusive Diagnosis
    * Australia. Aborigines. Vitamin C, endotoxin, endotoxemia

    B Vitamin Supplementation Reduces Excretion of Urinary Dicarboxylic Acids in Autistic Children.

  902. KAMEL 2011
    The Potential Health Hazard of Tartrazine and Levels of Hyperactivity, Anxiety-Like Symptoms, Depression and Anti-social behaviour in Rats

  903. KANAREK 2011
    Artificial food dyes and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    - (Note: Dr. Kanarek assured me that Tufts U has no connection with them, but that the journal Nutrition Reviews itself is owned by the International Life Sciences Institute, an industry organization previously called the Nutrition Foundation.

  904. KANTOR 1984
    Food dyes produce minimal effects on locomotor activity and vitamin B-6 levels in postweanling rats.

  905. KAPLAN 1988
    The relevance of food for children's cognitive and behavioural health
    * Review of food-behavior interactions.
    * "In reality, the accumulated evidence suggests that food affects behaviour in some children"

  906. KAPLAN 1989
    Dietary replacement in preschool-aged hyperactive boys

  907. KAPLAN 2000
    Children in Harm’s Way: Toxic Chemicals Linked to Developmental Disabilities

  908. KAPLAN 2010
    Editorial: Food Additives and Behavior: First Genetic Insights
    * "Tomato Effect." Supplementation, Elimination, about the Bateman & McCann studies, polymorphism

  909. KAPLAN 2015
    The Search for a Single-Nutrient Solution to Mental Illnesses Is Outdated
    * SEE: Rucklidge 2015. magic bullet, vitamins, omega 3, Kaplan, Rucklidge

  910. KARPOUZIS 2009
    A randomised controlled trial of the Neuro Emotional Technique (NET) for childhood Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): a protocol
    *adhd, NET, Australia, Karpouzis, Pollard, Bonello

  911. KASHANIAN 2008
    Interaction of Diazinon with DNA and the Protective Role of Selenium in DNA Damage
    *insecticide, pesticide, DNA, genes, genotoxic, Kashanian, Gholivand, Ahmade, Ravan, Razi U, Iran

  912. KASHANIAN 2011
    DNA Binding Studies of Tartrazine Food Additive
    * Concluding, "this food colorant has a toxic potential to CT-DNA in vitri and it seems that it binds directly to DNA ... more attention should be paid to prevent our children from eating or drinking large amounts of food containing this colorant."
    * Kashanian, Zeidali. Iran.

  913. KATZ 2010
    A Compound Herbal Preparation (CHP) in the Treatment of Children With ADHD: A Randomized Controlled Trial
    * ADHD, TOVA, vitamins, food grade botanicals called Nurture & Clarity by Tree of Healing-LD Clinic, Herzliya, Israel.
    * Katz, Levine, Kol-Degani, Kav-Venaki, Israel.
    * Note: 3 of the authors work for Tree of Healing-LD which makes the product.

  914. KAUR 2010
    Evaluation of mutagenic potential of food dye (Apple green)
    *Yellow 5, Blue 1, Ames test, salmonella, moderately mutagenic, Kaur, Arora, Katnoria

  915. KAVALE 1982
    The efficacy of stimulant drug treatment for hyperactivity: A meta-analysis
    * Reviewed 135 studies on drugs, most published in the 1970s, concluding stimulant drugs are effective for hyperactivity.

  916. KAVALE 1983
    Hyperactivity and Diet Treatment: A Meta-Analysis of the Feingold Hypothesis
    * Reviewed 23 studies, most published in the 1970s.
    * Concluded that research has not validated the diet, which should be "questioned" as a treatment.
    * This meta analysis is still quoted in spite of being 30 years out of date.

  917. KAWAGUCHI 2010
    Maternal exposure to isobutyl-paraben impairs social recognition in adult female rats
    * preservatives, social recognition behavior, autism, estrogenic chemicals

  918. KAWANE 1994
    Aspirin-induced asthma and artificial flavors.
    * flavor-induced bronchospasm may cause asthma like aspirin; the flavors are all chemically similar. Japan.

  919. KAYANI 2002
    Adverse Behavioral Effects of Treatment for Acute Exacerbation of Asthma in Children: A Comparison of Two Doses of Oral Steroids
    * anxiety, aggression, hyperactivity. Kayani & Shannon.

  920. KAYASHITA 1996
    Buckwheat protein extract suppression of the growth depression in rats induced by feeding amaranth (Food Red No. 2)
    * rats, lowered cholesterol, constipation, fiber, Red 2 suppresses growth, buckwheat suppresses toxicity of Red 2, improved nutritional efficiency. Kayashita, Nagai, Kato. Japan.

  921. KEIKOTLHAILE 2010
    Effects of food processing on pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables: A meta-analysis approach
    * Pesticides reduced or increased by blanching, boiling, canning, frying, juicing, peeling, washing
    * Nice chart of pesticides found on various foods. Keikotlhaile, Spanoghe, Steurbaut. Belgium.

  922. KELLEY 2004
    High Dietary Fructose Induces a Hepatic Stress Response Resulting in Cholesterol and Lipid Dysregulation

    Childhood Hyperactivity as a Predictor of Carotid Artery Intima Media Thickness Over a Period of 21 Years: The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study.
    - Note - Question: Is the connection related also to sensitivity to additives? It would be interesting to do a longitudinal study of children on the Feingold diet to see if avoiding the additives affects the risk.

  924. KEMP 1985 - abstract
    An elimination diet for chronic urticaria of childhood.
    * 36% of children reacted to aspirin. "elimination diet" not specified. Kemp, Schembri.

  925. KEMP 2008
    Food additives and hyperactivity: Evidence supports a trial period of eliminating colourings and preservatives from the diet
    1. KEMP 2008 - responses - including ours

  926. KENDALL 2005
    Service needs of families with children with ADHD

    KENDALL 2008 -- see NICE

  927. KENNEDY 2003 Book Review
    Food Intolerance and the Food Industry

  928. KERI 2008
    The Role of Diet in Acne and Rosacea
    * Skin problems, rashes, diet, coffee, omega 3. Keri, Rosenblatt.

  929. KERN 2006
    Evidence of toxicity, oxidative stress, and neuronal insult in autism.
    * Purkinje cell loss, Purkinje cell physiology, atoxicity, oxidative stress.
    * Heavy metals, Purkinje cell loss, and increased brain volume.
    * Kern, Jones.

  930. KERN 2007
    Sulfhydryl-Reactive Metals in Autism
    * mercury, lead, arsenic, cadmium. theory of "poor excreters", glutathione levels low.
    * higher antibiotic use - in rats, antibiotic destroys ability to excrete mercury.
    * Kern, Grannemann, Trivedi, Adams.

  931. KHAN 2011
    Manganese Exposure from Drinking Water and Children’s Classroom Behavior in Bangladesh

  932. KHASNAVIS 2012
    Sodium Benzoate, a Metabolite of Cinnamon and a Food Additive, Upregulates Neuroprotective Parkinson Disease Protein DJ-1 in Astrocytes and Neurons
    * mice, G protein, DJ-1, mevalonate metabolites, cns substantia nigra, genes. Khasnavis, Pahan.

  933. KIDD 2000
    Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children: rationale for its integrative management Review

  934. KIDD 2002
    Autism, An Extreme Challenge to Integrative Medicine. Part I: The Knowledge Base

  935. KIDD 2002
    Autism, An Extreme Challenge to Integrative Medicine. Part II: Medical Management

  936. KIDDIE 2010
    Nutritional Status of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Pilot Study

  937. KILBURN 2009
    Do terbutaline- and mold-associated impairments of the brain and lung relate to autism?

  938. KILBURN 2009
    Neurobehavioral and pulmonary impairment in 105 adults with indoor exposure to molds compared to 100 exposed to chemicals

  939. KIM 2005
    Analysis of Polychlorodibenzo-P-Dioxins and Dibenzofurans (PCDDs/PCDFs) in Baked-Salt Food Additives in Korea
    * Dioxins in sea salt
    * Kim, Kim, Ko, Son, Park. Korea.

  940. KIM 2009
    Diet and asthma: looking back, moving forward

  941. KIM 2011
    Aspartame-fed zebrafish exhibit acute deaths with swimming defects and saccharin-fed zebrafish have elevation of cholesteryl ester transfer protein activity in hypercholesterolemia
    * Diet, Cholesterol, Artificial Sweeteners, Aspartame, Saccharin, Brain inflammation, swimming defects, Kim, Seo, Cho

  942. KIM 2011
    Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders in a Total Population Sample

  943. KIM 2011
    Correlation between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and sugar consumption, quality of diet, and dietary behavior in school children
    - Note: This study ignores food dyes, considering only vitamins, fats, sugar, protein, calcium, as well as drinking habits and occupation (without details) of fathers. This in a country where other studies have already shown that children eat well over the ADI in several food dyes, and one in 38 kids has autism.

  944. KIM 2011
    Simultaneous activation of salicylate production and fungal resistance in transgenic chrysanthemum producing caffeine

  945. KIM 2014
    Iron deficiency increases blood concentrations of neurotoxic metals in children
    * Low iron leads to excess absorption of manganese, lead, cadmium. Kim, Park. Korea

  946. KING 1981 - abstract
    Can allergic exposure provoke psychological symptoms? A double-blind test.
    * Double-blind test shows allergens can produce psychiatric, cognitive and emotional symptoms

  947. KING 1984 - abstract
    Psychological and behavioral effects of food and chemical exposure in sensitive individuals.

  948. KING 2006
    Inhibition of human phenol and estrogen sulfotransferase by certain non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents

  949. KINSBOURNE 1994
    Sugar and the Hyperactive Child

  950. KIRBY 2001
    Diagnosis and management of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children
    * He admits parents are happy with the use of the Feingold diet, but downplays its usefulness. Note that he is affiliated with Massachusetts College of Pharmacy - Table 1, Table 2

  951. KISS 2007
    Changes in Open-Field Activity and Novelty-Seeking Behavior in Periadolescent Rats Neonatally Treated with Monosodium Glutamate
    * MSG, rats, neurobehavioral development, motor coordination, hyperactivity, hypoactivity

  952. KJELDSEN-KRAGH 1999
    Rheumatoid arthritis treated with vegetarian diets
    * Some patients benefit from fasting followed by vegetarian diet. Actually almost half the 27 patients with RA responded to diet.

  953. KLEINMAN 2002
    Diet, Breakfast, and Academic Performance in Children

    KLEINMAN re breastfeeding; see FEWTRELL 2007

  954. KLEINMAN / Urban Myths
    Children’s Dietary Recommendations: When Urban Myths, Opinions, Parental Perceptions & Evidence Collide - Selected References

  955. KNIBB 1989
    Psychological characteristics of people with perceived food intolerance in a community sample.
    * They are more neurotic than normal, but not more so than the university's own staff.
    * Knibb, Armstrong, Booth, Platts, Booth, MacDonald. UK.

  956. KNIVSBERG 2003
    Effect of a Dietary Intervention on Autistic Behavior

  957. KOBAYASHI 1977
    A screening method for the toxicity of food dyes using Artemia salina larvae.
    * Xanthene food dyes inhibit lactate dehydrogenase activity.
    * Kobayashi, Taniguchi, Sako, Takakuwa. Japan.

  958. KOBYLEWSKI 2012
    Toxicology of food dyes
    * Kobylewski, Jacobson, CSPI

  959. KOGER 2005
    Environmental Toxicants and Developmental Disabilities: A challenge for Psychologists
    * Brain development, developmental disability, adhd, behavior, toxin, toxic threat.
    * Koger, Schettler, Weiss. U. of Rochester.

  960. KOLETZKO 1999
    Pesticides in dietary foods for infants and young children.
    * Current information "appears inadequate for a thorough scientific risk assessment"
    * They propose maximum residue of 0.01 mg/kg in foods for infants because now 40% of those foods already are under this limit.
    * Koletzko, Agett, Agostoni, Baerlocher, Bresson, Cooke, Decsi, Deutsch, Janda, Manz, Moya, Rigo, Socha. Europe.

  961. KOLEVZON 2010
    The Relationship Between Whole Blood Serotonin and Repetitive Behaviors in Autism
    *Children, Autism, self-injury, aggression, repetitive behavior, serotonin, Kolevzon, Newcorn, Kryzak, Chaplin, Watner, Hollander, Smith, Cook, Silverman.

  962. KOLLER 2004
    Recent Developments in Low-Level Lead Exposure and Intellectual Impairment in Children
    * 10 ug/dL - not low enough. However, social, school & parenting factors more important to cognitive function.
    * Koller, Brown, Spurgeon, Levy. UK.

  963. KONIKOWSKA 2012
    The influence of components of diet on the symptoms of ADHD in children
    * importance of minerals, essential fatty acids (fish oil), food additives, salicylates. "Results of research suggest that food additives and salicylates may aggravate hyperactive behavior [in] children."
    * Konikowska, Regulska-Ilow, Rozariska. Poland.

  964. KONISHHI 1992
    Carcinogenicity testing of food red No. 106 (Acid Red) in Rischer 344 rats.
    * 2-year feeding study. Not carcinogenic. Konishi, Kitahori, Nishioka, Yane, Hiasa. Japan.

  965. KONOFAL 2004
    ADHD and iron deficiency

  966. KOOISTRA 2006
    Neonatal Effects of Maternal Hypothyroxinemia During Early Pregnancy
    * thyroid deficiency during pregnancy causes behavior problems in baby

  967. KOPP 2010
    Girls With Social and/or Attention Deficits: A Descriptive Study of 100 Clinic Attenders

  968. KOPPEL 1991
    Tegretol excipient-induced allergy
    * Letter to Editor, Red 40, rinitis, stuffy nose, anxiety. Koppel, Harden, Daras.

  969. KRIEBEL 2001
    The Precautionary Principle in Environmental Science
    * link between science and policy: definition, history, motivating factors, case illustrations ...
    * Kriebel, Tickner, Epstein, Lemons, Levins, Loechler, Quinn, Rudel, Schettler, Stoto.

  970. KRIGSMAN 2010
    Clinical Presentation and Histologic Findings at Ileocolonoscopy in Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder and Chronic Gastrointestinal Symptoms
    * Autism, GI problems, vaccine. Krigsman, Boris, Goldblatt, Stott.

  971. KRISTJANSSON 2007
    Mucosal reactivity to cow's milk protein in coeliac disease

  972. KROES 2002
    Threshold of toxicological concern (TTC) in food safety assessment.

  973. KROES 2005
    The Threshold of Toxicological Concern Concept in Risk Assessment
    - the "de minimis principle" for acceptance of chemicals "of unknown toxicity" as artificial flavorings.

  974. KROGULSKA 2009
    Cytokine Profile in Children With Asthma Undergoing Food Challenges
    * IL4, IL5 cytokine levels can h elp evaluate food allergy in asthma. Krogulska, Wasowska-Krolikowska, Polakowska, Chrul. Poland.

  975. KROLL 2002
    Mental health needs of boys in secure care for serious or persistent offending: a prospective, longitudinal study

  976. KRUESI 2006
    White Matter in Liars
    * Letter re brain structure abnormality in pathological liars

  977. KUMAR 1991
    Sweeteners, flavorings and dyes in antibiotic preparations
    * Red 40 in 45% of pediatric antibiotics. Saccharin in 34%. Kumar, Weatherly, Beaman.

  978. KUMAR 1996
    Sweeteners, Dyes, and Other Excipients in Vitamin and Mineral Preparations
    * Yellow 6 most common. 34% did not list ingredients. Kumar, Aitas, Hunter, Beaman

  979. KURDYAK 2004
    Do food additives cause hyperactivity in preschool children?
    * Negative review of Bateman 2004 study.

  980. KUTCHER 2004
    International consensus statement on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and disruptive behaviour disorders (DBDs): Clinical implications and treatment practice suggestions
    * ADHD, DBD. Study sponsored by Johnson & Johnson.
    * Treatment for ADHD = drugs & psych.
    * Treatment for ADHD with CD (conduct disorder) = psych & drugs.
    * Treatment for CD = psych & drugs "add on"
    * Kutcher, Aman, Brooks, Buitelaar, van Daalen, Fegert, Findling, Fisman,
        Greenhill, Huss, Kusumaker, Pine, Taylor, Tyano.

  981. KUTLU 2002
    Blood brain barrier in right-and left-pawed female rats assessed by a new staining method
    * adrenaline-induced hypertension destroys the BBB. Kutlu, Vatansever, Bayazit, Ekerbicer, Tan. Turkey.

  982. LABIE 2007
    Developmental neurotoxicity of industrial chemicals. - French

  983. LAFFERMAN 1979
    Erythrosin B inhibits dopamine transport in rat caudate synaptosomes.

  984. LAI 2013
    Epidemiology of cough in relation to China
    * air pollution, high fat diet

  985. LAKHAN 2008
    Nutritional therapies for mental disorders

  986. LANCASTER 1999
    Determination of benzidine in the food colours tartrazine and sunset yellow FCF, by reduction and derivatization followed by high-performance liquid chromatography
    * benzidine, yellow 5, yellow 6. Lancaster, Lawrence. Canada

  987. LANCET 1972
    Food additives (in baby food)

  988. LANCET 2003
    The Lancet’s policy on conflicts of interest

  989. LANDGREN 2010
    Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Neurodevelopmental Disorders in Children Adopted From Eastern Europe
    *Fetal alcohol syndrome, FAS, neurodevelopmental disorders, ADHD, developmental coordination disorder, mental retardation, cognitive impairment, alcohol in pregnancy, Landgren, Svensson, Stromland, Andersson Gronlund, Sweden

  990. LANDTBLOM 2005
    The risk for multiple sclerosis in female nurse anaesthetists: a register based study
    * Risk is greater for those nurses. Landtblom, Tondel, Hjalmarsson, Flodin, Axelson. Sweden.

  991. LANPHEAR 2005
    Protecting Children from Environmental Toxins: Toxicity testing of pesticides and industrial chemicals is a crucial step.
    * Lead, mercury, PCB, tobacco, etc. children, behavioral problems, prenatal. Lanphear, Vorhees, Bellinger.

  992. LARSON 2014
    Adolescent Consumption of Sports and Energy Drinks: Linkages to Higher Physical Activity, Unhealthy Beverage Patterns, Cigarette Smoking, and Screen Media Use* Larson, DeWolfe, Story, Neumark-Sztainer.

  993. LANPHEAR 2012
    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Preventable Epidemic?
    *"therapeutic levels of methylphenidate ... are comparable to the concentrations in which the toxic effects of some environmental contaminants have been observed."

  994. LAU 2000
    Early exposure to house-dust mite and cat allergens and development of childhood asthma: a cohort study
    *infants, asthma, cat, Lau, Illi, Sommerfeld, Niggemann, Bergmann, Von Mutius, Wahn

  995. LAU 2003
    Exposure to Perfluorooctane Sulfonate during Pregnancy in Rat and Mouse. II: Postnatal Evaluation
    * PFOS exposure in utero damaged survival of pups, caused growth and developmental delays, and hypothyroxinemia.
    * Lau, Thibodeaux, Hanson, Rogers, Grey, Stanton, Butenhoff, Stevenson. SEE Thibodeaux 2003

  996. LAU 2006
    Synergistic interactions between commonly used food additives in a developmental neurotoxicity test.

  997. LAU 2006 article in Crime Times
    Combination of additives, food colorings, toxic to brain cells Crime Times 2006

  998. LAU 2010
    Glutamate receptors, neurotoxicity and neurodegeneration
    * excitotoxicity, MSG, Lau, Tymianski.

  999. LAU 2013
    Arsenic-Mediated Activation of the Nrf2-Keap1 Antioxidant Pathway
    * toxic, broccoli, tbhq, cancer. Lau, Whitman, Jaramillo, Zhang.

  1000. LAURITZEN 2000
    Polyunsaturated fatty acids are potent neuroprotectors
    * PUFAs prevents neuronal death, seizures, lesions; opens K- channels in brain synapses. Lauritzen, Blondeau, Heurteaux, Widmann, Romey, Lazdunski. France.

  1001. LAVIALLE 2008
    An (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid-deficient diet disturbs daily locomotor activity, melatonin rhythm, and striatal dopamine in syrian hamsters.

  1002. LAVOIE 2009
    Holistic Treatment Approaches to ADHD: Nutrition, Sleep, and Exercise.

  1003. LAWRENCE 2003
    Urinary excretion of salicyluric and salicylic acids by non-vegetarians, vegetarians, and patients taking low dose aspirin.

  1004. LEAN 2004
    Aspartame and its effects on health: The sweetener has been demonised unfairly in sections of the press and several websites
    * pro-aspartame article; scroll down to middle of page

  1005. LeBLANC 1997
    Chronic Toxicity of Environmental Contaminants: Sentinels and Biomarkers
    *Toxic Chemicals, Fish Neoplasia, Cancer, Immunosuppression, Amphibians, Alligators, Steroid Hormones, LeBlanc, Bain

  1006. LeBLANC 2009
    Maternal lron Deficiency Alters Essential Fatty Acid and Eicosanoid Metabolism and Increases Locomotion in Adult Guinea Pig Offspring

  1007. LEBOYER 1993 - abstract
    Opiate hypothesis in infantile autism? Therapeutic trials with naltrexone (French)
    * Naltrexone suppressed symptoms. Leboyer, Bouvard, Launay, Recasens, Plumet, Waller-Perotte, Tabuteau, Bondoux, Dugas. France.

  1008. LECHNER 2010
    Drinking Water with Red Beetroot Food Color Antagonizes Esophageal Carcinogenesis in N-Nitrosomethylbenzylamine-Treated Rats
    *cancer, Ohio State, beetroot, esophageal cancer, rats, Lechner, Wang, Rocha, Larue, Henry, McIntyre, Riedl, Schwartz, Stoner

  1009. LECLERCQ 2000
    Estimates of the theoretical maximum daily intake of erythorbic acid, gallates, butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) in Italy: a stepwise approach
    *BHA, BHT, Gallates, erythorbic acid, BHT intake above ADI in EU, LeClercq, Arcella, Turrini

  1010. LEDDY 2004
    Influence of Methylphenidate on Eating in Obese Men
    * new use for Ritalin

  1011. LEDFORD 2006
    Feeding Problems in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders : A Review

  1012. LEDOUX 1997
    Emotional memory and psychopathology
    * fear conditionoing. Ledoux, Muller.

  1013. LEE 2007
    Association of serum concentrations of persistent organic pollutants with the prevalence of learning disability and attention deficit disorder

  1014. LEE 2011
    Effect of processed foods on serum levels of eosinophil cationic protein among children with atopic dermatitis
    * Allergy, diet for one week avoiding all processed foods. Dermatitis got improved, ECP (Eosinophil cationic protein) decreased.
    * They also ate less calories. MSG is the presumed culprit, but all additives were eliminated for the one single week.
    * Lee, Jim, Noh, Lee. Korea.

  1015. LEFEVER 1999
    The Extent of Drug Therapy for Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder Among Children in Public Schools
    * adhd, prevalence of kids on meds in VA schools: 20% of White 5th grade boys
    * LeFever, Dawson, Morrow.

  1016. LEFFERT 1978
    Asthma: A modern perspective
    * historical interest. "mysterious affliction about which little is known"
    * Meltzer & the guinea pig. ß-adrenergic theory, prostaglandins,

  1017. LEFLER - history
    Artificial Chemicals in Food: Additives in Modern Food

  1018. LEIN 2007
    Meeting Report: Alternatives for Developmental Neurotoxicity Testing
    * alternatives to animal testing protocols; Developmental Neurotoxicity Testing (DNT); environmental health. Lein, Locke, Goldberg

  1019. LEISMAN 2013
    The integration of the neurosciences, child public health, and education practice: hemisphere-specific remediation strategies as a discipline partnered rehabilitation tool in ADD/ADHD
    * Meds have no long term benefit for ADHD, so study aimed to improve weak brain areas. Diet also addressed (no details). Leisman, Mualem, Machado. Israel. Cuba.

  1020. LeMARQUAND 1999
    Behavioral Disinhibition Induced by Tryptophan Depletion in Nonalcoholic Young Men With Multigenerational Family Histories of Paternal Alcoholism

  1021. LEMINI 2004
    Morphometric analysis of mice uteri treated with the preservatives methyl, ethyl, propyl, and butylparaben
    * Parabens, preservatives, estrogenic changes in mouse uterus. See Ye 2006.
    * Lemini, Hernandez, Jaimez, Franco, Avila, Castell. Mexico.

  1022. LEMMON 2010
    Risperidone Use in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Retrospective Review of a Clinic-Referred Patient Population
    - 50% improved; side effects a problem. Compare to diet improvement at ARI site

  1023. LEOW 1999
    Contact Allergy in Singapore
    * Review. Eczema, dermatitis, top 10 allergens include fragrance, neomycin Leow and Goh.

  1024. LEPPANEN 2010
    Cardiac and behavioral evidence for emotional influences on attention in 7-month-old infants

  1025. LESLIE 2005
    The Physical, Developmental, and Mental Health Needs of Young Children in Child Welfare by Initial Placement Type

  1026. LESLIE 2012
    Toxicants and Environmental Health: A Psychological Issue
    * toxic exposure to chemicals and mental, neurolotical, reproductive health & cancer. Lesie, Koger.

  1027. LETHCO 1966
    The Fate of FD&C Blue No. 2 in Rats

  1028. LEVANT 2010
    Developmental effects of dietary N-3 fatty acids on activity and response to novelty.
    * PUFA, DHA, ADHD, rats. Levant, Zarcone, Fowler.

  1029. LEVIN 2005
    Remember the Endocrine System When Using Psychoactive Drugs
    * Warning doctors to be careful of endocrine side effects.

  1030. LEVITAN 1977
    Food, drug, and cosmetic dyes: Biological effects related to lipid solubility
    * Note that they compared action of dyes with action of salicylate - previously determined to do the same thing.

  1031. LEVITAN 1984
    Brain uptake of a food dye, erythrosin B, prevented by plasma protein binding.

  1032. LEVITCH 2005 Book Review
    Cold Comfort: Mothers, Professionals, and Attention Deficit Disorder

  1033. LEVY 1978
    Hyperkinesis and Diet: A Double-Blind Crossover Trial with a Tartrazine Challenge
    Note: Challenge was 5 biscuits per day, each containing ONE mg of Tartrazine, and then the children were tested the day AFTER completion of the challenge period.

  1034. LEVY 1978
    Hyperkinesis and Diet: A Replication Study

  1035. LEVY 2009
    Treatment of refractory obesity in severely obese adults following management of newly diagnosed attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    * Ritalin for weight loss. Levy, Fleming, Klar. Canada.

  1036. LEWIN 1995
    Persistent measles virus infection of the intestine: Confirmation by immunogold electron microscopy
    * Lewin, Dhillon, Sim, Mazure, Pounder, Wakefield.

  1037. LI 1994
    Reactive oxygen-dependent DNA damage resulting from the oxidation of phenolic compounds by a copper-redox cycle mechanism.
    * BHT, BHA, TBHQ, phenolic, acetaminophen
    * "in the presence of copper, TBHQ induced extensive DNA degradation,
         while BHA and BHT exhibited less DNA cleaving activites"
    * Li, Trush.

  1038. LI 2000
    Mercury intoxication presenting with tics
    * case study, child, used herbal med Watermelon Frost, too many times a day. Li, Chan, Leung, Cheung, Lam, Fok. China.

  1039. LI 2004
    Effects of High Fluoride Level on Neonatal Neurobehavioral Development

  1040. LI 2004
    Preschool children's lead levels in rural communities of Zhejiang province, China.
    * Blood testing 217 children for elevated lead levels. Li, Zhenyia, Lon, Hanyun

  1041. LI 2010
    Methylmercury Exposure and Health Effects from Rice and Fish Consumption: A Review
    * Mercury in rice in China. Li, Feng, Qiu. China.

  1042. LI 2013
    Development of an Ultrasensitive Immunoassay for Detecting Tartrazine
    * Toxic effects, Yellow 5, food dye, haptens.

  1043. LIBBY 1982
    "The Junk Food Connection" A Study Reveals Alcohol and Drug Life Styles Adversely Affect Metabolism and Behavior
    * health hazard appraisal, cortisol, toxic metals, vitamin B12, sugar.
    * Libby, Starling, Josefson, Ward.

  1044. LIEN 2006
    Consumption of Soft Drinks and Hyperactivity, Mental Distress, and Conduct Problems Among Adolescents in Oslo, Norway

  1045. LIEW 2014
    Acetaminophen Use During Pregnancy, Behavioral Problems, and Hyperkinetic Disorders
    *Tylenol is a hormone disruptor, affects baby's brain development.
    * Liew, Ritz, Rebordosa, Lee, Olsen. Denmark.

  1046. LILIENFELD 2005
    Scientifically Unsupported and Supported Interventions for Childhood Psychopathology: A Summary
    A very negative article, saying (in 2005) that there is no "methodologically sound support for the efficacy of the Feingold diet." Nor does he discuss any of it. But then, the author doesn't even know what the diet is, saying: [The Feingold diet] "is based on the assumption that salicylates contained in artificial food colorings and flavorings cause or contribute to ADHD."

  1047. LIM 2005
    Lead Exposure and (n-3) Fatty Acid Deficiency during Rat Neonatal Development Affect Subsequent Spatial Task Performance and Olfactory Discrimination

  1048. LIN 1986 - abstract
    Mutagenicity studies on FD&C red No.3.
    * Red 3 is not the cause of the increase in tumors in studies ... something else must be. Lin, Brusick

  1049. LINCOLN 2011
    Fish Consumption and Mercury Exposure among Louisiana Recreational Anglers
    * Some groups get a lot of mercury from fish. Lincoln, Shine, Chesney, Vorhees, Grandjean, Senn. Switzerland.

  1050. LINDEMAN 2000
    Assessment of Magical Beliefs about Food and Health
    - good grief. See page 197: "However, whereas health-threatening impurities were previously assumed to originate mainly from witches, demons or women, among others (Frazer, 1922/1963; Meigs, 1984), they are nowadays usually assumed to originate from such things as artificial additives, flavours, colours, preservatives and environmental poisons (Hines, 1988)."

  1051. LINDSEY 1982
    Hyperkinesis, Nutrition, and the Feingold diet
    *ADHD, A strongly "negative" review, quoting Nutrition Fdn

  1052. LINNEMANN 2015
    How an online survey on the treatment of allergic rhinitis and its impact on asthma (ARIA) detected specialty-specific knowledge-gaps
    * ARIA recommends not o give pregnant moms low-allergen diet, but doctors disagree. Linnemann, Avalos, Saenz. Mexico.

  1053. LIPTON 1983 - abstract
    Diet and hyperkinesis--an update
    * Review of negative studies, conclugin 2% of hyperactive children react to dyes and "even the 2% are questionable" ... says no need for research.

  1054. LIPTON 1989 - abstract
    Aspartame as a dietary trigger of headache.
    * "aspartame may be an important dietary trigger of headache in some people." Lipton, Newman, Cohen, Solomon.

  1055. LIU 2003
    Reversal of age-related learning deficits and brain oxidative stress in mice with superoxide dismutase.catalase mimetics
    *alzheimers, learning, Oxidative stress, antioxidants, cognitive deficits, Liu, Bi, Thompson, Doctrow, Malfroy, Baudry

  1056. LIU 2004
    Malnutrition at Age 3 Years and Externalizing Behavior Problems at Ages 8, 11, and 17 Years

  1057. LIU 2005
    Biosocial bases of aggressive and violent behavior—implications for nursing studies
    * violence, pregnancy, nicotine, smoking, alcohol, drugs, cholesterol, diet, lead, manganese, head injury, brain, serotonin, cortisol, testosterone. Liu, Wuerker

  1058. LIU 2008
    Report On The Intellectual Ability Of Children Living in High-Fluoride Water Areas

  1059. LIU 2010
    Dietary intake of lead and cadmium by children and adults – Result calculated from dietary recall and available lead/cadmium level in food in comparison to result from food duplicate diet method
    * Toxins, subjects were on a "standard diet" and 24-hour recall was used.
    * Liu, Wang, Song, Wu. China.

  1060. LIU 2013
    Gaultheria: Phytochemical and Pharmacological Characteristics
    * 109 compounds, containing several salicylate derivatives. Used in herbal med for arthritis. Various chemical contents & structures discussed.

  1061. LJUNGHALL 1983 - abstract
    Gluten-free diet in patients with dermatitis herpetiformis. Effect on the occurrence of antibodies to reticulin and gluten.
    * None on diet had antibodies but all eating gluten did. Ljunghall, Scheynius, Jonsson, Schilling, Forsum

  1062. LLANOS 2009
    Fetal growth restriction is related to placental levels of cadmium, lead and arsenic but not with antioxidant activities.

  1063. LOBLAY 1992
    The Role of Food Intolerance in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
    in The Clinical and Scientific Basis of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis / Chronic Fatigue Syndrome", B.M. Hyde, J. Goldstein, and P. Levine, Editors. 1992, The Nightingale Research Foundation: Ottawa. p. 521-538

  1064. LOCKEY 1973/1980
    Dr. Lockey's Mayo Clinic Diet
    * Original 1948, revised 1954, 1957, 1959, 1964, 1971, 1974, 1975, 1979, 1980.

  1065. LOCKEY 1975 - abstract
    Reactions to hidden agents in foods and drugs can be serious.
    * 3 case reports.

  1066. LOCKEY 1977 - abstract
    Hypersensitivity to tartrazine (FD&C Yellow No. 5) and other dyes and additives present in foods and pharmaceutical products.

  1067. LOEBER 1990
    Development and risk factors of juvenile antisocial behavior and delinquency.
    * author suggests that increased antisocial, delinquent behavior, drug use, suicide, etc. is related to decreased levels of impulse control by US children.

  1068. LOGAN & SWANSON 1979
    Erythrosin B Inhibition of Neurotransmitter Accumulation by Rat Brain Homogenate
    There is another study, by Levitan, showing that the coloring in the blood is 99% bound to proteins and therefore cannot cross the blood brain barrier .... but that ignores the fact that this is exactly how psychoactive drugs work -- they are bound to the proteins, and leak across very slowly; that is why taking another drug sometimes potentiates a medication -- it knocks it off the proteins so that more leaks across the barrier faster. There are other studies showing that under stress, the blood brain barrier becomes more permeable and leaky .... and they showed it using blue dye. Do you want all these kinds of things too?

  1069. LOK 2010
    Colour Additives in Snack Foods Consumed by Primary School Children in Hong Kong * Sunset Yellow, Yellow 6, E110, over ADI level for 9 year old boys.

  1070. LOLIGER 2000
    Function and Importance of Glutamate for Savory Foods
    * MSG. Nestle R&D Center, Switzerland. "Flavor enhancement is of great importance ... important business opportunities can be realized."

  1071. LONG 2011 (book)
    The Psychology of Education
    * see page 334 Dietary Factors. Long, Wood, Littleton, Passenger, Sheehy.

  1072. LONSDALE 2002
    Treatment of Autism Spectrum Children with Thiamine Tetrahydrofurfuryl Disulfide [the compound used for treating thiamine - Vitamin B1 - deficiency: A Pilot Study.

  1073. LORD 2011
    How Common is Autism?

  1074. LOPES 2013
    Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation reduces resting heart rate of rats with epilepsy
    * seizures, fish oil, prevents death. Lopes, Colugnati, Lopes, Scorza, Cavalheiro, Cysneiros, Scorza. Brazil.

  1075. LORENZO 2002
    Urinary metabolites of histamine and leukotrienes before and after placebo-controlled challenge with ASA and food additives in chronic urticaria patients

  1076. LOSS 2011
    The protective effect of farm milk consumption on childhood asthma and atopy: The GABRIELA study
    * Asthma, raw milk, allergy
    * Loss, Apprich, Waser, Kneifel, Genuneit, Buchele, ... von Mutius, Braun-Fahrlander

  1077. LOVASI 2011
    Chlorpyrifos exposure and urban residential environment characteristics as determinants of early childhood neurodevelopment
    * organophosphate pesticides, poor neighborhoods, New York City
    * Lovasi, Quinn, Rauh, Perera, Andrews, Garfinkel, Hoepner, Whyatt, Rundle.

  1078. LOWEN 2011
    Sweet Debate: Do artificial sweeteners contribute to rather than combat obesity?
    *Obesity, aspartame, sucralose, diet soda, mice

  1079. LU 2006
    Organic Diets Significantly Lower Children's Dietary Exposure to Organiphosphorus Pesticides.

  1080. LIUBCHENKO 1997 - abstract
    State of the nervous system in workers engaged in the production of plastic materials: data of screening and electrophysiologic studies
    * Phthalate, HCl and CO exposure led to neurotoxic effects. Liubchenko, Petina, Gorenkov. Russian.

  1081. LUCARELLI 2004
    Toxicity of Food Drug and Cosmetic Blue No. 1 Dye in Critically Ill Patients

  1082. LUCAS 2001
    The Role of Natural Color Additives in Food Allergy
    *Industry, Codex, food dyes, FDA

  1083. LUCOVA 2013
    Absorption of triphenylmethane dyes Brilliant Blue and Patent Blue through intact skin, shaven skin and lingual mucosa from daily life products
    * Food dye, blood brain barrier, blue 1

  1084. LUKE 2001
    Fluoride Deposition in the Aged Human Pineal Gland
    * by old age the pineal gland has accumulated F and the F/Ca ratio is higher than bone. UK

  1085. LUNARDI 1992 - abstract
    Elimination diet in the treatment of selected patients with hypersensitivity vasculitis.
    * Foods and additives can cause it. Lunardi, Bambara, Biasi, Zagni, Caramaschi, Pacor. Italy.

  1086. LUTTON 2003
    Does stimulant therapy help adult ADHD?
    * Ritalin, drugs used as needed

  1087. LY 2011
    Gut Microbiota, Probiotics, and Vitamin D: Interrelated Exposures Influencing Allergy, Asthma, and Obesity?
    * microbiota, gut, allergy, probiotics, asthma, obesity, vitamin D
    * Ly, Litonjua, Gold, Celedon.

  1088. LYON 2009
    News from the Biological Stain Commission No. 6
    * Tartrazine, Yellow 5.
    * Discussed recent studies; mentioned "continuing anxiety" over possible problems, but discounted "major health hazard"
    * Lyon, Horobin. UK

  1089. MA 2009
    Dietary exposure of secondary school students in Hong Kong to benzoic acid in prepackaged non-alcoholic beverages
    * high consumers got 19.3% of ADI just from these drinks in school. 2 drink samples exceeded legal limit of benzoic acid.
    * Author figures they are underestimating total exposure but that it is fine.
    * Ma, Chan, Chung, Ho, Xiao. China.

  1090. MACCARA 1982
    Tartrazine: A potentially hazardous dye in Canadian drugs
    * food dyes, pruritis, urticaria, edema, wheezing, asthma, blurred vision, congeston, palpitations, headache, vomiting, tingling, anaphylaxis. Aspirin sensitivity. Yellow 5 in medications should be listed on label

  1091. MacGIBBON 1983
    Adverse reactions to food additives

  1092. MACHINSKI 1998
    Estimates of maximum limits of food colours use in Brazil through the Danish Budget method and the Bar and Wurtzen]modified method
    * Yellow 5, Yellow 6, Amaranth, Erythrosine, Ponceau, Cochineal exceed ADI in Brazil.

  1093. MACIEL 2013
    Production of Polygalacturonases by Aspergillus Section Nigri Strains in a Fixed Bed Reactor
    * Orange juice, making enzymes from mold and peels for juice clarification

  1094. MACIOSZEK 2004
    The Evaluation of the Genotoxicity of Two Commonly Used Food Colors: Quinoline Yellow (E 104) and Brilliant Black BN (E 151)
    *Food dyes, Micronucleus and Comet assays, genotoxic, Macioszek, Kononowicz.

  1095. MACLEOD 2005
    Symptoms of narcolepsy in children misinterpreted as epilepsy
    * Macleod, Ferrie, Zuberi. UK

  1096. MacNAB 2002
    Audiovisual hyperactivity disorder (AVHD): a peril of the desire to excel
    - If you have slogged through the other studies, you deserve to see this one - enjoy.

  1097. MACPHAIL 1997
    Evolving concepts of chemical sensitivity
    * organophosphate pesticide, considers it conditioning

  1098. MADSEN 2001
    Environmental and Health Assessment of Substances in Household Detergents and Cosmetic Detergent Products
    *Fragrances, preservatives, solvents, surfactants, Madsen, Boyd, Nylen, Pedersen, Petersen, Simonsen.

  1099. MADSEN 2003
    Thimerosal and the Occurrence of Autism: Negative Ecological Evidence From Danish Population-Based Data
    * Note 1: Thimerosal discontinued im 1992; autism continued to increase; aluminum and other changes or increases in toxic vaccine ingredients not addressed. Besides, thimerosal not removed from flu vaccines or others besides DPT- not mentioned.
    * Note 2: Inpatient treatment was reported since 1969 but outpatient treatment only since 1995 (AFTER thimerosal discontinued) so it is not surprising that more cases of autism were reported - it is not usually a condition requiring inpatient treatment.
    Note 3: It is remarked that the vaccines were changed gradually, and that the last shipment of mercury-laden vaccines was IN 1992 - therefore, even though on paper they no longer received such vaccines, in actuality they did.

  1100. MADSEN 2004
    MMR Vaccination and Autism: What is the evidence for a causal association?
    * Autism, MMR
    * Madsen, Vestergaard, Denmark.
    * Concludes there is no scientific evidence of connection.

  1101. MAES 1999
    Lowered w3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in serum phospholipids and cholesteryl esters of depressed patients
    * depression, cholesterol, fatty acids, omega 3, zinc, anatidepressant treatment doesn't fix abnormal metabolism of PUFA omega 3
    * Maes, Christophe, Delanghe, Altamura, Neels, Meltzer. Belgium

  1102. MAFFINI 2014
    Brain drain: the cost of neglected responsibilities in evaluating cumulative effects of environmental chemicals
    * adhd, 300 chemicals affect brain, calling for cumulative risk assessment of combination of chemicals, developmental disabilities, IQ point loss, BPA, pthalates, neurotoxicants.
    * Maffini, Neltner

  1103. MAGERL 2010
    Effects of a pseudoallergen-free diet on chronic spontaneous urticaria: a prospective trial.
    *Urticaria, allergy, food dyes, Magerl, Pisarevskaja, Scheufele, Zuberbier, Maurer

  1104. MAGGIONI 2007
    Migraine With Aura Triggered by Contact Lenses: A Case Report

  1105. MAGNUSON 2008 - comment on article by Soffritti followed by response
    Carcinogenicity of Aspartame in Rats Not Proven [see Soffritti]

  1106. MAGNUSON 2013
    Review of the regulation and safety assessment of food substances in various countries and jurisdictions
    * Comparison, food additives. Magnuson, Munro, Abbot, Baldwin, Lopez-Garcia, Ly, McGirr, Roberts, Socolovsky. Mexico, Argentina, Australia. Canada

  1107. MAHAJAN 2010
    Hyperactive-Impulsive Symptoms Associated With Self-Reported Sleep Quality in Nonmedicated Adults With ADHD

  1108. MAHER 1987
    Possible Neurologic Effects of Aspartame, a Widely Used Food Additive
    * MAOI transmitters, seizure threshold lowered. Maher, Wurtman

  1109. MAHMOUD 2006
    Toxic Effects of the Synthetic Food Dye Brilliant Blue on Liver, Kidney and Testes Functions In Rats
    *Blue 1, rats, 0.08 g/kg (80 mg/kg), (ADI=12 mg/kg) increased enzymes, decreased testosterone, congestion & hemorrhage in kidney. Testes, sperm damaged, renal failure. Egypt.

  1110. MAHMOUD 2011
    Zinc, Ferritin, Magnesium and Copper in a group of Egyptian Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    *ADHD, Mahmoud, El-Mazary, Maher, Saber

  1111. MAHON 2008
    Exercise Responses in Boys With Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Effects of Stimulant Medication

  1112. MAIER 2014
    Integrating asthma hazard characterization methods for consumer products
    * occupational asthma, consumer asthma, Weight-of-evidence analysis
    * Maier, Vincent, Gadagbui, Patterson, Beckett, Dalton, Kimber, Selgrade. UK. US.

  1113. MAIER 1994
    Psychoneuroimmunology: The Interface Between Behavior, Brain, and Immunity
    * overview, behavioral effects of substances released by th e immune system. Maier, Watkins, Fleshner

  1114. MAIMBURG 2010
    Neonatal Jaundice, Autism, and Other Disorders of Psychological Development
    * Risk lowest for mom's first baby, born between April & September & jaundiced,
    * Risk highest for first baby, born between October and March & jaundiced.
    * Maimburg, Bech, Vaeth, Moller-Madsen, Olsen, Denmark.

  1115. MAKANI 2002
    Biochemical and molecular basis of thimerosal-induced apoptosis in T cells: a major role of mitochondrial pathway.
    * thimerosal (ethyl mercury thiosalicylate)depolarized mitochondrial membrane.
    * induces apoptosis (death) in T cells by inducing oxidative stress & depleting glutathione via mitochondrial pathway.
    * Makani, Gollapudi, Yel, Chiplunkar, Gupta.

  1116. MALAKAR 2014
    Minding the Greens: Role of dietary salicylates in common behavioural health conditions
    * ADHD, autism, diet. Malakar, Bhattacharya. Australia

  1117. MALANIN 1989
    The results of skin testing with food additives and the effect of an elimination diet in chronic and recurrent urticaria and recurrent angioedema
    *allergy, skin test, diet, Malanin, Kalimo, Finland

  1118. MALIN 2015
    Exposure to fluoridated water and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder prevalence among children and adolescents in the United States: an ecological association
    * Fluoride, adhd, environment. Malin, Till.

  1119. MALKINSON 1985
    Decrease in the Protein Kinase C-catalyzed Phosphorylation of an Endogenous Lung Protein (Mt 36,000) following Treatment of Mice with the Tumor-modulatory Agent Butylated Hydroxytoluene
    * BHT causes lung damage in mouse. phosphorylation. * Malkinson, Beer, Sadler, Coffman

  1120. MALKINSON 1986
    Changes in Pulmonary Adenosine Triphosphate-binding Proteins Detected by Nucleotide Photoaffinity Labeling following Treatment of Mice swith the Tumor-modulatory Agent Butylated Hydroxytoluene
    * BHT, lung cancer, Malkinson, Haley, Macintyre, Butley

  1121. MALKINSON 2002
    Quantitative trait loci that regulate susceptibility to both Butylated Hydroxytoluene-induced pulmonary inflammation and lung tumor promotion in CSB reccombinant inbred mice
    * What's important here is to know that BHT has been used for many years to make - promote - induce - tumors in animals for cancer research. WHY is it still in our breakfast cereal?

  1122. MALLING 2002
    Is sublingual immunotherapy clinically effective?

  1123. MALO 1985
    Occupational asthma due to azobisformamide
    * foaming product in plastics industry. 2 case studies; vision and asthma symptoms, eczema, rhinitis, one allergic, one not. Malo, Pineau, Cartier. Canada infant receiving blue-tyed feeding

  1124. MALONEY 2000
    Systemic Absorption of Food Dye in Patients with Sepsis - letter to the editor
    * Letter starts at bottom of page
    * See picture of boy, page 2

    typical feeding w/dye

  1125. MALONEY 2002
    Food Dye Use in Enteral Feedings: A Review and a Call for a Moratorium
    * Blue dye used by 86% of ICU nurses & 91% ICU dietitians.
    * No safety studies, no agreement on amount of dye to use; blue & green skin & urine
    * Maloney, Ryan, Brasel, Binion, Johnson, Halbower, Frankel, Nyffeler, Moss.

  1126. MALONEY 2002
    Detection of aspiration in enterally fed patients: A requiem for bedside monitors of aspiration.
    * Blue dye still used at that time in spite of safety concerns of absorption & toxic effects on mitochondria.
    * Authors say dyes "should be abandoned" and use "nonrecumbent positioning" (sit them up). Maloney & Ryan.

  1127. MANGELS 2000
    Latent Biases in Biocriminological Research
    * History of biological explanations of criminal behavior, targeting marginalized and poor people.

  1128. MANN 1980
    Nutrition Therapy in Medical Practice

  1129. MANOR 2002
    Family-based and association studies of monoamine oxidase A and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): preferential transmission of the long promoterregion repeat and its association with impaired performance on a continuous performance test (TOVA)
    * MAO, genes, dopamine, serotonin. Long MAO-A allele confers risk of ADHD.
    * Manor, Tyano, Mel, Eisenberg, Bachner-Melman, Kotler, Ebstein. Israel.

  1130. MANOS 2010
    Changes in Emotions Related to Medication Used to Treat ADHD. Part I: A Literature Review - See Part II (Findling 2010)

  1131. MANTEL 2004
    Nutritional Supplements and Complementary/Alternative Medicine in Tourette Syndrome
    * Tic improvement reported from supplements. Study authors are parents of children w/TS who improved using supplements & diet.
    * Mantel, Meyers, Tan, Rogers, Jacobson

  1132. MAO 2010
    Cadmium directly induced mitochondrial dysfunction of human embryonic kidney cells

  1133. MAPARI 2010
    Fungal polyketide azaphilone pigments as future natural food colorants?
    * Naturall food dyes, non-toxic fungus, mycotoxins. Mapari, Thrane, Meyer. Denmark

  1134. MARANGHI 2010
    The food contaminant semicarbazide acts as an endocrine disrupter: Evidence from an integrated in vivo/in vitro approach
    * rats, estrogen, testosterone. Italy.

  1135. MARGOLIS 1961
    The mother-child relationship in bronchial asthma
    * asthmatogenic mother theory tested. Results show "mother may not be as potent an etiological factor in asthma as is often believed."

  1136. MARIMAN 2008
    Epigenetic Manifestations in Diet-Related Disorders
    * DNA methylation, silencing genes, amino acids, efa, fetal genome interacts with maternal nutrition, famine

  1137. MARINKOVICH 1992
    Evaluation of a multiple food specific IgE antibody test
    * argument with Adler & Warner about RAST or CLA testing of IgG and IgE antibodies

  1138. MARK 2009
    Pediatric asthma: An integrative approach to care
    - diet discussed but additives not mentioned
    - bronchoconstriction discussed but not the food dyes.mark

  1139. MARSHALL 1989 Attention deficit disorder and allergy: A neurochemical model of the relation between the illnesses
    * review of early studies; See Trites 1980 below.
    * Trites did not use a Feingold-type diet, and used it for only 3 weeks on children newly off meds.
          That ANY of them improved in that time is remarkable.

  1140. MARSHALL 1993 Allergy and Depression: A Neurochemical Threshold Model of the Relation Between the Illnesses
    * review of allergy & depression go together; may be cholinergic-adenergic activity imbalance in people at risk for depression

  1141. MARTI 2010
    Effectiveness of nutritional interventions on the functioning of children with ADHD and/or ASD. An updated review of research evidence.

  1142. MARWITZ 2015 = abstract
    Western-style diet induces insulin insensitivity and hyperactivity in adolescent male rats.
    * Western-Style diet causes obesity with adhd behavior in rats. Marwitz, Woodie, Blythe.

  1143. MASON 1999
    Letter: Measurement of vitamin D3 metabolites in smelter workers exposed to lead and cadmium
    * about Chalkley study. Chalkley replied. Connection of lead, cadmium, ferritin, etc.

  1144. MATHISON 1985
    Precipitating Factors in Asthma: Aspirin, Sulfites, and Other Drugs and Chemicals
    *Asthma, anaphylactic, bronchospasm, propranolol, beta-blockers, Mathison, Stevenson, Simon

  1145. MATSUO 2013
    Aspirin Augments IgE-Mediated Histamine Release from Human Peripheral Basophils via Syk Kinase Activation
    * Aspirin and food additives increase histamine release from mast cells and basophils, causing allergic symptoms. Benzoate, tartrazine, yellow 5, augmented histamine release. Important in urticaria, anaphylaxis, asthma. < Matsuo, Yokooji, Morita, Ooi, Urata, Ishii, Takahagi, Yanase, Hiragun, Mihara, Hide. Japan.

  1146. MATTES & GITTELMAN 1981
    Effects of Artificial Food Colorings in Children with Hyperactive Symptoms
    • Letter from one of the parents
    • Note how careful they were not to give a bolus of the coloring, but spread it out over 6 (big) cookies per day with 13 mg coloring each.
    • Note that even the total of 78 mg food coloring is not enough to turn the frosting on one cupcake red. Deciding to limit the challenge to some artificial "average" created by dividing the amount of food coloring by the entire population is ludicrous.
    • Note that artificial flavoring and preservatives were not tested in this study.
    • In Table 2 in the study you can see that of the 11 children, 3 were no longer hyperactive at the start of the study, 2 were "mildly" hyperactive, one was only irritable, one had "few" symptoms, and another was diagnosed as ADD without hyperactivity. Where are the severely hyperactive children? And yet all these children had been bad enough at some point that their parents had been willing to change the entire family's diet.

  1147. MATTES 1983
    The Feingold Diet: A Current Reappraisal

  1148. MATTHEWS 2005
    Systemic lactose intolerance: a new perspective on an old problem
    * Irritable bowel syndrome, hidden lactose, milk.
    * Matthews, Waud, Roberts, Campbell

  1149. MAURER 2008
    Urticaria: Its History-Based Diagnosis and Etiologically Oriented Treatment
    * chronic urticaria usually caused by autoreactivity, infection, or food additives. Maurer, Grabbe

  1150. MAY 2000
    Disturbing Behavior: Neurotoxic Effects in Children
    * Lead, manganese, PCBs, tabacco, alcohol, blood brain barrier, mercury, pesticides, organophosphates, adhd, autism.

  1151. MAYES 2007
    Suffer the restless children: the evolution of ADHD and paediatric stimulant use, 1900 - 80
    * See pg. 454 Note #12. It is a quote from Conrad from 1974 and may be the best part of this article.

  1152. MAYRON 1979
    Allergy, learning, and behavior problems.
    * allergic tension-fatigue syndrome, how to keep a food diary, etc.

  1153. MAZAHERI 2013
    Differential Oscillatory Electroencephalogram Between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Subtypes and Typically Developing Adolescents
    * EEG different in adhd than in normal children

  1154. MAZIERO 2001
    Estimates of the theoretical maximum daily intake of phenolic antioxidants BHA, BHT and TBHQ in Brazil
    *BHA, BHT, TBHQ, preservatives, oxidation, phenolic, dates of introduction, Maziero, Baunwart, Toledo, Brazil.

  1155. McCANN 2007
    Food additives and hyperactive behaviour in 3-year-old and 8/9-year-old children in the community: a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial

  1156. McCANN 2008
    Consumption of soft drinks and other sweet drinks by WIC infants. - letter to the editor
    * Health care workers should advise against giving soft drinks to babies. McCann, Baydar, Williams.

  1157. McCARTHY 2000
    USA to improve care of children with ADHD
    * Clinton administration wants more research on drug safety for kids. Use rose 150% for kids age 2-4

  1158. McCARTHY 2009
    Mortality Associated with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Drug Treatment: A Retrospective Cohort Study of Children, Adolescents and Young Adults Using the General Practice Research Database
    *Stimulants increase suicide, not sudden death; McCarthy, Cranswick, Potts, Taylor, Wong

  1159. McDANIEL 1986
    Pharmacologic Treatment of Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Disorders in Children and Adolescents (Part 1)
    * Review of diagnosis & drug treatment of pediatric psych disorders. adhd, conduct disorder, anxiety disorder, sleep disorder,

  1160. McFADDEN 1996
    Phenotypic variation in xenobiotic metabolism and adverse environmental response: focus on sulfur-dependent detoxification pathways
    * "A significant number of individuals with environmental intolerance or chronic disease have impaired sulfation of phenolic xenobiotics ...impaired sulfation may be relevant to intolerance of phenol, tyramine, and phenylic food constituents, and it may be a factor in the success of the Feingold Diet." (sulphoxidation, see Scadding 1988)

  1161. McGAURAN 2010
    Reporting Bias in Medical Research - A Narrative Review
    *McGauran, Wieseler, Kreis, Schüler, Kölsch, Kaiser

  1162. McGINNIS 2001
    Mercury and Autistic Gut Disease
    * Letter. Environmental toxins, mercury, gut disease, inflammation

  1163. McGINNIS 2013
    Proposed Toxic and Hypoxic Impairment of a Brainstem Locus in Autism
    * brain, nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) impaired in autism. Controls GI, vagal reflexes, complex behaviors; predisposed to damage by neurotoxins in blood,
    * even if they don't cross blood brain barrier. Mercury, cadmium, nitrites, organophosphates, MSG, CO, etc. McGinnis, Audhya, Edelson

  1164. McKENNA 2014
    Seeing double: The low-carb diet
    * extreme dieting can cause neurological problems, vision problems, thiamine deficiency, confusion, Wernicke's encephalopathy and death. McKenna, Drummond, Talwar, Lean. UK

  1165. McLEOD 2005
    Lumps, Bumps, and Things That Go Itch in Your Office! - urticaria (hives)

  1166. McMASTER 2011
    (Govt Comparative Effectiveness Review) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Effectiveness of Treatment in At-Risk Preschoolers; Long-Term Effectiveness in All Ages; and Variability in Prevalence, Diagnosis, and Treatment

  1167. McNAMARA 2012
    Uncertainty analysis of the use of a retailer fidelity card scheme in the assessment of food additive intake
    * Food dyes, Yellow 6, McNamara, Mehegan, O'Mahony, Safford, Smith, Tennant, Buck, Ehrlich, Sardi, Haldemann, Nordmann, Jasti
    *Note: These people are all from various Food Industry Giants. See SARDI 2010
    *Note: They plan to solve their uncertainly problem with a math formula.

    MCS = Multiple Chemical Sensitivity
    EI = Environmental Illness
    IEI = Idopathic environmental intolerance

  1168. McTaggart 1996 Book Review
    What Doctors Don’t Tell You. The Truth About the Dangers of Modern Medicine

  1169. MEDING 1996
    Occupational contact dermatitis from tertiary-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ) in a cutting fluid
    *skin allergy, TBHQ, BHA, BHT

  1170. MEGGS 1993
    Neurogenic Inflammation and Sensitivity to Environmental Chemicals
    * asthma, rhinitis, contact dermatitis, migraine, arthritis. MCS, sick building syndrome, VOCs, volatile organic chemicals.

  1171. MEGGS 1997
    Hypothesis for Induction and Propagation of Chemical Sensitivity Based on Biopsy Studies
    * MCS, lungs, environmental chemicals, asthma. tight cell junctions, chronic inflammation.

  1172. MEHEDI 2009
    Reproductive Toxicology of Tartrazine (FD and C Yellow No. 5) in Swiss Albino Mice.

  1173. MEHL-MADRONA 2010
    Micronutrients Versus Standard Medication Management in Autism: A Naturalistic Case-Control Study

  1174. MEIER 2007 - BHT
    Mechanistic Basis for Inflammation and Tumor Promotion in Lungs of BHT-Treated Mice: Electrophilic Metabolites Alkylate and Inactivate Antioxidant Enzymes

  1175. MEISTER 2006
    Sugar Substitutes and Your Health

  1176. MELANSON 2007
    Nutrition Review: Relationships of Nutrition With Depression and Anxiety

  1177. MELKI 1987
    Trace Elements in Nutrition

  1178. MENDOLA 2002
    Environmental factors associated with a spectrum of neurodevelopmental deficits.
    *lead, mercury, neurobehavioral, cognitive, children, PCB, pesticide, smoke, alcohol, mental retardation, Mendola, Selevan, Gutter, Rice

  1179. MENKE 2006
    Blood Lead Below 0.48 µmol/L (10 µg/dL) and Mortality Among US Adults
    * Lower levels of lead still dangerous. Menke, Muntner, Batuman, Silbergeld, Guallar

  1180. MENOYO 2008
    Fluoride-Induced Resistance To Insulin In The Rat

  1181. MESSINGER 2010
    The Relationship Between Behavior Ratings and Concurrent and Subsequent Mental and Motor Performance in Toddlers Born at Extremely Low Birth Weight

  1182. MEYER 1980
    Behavioural and developmental effects of Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) dosed to rats in utero and in the lactation period
    *BHT, rats, developmental delay and hyperactivity in pups on BHT, more dead cells in brain

  1183. MEYER 1989
    Effects of dietary protein and butylated hydroxytoluene on the kidneys of rats
    *BHT, rats, Meyer, Kristiansen, Wurtzen, Denmark

  1184. MEYER 2006
    Attenuation of the pulmonary inflammation response following butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) treatment of cytosolic phospholipase A2 null mice
    * Note:
    - "Administration of BHT to mice causes lung damage ..."
    - "Exposing mice to BHT causes reversible lung injury and inflammation. The model described more than 30 years ago has been used to study molecular mechanisms underlying ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome) and the chronic inflammatory state that characterizes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma."
    * Meyer, Dwyer-Nield, Hurteau, Keith, Ouyang, Freed, Kisley, Geraci, Bonventre, Nemenoff, Malkinson.

  1185. MICK 2002
    Case-control study of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and maternal smoking, alcohol use, and drug use during pregnancy.
    * children with adhd more likely exposed to smoke & alcohol than others. fetal alcohol syndrome. Mick, Biederman, Faraone, Sayer, Kleinman.

  1186. MIKKELSEN 1978
    Hypersensitivity Reactions to Food Colours with Special Reference to the Natural Colour Annatto Extract (Butter Colour)
    * Annatto, Yellow 5 (Tartrazine), Yellow 6 (Sunset Yellow), Red 40 (Food Red 17), Red 2 (Amaranth), Ponceau 4, Red 3 (Erythrosine), Blue 1 (Brilliant Blue).
    * Aspirin, sodium benzoate. Urticaria, angioedema. See Table 1. Mikkelsen, Larsen, Tarding. Denmark

  1187. MILL 2008
    Pre- and peri-natal environmental risks for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): the potential role of epigenetic processes in mediating susceptibility
    * dna, methylation, vitamins, folate, b12, b6, b2, choline

  1188. MILER 2010
    Cadmium induced-oxidative stress in pituitary gland is reversed by removing the contamination source

  1189. MILLER 1978 - abstract
    The Diet Wasn't Controlled
    - letter in response to CONNERS 1976

  1190. MILLER 1982
    Sensitivity to tartrazine

  1191. MILLER 1993
    Concomitant Nonpharmacologic Therapy in the Treatment of Primary Nocturnal Enuresis
    * nonpharmacological treatment of bed wetting, including diet.

  1192. MILLER 1995 - abstract
    Milestones Marking the Knowledge of Adverse Reactions to Food in the Decade of the 1980s.

  1193. MILLER 1996
    Chemical sensitivity: Symptom, syndrome or mechanism for disease?
    * MCS, chemical exposure, toxicant-induced loss of tolerance, environmental

  1194. MILLER 2001
    Estrogenic Activity of Phenolic Additives Determined By an In Vitro Yeast Bioassay
    *Phenolics, sunscreen, preservative, flavoring, fragrance, estrogenic activity, yeast. Miller, Wheals, Beresford, Sumpter.

  1195. MILLER 2009
    Thyroid-Disrupting Chemicals: Interpreting Upstream Biomarkers of Adverse Outcomes
    *endocrine disruption, chemicals, Miller, Crofton, Rice, Zoeller

  1196. MILLER 2009
    Liver Damage From Chronic Acetaminophen Dosing is Dangerous, But Not The Only Risk
    * Fever, NSAID, vaccine, immune system, headache.

  1197. MILLER 2010
    Fading Memories : Retrospective Recall Inaccuracies in ADHD

  1198. MILLER 2010
    Affect Recognition in Adults With ADHD

  1199. MILLER 2011
    Genomic Signatures Predict Migration and Spawning Failure in Wild Canadian Salmon
    *Fish dying of diseases related to farmed fishes.

  1200. MILLICHAP 2003
    The Diet Factor in Pediatric and Adolescent Migraine (review)
    * headache, migraine, list of foods, msg. Release of serotonin and norepinephrine, vasoconstriction or vasodilation, stimulation of trigeminal ganglia, brainstem, neuronal pathways. Millichap, Yee.

  1201. MILLICHAP 2012
    The Diet Factor in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    *ADHD, Millichap, Yee, see comment on his review of Feingold diet

  1202. MILLQVIST 1999
    Provocations with perfume in the eyes induce airway symptoms in patients with sensory hyperreactivity

  1203. MILLSTONE 1997
    Adverse reactions to food additives: the extent and severity of the problem
    *adhd, food intolerance, food additives, children, UK

  1204. MING 2010
    Genetic variant of glutathione peroxidase 1 in autism
    * under-transmission of the ALA6 gene and others cause glutathione to be low, so oxidative stress is high.
    * combine this study with Dufault 2009 & 2012 studies.
    * So it is already possible to identify at least some children genetically vulnerable who must be protected from
        exposure to mercury in diet and vaccines - why are we ignoring that?

  1205. MIRANDA 2001
    Depressed Mood Is a Factor in Glycemic Control in Type 1 Diabetes
    * Effect of depression on glucose control
    * Miranda, Van Tilburg, McCaskill, Lane, Edwards, Bethel, Feinglos, Surwit

  1206. MISSO 2005
    Plasma concentrations of dietary and nondietary antioxidants are low in severe asthma
    *asthma, oxidative stress. Misso, Brooks-Wildhaber, Ray, Vally, Thompson

  1207. MIZUTANI 2009
    Toxicity of Xanthene Food Dyes by Inhibition of Human Drug-Metabolizing Enzymes in a Noncompetitive Manner

  1208. MOCH 1988
    Forestomach Lesions Induced by Butylated Hydroxyanisole and Ethylene Dibromide: A Scientific and Regulatory Perspective
    * BHA

  1209. MOHR 2014
    Meta-analysis of Vitamin D Sufficiency for Improving Survival of Patients with Breast Cancer
    * Higher Vitamin D associated with lower mortality from breast cancer

  1210. MOOLENBURGH 2007
    "Tardive Photopsia" and the Tiel-Culemborg Study
    - Notes: Letter to Ed re Fluoride; Tardive Photopsia = "delay in seeing the light"

  1211. MOOLENBURGH 2008
    Fluoride and Serum Cholinesterase
    Note: Letter to the editor

  1212. MOON 2010
    The value of initial lactate in patients with carbon monoxide intoxication: in the emergency department

  1213. MOON 2010
    The efficacy of high doses of vitamin C in patients with paraquat poisoning
    - pesticide poisoning

  1214. MOORE 2009
    Confectionery consumption in childhood and adult violence

  1215. MOORE-ROBINSON 1967
    Effect of salicylates in urticaria
    * suggested causes: haptens, histamine, aspirin, sodium salicylate, phenyl salicylate. Moore-Robinson, Warin. UK

  1216. MORELLO-FROSCH 2002
    Integrating Environmental Justice and the Precautionary Principle in Research and Policy Making: The Case of Ambient Air Toxics Exposures and Health Risks among Schoolchildren in Los Angeles

  1217. MORGAN 2006
    Gestational Mercury Vapor Exposure and Diet Contribute to Mercury Accumulation in Neonatal Rats
    * rats, kidney, liver, mercury. Morgan, Price, Fernando, Chanda, O'Connor, Barone, Herr, Beliles.
    * artificial butter, artificial flavoring, rats, mice. Morgan, Jokinen, Price, Gwinn, Palmer, Flake

  1218. MORRIS 2001
    Inflammatory bowel disease and laterality: is left handedness a risk?
    * IBS, IBD, autoimmune, Crohn's, colitis, there is a link with left-handedness. Morris, Montgomery, Galloway, Pounder, Wakefield

  1219. MOSTERT 2001
    Evaluation of research for usable knowledge in behavioral disorders: Ignoring the irrelevant, considering the germane.
    * "Feingold Diet is close to a worthless behavioral and educational intervention." Mostert & Kavale.

  1220. MOTSOANE 2003
    An in vitro study of biological safety of condoms and their additives

  1221. MOTTER 2006
    Psychologists Knowledge and Perception of the Efficacy of Complementary and Alternative Therapy for Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  1222. MOUTINHO 2007
    Prolonged use of the food dye tartrazine (FD&C yellow nº5) and its effects on the gastric mucosa of Wistar rats

  1223. MTA Multimodal Study 1999
    A 14-Month Randomized Clinical Trial of Treatment Strategies for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

  1224. MTA Multimodal Study 2009
    The MTA at 8 Years: Prospective Follow-Up of Children Treated for Combined Type ADHD in a Multisite Study

  1225. MULLANE 2010
    Alerting, Orienting, and Executive Attention in Children With ADHD

  1226. MULLER-VAHL 2008
    The influence of different food and drink on tics in Tourette syndrome
    *TS, Tourette, caffeine, coffee, Coke, Muller-Vahl, Buddensiek, Geomelas, Emrich

  1227. MULLER-VAHL 2011
    European clinical guidelines for Tourette syndrome and other tic disorders. Part IV: deep brain stimulation

  1228. MULLINS 2011
    Restricted elimination diet for ADHD (correspondence)
    *Criticism of Pelsser study; Mullins, Tang, Dear

  1229. MUNGAN 2005
    Nocturnal enuresis and allergy
    * Tested 2 groups for specific IgE allergens; soybean & hazelnut were the only ones different.
    * Mungan, Seckiner, Yesilli, Akduman, Tekin. Turkey.

  1230. MURPHY 2005
    Effect of the Ketogenic Diet on the Activity Level of Wistar Rats
    * diet decreased activity in animal ADHD model. Murphy, Likhodil, Hatamian, Burnham. Canada

  1231. MURPHY 2006
    The ketogenic diet causes a reversible decrease in activity level in Long–Evans rats
    * diet decreased activity in animal ADHD model. Murphy, Burnham. Canada

  1232. MURPHY 2010
    An Exploratory Study of Postpartum Depression and Vitamin D

  1233. MURRAY 2013
    An inventory of European data sources for the long-term safety evaluation of methylphenidate
    * Discussion of use of 13 European databases for use in future studies of long-term safety of Ritalin

  1234. MUTTER 2005
    Mercury and autism: Accelerating Evidence?
    * autism, mercury, dental amalgam, thimerosal, neurotoxicity, estrogen, testosterone, genetic. detoxification capacity. Mutter, Naumann, Schneider, Walach, Haley. UK, Germany, US

  1235. MYSTERUD 2003
    Expanding Evolutionary Psychology: Toward a Better Understanding of Violence and Aggression.
    - Note - unfortunately this 47-page document does not allow searches

  1236. NABI 2003
    Association of Tryptophan 2,3 Dioxygenase Gene Polymorphism With Autism

  1237. NADEEM 2008
    Oxidant--antioxidant imbalance in asthma: scientific evidence, epidemiological data and possible therapeutic options (review)

  1238. NAGIN 1999
    Trajectories of boys' physical aggression, opposition, and hyperactivity on the path to physically violent and nonviolent juvenile delinquency.
    * Monitored 1,037 boys from 6 to 15 for behavioral trajectories leading to specific delinquency types.
    * Nagin & Tremblay

  1239. NAIR 2001
    Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Benzyl Alcohol, Benzoic Acid, and Sodium Benzoate
    * inhalation likely, but safety tests not sufficient to support safety.
    * "manufacturers should consider the nonimmunologic phenomena when using these ingredients in cosmetic formulations designed for infants and children" ... how about DON'T USE for them?

  1240. NAISMITH 2010
    Sleep Well, Think Well: Sleep-Wake Disturbance in Mild Cognitive Impairment

  1241. NAKAH 1979
    A Vitamin Profile of Heroin Addiction

  1242. NAKATA 2005 - abstract
    Occurrence of synthetic musk fragrances in marine mammals and sharks from Japanese coastal waters.
    * first report on accumulation of synthetic musk fragrance in marine mammals and sharks. Found in blubber, kidney, liver. Similar to organichlorines like PCB and DDT.

  1243. NAM 2013
    tert-Butylhydroquinone reduces lipid accumulation in C57BL/6 mice with lower body weight gain
    * TBHQ, prevents weight gain by up-regulating ACOX1 gene expression
    * causes elevated liver cancer risk and neoplasms in kidney (see Discussion)

  1244. NANDA 1989
    Food intolerance and the irritable bowel syndrome
    * 48.1% of 189 people with IBS got better on elimination diet.
    * Dairy & grain most common.

  1245. National Advisory Committee on Hyperkinesis and Food Additives: Final Report to the Nutrition Foundation, October 1980
    - Notes:
    - This was NOT the Governmental committee which has a similar name but actually didn't do anything.
    - This committee was set up by the Nutrition Foundation, a food industry organization.
    - See members of the Nutrition Foundation.

  1246. National Research Council 1979
    Survey of Industry on the Use of Food Additives 1977.
    See the 4 pages on food colors here.
    * Note - Average consumption of food dyes by top 1% of population = 327 mg/person/day.
    * Note - Authors decided that had to be excessive so they divided the number by 5, no other reason given.

  1247. NAVAS-ACIEN 2006
    Arsenic Exposure and Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review of the Experimental and Epidemiologic Evidence
    * Arsenic interferes with glucose metabolism but study results are inconsistent; more research needed
    *Navas-Acien, Silbergeld, Streter, Clark, Burke, Guallar

  1248. NAVAS-ACIEN 2007
    Lead Exposure and Cardiovascular Disease—A Systematic Review

  1249. NAVEENA 2008
    Comparative Efficacy of Pomegranate Juice, Pomegranate Rind Powder Extract and BHT as Antioxidants in Cooked Chicken Patties
    *Pomegranate better than BHT to preserve cooked chicken patties; Naveena, Vaithiyanathan, Babji, Kondiaiah.

  1250. NEGRAO 2009
    The effect of sympathomimetic medication on cardiovascular functioning of children with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (stimulant medications)
    Could different results be related
    to different amounts used?

    • 15 mg
    • 02 mg
    • 05 mcg
    • 02 mg
    •  22 mg
    • 100 mg
    • 500 mcg
    •  50 mg

  1251. NELSON 1990
    Nutrient intakes, vitamin-mineral supplementation, and intelligence in British schoolchildren
    * Children 7 - 12 yrs recorded diets, then did double blind test w/vitamin.
    * No differences.
    * Nelson, Naismith, Burley, Gatenby, Geddes. UK.
    * Suggest comparison of vitamins with Carlton 2000.

  1252. NELTNER 2013
    Conflicts of Interest in Approvals of Additives to Food Determined to Be Generally Recognized as Safe Out of Balance
    * GRAS, safety decided by additive manufacturer employees, no independent review, FDA

  1253. NETTLETON 2009
    Food allergy and food intolerance: towards a sociological agenda

  1254. NETTIS 2004
    Sodium benzoate-induced repeated episodes of acute urticaria/angio-oedema: randomized controlled trial
    * Sodium benzoate (E-211), hives, rashes, skin problems
    * Only one patient had reaction to sodium benzoate alone -
        but possible synergy with other ingredients not tested at all.
    * Netis, Colanardi, Ferrannini, Tursi. Italy.

  1255. NEUMAN 2006
    Prenatal Smoking Exposure and Dopaminergic Genotypes Interact to Cause a Severe ADHD Subtype
    * uses maternal memory to judge how much smoking/drinking was done in pregnancy; compared connection with gene types. Neuman, Lobos, Reich, Henderson, Sun, Todd.

  1256. NEWBERNE 1988
    The Influence of Food Additives and Related Materials on Lower Bowel Structure and Function

  1257. NEWMAN 2001
    Migraine MLT-Down: An Unusual Presentation of Migraine in Patients With Aspartame-Triggered Headaches
    * aspartame in meds or headache, case reports, Newman, Lipton

  1258. NEWMARK 2009
    Nutritional Intervention in ADHD

  1259. NEWSCHAFFER 2002
    Heritable and Nonheritable Risk Factors for Autism Spectrum Disorders


  1260. Standard 2000: Alternatives available for ADHD children

  1261. Seattle Times 2006: Common alternative treatments for ADHD;

  1262. Observer 2006: What's on your plate: The additive-packed children's tea: Should you worry about 'E' numbers?

  1263. Global News Transcripts 2006: Ritalin

  1264. Sunday Herald 2007: Child dyslexia 'can be prevented by healthy diet'

  1265. The Daily Telegraph 2007: Diet and exercise 'transformed our children'

  1266. NGUYEN-DUONG 2001
    Vasorelaxation induced by L-glutamate in porcine coronary arteries
    * "glutamate induces a vasorelaxation that may be associated with symptoms seen in Chinese restaurant syndrome"

  1267. NICE GUIDELINES 2008
    Diagnosis and management of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children, young people, and adults: summary of NICE guidance
    "Drug treatment should always be part of a comprehensive treatment plan . . ."

    "Dietary advice
       The elimination of artificial colouring and additives from the diet is not recommended as a generally applicable treatment for children with ADHD."

  1268. NICE GUIDELINES - Letters to the Editor
    • Diversion and abuse of methylphenidate
    • NICE recommendations could expose many to harm
    • NICE should produce guidance on infant mental health

  1269. NICOLSON 2007
    Systemic Intracellular Bacterial Infections in Neurodegenerative and Benavioral Disorders

  1270. NIEDERHOFER 2005
    Serum Cholinesterase Levels Elevated in Patients Suffering From ADHD
    - Note: He says kids with ADHD have high cholinesterase and inhibiting it raises GABA so he advocates for use of anti-cholinesterase drugs such as alzheimer's drugs. But other studies show that pesticides and food additives LOWER cholinesterase which would make them a candidate treatment, but in animals this causes learning problems. Something is not kosher here.

  1271. NIEDERHOFER 2006
    A Preliminary Investigation of ADHD Symptoms in Persons with Celiac Disease

  1272. NIEDERHOFER 2011
    Association of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Celiac Disease: A Brief Report

  1273. NIGG 2010
    Confirmation and Extension of Association of Blood Lead with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and ADHD Symptom Domains at Population-Typical Exposure Levels
    * Slightly high lead levels associated with ADHD. Nigg, Nikolas, Knottnerus, Cavanagh, Friderici.

  1274. NIGG 2011
    Editorial: Where to with treatment for ADHD?

  1275. NIGG 2012
    Meta-Analysis of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder or Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms, Restriction Diet, and Synthetic Food Color Additives
    *Food colors, ADHD, Nigg, Lewis, Edinger, Falk.

  1276. NIGG 2014
    Restriction and Elimination Diets in ADHD Treatment
    * Review of elimination diets; mention of Feingold diet with link, but then advises parents to try it alone, shopping the outside aisles, etc.
    * Cautiously notes it may be worth it. Nigg, Holton

  1277. NIH 1982
    Consensus Development Conference: Defined Diets and Childhood Hyperactivity

  1278. NIH 1982 - same as above, from American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

  1279. NIH 1998
    NIH Consensus Development Conference see page 6, "Some of the dietary elimination strategies showed intriguing results suggesting the need for future research." This is after more than 20 years of research, after Dr. L. Eugene Arnold had presented his review of all nonstimulant treatments under contract with them ... and he said that there are 8 convincing double blind studies that diet works.

  1280. NOH 2015
    Estimation of Fluoride Intake From Milk-Based Infant Formulas and Baby Foods
    * Some states have water with more fluoride that the levels studied. More fluoride in baby food than formula, high enough to cause fluorosis.
    * American Dental Assn guidelines - formula should be diluted with fluoride-free water, but Korea just fluoridated their water so where do you get it?
    * Noh, Sohn, Kim, Kwon, Choi, Kim. Korea.

  1281. NOILES 2010 - ABSTRACT
    Are excipients really inert ingredients? A review of adverse reactions to excipients in oral dermatologic medications in Canada.

  1282. NOMURA 2012
    Exposure to Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Low Socioeconomic Status: Effects on Neurocognitive Development and Risk of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Offspring
    *adhd, neurology, Nomura, Marks, Grossman, Yoon, Loudon, Stone, Halperin

    Nutition Action: See CSPI

  1283. NUTT 2007
    Evidence-based guidelines for management of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in adolescents in transition to adult services and in adults: recommendations from the British Association for Psychopharmacology
    - Note - pg. 13 - "In terms of treatment, various dietary manipulations can improve ADHD symptoms in at least some children (Egger et al., 1985; Carter et al., 1993; Boris and Mandel, 1994; Rowe and Rowe, 1994; Schmidt et al., 1997; Dykman and Dykman, 1998; Richardson and Puri, 2002 Ib), although the mechanism of these improvements is unknown."

  1284. OADES 1998
    Plasma neuropeptide-Y levels, monoamine metabolism, electrolyte excretion and drinking behavior in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
    * ADHD children drink more, urinate less, with different neurotransmitters & electrolyte excretion.
    * Similarity to hypertension. Oades, Daniels, Rascher. Germany.

  1285. OADES 2000
    Differential measures of ‘sustained attention’ in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity or tic disorders: relations to monoamine metabolism
    * children, TS, ADHD, catecholamine, serotonin. Germany

  1286. OBROSOVA 2001
    Taurine Counteracts Oxidative Stress and Nerve Growth Factor Deficit in Early Experimental Diabetic Neuropathy
    * Taurine counteracts oxidative stress in tissues & peripheral nerves.
    * Obrosova, Fathallah, Stevens.

  1287. O'DONOHOE 1998
    Blood lead in U.K. children - time for a lower action level?
    * recommending action level go from 25 ug/dl to 10 ug/dl.
    * Measure blood lead levels for children with anemia, pica, abdominal pain
    * O'Donohoe, Chalkley, Richmond, Barltrop

  1288. OFFIT 1986
    Molecular Basis of Rotavirus Virulence: Role of Gene Segment 4
    * bovine rotavirus, simian rotavirus given to mice, reassorted. Gene segment 4 determines dose needed.
    * Offit, Blavat, Greenberg, Clark

    NOTE: Offit works for Merck and makes a lot of money from vaccines; he also holds patents on some.

  1289. OFFIT 2002
    Addressing Parents’ Concerns: Do Multiple Vaccines Overwhelm or Weaken the Infant’s Immune System?
    * He says that vaccines make babies healthier.
    * Offit, Quarles, Gerber, Hackett, Marcuse, Kollman, Gellin, Landry.

  1290. OFFIT 2003
    Communicating science to the public: MMR vaccine and autism
    * Autism following MMR vaccine was by chance alone. Offit blames media and Wakefield. Offit & Coffin.

  1291. OFFIT 2003
    The meningococcal vaccine - public policy and individual choices.
    * Risk 0.7 per 100,000 for adolescents & adults;
    * vaccine not cost effective, not recommended by CDC, & not covered by insurance;
    * Offit wants Advisory Committee on Imunization Practices & AAP to tell doctors to recommend parents pay for it.
    * Offit & Peter

  1292. OFFIT 2004
    Meningococcal conjugate vaccine in the UK: an update
    * UK immunized 90% infants & 85% adolescents in a year.
    * Very safe vaccine but "no large studies of vaccine efficacy had been done."
    * Effectiveness expected to be shown during use.

  1293. OFFIT 2005
    The Cutter Incident, 50 years later
    * Salk polio vaccine by Cutter Lab - 40,000 children got polio;
    * 51 paralyzed; 5 died. 113 family members paralyzed. National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program VICP

  1294. OFFIT 2007
    thimerosal and vaccines - a cautionary tale
    * Claims that the removal of thimerosal scared parents into thinking it must be unsafe.
    * There is no study comparing safety of vaccines with and without thimerosal.
    * This is a "cautionary tale of how not to communicate theoretical risks to the public."

  1295. OFFIT 2008
    Vaccines and Autism Revisited — The Hannah Poling Case
    * "poorly reasoned." She had other fevers, ear infections, etc.
    * And she wasn't autistic. She had mitochondrial enzyme deficit; similarity to autism "superficial."

  1296. OFFIT 2009
    The Problem With Dr Bob's Alternative Vaccine Schedule
    * Reviews The Vaccine Book: Making the Right Decision for your child by Dr. Robert Sears
    * Says his misrepresentation of vaccine science misinforms parents. Offit & Moser.

  1297. OGLETREE 2001
    St.John's Wort for Depression

  1298. OHGURO 2002
    A high dietary intake of sodium glutamate as flavoring (Ajinomoto) causes gross changes in retinal morphology and function
    * rats, MSG. Even the diet with "moderate excess" MSG caused retinal cell destruction.
    * Ohguro, Katsushima, Maruyama, Maeda, Yanagihashi, Metoki, Nakazawa. Japan & US.

  1299. OHN-BAR 2006
    The Effect of Biological Treatment on Behavior and Communication of Children on the Autistic Spectrum
    *ADHD, food additives, Israel

  1300. OISHI 2001
    Effects of butylparaben on the male reproductive system in rats
    * Preservatives, estrogenic, lowered testosterone and sperm count at ADI level.

  1301. OISHI 2002
    Effects of butyl paraben on the male reproductive system in mice
    * Preservatives, estrogenic, damages spermatogenesis, lowers testosterone at levels well below ADI. Japan.

  1302. OKUYAMA 2010
    Testosterone-Lowering Activity of Canola and Hydrogenated Soybean Oil in the Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat

  1303. OLIFF 1999
    The Effect of Nicotine on Developing Brain Catecholamine Systems
    *Rats, Acetylcholine receptor, fetal central nervous system, CNS, neurotransmitter, brain, locomotor disturbance, dopamine, noradrenergic, neurons, Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, ADHD, nicotinic receptors, hyperactivity, Oliff, Gallardo.

  1304. OLOPADE 2005
    Analysis of some industrial metals and ions in the cerebral cortex of goats in Nigeria
    * Because they plan to mine minerals in Nigeria, they want to use the goats to monitor environmental toxin levels.
    * Nice explanation of toxicity of Fluoride, Nickel, Mercury, Arsenic, Cobalt.
    * Olopade, Onwuka, Adejumo, Ladokun. Nigeria

  1305. OLSON 2006
    Tourette Syndrome: Diagnosis, Strategies, Therapies, Pathogenesis, and Future Research Directions

  1306. ONAOLAPO 2011
    Acute low dose monosodium glutamate retards novelty induced behaviours in male swiss albino mice
    * Injecting MSG into stomach of mice changes behaviors, indicating an effect on the brain,
       the release of neurotransmitters including monoamines and GABA, and an effect on dopamine.
    * Onaolapo & Onaolapo

  1307. OPLATOWSKA 2015 = abstract
    Food Colours: Existing and Emerging Food Safety Concerns.
    * Safety concerns. Oplatowska-Stachowiak, Elliott.

  1308. ORCHARD 1997
    Fixed drug eruption to tartrazine
    *allergy, food dye, tartrazine, Orchard, Varigos, Australia

  1309. ORDOUDI 2011
    Consideration of fluorescence properties for the direct determination of erythrosine in saffron in the presence of other synthetic dyes
    * Method to detect erythrosine (Red 3) and other food dyes in saffron.
    Ordoudi & Tsimidou. Greece

  1310. O'REILLY 1993
    Enzyme and Sulphur Oxidation Deficiencies in Autistic Children with Known Food/Chemical Intolerances
    * Phenol-sulphotransferase-P, phenol-sulfotransferase-p, PST.
    * Enzyme low in every child with autism and food/chemical intolerances.
    * Enzyme needed to metabolize phenols and amines. Low PST causes buildup of serotonin, doopamine, noradrenaline
    * octopamine, an inert neurotransmitter, can be created.
    * Low sulfate (sulphate) - may not make enough, or may be using it up on unknown toxin.
    * Test for PST with acetaminophen; gave children fever, low urine output, felt sick.
    * O'Reilly & Waring. UK

  1311. ORMEROD 1985
    Food sensitivity
    * Letter to the editor, British Medical Journal (scroll down page to see)
    * Salicylate intolerance, says that they are so ubiquitous they cannot be avoided
    * He thinks avoiding tartrazine and benzoates probably caused improvements.

  1312. ORNITZ 1992
    Prestimulation-induced Startle Modulation in Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disoider and Nocturnal Enuresis
    * ADHD, enuresis. Ornitz, Hanna, Traversay

  1313. ORNOY 1999
    Neurodevelopmental outcome at early school age of children born to mothers with gestational diabetes

  1314. OSGANIAN 1996
    Changes in the Nutrient Content of School Lunches: Results from the CATCH Eat Smart Food Service Intervention
    * Sodium increased. No change in cholesterol, carbohydrate, protein, fiber, sugar, calcium, iron, and some vitamins.
    * Calories reduced some, but still more than 1//3 RDA. Authors say total fat & saturated fat were reduced.
    *Osganian, Ebzery, Montgomery, Nicklas,Evans, Mitchell, Lytle, Snyder, Stone, Zive, Bachman, Rice, Parcel.

  1315. OSMAN 2004
    Synthetic organic food colouring agents and their degraded products: effects on human and rat cholinesterases.

  1316. OSMUNDSEN 1980
    Contact urticaria from nickel and plastic additives (Butylhydroxytoluene, oleylamide
    * allergy, BHT, BHA, Oleylamide, Denmark

  1317. OSTERGAARD 1998
    The applicability of the ADI (Acceptable Daily Intake) for food additives to infants and children
    * Author talks about vulnerability, higher metabolism in children, etc.
    * does NOT talk about the blood brain barrier which is not fully developed in infants.
    * Ostergaard & Knudsen. Denmark.

  1318. OSUJP 1988
    Risk Factors for Dental Fluorosis in a Fluoridated Community

  1319. OWEN 2009
    Aripiprazole in the Treatment of Irritability in Children and Adolescents With Autistic Disorder
    * Autism, drugs, Owen, Sikich, Marcus, Corey-Lisle, Manos, McQuade, Carson, Findling
    * CONCLUSION: Aripiprazole demonstrated significantly greater global improvements than placebo
    * SIDE EFFECTS: (see Table 3) in 91.5% including drooling (8.5%), tremor (8.5%), vomiting (15%), fatigue (21%), etc.
    * NOTE: Placebo group had received far more previous psych-meds than aripiprazole group(p.1537)

  1320. OWNBY 2002
    Exposure to dogs and cats in the first year of life and risk of allergic sensitization at 6 to 7 years of age.
    * asthma, allergens.
    * Exposure to 2 or more (but not 1) dogs or cats reduces risk of getting allergies by about half.
    * Ownby, Johnson, Peterson.

  1321. PACOR 2001
    Efficacy of leukotriene receptor antagonist in chronic urticaria. A double-blind, placebo-controlled comparison of treatment with montelukast and cetirizine in patients with chronic urticaria with intolerance to food additive and/or acetylsalicylic acid
    * urticaria, salicylates, food additives. Treatment with montelukast & cetirizine. Pacor, DeLorenzo, Corrocher. Italy.

  1322. PACOR 2003 (p. 958)
    Nickel sulphate, food additives and seronegative arthritis: is there any relationship?

  1323. PACOR 2004
    Monosodium benzoate hypersensitivity in subjects with persistent rhinitis
    * runny nose, sneezing, nasal blockage, can be triggered by additives including
        Yellow 5, monosodium glutamate (MSG), monosodium benzoate, Red 3, sodium metabisulphite (sulfites)
    * Pacor, Lorenzo, Martinelli, Mansueto, Rini, Corrocher. Italy.

  1324. PALILI 2010
    Inattention, Hyperactivity, Impulsivity—Epidemiology and Correlations: A Nationwide Greek Study From Birth to 18 Years

  1325. PALMER 2005
    School District Resources and Identification of Children With Autistic Disorder

  1326. PALMER 2011
    Severe Airway Epithelial Injury, Aberrant Repair and Bronchiolitis Obliterans Develops after Diacetyl Instillation in Rats
    * rats, popcorn lung, lung disease, toxins, artificial butter flavoring.
    * Palmer, Flake, Kelly, Zhang, Nugent, Kirby, Foley, Gwinn, Morgan.

  1327. PAN 2011
    Effects of Orange II and Sudan III azo dyes and their metabolites on Staphylococcus aureus
    * These azo dyes do (and don't) inhibit growth of the bacteria.
    * Some of the metabolites inhibited or completely stopped bacteria growth,
        but authors conclude they have "no significant effects on cell viability of the bacterium."
    * Pan, Feng, Cerniglia, Chen. See also PAN 2012

  1328. PAN 2012
    Evaluation of impact of exposure of Sudan azo dyes and their metabolites on human intestinal bacteria
    * Food dyes, carcinogenic, banned for food but used anyhow

  1329. PANDIR 2014
    DNA damage in human germ cell exposed to the some food additives in vitro
    * Sunset Yellow (Yellow 6) and Brilliant Blue (Blue 1) were toxic to human sperm cells at amounts used in food

  1330. PANGBORN 1997
    Peptidase Ensyme: Digestive Aid Project
    * Bionostics, Inc. Autism Research Institute, ARI, Klaire Lab, natural supplement to break down gluteomorphin and casomorphin peptides

  1331. PANKSEPP 2008
    Play, ADHD, and the Construction of the Social Brain: Should the first class each day be recess?

  1332. PANT 2010
    Environmental and experimental exposure of phthalate esters: The toxicological consequence on human sperm

  1333. PAOLI 2014
    Ketogenic Diet in Neuromuscular and Neurodegenerative Diseases
    * review, obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, parkinsons, als, alzheimer. Paoli, Bianco, Damiani, Bosco. Italy

  1334. PARACHIKOVA 2010
    Formulation of a Medical Food Cocktail for Alzheimer’s Disease: Beneficial Effects on Cognition and Neuropathology in a Mouse Model of the Disease

  1335. PARANJPE 1994
    Fluorosis in a Wild Cotton Rat (Sigmodon hispidus) Population Inhabiting a Petrochemical Waste Site

  1336. PARK 1990
    Induction of Hepatic Tumors with Butylated Hydroxyanisole [BHA] in the Self-fertilizing Hermaphroditic Fish Rivulus ocellatus marmoratus

  1337. PARK 1991
    Sodium Salicylate Sensitivity in an Asthmatic Patient with Aspirin Sensitivity
    * allergy, asthma, aspirin, tartrazine, Park, Suh, Cho, Korea

  1338. PARK 2000
    Aspirin-sensitive asthma: Recent advances in management
    * Nasal polyps, salicylate, tartrazine (yellow 5), sodium bisulphite. Korea.

  1339. PARK 2000
    Effectiveness of Food Fortification in the United States: The Case of Pellagra
    * "Results show the difficulty of evaluating the effectiveness of a single public health initiative such as food fortification without controlled experimental trials." Park, Sempos, Barton, Vanderveen, Yetley.

  1340. PARK 2008
    Dermatologic adverse reactions to 7 common food additives in patients with allergic diseases: A double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

  1341. PARK 2012
    Association between dietary behaviors and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and learning disabilities in school-aged children
    * "... a high intake of sweetened desserts, fried food, and salt is associated with more learning,
        attention, and behavioral problems ..."
    * Not surprising, considering the food dyes and flavorings usually added to sweetened desserts,
        and the MSG & flavorings added to salty fried foods (chips etc).

  1342. PARK 2013
    Nocturnal Enuresis Is Associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Conduct Problems
    * Korea. bedwetting, adhd,encopresis, conduct disorder, adhd, comorbidity, "assess together"

  1343. PARKINSON 1981
    Metabolic Fate of Food Colorants

  1344. PARTRIDGE 1986 - Letter to JAMA
    The Safety of Aspartame

  1345. PASCUAL 1999
    Management of Crystal Arthritis

  1346. PASTORELLO 1991
    Are Double-Blind Food Challenges Necessary Before Starting an Elimination Diet?
    * Author is sure that eliminating milk or "cereals" would cause deficiencies
    * Odd since most of human existence these were not eaten anyhow.
    * Pastorello, Pravettoni, Stocchi, Bigi,Schilke, Zanussi.

  1347. PATEL 2007
    A Comprehensive Approach to Treating Autism and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Prepilot Study

    • Foust 2003
    • Janicki 1973
    • Schulman 1976
    • Tibrewala 2003


  1348. PATERSON 2001
    Salicylic acid: a link between aspirin, diet and the prevention of colorectal cancer
    * Salicylates, aspirin, cancer, Paterson, Lawrence, UK.
    * Comparison of serum salicylate in vegetarians and people taking aspirin; why salicylates are healthy, if you tolerate them

  1349. PATERSON 2007
    Salicylates--it is not all bad news.(Research Briefs)

  1350. PATERSON 2008
    Salicylic Acid sans Aspirin in Animals and Man: Persistence in Fasting and Biosynthesis from Benzoic Acid
    * vegetarians have salicylates at levels like low-dose-aspirin. Benzoic acid leads to increase in urinary salicyluric acid. * Paterson, Baxter, Dreyer, Halket, Flynn, Lawrence. UK

  1351. PATRICK 2015
    Vitamin D and the omega-3 fatty acids control serotonin synthesis and action, part 2: relevance for ADHD, bipolar, schizophrenia, and impulsive behavior
    * all have common defect in serotonin regulation. Depression too.

  1352. PAWAR 2002
    Issues in the Formulation of Drugs for Oral Use in Children: Role of Excipients
    * Starch, lactose, calcium salt, citric acid, sodium bicarbonate
    * potassium bicarbonate, dextrose, cellulose, water, ethanol, alcohol, sucrose, sugar, glycerol, glycerin,
    * sweeteners, natural, artificial, coloring, dyes. Pawar & Kumar

  1353. PEACOCK 2011
    Childhood diet and behavioural problems: results from the ALSPAC cohort
    * junkfood diet appeared to be related to behavior problems but not after adjusting for baseline difficulties and other confounders. Peacock, Lewis, Northstone, Wiles. UK.
    * SEE Wiles 2009

  1354. PEARSON 1993
    Food intolerance and Crohn's disease
    * 48% identified food sensitivity but only 15% of those reacted to blind challenge (dose?) so authors say not worth it.
    * Pearson, Teahon, Levi, Bjarnason.

  1355. PEET 2001
    Two double-blind placebo-controlled pilot studies of eicosapentaenoic acid in the treatment of schizophrenia.
    * EPA (omega-3) essential fatty acid treatment was superior to DHA & placebo.
    * Peet, Brind, Ramchand, Shah, Vankar. India.

  1356. PEIPERL 1995
    Determination of Combined Benzidine in FD&C Yellow No. 6 (Sunset Yellow FCF)

  1357. PELLEGRINI 2005
    The Role of Recess in Children’s Cognitive Performance and School Adjustment

  1358. PELLETIER 2013
    Positive attitudes toward organic, local, and sustainable foods are associated with higher dietary quality among young adults
    * Suggest manipulating attitudes toward alternative food production to improve dietary quality. Pelletier, Laska, Neumark-Sztainer, Story.

  1359. PELLOW 2011
    Complementary and Alternative Medical Therapies for Children with Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
    *ADHD, CAM, review, Pellow, Solomon, Barnard

  1360. PELSSER 2008
    A randomised controlled trial into the effects of food on ADHD.

  1361. PELSSER 2009
    ADHD as a (non)allergic hypersensitivity disorder: A Hypothesis

  1362. PELSSER 2010
    Effects of food on physical and sleep complaints in children with ADHD: a randomised controlled pilot study.

  1363. PELSSER 2011
    Effects of a restricted eimination diet on the behaviour of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (INCA study): a randomised controlled trial
    *See Mullins 2011 and Adesman 2011 for criticisms, and letter to Barkley. Lancet

  1364. PELSSER 2011 (reply)
    Author's reply and correction for Lancet article

  1365. PELSSER 2012
    Letter to Barkley re his criticism of above study

  1366. PELSSER 2011 Dissertation
    ADHD, a Food-Induced Hypersensitivity Syndrome: in Quest of a Cause: The effects of a restricted elimination diet (RED) on ADHD, ODD and comorbid somatic complaints, and a preliminary survey of the mechanisms of an RED

  1367. PELSSER 2011 - comment by Ghuman
    Restricted elimination diet for ADHD: the INCA study

  1368. PELSSER 2012
    A randomized controlled pilot study into the effects of a restricted elimination diet on family structure in families with ADHD and ODD
    * adhd, family environment, diet, Pelsser, van Steign, Frankena, Toorman, Buitelaar, Rommelse. Netherlands

  1369. PELTO 1998
    Milk hypersensitivity - key to poorly defined gastrointestinal symptoms in adults
    * Lactose intolerance common in adults. Milk hypersensitivity different & more common than thought in adults.
    * Salminen, Lilius, Nuutila, Isolauri. Finland.

  1370. PENG 2009
    Systemic administration of an antagonist of the ATP-sensitive receptor P2X7 improves recovery after spinal cord injury.
    * Blue 1 (Brilliant Blue) as medicine. rats. Peng, Cotrina, Han, Yu, Bekar, Blum, Takano, Tian, Goldman, Nedergaard.

  1371. PENNESI 2012
    Effectiveness of the gluten-free, casein-free diet for children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder: Based on parental report
    *autism, gfcf, diet, casein, gluten, children, food allergy, Pennesi, Klein, PA State U

  1372. PEPELJNJAK 2005
    Toxic effects of Ustilago maydis and fumonisin B1 in rats
    * U. maydis is a fungus on corn called corn smut. Eaten in Mexico & used to induce labor. Chefs have tried to introduce it in US.
    * fumonisin B1 is a atoxin produced by fusarium mold, mainly in corn, wheat, etc.
    * Toxic to liver & heart, related to esophageal cancer.
    * In study, rats eating the toxins were hyperactive. Showed "gross pathological changes in liver, lungs, uterus, and ovaries."
    * Both showed neurotoxicity. Pepeljnjak, Petrik, Klaric. Croatia.

  1373. PEPINO 2015 -- ABSTRACT
    Metabolic effects of non-nutritive sweeteners.
    * Non-nutritive sweeteners (sucralose, aspartame, etc.) drive metabolic dysregulation, causwe obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes.

  1374. PERERA 1987
    Free Radical Injury and Liver Tumor Promotion (BHT)

  1375. PERERA 2014
    Early-Life Exposure to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and ADHD Behavior Problems
    * Pollution, neurotoxins. Perera, Chang, Tang, Roen, Herbstman, Margolis, Huang, Miller, Wang, Rauh.

    The Human Figure Drawing as Related to Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

  1377. PEREZ-G 2002
    Aspirin and Salicylates Inhibit the IL-4- and IL-13-Induced Activation of STAT6
    -- in his abstract, he says "the decreased use of aspirin has been hypothesized to contribute to the increase in childhood asthma." From the experience of Feingold members, this does not actually make sense, and we have a little trouble believing that the increase in asthma could be induced by an "aspirin deficiency." However, the study is very technical, and if someone reading this could explain it to me, I would appreciate it.

  1378. PERKINS 1991
    Asperger's syndrome: who is being abused?
    * Case reports. Impact of kid's diagnosis on parents. Misdoagnosis of abuse in several. Perkins & Wolkind.

  1379. PEROLD 2010
    Primary school teachers’ knowledge and misperceptions of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
    * They claim that 65.2% of teachers "incorrectly believed that reducing dietary intake of sugar or food additives will effectively reduce the symptoms of ADHD"
    * They quote Barkley extensively (he who has never actually done any research on ADHD and diet). Perold, Louw, Kleynhans. S. Africa

  1380. PERRIN 1999
    Changing patterns of conditions among children receiving supplemental security income disability benefits.
    * Chonic conditions increased 1989 to 1992, especially asthma & adhd. Perrin, Kuhlthau, McLaughlin, Ettner, Gortmaker.

  1381. PERRY 1996
    Health effects of salicylates in foods and drugs
    * Claims evidence for ADHD effect is "weak" but there is good info in here.
    * Tables of salicylate amounts in drugs and various foods.
    * Salicylate content of "Western" diet estimated at 10 -200 mg/day
    * In decade from 1960 - 1970, additives increased salicylate exposure another 35 mg/day
    * Perry, Dwyer, Gelfand, Couris, McCloskey

  1382. PERRY 2004
    A Randomized School Trial of Environmental Strategies to Encourage Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among Children

    PERRY 2001 - See FDA Petition to delist Yellow 5

  1383. PERSSON 2001
    Book: Chapter 3. Major Health Problems
    (discussion of Stress)

  1384. PERTUSSIS CME 2011
    CDC Update Whooping Cough Vaccine Recommendations

  1385. PESKIND 1998
    Sodium Lactate and Hypertonic Sodium Chloride Induce Equivalent Panic Incidence, Panic Symptoms, and Hypernatremia in Panic Disorder
    * Large sodium load of hypertonic sodium chloride or lactate induces panic in panic disorder.
    * Peskind, Jensen, Pascualy, Tsuang, Cowley, Martin, Wilkinson, Raskind.

  1386. PESTANA 2010
    Safety of ingestion of yellow tartrazine by double-blind placebo controlled challenge in 26 atopic adults
    Note: They don't see any problems with the Tartrazine, but then they only used 35 mg on adults and introduced even that in small increments over a 3-meal space of time.

  1387. PETERS 1996
    Glutathione Conjugates of tert-Butyl-hydroquinone, a Metabolite of the Urinary Tract Tumor Promoter 3-tert-Butyl-hydroxyanisole, are Toxic to Kidney and Bladder
    * TBHQ

  1388. PETERS 2010
    Best friends’ preference and popularity: Associations with aggression and prosocial behavior

  1389. PETROVSKY 2004
    Vaccine adjuvants: Current state and future trends
    * antigens, adjuvants, alum, Alzheimers, Th1, Th2. Petrovsky & Aguilar. Cuba, Australia.

  1390. PETRUS 1996
    Asthme et intolerance aux benzoates
    * case study of girl with asthma found sensitive to bisulfite and sodium benzoate - when avoided, asthma relieved.
    * Both additives had been in her asthma medicine. Petrus, Bonaz, Causse, Rhabbour, Moulie, Netter, bildstein. France

  1391. PEZZE 2014
    Too Little and Too Much: Hypoactivation and Disinhibition of Medial Prefrontal Cortex Cause Attentional Deficits
    * ADHD, schizophrenia, GABA, doopamine. Pezze, McGarrity, Mason, Fone, Bast. UK

  1392. PFEIFFER 1995
    Efficacy of Vitamin B6 and Magnesium in the Treatment of Autism: A Methodology Review and Summary of Outcomes
    *autism, vitamins, review, Pfeiffer, Norton, Nelson, Shott

    California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment.
    Last date mentioned in this paper is 2002.
    It seems to be filed with Prop.65 documents.
    Website address:

  1394. PHILLIPS 2001 "In this issue" - Journal of Experimental Biology
    Running Through the Generations
    - selecting rats for speed may lead to new therapies for children with ADHD

  1395. PHILLIPS 2006
    Fetal programming of autonomic and HPA function: do people who were small babies have enhanced stress responses?

  1396. PHTHALATE 2011
    Report on Carcinogens, Twelfth Edition: Di(2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate
    * DEHP, plasticizer in 40% of medical devices, 30% consumer goods, 30% construction apps;
    * Used in pesticides, electric capacitors, to detect leaks in respirators, testing air filtration.
    * Promoter of liver tumors in mice, detected in drinking water, ground-water, seawater, urine of exposed workers after shifts.
    * Voluntary standard now that pacifiers, rattles, teethers "shall not intentionally contain DEHP."

  1397. PINKUS 1996 - TBHQ
    Role of Oxidants and Antioxidants in the Induction of AP-1, NF-kB, and Glutathione S-Transferase Gene Expression

  1398. PLATZEK 1999
    Formation of a carcinogenic aromatic amine from an azo dye by human skin bacteria in vitro.
    * food dye

  1399. PLOPPER 2007
    Asthma/Allergic Airways Disease: Does Postnatal Exposure to Environmental Toxicants Promote Airway Pathobiology?

  1400. POLAK 1968
    The Reconstitution of Flavors

  1401. POLLOCK 1989
    Survey of Colourings and Preservatives in Drugs
    *Coloring, Food dyes, pharmaceutical, additives, Pollock, Young, Stoneham, Slater, Wilkinson, Warner

  1402. POLLOCK 1990
    Effect of artificial food colours on childhood behaviour
    * 39 children started, but only 19 completed study. Some were retarded. Used 125 mg mixed food dyes in capsules as the challenge.
    * 50 mg Yellow 5, 24 Mg. Yellow 6, 25 mg carmoisine, 25 mg amaranth. Parents assessed behavior weekly .... 2 didn't fill out any forms. Pollock, Warner

  1403. POLONIO 2009- in Portuguese
    Food additive intake and health effects: public health challenges in Brazil

  1404. PONSA 2009
    Absence of cytogenetic effects in children and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder treated with methylphenidate
    * Ritalin, cancer, methylphenidate, chromosome changes. Ponsa, Ramos-Quiroga, Ribases, Bosch, Bielsa, Ordeig, Morell, Miro, de Cid, Estivill, Casas, Bayes, Cormand, Hervas. Spain.

  1405. POPE 1996
    Adverse health effects of air pollutants in a nonsmoking population.
    * Utah, steel mill, respiratory, cardiovascular.

  1406. POSNER 2009
    Tyrosine Supplements for ADHD Symptoms With Comorbid Phenylketonuria
    * Letter to Editor, tyrosine helps ADHD w/PKU

  1407. POSTMA 2011
    Rural children’s exposure to well water contaminants: Implications in light of the American Academy of Pediatrics’ recent policy statement
    * private wells, testing, contamination, radon, arsenic, chromium, trichloroethylene, nitrates.
    * Postma, Butterfield, Odom-Maryon, Hill, Butterfield.

  1408. POTERA 2010
    The Artificial Food Dye Blues

  1409. POTTEGARD 2014
    First-Trimester Exposure to Methylphenidate: A Population-Based Cohort Study
    * risk of major birth defects less than twice as much as no drug, so it is okay.
    * Pottegard, Hallas, Andersen, Lokkegaard, Dideriksen, Aagaard, Damkier, Denmark.

  1410. POTTEGARD 2014
    Children’s relative age in class and use of medication for ADHD: a Danish Nationwide Study
    * They found no age-connection to stimulant meds. But they also hold back younger children, and they only use any stimulant meds for 1.2% of children anyhow.
    * Pottegard, Hallas, Hernandez-Diaz, Zoega. Denmark & Iceland

  1411. POULIN 2001
    Medical and nonmedical stimulant use among adolescents: from sanctioned to unsanctioned use

    1. SAFER 2002 - complains about POULIN paper
      Adolescent stimulant use

  1412. POWELL 2007
    Dietary microparticles and their impact on tolerance and immune responsiveness of the gastrointestinal tract

  1413. POWELL 2010
    Long-Term Treatment of ADHD With Stimulants: A Large Observational Study of Real-Life Patients

    Practice Parameters for the Assessment and Treatment of Children, Adolescents, and Adults With Attention- Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

    What they say about diet therapy - and please note that this is the information that the FDA uses today - 2009 - to justify their refusal to remove the food dyes from American products. Note the age of the studies cited, and the fact that they claim the Rowe & Rowe 1994 study showed "A small number of children may respond negatively to tartrazine, a synthetic food dye." In that Rowe study, the percent of 200 children responding to diet was 75%. The percent of those reacting to a single dye challenge (and showing a dose-response) was 82.6% - how did this metamorphose into a "small number?" And one more thing ... don't miss the last sentence, in which they warn physicians not to "disrupt the therapeutic alliance." Now how condescending is that? Read it all for yourself here:

    "Dietary Interventions
    Since the mid-1970s, the advocates of dietary treatment of behavioral problems have been remarkably persistent (Rimland, 1983) despite the lack of scientific evidence. A variety of food additives and food allergens have been proposed as contributory or even causal in childhood hyperactivity. Reviews of the methodologically adequate studies show that, at most, 5% of hyperactive children may show behavioral or cognitive improvement on the additive-free Kaiser-Permanente or Feingold diets, but these changes are not as dramatic as those induced by stimulants (Kavale and Forness, 1983; Mattes, 1983; Wender, 1986). The only characteristic associated with greater likelihood of response is age less than 6 years. A small number of children may respond negatively to tartrazine, a synthetic food dye (Rowe and Rowe, 1994). Parents and some primary care practitioners find dietary treatment appealing because it is more "natural" than medication, but special diets require extra work and often additional expense for a family that is already strained by a child's behavior problems. Considering the minimal evidence of efficacy and the extreme difficulty inducing children and adolescents to comply with restricted diets, dietary treatment should not be recommended, except possibly with preschool children. Families who insist on trying a diet should be permitted to do so, if the diet is nutritionally sound, because initial attempts to dissuade them may disrupt the therapeutic alliance."

    Quote from Practice Parameters 2007, p. 903:

    The 1997 practice parameter (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 1997) extensively reviewed a variety of nonpharmacological interventions for ADHD other than behavior therapy, including cognitive-behavioral therapy and dietary modification. No evidence was found at that time to support these interventions in patients with ADHD, and no studies have appeared since then that would justify their use.

  1415. PRAPUTPITTAYA 2003
    Visual Performance in Monosodium Glutamate-Treated Rats
    * MSG, rats, dose-dependent visual deficits, brain function. Praputpittaya, Wililak. Thailand.
    PRESTON 2005 -- see El Zein 2005

  1416. PRICE 1988
    Height of primary school children and parents' perceptions of food intolerance
    * children with food intolerance are shorter. Price, Rona, Chinn. UK

  1417. PRICE 1989
    Genetic Polymorphism for Human Platelet Thermostable Phenol Sulfotransferase (TS PST) Activity
    * Inheritance (genes) control activity level and thermal stability of PST enzyme used for sulfate conjugation.
    * Price, Spielman, Lucena, Van Loom, Maidak, Weinshilboum.

  1418. PRICE 1990 - abstract
    Associations of excessive irritability with common illnesses and food intolerance

  1419. PRICE 2010
    Prenatal and infant exposure to thimerosal from vaccines and immunoglobulins and risk of autism

  1420. PRINZ 1980
    Dietary correlates of hyperactive behavior in children. (found link to sugar but not dyes)

  1421. PUCKERING 2010
    Rebuilding relationships: A pilot study of the effectiveness of the Mellow Parenting Programme for children with Reactive Attachment Disorder

  1422. PULLEN 2011
    Psychiatric Comorbidity in Children and Adolescents with Restless Legs Syndrome: A Retrospective Study
    * 64% of children with restless legs have ADHD, mood disturbance, anxiety, etc. All were on antidepressants, stimulants
    * possible causative connection not discussed. Pullen, Wall, Angstman, Munitz, Kotagal.

  1423. PYNNONEN 2005 - see also VERKASALO 2005
    Gluten-free diet may alleviate depressive and behavioural symptoms in adolescents with coeliac disease: a prospective follow-up case-series study.

  1424. QI 2010
    Artificial food colorants inhibit superoxide production in differentiated HL-60 cells

  1425. QI 2011
    Simian virus 40 transformation, malignant mesothelioma and brain tumors
    * polio vaccines, cancer, contaminated vaccines. Qi, Carbone, Yang, Gaudino.

  1426. QIN 2011
    What made Canada become a country with the highest incidence of inflammatory bowel disease: Could sucralose be the culprit?
    * ulcerative colitis, crohn's disease, Splendaqin

  1427. QUINES 2014
    Monosodium glutamate, a food additive, induces depressive-like and anxiogenic-like behaviors in young Rats
    * MSG-treated rats are more susceptible to develop anxiogenic- and depressive-like behaviors, which could be related to a dysfunction in the serotonergic system.
    * Quines, Rosa, Da Rocha, Gai, Bortolatto, Duarte, Nogueira. Brazil.

  1428. QUINTERO 2009 || English Abstract
    Nutritional aspects of attention-deficit/hyperactive disorder (article in Spanish)

  1429. RABINER 2005 - article
    Dietary intervention for ADHD: a meta analysis
    * Article re new meta analysis admitting that diet "works" but with many caveats about why it is not real useful .... note that it is supported by McNeal Pharmaceuticals and Kurzweil Educational systems -- both benefit from ADHD financially.

  1430. RABINOFF 2007
    Pharmacological and chemical effects of cigarette additives
    * Tobacco, nicotine, acetaldehyde

  1431. RABY 1995
    The Examination of the Link Between Pesticides in Food and Learning Disorders in Children

  1432. RADNAI 2009
    Benefits of Periodontal Therapy When Preterm Birth Threatens

  1433. RAFALOVICH 2001
    Disciplining domesticity: Framing the ADHD parent and child
    * Details of how Feingold had mothers document behavior during diet implementation

  1434. RAJAN 2014
    Prevalence of Sensitivity to Food and Drug Additives in Patients With Chronic Idiopathic Urticaria
    * Rajan, Simon, Bosso. skin rash.
    * Conclusion: Food additives rarely cause urticaria.
    * Patients continued on medication during trials of Yellow 5, Yellow 6, MSG, aspartame, sodium benzoate, sulfite, BHT, BHA, nitrite so reaction had to OVERCOME MEDS.
    * Of 100 patients, only 43 had any history of food additive reactions.

  1435. RALOFF 1983
    Locks - a Key to Violence?
    * Article about William Walsh, & Robert Thatcher; bio-behavioral research, chemical imbalance, criminal violence
    * criminals high in lead, cadmium, iron, calcium, low in zinc; high sodium + low copper or     low sodium + high copper; low cobalt (needed for Vitamin B12)
    * Barbara Reed, Schoenthaler featured in box

  1436. RAJAN 2014
    Prevalence of Sensitivity to Food and Drug Additives in Patients With Chronic Idiopathic Urticaria
    * 100 patients, 11 additives including yellow 5, sulfite, MSG, aspartame, sodium benzoate, BHA, BHT, Yellow 6, nitrate, nitrite.
    * only 2 had reactions.... antihistamines were used during time of challenge!!
    * single blind screening: all additives at one time. Only 2 reacted.
    * Double blind for these two: 1 additive at a time, and none reacted.

  1437. RANDHAWA 2009
    Hypersensitivity reactions to food additives
    * food additives, atopic, allergy, skin, gi, elimination diet. Randhawa, Bahna.

  1438. RANGAN 2009
    Food Additives and Sensitivities
    * general information, see list of banned addtiives (Table 1) and food storage recommendations (Table 2)
    * Rangan (Pediatric toxicologist, poison control), Barceloux (Medical toxicology - See his publications)

  1439. RAO 2004
    Exposure assessment to synthetic food colours of a selected population in Hyderabad, India
    * Food dyes - children eating more than ADI of tartrazine, sunset yellow and erythrosine (yellow 5, 6, red 3)
    * Rao, Bhat, Sudershan, Krishna, Naidu, India

  1440. RAO 2008
    Role of vitamin B12 in depressive disorder — a case report
    * vitamin; symptoms can include depression, apathy, irritability, dementia, catatonia, delirium, hallucinations
    * Rao, Kumar, Raman, Sivakumar, Pandey. India.

  1441. RAPOPORT 1978
    Dextroamphetamine: Cognitive and Behavioral Effects in Normal Prepubertal Boys

  1442. RAPOPORT 1986
    Diet and hyperactivity (re sugar, see page 3)

  1443. RAPOPORT 2013
    Pediatric psychopharmacology: too much or too little?
    * ADHD, enuresis, depression, anxiety, OCD, psychoses; overtreated, stem cells, medications; "it is apparent that there was over-acceptance of drug treatment"

  1444. RAPPLEY 1999
    Diagnosis of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Use of Psychotropic Medication in Very Young Children.

  1445. RAPPORT 2002
    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Methylphenidate: A dose-response analysis and parent-child comparison of somatic complaints

  1446. RASKIN 1992
    Salicylate, A New Plant Hormone
    * Description of activity of salicylate in plants. Ortho-hydroxybenzoic acid = salicylate

  1447. RATHEE 2012
    Bisphenol A in dental sealants and its estrogen like effect
    *hormone disruptors, BPA. Rathee, Malik, Singh. India.

  1448. REASON 1999
    ADHD: A Psychological Response to an Evolving Concept :(Report of a Working Party of the British Psychological Society)

  1449. Red 3
    Red 3: Erythrosine - WHO Additives Series 19
    * Note: Man given only 10 mg for 10 days = increase of protein bound iodine in blood; took 3 months to get back to normal.
    * Food dye, IPCS Inchem, iodine, iodide, thyroid, rats, mice, man, mutagenic effect

  1450. Red 40:
    EPA: Test Plan for Red 40

  1451. Red 40:
    FEDERAL REGISTER: International Trade Commission, Allura Red Coloring from India - determinations
    * US company complained that importing subsidized Red 40 cheaply from India would harm them (the company), but the anti-dumpling conference determined it was okay.

  1452. Red 40
    EFSA: Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation of Allura Red AC (E 129) as a food additive

  1453. Red 40 - Tests & Information submitted to the EPA
    * By The International Association of Color Manufacturers/HPV Committee

  1454. Red 76
    Opinion of the Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products Intended for Consumers Concerning Basic Red 76

  1455. REICHELT 1997
    The possible role of peptides derived from food proteins in diseases of the nervous system
    * gluten, casein, autism, schizophrenia, antibodies

  1456. REICHELT 2009
    The possibility and probability of a gut-to-brain connection in autism.

  1457. REICHELT 2012
    Peptides’ role in autism with emphasis on exorphins
    * autism, gluten, casein, gliadin, peptides - if you aren't into technical info, go right to Page 6.
    * Reichelt, Tveiten, Knivsberg, & Brønstad

  1458. REID 1999
    Multiple chemical sensitivity-is the environment really to blame?

  1459. REILLY 2000
    Toothpaste Allergy With Intractable Perioral Rash in a IO-year old Boy
    * child, allergy, contact dermatitis, flavorings, sodium benzoate, aluminum, sodium lauryl sulfate, propylene glycol, rash, perioral rash. Reilly, VcCarthy.

  1460. REINER 2007
    Synthetic Musk Fragrances in Human Milk from the United States
    *Perfumes, deodorants, detergents, wildlife, environment, breast milk, musk xylene,Reiner, Wong, Arcaro, Kannan.

  1461. RENWICK 2003
    Risk characterisation of chemicals in food and diet
    * (61 pages), ILSI (successor to Nutrition Foundation, an industry organization)
    * Page 1261-1262: list of participants, including several universities, institutes of public health, World Health Organization,
    * AND: NutraSweet, Coca-Cola, Masterfoods, Red Bull, Proctor & Gamble, Ajinomoto, Unilever, Nestle, etc.

  1462. REUS 2000 - abstract
    Food additives as a cause of medical symptoms: relationship shown between sulfites and asthma and anaphylaxis; results of a literature review]

  1463. REUTER 2003
    Placebo Adverse Events in Headache Trials: Headache as an Adverse Event of Placebo

  1464. REYES 1996 - abstract
    Effect of organic synthetic food colours on mitochondrial respiration (abstract only)

  1465. REZNIK 2004
    Inner-City Availability of Preservative-Containing Albuterol

  1466. RIBAS-FITO 2007
    Exposure to Hexachlorobenzene during Pregnancy and Children's Social Behavior at 4 Years of Age

  1467. RICAURTE 2005
    Amphetamine Treatment Similar to That Used in the Treatment of Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Damages Dopaminergic Nerve Endings in the Striatum of Adult Nonhuman Primates

  1468. RICE 1992 - abstract
    Behavioral effects of lead in monkeys tested during infancy and adulthood.

  1469. RICE 1996
    Behavioral effects of lead: commonalities between experimental and epidemiologic data.
    *lead toxicity, IQ, behavior, learning disability, adhd, Rice

  1470. RICE 1996
    Lessons for neurotoxicology from selected model compounds: SGOMSEC joint report.
    *behavior, animals, lead poisoning, psychology, mercury, toxicity

  1471. RICE 1997 - abstract
    Effects of postnatal exposure to a PCB mixture in monkeys on nonspatial discrimination reversal and delayed alternation performance.

  1472. RICE 1998 - abstract
    Effects of postnatal exposure of monkeys to a PCB mixture on spatial discrimination reversal and DRL performance.
    Toxins resulting in behavioral effects

  1473. RICE 1999 - abstract
    Behavioral impairment produced by low-level postnatal PCB exposure in monkeys.
    Toxins resulting in behavioral effects

  1474. RICE 1999 - abstract
    Effects of postnatal exposure of monkeys to a PCB mixture on concurrent random interval-random interval and progressive ratio performance.

  1475. RICE 2000
    Parallels between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and behavioral deficits produced by neurotoxic exposure in monkeys.
    *adhd, hyperactivity, animals

  1476. RICE 2000
    Critical periods of vulnerability for the developing nervous system: evidence from humans and animal models.
    *Toxins resulting in behavioral effects, Rice, Barone

  1477. RICE 2003
    Methods and rationale for derivation of a reference dose for methylmercury by the U.S.EPA
    *mercury, poisoning, neurological, neurotoxicity, Rice, Schoeny, Mahaffey

  1478. RICE 2009
    Behavioral Changes in Aging but Not Young Mice after Neonatal Exposure to the Polybrominated Flame Retardant DecaBDE
    *polybrominated diphenyl ethers, mice, Rice, Thompson, Reeve, Onos, Assadollahzadeh, Markowski

  1479. RICE 2010
    Concentration of metals in blood of Maine children 1–6 years old
    *lead, children, Rice, Lincoln, Martha, Parker, Pote, Xing, Smith

  1480. RICHARDSON 2002
    A randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the effects of supplementation with highly unsaturated fatty acids on ADHD-related symptoms in children with specific learning difficulties

  1481. RICHARDSON 2005
    The Oxford-Durham Study: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Dietary Supplementation With Fatty Acids in Children With Developmental Coordination Disorder

  1482. RICHARDSON 2006
    Omega-3 fatty acids in ADHD and related neurodevelopmental disorders
    *brain, adhd, dyslexia, developmental coordination disorder, autism. fish oil

  1483. RICHTERS 1995
    NIMH Collaborative Multisite Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD: 1. Background and Rationale
    * Multimodal treatment study (MTA)
    * Richters, Arnold, Jensen, Abikoff, Conners, Greenhill, Hechtman, Hinshaw, Pelham, Swanson.

  1484. RIDDLE 2007
    Therapeutic doses of amphetamine and methylphenidate selectively redistribute the vesicular monoamine transporter-2
    * Differences in how amphetamine (Adderall) and methylphenidate (Ritalin) work.
    * Riddle, Hanson, Fleckenstein. See also Sandoval 2002

  1485. RILEY 2005
    Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: An Overview with Emphasis on Changes in Brain and Behavior

  1486. RIMLAND 1972
    Comment on Ward's "Early Infantile Autism"
    *See Ward 1970

  1487. RIMLAND 1983
    Hair mineral analysis and behavior: An analysis of 51 studies.
    * "Finally, although the original intent of this paper was to be descriptive rather than prescriptive,
        we feel that our findings demonstrate the need for vigorous, biologically-based programs of
        research on prevention and treatment."
    * Rimland, Larson.

  1488. RIMLAND 1995
    Brief Report: A Pilot Study of Auditory Integration Training in Autism
    * Autism, AIT, Rimland, Edelson
    * Results: "Thus, the experimental group showed a significant pattern of improvement over time for both the ABC and the FAPC criteria while the control group showed no significant change."

  1489. RIMLAND 1996
    Brief Report: Alternative Approaches to the Development of Effective Treatments for Autism
    * Autism, list of drugs used and responses, Rimland, Baker

  1490. RIMLAND 1996
    Vitamin B6 in autism: the safety issue
    * article Vol. 10 Autism Research Review International

  1491. RIMLAND 1997
    What is the right 'dosage' for Vitamin B6, DMG, and other nutrients useful in autism?
    * article Vol. 11 Autism Research Review International

  1492. RIMLAND 1998
    High Dose Vitamin B6 and Magnesium in Treating Autism: Response to study by Ffindling et al.
    * Autism, vitamins, see FINDLING 1997 - also see Findling's answer on page 2

  1493. RIMLAND 1998a
    Critique of "Efficacy of Vitamin B6 and Magnesium in the Treatment of Autism
    * Comment on PFEIFFER 1995

  1494. RIMLAND 2000
    Editorial: The Autism Epidemic, Vaccinations, and Mercury

  1495. RIMLAND 2000b
    Comments on “Secretin and Autism: A Two-Part Clinical Investigation” by M. G. Chez et al.
    *autism, secretin

  1496. RIMLAND 2002
    Vaccines and Autism
    * Autism, vaccinations, mercury, MMR, Rimland, McGinnis

  1497. RIMLAND 2003
    Commentary: Autism-Related Language, Personality, and Cognition in People with Absolute Pitch: Results of the Preliminary Study
    *Autism, perfect pitch, comment on Brown 2003

  1498. RIMLAND 2004
    Association between thimerosal-containing vaccine and autism
    *Response to HVIID 2003 pointing out his affiliation with Statens Serum, maker of the vaccine under study, where vaccines are 80% of income

  1499. RIPPERE 1984 - abstract
    Some varieties of food intolerance in psychiatric patients: an overview.

  1500. RIPPERE 1985
    Validity of alternative allergy practices Letter to the Editor re David studies

  1501. RISHER 2002
    Organic mercury compounds: human exposure and its relevance to public health
    - pg 118 - says kids got MMR with mercury in the Madsen study. MMR does not contain mercury.

  1502. ROBERTS 1920
    Pellagra: Its symptoms and treatment
    * Detailed description of symptoms. Suggestion it is related to "bad food."
    * Quotes Dr. Celsus: "The part of the true physician is to go in and sit down beside the patient and chat for a few moments."

  1503. ROBERTS 2003
    Food allergy and asthma - what is the link?
    * Food can induce bronchospasm. Roberts & Lack. UK.

  1504. ROBERTSON 1972
    Salicylic Acid in Fresh and Canned Fruit and Vegetables
    * salicylates, early study before Swain

  1505. ROBERTSON 2000
    Review: Tourette Syndrome, Associated Conditions and the Complexities of Treatment.

  1506. ROBINSON 1992
    Food sensitivity and the nervous system: hyperactivity, addiction and criminal behaviour.
    * * Robinson & Ferguson. Scotland. Review of several studies.

  1507. ROBSON 1997
    enuresis in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
    *ADHD, enuresis, bed wetting, Robson, Jackson, Blackhurst, Leung
    *Concluding: "Physicians who treat patients with ADHD should routinely inquire about the presence of enuresis."

  1508. RODENBURG 2005
    Psychopathology in Children with Epilepsy: A Meta-Analysis

  1509. RODRIGUEZ 2010
    The effects of chronic methylphenidate administration on operant test battery performance in juvenile rhesus monkeys

  1510. ROGERS-COTRONE 2010
    Vacuolation of Sensory Ganglion Neuron Cytoplasm in Rats with Long-term Exposure to Organophosphates - pesticides

  1511. ROGGE 2003
    Protecting Children from Chemical Exposure: Social Work and U.S. Social Welfare Policy
    * asthma, leukemia, other diseases related to over 70,000 chemicals.
    * protecting current and future generations from environmental contaminants.
    Toxins, lead. Rogge, Combs-Orme

  1512. ROJAS 2005
    Old and new controversies in the alternative treatment of attention deficit Hyperactivity disorder
    *CAM, adhd, eeg, yoga, massage, homeopathy, sugar, food additives, food color, preservatives, Feingold, biofeedback, Rojas, Chan, Children's Hospital, Boston

  1513. ROJAS 2011
    Previous adult attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder symptoms and risk of dementia with Lewy bodies: a case–control study
    *adhd, dementia, lewy body, dopamine, Alzheimer, Golimstok, Rojas, Romano, Zurru, DOctorovich, Cristiano, Argentina

  1514. ROMANO 1986
    Studies on the Mechanisms by Which Tumor Promoters Stimulate the Growth of Primary Neonatal Rat Hepatocytes"
    Note: BHT is one of the "established tumor promoters" tested and found similar to the others.

  1515. ROMANOS 2011
    Itches and Scratches - Is There a Link Between Eczema, ADHD, Sleep Disruption and Food Hypersensitivity?

  1516. ROMM 2003
    Women and Depression: A Phytotherapist's Approach

  1517. ROMMELSE 2013
    Is there a future for restricted elimination diets in ADHD clinical practice?
    * comment that if response to diet is placebo, it is the "largest and most dramatic placebo-effect documented thus far in ADHD research"
    * Rommelse, Buitelaar, Heidelberg.

  1518. ROS 1976
    A follow-up study of patients with recurrent urticaria and hypersensitivity to aspirin, benzoates and azo dyes
    * allergy, food dyes, salicylates, benzoates, urticaria, Ros, Juhlin, Michaelsson, Sweden

  1519. ROSE 1978
    The Functional Relationship Between Artificial Food Colors and Hyperactivity.
    Small double-blind study, carefully done - but they used only 1.2 mg food dye per day!!! and actually got results that they could see!!

  1520. ROTHE 2005
    Considering Cultural Diversity in the Management of ADHD in Hispanic Patients
    *adhd, race, hispanic, ritalin

  1521. ROULEAU 1999
    Inactivation of Brassinosteroid Biological Activity by a Salicylate-inducible Steroid Sulfotransferase from Brassica napus

  1522. ROVNER 2011
    Food Sold in School Vending Machines Is Associated With Overall Student Dietary Intake
    * "Vending machines in schools was negatively associated with fruit consumption."
    * "Schools are in a powerful position to influence the diets of children"
    * Rovner, Nansel, Wang, Iannotti

  1523. ROWE 1984
    Annotation: Food Additives
    * Feingold diet, flavor, color, preservatives, hyperactive, adhd

  1524. ROWE 1988
    Synthetic food colourings and "hyperactivity": a double-blind crossover study

  1525. ROWE 1994
    Synthetic food coloring and behavior: a dose response effect in a double-blind placebo-controlled repeated measures study

  1526. ROWLAND 2002
    Prevalence of medication treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity-disorder among elementary school children in Johnston County, NC
    * 10% of children had adhd diagnosis. Rowland, Umbach, Stallone, Naftel, Bohlig, Sandler.

    Action plan on food allergies and intolerances launched
    New European ‘Network of Excellence’ to combat allergies

  1528. RUCKLIDGE 2009
    Successful treatment of OCD with a micronutrient formula following partial response to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): A case study

  1529. RUCKLIDGE 2009
    Nutrient supplementation approaches in the treatment of ADHD
    * zinc, carnitine, pycnogenol, efa, vitamins, magnesium, iron, SAM-e, tryptophan, Ginkgo biloba

  1530. RUCKLIDGE 2010
    Successful treatment of bipolar disorder II and ADHD with a micronutrient formula: a case study

  1531. RUCKLIDGE 2010
    Database analysis of children and adolescents with Bipolar Disorder consuming a micronutrient formula

  1532. RUCKLIDGE 2010
    Effect of Micronutrients on Behavior and Mood in Adults With ADHD: Evidence From an 8-Week Open Label Trial With Natural Extension

  1533. RUCKLIDGE 2014
    Vitamin-mineral treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults: Double-blind randomised placebo-controlled trial
    * adhd, micronutrient formula, vitamins, minerals, no omega 3
    * Rucklidge, Frampton, Gorman, Boggs.

  1534. RUCKLIDGE 2015
    The Search for a Single-Nutrient Solution to Mental Illnesses Is Outdated
    * magic bullet, vitamins, omega 3, Kaplan, Rucklidge

  1535. RUS 2010
    Comparative Toxicity of Food Dyes on Liver and Kidney in Guinea Pigs: A Histopathological Study
    *Food dyes, carmoisine, tartrazine, yellow 5, guinea pigs, "congestion, perivascular and pericanalicular oedema," "hepatotoxic and nethrotoxic action, causing congestion, stasis and edema in the liver and kidney .... extension of lesions is largely proportional to dose." Rus, Gherman, Miclaus, Mihalca, Nadas. Romania.

  1536. RYAN 1992
    Treatment-Resistant Chronic Mental Illness: Is it Asperger's Syndrome?
    * diagnosis

  1537. RYTTER 2015
    Diet in the treatment of ADHD in children — A systematic review of the literature
    * ADHD, diet, elimination diet, fish oil. Rytter, Andersen, Houmann, Bilenberg, Hvolby, Molgaard, Michaelsen, Lauritzen. Denmark

  1538. SAAB 2012
    The effect of diet supplementation on children with ADHD
    * case study

  1539. SADIQ 2007
    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and integrative approaches.
    * Nice article about various natural treatments.
    * Discussion of oligoantigenic (few foods) diet only; no mention of Feingold diet.

  1540. SADUN 1998
    Acquired mitochondrial impairment as a cause of optic nerve disease
    *blindness, neuropathy, Cuba, vitamin deficiency, methanol, cyanide, toxins

  1541. SAEED 2011
    Investigations of In vitro Digestibility of Proteins Bound to Food Colors

  1542. SAFER 2000
    Stimulant treatment in Maryland public schools.
    * Surveyed students medicated during school hours. ADHD.
    * Not included: children in private schools (17%), or taking meds only in morning.
    * But they guessed they got 80% ... based on nothing much apparently.

  1543. SAGIV 2010
    Prenatal Organochlorine Exposure and Behaviors Associated With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in School-Aged Children.

  1544. SAGIV 2012
    Prenatal Exposure to Mercury and Fish Consumption During Pregnancy and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder–Related Behavior in Children
    * prenatal mercury exposure leads to more ADHD behavior, but eating fish during pregnancy protects against it.
    * Sagiv, Thurston, Bellinger, Amarasiriwardena, Korrick

  1545. SAKO 1978
    A study on the toxicity of natural food dyes - toxicity and enzyme inhibition in Paramecium caudatum.
    * in vitro testing was proportional to toxic effect on survival time of Paramecium caudatum.
    * analysis failed to identify toxic components. See also Kobayashi 1977.
    * Sako, Kobayashi, Taniguchi, Takakuwa. Japan.

  1546. SALAMY 1982
    Physiological changes in hyperactive children following the ingestion of food additives.
    * food dyes, adhd, EEG, pulse, heart rate. Salamy, Shucard, Alexander, Peterson, Braud.
    * Notes:
    (1) only 4 kids in each group
    (2) Red 40 only item tested -- in unknown amount

  1547. SALZMAN 1976
    Allergy testing, psychological assessment and dietary treatment of the hyperactive child syndrome
    * allergy test, salicylates, food dyes, flavor, KP diet, Feingold diet, 93% improved.
    * sleep, enuresis

  1548. SAMPSON 1999
    Food allergy. Part 1: Immunopathogenesis and clinical disorders.
    * asthma, gastroenteritis, rhinitis, celiac disease, dermatitis, urticaria.

    SANDSTEAD 1956 -- See BING 1956

  1549. SANTAELLA 2008
    Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders in relatives of patients with selective immunoglobulin A deficiency
    * "screening for an ASD (autism spectrum disorder) sseems appropriate for children of IGA deficient patients."
    * Santaella, Varela, Linares, Disdier.

  1550. SARANTINOS 1990
    Synthetic Food Colouring and Behavioural Change in Children with Attention Deficit Disorder: A Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled, Repeated Measured Study
    Note: Only 10 mg food dye used as the challenge material.

  1551. SARDI 2004
    THE VITAMIN C CALAMITY: Plea To Re-Evaluate The RDA for Vitamin C
    *cataracts, aneurysms, gallstones, cancer, heart disease, vitamin C

  1552. SARDI 2010
    Use of retailer fidelity card schemes in the assessment of food additive intake: Sunset Yellow a case study
    *Food dye, Yellow 6, Sardi, Haldemann, Nordmann, Bottex, Safford, Smith, Tennant, Howlett, Jasti, ILSI Europe, Ajinomoto Europe, Unilever, Nestle, EFSA, etc.
    *Most of the authors appear to be related to food industry giants

  1553. SARHAN 2014
    Biochemical and molecular studies on the possible influence of the Brassica oleracea and Beta vulgaris extracts to mitigate the effect of food preservatives and food chemical colorants on albino rats
    * preservatives, food dyes, beets, broccoli extracts lowered cholesterol. Sarhan, Shati, Elsaid, Saudi Arabia, Egypt

  1554. SARSFIELD 1974
    Role of house-dust mites in childhood asthma.
    * mites found in mattresses not covered in plastic, in upholstered furniture, etc. They feed on human skin scales

  1555. SASAKI 2002
    The comet assay with 8 mouse organs: results with 39 currently used food additives
    * mice, fod dyes, preservatives, fungicides, genotoxicity, amaranth (Red 2), allura red (Red 40), New Coccine, Tartrazine (Yellow 5, Erythrosine (Red 3), Phloxine, Rose Bengal, DNA damage. BHA, BHT, fungicides, sucralose, cyclamate, saccharin, DNA damage in GI. Sasaki, Kawaguchi, Kamaya, Ohshita, Kabasawa, Iwama, Taniguchi, Tsuda. Japan.

  1556. SATTERFIELD 1982
    A Prospective Study of Delinquency in 110 Adolescent Boys with Attention Deficit Disorder and 88 Normal Adolescent Boys

  1557. SATTERFIELD 2007
    A 30-Year Prospective Follow-up Study of Hyperactive Boys With Conduct Problems: Adult Criminality
    * ADHD, adults, criminals, prison, IQ
    * "An intensive 3-year MMT treatment of 6- to 12-year-old hyperactive boys is insufficient
         to prevent later adult criminality"
    * Satterfield, Faller, Crinella, Schell, Swanson, Homer.

  1558. SAWAYA 2007
    Consumption Patterns of Artificially Coloured Foods Among Children in Kuwait
    Note: See Page 158 (Results) which reports that "Data obtained showed that the average daily intakes of tartrazine, sunset yellow, carmoisine, and allura red as percentages of their ADIs, were, in all age groups, more than 100 per cent ..." These were averages, so while some of the kids obviously ate less, many probably ate much more than the ADI.

  1559. SAVCHENIUK 2014
    The efficacy of probiotics for monosodium glutamate-induced obesity: dietology concerns and opportunities for prevention
    * MSG. Savcheniuk, Virchenko, Falalyeyeva, Beregova, Babenko, Lazarenko, Demchenko, Bubnov, Spivak. Ukraine.

  1560. SAXENA 2014
    Serological changes induced by blend of Sunset Yellow, Metanil Yellow and Tartrazine in Swiss Albino Rat, Rattus Norvegicus
    * food dyes, colors, protein decrease, alkaline phosphatase increased
    * Conclusion: prolonged consumption of the blend may cause adverse effect on human health. Saxena, Sharma. India

  1561. SAYED 2012
    the modifying effect of selenium and vitamins A, C, and E on the genotoxicity induced by sunset yellow in male mice.
    * Yellow 6, sperm abnormality, antioxidants, chromosomal aberrations, DNA.
    * Sayed, Fouad, Ataya, Hassan Fahmy. Egypt.

  1562. SCADDING 1988
    Poor sulphoxidation ability in patients with food sensitivity
    * asthma, migraine, arthralgia, irritable bowel, rhinitis, urticaria, hay fever, eczema,
        delayed reactions, sulphoxidation index, carbocisteine.
    * Scadding, Ayesh, Brostoff, Mitchell, Waring, Smith.

  1563. SCASSELLATI 2012
    Biomarkers and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses
    * ADHD. Markers. Zinc, Neuropeptide Y, manganese, DHEA. Scassellati, Bonvicini, Faraone, Gennarelli.

  1564. SCHAB 2004 - Meta Analysis
    Do artificial food colors promote hyperactivity in children with hyperactive syndromes? A meta analysis of double blind placebo-controlled trials

  1565. SCHACHTER 2001
    How efficacious and safe is shortacting methylphenidate for the treatment of attention-deficit disorder in children and adolescents? A meta-analysis

  1566. SCHAEFER 2013
    Cognitive impairments from developmental exposure to serotonergic drugs: citalopram and MDMA
    * Ecstasy. Prenatal exposure to antidepressant (citalopram) just as bad. brain. serotonin.
    * Schaefer, Grace, Braun, Robyn, Amos-Kroohs, Graham, Skelton, Williams, Vorhees.

  1567. SCHAFER 1995
    Hyperactivity not linked to food additives
    * Dated 1995, but written in 1981. Often quoted today as though no research has been done since then.

  1568. SCHAFER 2001
    Epidemiology of contact allergy in adults

  1569. SCHANTZ 2003
    Effects of PCB Exposure on Neuropsychological Function in Children
    *Toxins resulting in behavioral effects

  1570. SCHAUSS 1984
    Nutrition and Behavior: Complex Interdisciplinary Research
    * overview of state of research in the 1980s.
    * Excellent Feingold diet history, food dyes, hyperactivity, iron, vitamins, trace elements, violence
    * Review of research on sublingual provocative testing & intracutaneous provocative testing
    * The "I've tried everything" syndrome.

  1571. SCHECKLMANN 2011
    Altered Frontal and Temporal Brain Function during Olfactory Stimulation in Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    *adhd, smell, olfactory, dopamine, adult, Schecklmann, Schenk, Maisch, Kreiker, Jacob, Warnke, Gerlach, Fallgatter, Romanos, Germany

  1572. SCHETTLER 1995
    Reverberations of Militarism: Toxic Contamination, the Environment, and Health
    * See also Schettler 2001 and 2006.

  1573. SCHETTLER 2001
    Toxic Threats to Neurologic Development of Children

  1574. SCHETTLER 2002
    The Precautionary Principle: Protecting Public Health and the Environment

  1575. SCHETTLER 2006
    Health and the environment: An ecological view of health
    * Easy to read. Insights into medical training.

  1576. SCHIFFMAN 2013
    Sucralose, a synthetic organochlorine sweetener: Overview of biological issues
    * Splenda, artificial sweetener, rats, cytochrome P-450, drug metabolism, chloropropanols, insulin, glucagon, glucose. Schiffman, Rother.schiff

  1577. Schizophrenia - 2005 Conference
    - in its 421 pages, not one mention of gluten, casein, or food additives ... however, there is still a lot of interesting information. There are some sections discussing essential fatty acids and an apparent difficulty of their metabolism in these people, whose intake is okay but cell membranes showing a deficit (see page 239).

    Comparative analysis of zinc status, food products' frequency intake and food habits of 11-year-old healthy children

  1579. SCHMIDT 1997 - conduct disorder kids
    Does oligoantigenic diet influence hyperactive/conduct disordered children - a controlled trial
    - Note: These were children with conduct disorder as well as ADHD. "dietary treatment cannot be neglected ..."

  1580. SCHMITT 1998
    Correlation of applied kinesiology muscle testing findings with serum immunoglobulin levels for food allergies.

  1581. SCHMITT 2010
    Is atopic disease a risk factor for attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder? A systematic review
    - eczema independently related to ADHD
    - asthma related but eczema goes along so they think it is the eczema that makes the relationship

  1582. SCHNEIDER 1990
    Does anyone remember Hippocrates? - press release by Judy Schneider

  1583. SCHNEIDER 2004
    Moderate Level Alcohol During Pregnancy, Prenatal Stress, or Both and Limbic-Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenocortical Axis Response to Stress in Rhesus Monkeys
    *Monkeys, alcohol, FAS, hyperactivity, depression, fetal alcohol syndrome, autism, Asperger's, separation, Schneider, Moore, Kraemer.

  1584. SCHNOLL 2003
    Nutrition in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a neglected but important aspect

  1585. SCHOENTHALER 1981 - missing pages
    The Los Angeles Probation Department Diet-Behavior Program: An Empirical Analysis of Six Institutional Settings.

  1586. SCHOENTHALER 1985
    Institutional Nutritional Policies and Criminal Behavior

  1587. SCHOENTHALER 1986 - NYC
    The impact of a low food additive and sucrose diet on academic performance in 803 New York City public schools

  1588. SCHOENTHALER 1986
    The testing of various hypotheses as explanations for the gains in national standardized academic teset scores in the 1978-1983 New York City Nutrition Policy Modification Project hypotheses for the rise in school scores

  1589. SCHOENTHALER 1991
    Controlled trial of vitamin-mineral supplementation: effects on intelligence and performance
    * Triple blind, placebo controlled. Nonverbal IQ highly significant gains in 100% supplement group.
    * Schoenthaler, Amos, Eysenck, Peritz, Yudkin.

  1590. SCHOENTHALER 1991
    Applied Nutrition and Behavior

  1591. SCHOENTHALER 1997
    The effect of randomized vitamin-mineral supplementation on violent and non-violent antisocial behavior among incarcerated juveniles.

  1592. SCHOENTHALER 1999
    Vitamin-mineral intake and intelligence: A macrolevel analysis of randomized controlled trials
    *IQ, intelligence, placebo control. Schoenthaler, Bier

  1593. SCHOENTHALER 2000
    The Effect of Vitamin-Mineral Supplementation on Juvenile Delinquency Among American Schoolchildren: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial

  1594. SCHOENTHALER 2000
    The Effect of Vitamin-Mineral Supplementation on the Intelligence of American Schoolchildren: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial
    * Double blind study that "overcomes the primary criticisms directed at the previous 12 controlled trials."
    * 81 matched pairs had no difference; 24 had very significant IQ gains of 15+ points; average gain of group 2.5 IQ points
    * Schoenthaler, Bier, Young, Nichols, Jansenns.

  1595. SCHOENTHALER 2002
    Commentary on Gesch study

  1596. SCHOENTHALER 2009
    Executive Summary on Nutrition, Crime, and Delinquency

  1597. SCHREDER 2005
    Toxic Tradeoff: Exit Diazinon, Enter Carbaryl. Phaseout Leads to Risky Replacement
    * Pesticides, fish, salmon, EPA. Schreder, Dickey.

  1598. SCHULMAN 1976
    Patent: Method and apparatus for measuring and treating hyperactivity in human beings

  1599. SCHULTZ 2010
    Can autism be triggered by acetaminophen activation of the endocannabinoid system?
    * brain, MMR vaccine, asthma, glucuronidation, sulfation, cytochrome P-450.

  1600. SCORZA 2009
    Alcohol consumption and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy
    * seizures, rats, Scorza, Cysneiros, Arida, Terra, Machado, de Almeida, Cavalheiro, Scorza. Brazil.

  1601. SCORZA 2010
    Fish consumption, contaminants and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy: many more benefits than risks
    * review of omega 3 and fish to prevent sudden death in epilepsy; concern re mercury as a problem.. Scorza, Cysneiros, Arida, Terra, Machado, Rabello, Albuquerque, Cavalheiro. Brazil

  1602. SEAVEY 2005
    Water Fluoridation and Crime in America

  1603. SEBRANEK 2007
    Cured meat products without direct addition of nitrate or nitrite: what are the issues?
    * Nitrites/nitrates, organic meat. Sebranek, Bacus.

  1604. SEARS 2006
    Pesticide assessment: Protecting public health on the home turf
    * 2,4-D linked to cancer, neurological impairment and reproductive problems. Dioxins, endocrine disruptors. Sears, Walker, van der Jagt, Claman. Canada

  1605. SEEMANN 2000
    Factors Which Influence Pigmentation
    *Germany, eye, oxycarotenoid, egg yolk color, chicken color, storage, xanthophyll, alfalfa, lutein, synthetic apo-ester, marigold, canthaxanthin, citranaxanthin, antioxidants added to color, ethoxyquin, Loxidan, formaldehyde,sunlight

  1606. SELEKMAN 2002
    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    - Note - p.274 - "Fad interventions for ADHD that have no scientific support include megavitamin therapy, chiropractic treatments, ocular-motor training, and special diets."

  1607. SENER 2011
    Acute Generalized Exanthematous Pustulosis Due to Oral Use of Blue Dyes
    * food dye, color, blue dye, skin allergy, psoriasis


  1608. SERVANT 2010
    Positive allosteric modulators of the human sweet taste receptor enhance sweet taste

  1609. ZHANG 2010
    Molecular mechanism of the sweet taste enhancers

  1610. SERBIN 2010
    Predicting family poverty and other disadvantaged conditions for child rearing from childhood aggression and social withdrawal: A 30-year longitudinal study

    SERVANT 2010 -- see Senomyx

  1611. SESKAR 1998
    Endogenous Methyl Salicylate in Pathogen-Inoculated Tobacco Plants

  1612. SESTINI 1999
    Different Effects of Inhaled Aspirinlike Drugs on Allergen-Induced Early and Late Asthmatic Responses
    *Asthma, anti-inflammatory, indomethacin, salicylates, Sestini, Refini, Pieroni, Vaghi, Robuschi, Bianco.

  1613. SETTIPANE 1987
    The Restaurant Syndromes
    * MSG, RAST, allergens, sulfites, scombroidosis, urticaria, bronchospasm, GI, hypotension, anaphylaxis

  1614. SHADNIA 2010
    Methemoglobinemia in aluminum phosphide poisoning
    - pesticide poisonoing common in Iran/ hyperbaric oxygen considered

  1615. SHAH 2005
    ADHD: Assessment and intervention
    * a little bit of info about a lot of subjects. Shah, Cork, Chowdhury. UK

  1616. SHAHIDI 1970
    Acetylsalicylic Acid-Induced Hemolysis and Its Mechanism
    * G6PD deficiency, aspirin sensitivity. Salicylate and its metabolite gentisate are important in rupture of red blood cells. Both inhibit G6PD enzyme.

  1617. SHARAFKHANEH 2007
    Review: The potential role of natural agents in treatment of airway inflammation - asthma, COPD, fish oil, vitamin C etc.

  1618. SHARMA 2009
    Prevalence of Neurological Manifestations in a Human Population Exposed to Fluoride in Drinking Water

  1619. SHATTOCK 2004
    Letters to the editor; Opioid peptides and dipeptidyl peptidase in autism, with reply by O'Hare
    * comment on Hunter, O'Hare, Herron, Fisher, & Jones 2003shattock

  1620. SHAW 2003
    A qualitative study of Australian GPs’ attitudes and practices in the diagnosis and management of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

  1621. SHAYWITZ 1978 - abstract
    The effects of chronic administration of food colorings on activity levels and cognitive performance in normal and hyperactive developing rat pups

  1622. SHAYWITZ 1979
    Effects of Chronic Administration of Food Colorings on Activity Levels and Cognitive Performance in Developing Rat Pups Treated With 6-Hydroxydopamine.

  1623. SHAYWITZ 1994
    Aspartame, behavior, and cognitive function in children with attention deficit disorder
    *adhd, Shaywitz, Sullivan, Anderson, Gillespie, Sullivan, Shaywitz
    Note: results were averaged, so individual effects drowned out, but there was a significant difference in activity level.

  1624. SHELBY 2013
    Story and science: How providers and parents can utilize storytelling to combat anti-vaccine misinformation
    * promotion of propaganda strategies to combat vaccine resistance.

  1625. SHELLEY 1964
    Birch pollen and aspirin psoriasis: a study in salicylates hypersensitivity

  1626. SHEN 1994
    System for the pH-dependent Release of a Dye in Model Dental Restorations.
    - Note - It is not yet known whether this idea has ever been put into use, nor what kind of dye might be used.

  1627. SHEPHERD 2006
    Fructose Malabsorption and Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Guidelines for Effective Dietary Management

  1628. SHIBLEY 1997
    Metabolic and mitotic changes associated with the fetal alcohol syndrome.
    * FAS, retardation, alcohol, ethanol, DNA synthesis. Shibley, Pennington.

  1629. SHIMADA 2010
    Differential colon DNA damage induced by azo food additives between rats and mice.

  1630. SHOVIC 1999
    Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome - A Case Study of Monosodium Glutamate
    *MSG, child, aspartame, seizures, Agent Smiley, Shovic, Bart, Stalcup

  1631. SHUI 2012
    Risk of Intussusception Following Administration of a Pentavalent Rotavirus Vaccine in US Infants
    * vaccine. children, babies infants. Shui, Baggs, Patel, Parashar, Rett, Belongia, Hambidge, Glanz, Klein, Weintraub.

  1632. SICHERER 2003
    Symposium: Pediatric Food Allergy

  1633. SICHERER 2007
    Food for Thought on Prevention and Treatment of Atopic Disease Through Diet
    *Editorial, babies, atopy, asthma, breast-feeding, peanuts, pregnancy, eggs, milk, fish, hydrolysate, dermatitis, eczema.

  1634. SILBERGELD 1982
    Artificial Food Colors and Childhood Behavior Disorders
    - 21 pages considering the early studies on children and animals, concluding that there is an effect, but that such children are "not numerous."

  1635. SILFVERDAL 2008 = abstract
    Food additives can increase hyperactivity in children. Results from a British study confirm the connection (Swedish).

  1636. SIMON 1986
    Adverse reactions to food additives
    * Review of food dyes, tartrazine, BHA, BHT, nitrites, sorbates, parabens, MSG, sulfites, aspartame, asthma.

  1637. SIMON 1998
    Hemoglobin and the Brain: A Piece of the Autism Puzzle?
    * Autism, creating cerebral palsy in monkeys, the Bohr effect

  1638. SIMON 2000
    Additive-Induced Urticaria: Experience with Monosodium Glutamate (MSG)
    * Challenged subjects with urticaria, giving them MSG while they were ON antihistamine medication.
    * Concluded MSG rarely makes urticaria worse.
    * Study funded by International Glutamate Technical Committee.

  1639. SIMON 2003
    Adverse Reactions to Food Additives
    * Author maintains reactions to additives very rare, and research weak.
    * Nice list of sulfite-containing foods, some sketchy info on each additive.

  1640. SINAIKO 1979
    Perspective on Asthma in Pregnancy
    * fetal hypoxia danger. safe medications

  1641. SINAIKO 1996
    Medical Management of Attentional and Behavioral Difficulties of Childhood: Stimulant and Non-stimulant Strategies

  1642. SINAIKO 1996
    The Biochemistry of Attentional/Behavioral Problems - presented at the 1996 Feingold Association Conference in Orlando, FL

  1643. SINGER 2000
    F.Y.I.: Natural treatments for kids with ADD/ADHD
    - Although supportive of the use of diet, he is very careless about his facts. Here's what he says:
    "The diet prohibits the intake of salicylates (found in artificial colors and flavors, aspirin, grapes, tomatoes, red and green peppers) and replaces them with mineral soups, whole grains, raw vegetables and fresh fruit."

    So we replace tomatoes with raw vegetables? We replace grapes with fresh fruit? Vegetables and fruits are limited by KIND, not by whether they are fresh, frozen or canned. Nor are whole grains required to do the Feingold diet, although it is great to use them. And .... what is a mineral soup anyhow? Oh - one more thing - salicylates are not in the artificial colors and flavors (well, maybe in some - who knows what is in the flavors?) But they are separate problems.

  1644. SINGH 2014
    A comparative study of fluoride ingestion levels, serum thyroid hormone & TSH level derangements, dental fluorosis status among school children from endemic and non-endemic fluorosis areas
    * drinking water, mechanism of replacing iodine in body: "The results of this study question the validity of the fluoridation of drinking water, milk, fruit juices, and salt by public health authorities ..."
    * Singh, Verma, Sidhu, Sachdeva. India.

  1645. SINN 2008
    Nutritional and dietary influences on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

  1646. SLACK 2004
    Hazardous components of household waste.
    * Review of components, environmental risk. Lack of information.
    * Endocrine disrupters,heavy metals, paint, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, solvents.
    * Slack, Gronow, Voulvoulis. UK.

  1647. SLIKKER 2000
    Cognitive Tests: Interpretation for Neurotoxicity? - workshop summary

    SMILEY 1999 -- see SHOVIC

  1648. SMIT 1999
    Dietary influences on chronic obstructive lung disease and asthma: a review of the epidemiological evidence
    * asthma, copd, omega 3, fish oil, antioxidant vitamins, fruit, vegetables. sodium Smit, Grievink, Tabak. Netherlands.

  1649. SMITH 1988
    Dental cements
    - fluoride, deterioration, etc.

  1650. SMITH 2009
    Into the Mouths of Babes: Hyperactivity, Food Additives and the History of the Feingold Diet.

  1651. SMITH-NOROWITZ 2012
    Long-term persistence of IgE anti-influenza A HIN1 virus antibodies in serum of children and adults following influenza A vaccination with subsequent H1N1 infection: a case study
    * vaccine, H1N1, flu, IgE, allergy. Smith-Norowitz, Kusonruksa, Wong, Norowitz, Joks, Durkin, Bluth.

  1652. SMOLINSKE 2005
    Herbal Product Contamination and Toxicity

  1653. SNOYMAN 2011
    Self-reported impulsivity in male offenders with low cognitive ability in New South Wales prisons
    *prison, impulsive, violence, aggression, IQ, Snoyman, Aicken, Australia

  1654. SNYDER 2010
    The Society of Toxicologic Pathology and the ‘‘One Health’’ Initiative - combining human & veterinary health disciplines

  1655. SOBOTKA 2010
    Reviews And Critiques: 33 Clinical Trials Related to Artificial Food Colors and ADHD in Childhood and Related Problem Behaviors
    * FDA, for 2011 Food Advisory Committee on food dyes

  1656. SOBOTKA 2010
    Overview and Evaluation of Proposed Association Between Artificial Food Colors and ADHD
    * FDA, for 2011 Food Advisory Committee on food dyes

  1657. SOFFRITTI 2006
    First Experimental Demonstration of the Multipotential Carcinogenic Effects of Aspartame Administered in the Feed to Sprague-Dawley Rats

  1658. SOFFRITTI 2007
    Life-Span Exposure to Low Doses of Aspartame Beginning during Prenatal Life Increases Cancer Effects in Rats

  1659. SOFFRITTI 2008 - comment by Magnuson followed by response by Soffritti
    Carcinogenicity of Aspartame in Rats Not Proven

  1660. SOFFRITTI 2008
    Consequences of Exposure to Carcinogens Beginning During Developmental Life.

  1661. SOFFRITTI 2014
    The Carcinogenic Effects of Aspartame: The Urgent Need for Regulatory Re-Evaluation
    * review of studies ... re-evaluation is "urgent matter of public health." Sofritti, Padovani, tibaldi, Falcioni, Manservisi, Belpoggi,

  1662. SOGNNAES 1941
    A Condition Suggestive of Threshold Dental Fluorosis Observed in Tristan Da Cunha: II. Fluorine Content of the Teeth.

  1663. SOLNICK 2011
    The 'Twinkie Defense': the relationship between carbonated non-diet soft drinks and violence perpetration among Boston high school students
    *weapon, violence, teens, Solnick, Hemenway

  1664. SOMMER 2015
    Treatment of Aspirin Exacerbated Respiratory Disease with a Low Salicylate Diet: A Pilot Crossover Study
    * Salicylate, nasal polyps, asthma. Sommer, Hoffbauer, Au, Sowerby, Gupta, Nayan.

  1665. SONUGA-BARKE 2013
    Nonpharmacological Interventions for ADHD: Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses of Randomized Controlled Trials of Dietary and Psychological Treatments
    *" effects remained significant for ... artificial food color exclusion ..."
    * Stevenson was the primary investigator of Bateman 2004 and McCann 2008 - but neither were included here.
    * Sonuga-Barke, Brandeis, Cortese, Daley, Ferrin, Holtmann, Stevenson, Danckaerts, van der oord, Dopfner, Dittmann, Simonoff, Zuddas, Banaschewski, Buitelaar, Coghill.
    * Negative comment on this review by Goodman - see Goodman 2013

  1666. SONUGA-BARKE 2015
    Editorial: Diet and children’s behaviour problems – disentangling urban myth from clinical reality
    * tries to find middle ground between proponents & opponents

  1667. SORG 1998
    Repeated Low-Level Formaldehyde Exposure Produces Cross-Sensitization to Cocaine: Possible Relevance to Chemical Sensitivity in Humans
    * Chemical sensitivity. Limbic pathways. Formaldehyde for 20 days sensitizes rats to cocaine. 7 days breathing formaldehyde isn't enough. Sorg, Willis, See, Hopkins, Westberg.

  1668. SOUBRA 2006
    Dietary exposure of children and teenagers to benzoates, sulphites, butylhydroxyanisol (BHA) and butylhydroxytoluen (BHT) in Beirut (Lebanon)

  1669. SOYUNCU 2010
    An unusual syncope cause in the ED: Favism
    - G6PD deficiency (see other research on salicylate effects on G6PD; i.e., could taking aspirin have made the difference in this man since he had eaten fava beans previously without problem?

  1670. SPIERS 1998
    Aspartame: neuropsychologic and neurophysiologic evaluation of acute and chronic effects
    1. Supported by a grant from the NutraSweet Corporation
    2. Phenylalanine concentrations increased significantly.
    3. The volunteers were healthy adults. This cannot be generalized to diabetic adults, adults whose PKU scores were borderline, adults with any chronic illness, or children.

  1671. SPRING 1976
    Food Additives and Hyperkinesia : A Critical Evaluation of the Evidence

  1672. SPRING 1981
    Case Studies of Effects of Artificial Food Colors on Hyperactivity
    Note: used Nutrition Foundation cookies of 13 mg each, 1 in am and 1 in pm

  1673. STAFSTROM 2012
    The Ketogenic Diet as a Treatment Paradigm for Diverse Neurological Disorders

  1674. STARE 1980
    Diet and hyperactivity: Is there a relationship?
    *adhd, food dyes, food colors, diet, artificial flavors, hyperactivity, salicylates, negative review, Harvard, Stare, Whelan, Sheridan, Harvard

  1675. STARE 1981
    Letter to the editor of Pediatrics in answer to Campbell's complaint about his study

  1676. STEER 2005
    Managing attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: unmet needs and future directions

    Negative review: Page 7: "Advocates of dietary modification for the management of behavioural problems in children, including ADHD, have been remarkably persistent, despite a lack of scientific evidence of acceptable quality." (continues, quoting other reviews, and MISquoting the NIH. Even by 2005, he should have known better.)

  1677. STEGINK 1981
    Effect of aspartame and sucrose loading in glutamate-susceptible subjects1
    * 34 mg/kg aspartame did not have same effect as MSG. Study funded by Searle, maker of NutraSweet (Aspartame). Stegink, Filer, Baker

  1678. STEGINK 1985
    Plasma glutamate concentrations in adult subjects ingesting monosodium L-glutamate in consomme.

  1679. STEGINK 1995
    Erythrocyte L-aspartyl-L-phenylalanine hydrolase activity and plasma phenylalanine and aspartate concentrations in children consuming diets high in aspartame
    * Supported by grant from ILSI-Nutrition Foundation. See more information
    * Stegink, Lindgren, Brummell, Stumbo, Wolraich.

  1680. STEIN 1984
    Nitrogen metabolism in normal and hyperkinetic boys

  1681. STEIN 2002
    In Harm’s Way: Toxic Threats to Child Development
    * Developmental disabilities, genetic, toxic, toxins, social, brain
    * Stein, Schettler, Wallinga, Valenti.

  1682. STEIN 2005 - abstract
    Artificial Food Coloring Promotes Hyperactivity

  1683. STEIN 2007 - abstract
    When Preschool Children Have ADHD

  1684. STEIN 2008
    Environmental Threats to Healthy Aging: With a Closer Look at Alzheimer's & Parkinson's Diseases
    * Neurodegenerative diseases, brain function; healthy at 100
    * Greater Boston Physicians for Social Responsibility. Stein, Schettler, Rohrer, Valenti.

  1685. STENIUS 1978
    Hypersensitivity to acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and tartrazine in patients with asthma.
    * Asthma, aspirin, yellow 5, series of 140 female patients tested. Stenius, Lemola. Helsinki.

  1686. STEVENS 1995
    Essential fatty acid metabolism in boys with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

  1687. STEVENS 2010
    Dietary Sensitivities and ADHD Symptoms: Thirty-five Years of Research

  1688. STEVENS 2013
    Mechanisms of behavioral, atopic, and other reactions to artificial food colors in children
    * adhd, food dyes. corn syrup, intestinal permeability, sulfanilic acid, toxicity, liver stress, kidney, blood cells, blue 1 blocks P2X7 receptors, blood brain barrier, ADI, neurites, MAO, gut inflammation, degranulation of mast cells, aluminum, lakes, zinc, iron

  1689. STEVENS 2013
    Amounts of Artificial Food Colors in Commonly Consumed Beverages and Potential Behavioral Implications for Consumption in Children
    * 77% of children drink 377 ml soda or fruit drinks ... if they drank Kool-Aid Burst Cherry, they got 81 mg Red 40 just from their drinks ... even in 1977 table, the MEAN of kids 6 - 12 years old got 181 mg/day food dyes.
    * Stevens points out that the 26 mg food colors used in the early studies was too low both then and now.

  1690. STEVENS 2014
    Amounts of Artificial Food Dyes and Added Sugars in Foods and Sweets Commonly Consumed by Children
    * food dyes, sugar, Stevens, Burgess, Stochelski, Kuczek.

  1691. STEVENSON 1992
    Pulmonary reactions to tartrazine
    * yellow #5, only 1 patient of 194 had asthma attack after tartrazine ... patients continued to take asthma medications during the challenge. Simon, Mathison

  1692. STEVENSON 2005
    Rejoinder to Eigenmann PA, Haengelli CA, Food colourings and preservatives—allergy and hyperactivity (Lancet 2004;364:823–4) and an erratum

  1693. STEVENSON 2005
    Characterizing the ADHD phenotype for genetic studies
    *adhd, genes, genetic, Stevenson, Asherson, Hay, Levy, Swanson, Thapar, Willcutt, Southampton U, UK

  1694. STEVENSON 2009
    Food Additives and Children's Behaviour: Evidence-Based Policy at the Margins of Certainty

  1695. STEVENSON 2010
    The Role of Histamine Degradation Gene Polymorphisms in Moderating the Effects of Food Additives on Children’s ADHD Symptoms

    -- See also Bateman and McCann

  1696. STEVENSON 2013
    Food colors and behavior
    * preview, not easy to read

  1697. STEVENSON 2014
    Research Review: The role of diet in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder - an appraisal of the evidence on efficacy and recommendations on the design of future studies.
    * ADHD. UK. diet. food dyes. Stevenson, Buitelaar, Cortese, Ferrin, Konofal, Lecendreux, Simonoff, Wong, Sonuga-Barke.

  1698. STEVIA 2009
    Symrise develops toolbox to tackle stevia flavour issues
    - Note - when they get done, can we still consider it a natural sweetener? Will our members tolerate it?

  1699. STINGLEY 2010
    Metabolism of azo dyes by human skin microbiota
    *Azo dyes, metabolization, anerobic bacteria, gut bacteria, carcinogenic metabolites. Stingley, Zou, Heinze, Chen, Cerniglia.

  1700. STITT 1982
    Nutritional Guidelines for Correcting Behavior

  1701. STOCKWELL 2013
    Risk of Fever After Pediatric Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine and 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine
    * When given together, much higher rate of fever.

  1702. STOKES 1974 - BHA, BHT and mice
    The effect of butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene on behavioral development of mice

  1703. STORDY 2000
    Dark adaptation, motor skills, docosahexaenoic acid, and dyslexia

  1704. STORMONT 2005
    Preschool Teachers’ Knowledge, Opinions, and Educational Experiences with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    - Note - Again, they are concerned at the number of teachers who believe diet has something to do with ADHD.
    - Note - Has it not occurred to any of these people that when a subject is CONTROVERSIAL it means, by definition, that there are two sides. Therefore, to include it in a true-false test where only one is correct ... well, that's just plain wrong.

  1705. STRASSBURGER 2010
    Nutritional errors in the first months of life and their association with asthma and atopy in preschool children.

  1706. STRATMAN 2010
    Candidemia Incidence in Recipients of Parenteral Nutrition - yeast

  1707. STRATTON 2002
    Immunization Safety Review: SV40 Contamination of Polio Vaccine and Cancer
    * Vaccines. Stratton, Almario, McCormick. 102 pages

  1708. STRATTON 2002
    Immunization Safety Review: Multiple Immunizations and Immune Dysfunction
    * vaccines. Stratton, Wilson, McCormick. 152 pages

  1709. STRINNHOLM 2010
    Experiences of Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Food Challenges (DBPCFC): a qualitative analysis of mothers’ experiences - allergy

  1710. STUBBERFIELD 1999
    Utilization of alternative therapies in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
    *ADHD, CAM, Stubberfield, Wray, Parry, Australia

  1711. SUAREZ-OROZCO 2010
    Contributions to variations in academic trajectories amongst recent immigrant youth

    SUGAR: See Appleton: 124 ways Sugar Can Ruin Your Health

  1712. Sugar and Children's Behavior - Letters by Schoenthaler, Crook, Samuels, Brenner, Furukawa, Wolraich, Lungren, Kinsbourne, etc. about Wolraich's sugar study

  1713. SUH 2005
    Estimated daily intakes of butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and tert-butyl hydroquinone (TBHQ) antioxidants in Korea
    * Estimated levels were far below ADI
    * Suh, CHung, Cho, Kim, Kim, Han, Kim. Korea.

  1714. SULLIVAN 2015
    Maternal High-Fat Diet Programming of the Neuroendocrine System and Behavior
    * causes brain changes, increased inflammation in brain, changes in serotonin, dopamine, hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis.
    * increased risk for adhd, autism, schizophrenia, anxiety, depression. lowered emotional regulation. Sullivan, Riper, Lockard, Valleau.

  1715. SUN 2000
    Effects of High Fluoride Drinking Water on the Cerebral Function of Mice

  1716. SUN 2009
    Salicylate Increases the Gain of the Central Auditory System
    *Tinnitus, hearing, deafness, rats, GABA, Sun, Lu, Stolzberg, Gray, Deng, Lobarinas, Salvi

  1717. SURESH 1999
    Suclinical hyperthyroidism and hyperkinetic behavior in children

  1718. SWAIN (GIBSON) h1978
    An Australian Exclusion Diet

  1719. SWAIN 1985
    Salicylates in foods
    - While she measured the quantity of salicylate in each food, she did not differentiate them by type of salicylate -- methyl, ethyl, octyl, acetyl, etc. A little of one type may be much more toxic than a lot of another type, but no study to define relative toxicities has yet been done.

  1720. SWAIN 1988
    The Role of Natural Salicylates in Food Intolerance (386 pages)

  1721. SWANSEA 1987
    Study of intellectual performance of children in ordinary schools after certain serious complications of whooping cough
    * Children who had seizures or apnea with wooping cough had lower IQ and poorer school performance. About 11% of the group with whooping cough with seizures had been vaccinated. 13% of the group who had whooping cough without complications, and 41% of the group who did not get sick were vaccinated.

  1722. SWANSON 1980
    Food dyes impair performance of hyperactive children on a laboratory learning test

      Letter re: Food dyes and impairment of performance in hyperactive children
      * complains of criteria for diagnosing hyperactivity, between-group focus<, says Feingold diet not assessed for response
      * Ferguson, Rapoport, Weingartner, NIH

    2. SWANSON 1981 - Letter
      Response to Ferguson's complaint about 1980 study (above)

  1723. SWANSON 1998 - Letters
    Letters complaining about Swanson's lack of mention of diet treatment in a seminar, and his response to them.

  1724. SWEENEY 1994
    Evidence for Direct-acting Oxidative Genotoxicity by Reduction Products of Azo Dyes
    *food dyes, DNA damage, Sweeney, Chipman, Forsythe, UK
    *QUOTE final sentence: "The identification of this type of DNA damage hitherto not detected by many conventional genotoxicity assays may have important implications regarding the continued use of azo dyes in foodstuffs."

  1725. TABARA 2012
    Low-calorie bread baked with charred cellulose granules and wheat flour to eliminate toxic xanthene food dye in the alimentary canal.
    * Good overview of toxic properties of xanthene food dyes including Red 3. The charcoal granules adsorb the food dye and remove it from the GI tract. Tabara, Yamane, Seguchi. Japan.

  1726. TAKAHASHI 2012
    Effect of dental amalgam on gene expression profiles in rat cerebrum, cerebellum, liver and kidney
    * mercury vapor more than doubles some gene expressions in brain, liver, kidney. Including tumor necrosis factor.
    * Takahashi, Tsuruta, Honda, Fujiwara, Satoh, Yasutake. Japan.

  1727. TAKAYAMA 1999
    Effects of long-term oral administration of DDT on nonhuman primates
    * Longterm DDT causes hepatic and CNS toxicity & tumors. Takayama, Sieber, Dalgard, Thorgeirsson, Adamson.

    A Clinical Study of ADHD Symptoms With Relation to Symptoms of Learning Disorders in Schoolchildren talerin Bogota, Colombia

  1729. TAMM 2010
    Attention Training for School-Aged Children With ADHD: Results of an Open Trial

  1730. TAN 2004
    Tourette's Syndrome Manifests as a Chronic Persistent Cough
    *TS, asthma, case report, twins, tic disorder, misdiagnosis, Tan, Buyukavci, Arik. Turkey.

  1731. TANAKA 2006 - Yellow #5
    Reproductive and neurobehavioural toxicity study of tartrazine administered to mice in the diet
    - Note: the weirdest thing about this is that after finding the clear effects, they decided that people would be okay because their dietary intake is PRESUMED to be much lower.

  1732. TANAKA 2008 - Yellow #5
    Effects of tartrazine on exploratory behavior in a three-generation toxicity study in mice

  1733. TANG 2008
    Fluoride and Children's Intelligence: A Meta-analysis

  1734. TARLO 1993
    Asthma and Anaphylactoid Reactions to Food Additives
    * Review. sulfites, MSG, benzoates, bht, bha, tartrazine (Yellow 5), nitrites, aspartame, others. Tarlo, Sussman.

  1735. TARREN-SWEENEY 2010
    It’s time to re-think mental health services for children in care, and those adopted from care
    - see also DeJong 2010

    Food-Based Strategies for Depression Management From Iranian Traditional Medicine Resources
    * Comparing modern diet recommendations and findings with Iranian Traditional Medicine manuscripts

  1737. TAWFIK 2012
    Adverse effects of monosodium glutamate on liver and kidney functions in adult rats and potential protective effect of vitamins C and E
    * MSG, rats, urea, creatinine, oxidative stress. Tawfik, Al-Badr. Egypt, Saudi Arabia.

  1738. TAYLOR 1998
    Flavorings and colorings
    * no proof of sensitivity to artificial colors & flavors, but some for natural ones. Taylor, Dormedy

  1739. TAYLOR-BLACK 2014
    Prevalence of Food Allergy in New York City (NYC) School Children
    * food allergy increases with higher income levels. Maybe they can afford allergists? (allergy meds are not covered under insurance)
    * Taylor-Black, Mehta, Weiderpass, Boffetta, Sicherer,Wang.

  1740. TCHERNITCHIN 2005
    Perinatal Exposure to Chemical Agents: Delayed Effects by the Mechanism of Imprinting (Cell Programming)
    *Hormones, pollutants, metals, pesticides, drugs, smoking

  1741. TERRY 2002
    Effects of (.)-4-{[2-(1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)ethyl]thio}phenol Hydrochloride (SIB-1553A), a Selective Ligand for Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors, in Tests of Visual Attention and Distractibility in Rats and Monkeys
    - Translation: trying to see if a chemical related to nicotine could help ADHD

  1742. TETRI 2008
    Severe NAFLD with hepatic necroinflammatory changes in mice fed trans fats and a high-fructose corn syrup equivalent
    * liver disease, sedentary behavior, western diet, liver disease, fatty liver disease, steatosis, insulin resistance, obesity,
    * glucose intolerance, steatosis. Tetri, Basaranoglu, Brunt, Yerian, Neuschwander-Tetri. See also Basaranoglu 2013

  1743. THAPAR 2013
    Practitioner Review: What have we learnt about the causes of ADHD?
    * genetic risks small; Thapar, Cooper, Eyre, Langley. UK.

  1744. THIBODEAUX 2003
    Exposure to Perfluorooctane Sulfonate during Pregnancy in Rat and Mouse. I: Maternal and Prenatal Evaluations
    I PFOS is toxic and causes birth defects, cleft palate, anasarca (swelling), heart problems, thyroid problem. Thibodeaux, Hanson, Rogers, Grey, Barbee, Richards, Butenhoff, Stevenson, Lau.
    * SEE Lau 2003

    • THIBODEAUX 2003
      Exposure to Perfluorooctane Sulfonate during Pregnancy in Rat and Mouse: Maternal and Prenatal Evaluations (erratum)
      * Table 3

  1745. THOMPSON 1989
    The Peroxidase-dependent Activation of Butylated Hydroxyanisole and Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) to Reactive Intermediates: Formation of BHT-Quinone Methide via a Chemical-CHemical Interaction
    *BHA, BHT, interaction, toxic metabolites, Thompson, Cha, TRush

  1746. THOMPSON 2010
    Picky Eating Habits or Sensory Processing Issues? Exploring Feeding Difficulties in Infants and Toddlers

  1747. THORELL 2009
    Children's Self-Reports on Perceived Effects on Taking Stimulant Medication for ADHD

  1748. THORLEY 1984
    Pilot study to assess behavioural and cognitive effects of artificial food colours in a group of retarded children
    * food dyes, additives,
    * Notes:
    (1) Only 10 children (and only 7 were considered hyper)
    (2) Children were on diet only 14 days before challenge;
    (3) No indication of improvement reported before challenges begun
    (4) used 98 mg color ... but included B carotene, titanium dioxide, carmoising, annatto, iron oxides (5) Reported group (averages of all) scores

  1749. TIBREWALA 2003
    Patent application: Manufacturing process of spheroidal food dyes

  1750. TIMIMI 2005
    Effect of globalisation on children’s mental health
    "Western child psychiatrists have much to learn from child rearing practices in other countries."

  1751. TISHLER 2004
    Vaccination may be associated with autoimmune diseases.

  1752. TOMLINSON 2009
    Diet and mental health in children
    * food additives, dyes, fish oil. Tomlinson, Wilkinson. UK.

  1753. TOMOVA 2015
    Gastrointestinal microbiota in children with autism in Slovakia Aleksandra Tomova
    * autism severity correlated with abnormal gut microflora, which was normalized by probiotic diet supplement. Tomova, Husarova, Lakatosova, Bakos, Vlkova, Babinska, Ostatnikova. Slovakia

  1754. TORISKY 1993
    The NAC Pilot Project: A Model for Nutrition Screening and Intervention for Developmentally Disabled Children with Behavior Disorders
    * sensitivities by cytotoxic testing: Red 3, Red 4, Red 40; Yellow 5, Yehhow 6; chocolate, milk, egg,
        corn, Red 40, soybean, peanut
    * Torisky, Torisky, Kaplan, Speicher.

  1755. TORRES 2003
    Is fever suppression involved in the etiology of autism and neurodevelopmental disorders?
    * immune system, nervous system, brain, pregnancytorres

  1756. TOWNS 1984
    Role of acetyl salicylic acid and sodium metabisulfite in chronic childhood asthma
    *asthma, sulfite, aspirin, salicylates, diet. Towns, Mellis

  1757. TOXICOLOGY 1996
    Toxicology, July 1996, Vol. 111 No. 8, 1-345

  1758. TOXICOLOGY (ALOE) 2007
    Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Aloe Andongensis Extract, Aloe Andongensis Leaf Juice, Aloe ...

    Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Benzyl Alcohol, Benzoic Acid, and Sodium Benzoate

  1760. TOXICOLOGY (BHT) 2002
    Final Report on the Safety Assessment of BHT

    Annual Review of Cosmetic Ingredient Safety Assessments—2004/20051

    Amended Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Ethyl Methacrylate - used in artificial fingernail products

  1763. TOXICOLOGY (GUIDELINES) 2000 (Hinton)
    US FDA "Redbook II" Immunotoxicity Testing Guidelines and Research in Immunotoxicity Evaluations of Food Chemicals and New Food Proteins

  1764. TOXICOLOGY (ILSI)2001
    ILSI Alternatives Methods for Carcinogenicity Testing Workshop Poster Abstracts

    Safety Assessment of Salicylic Acid, Butyloctyl Salicylate, Calcium Salicylate, C12–15 Alkyl Salicylate, Capryloyl Salicylic Acid, Hexyldodecyl Salicylate, Isocetyl Salicylate, Isodecyl Salicylate, Magnesium Salicylate, MEA-Salicylate, Ethylhexyl Salicylate, Potassium Salicylate, Methyl Salicylate, Myristyl Salicylate, Sodium Salicylate, TEA-Salicylate, and Tridecyl Salicylate1

  1766. TRAVE 2013
    Modelo dietético en pacientes con déficit de atención ehiperactividad
    * Spane. In Spanish. ADHD Nutrition

  1767. TRIPATHI 2010
    Intake Pattern Of Synthetic Colours by Different Age and Socio-Economic Consumer Groups of Lucknow, India

  1768. TRITES 1980
    Diet treatment for hyperactive childen with food allergies
    * source of "small subgroup" quote, maybe? He was not testing the Feingold diet but an allergy diet based on RAST tests on each child; additives apparently were not eliminated. He used diet for only 3 weeks on kids newly off meds. It's amazing SOME of them improved. For kids without allergy, some improved on the placebo diet - not surprising; the placebo diet also randomly eliminated stuff, so that families used fewer processed foods but had to cook from scratch, automatically eliminating many additives.

  1769. TROESKEN 2011 Book Review
    The Great Lead Water Pipe Disaster

  1770. TROTTER 2004
    Effectiveness of meningococcal serogroup C conjugate vaccine 4 years after introduction
    * Short term effectiveness. Herd immunity.
    * Long-term effectiveness unknown; immunity of infants declines after 1 year.
    * Trotter, Andrewes, Kaczmarski, Miller, Ramsay. UK

  1771. TSAI 2007
    Asperger Syndrome and Medication Treatment

  1772. TSAKIRIS 2006
    The effect of aspartame metabolites on human erythrocyte membrane acetylcholinesterase activity
    * aspartame, human sudy, neurological symptoms, learning, memory related to high or toxic levels. Tsakiris, Giannoulia-Karantana, Simintzi, Schulpis. Greece.

  1773. TSEKREKOS 2005
    Lead levels in Canadian children: Do we have to review the standard?
    * Levels once considered safe can adversely affect the neurodevelopment of children. Tsekrekos, Buka.

  1774. TSUDA 2001
    DNA damage induced by red food dyes orally administered to pregnant and male mice
    * Red 2, Red 40, DNA damage at very low dose by comet assay. Tsuda, Murakami, Matsusaka, Kano, Taniguchi, Sasaki. Japan.

  1775. TSUNODA 2005
    Changes in Fluoride Levels in the Liver, Kidney, and Brain and in Neurotransmitters of Mice After Subacute Administration of Fluoride

  1776. TUORMAA 1994
    The Adverse Effects of Food Additives on Health: A Review of the Literature with Special Emphasis on Childhood Hyperactivity

  1777. TURAN 2010
    Turkish Special Education Teachers’ Reported Use of Positive and Reductive Interventions for Problem Behaviors: An Examination of the Variables Associated With Use

  1778. TURK 2003
    Melatonin supplementation for severe and intractable sleep disturbance in young people with genetically determined developmental disabilities: short review and commentary

  1779. TURKA 2011
    What is the evidence for our standards of care? (editorial)

  1780. TUTHILL 1996
    Hair Lead Levels Related to Children's Classroom Attention-Deficit Beihavior
    - last page (of references) missing, and quality poor. If difficult to read, I have another one scanned at 600dpi, which includes the missing last page. It may be better quality, but give it time to load. See it here.

  1781. TYL 2003
    Developmental Toxicity Evaluation of Sodium Thioglycolate Administered Topically to Sprague-Dawley (CD) Rats and New Zealand White Rabbits
    *Rats, Rabbits, sodium thioglycolate, cosmetics, hair care, developmental toxicity, Tyl, Price, Marr, Myers, Birgelen, Jahnke.

  1782. UCHIDA 2010
    The Effects of a Vitamin D-deficient Diet on Chronic Cadmium Exposure in Rats

  1783. UHER 2005
    Brain lesions and eating disorders

  1784. UHLMANN 2002
    Potential viral pathogenic mechanism for new variant inflammatory bowel disease
    * Autism, GI, measles, vaccine.
    * Uhlmann, Martin, Sheils, Pilkington, Silva, Killalea, Murch, Walker-Smith, Thomson, Wakefield, O'Leary.

  1785. UHLIG 1997
    Topographic mapping of brain electrical activity in children with food-induced attention deficit hyperkinetic disorder

  1786. UMEMURA 2001
    Butylhydroxytoluene (BHT) increases susceptibility of transgenic rasH2 mice to lung carcinogenesis
    * BHT makes mice more susceptible to other carcinogens, so it can be used to study them. Umemura, Kodama, Hiioki, Inoue, Nomura, Kurokawa. Japan.

  1787. UMEMURA 2002
    The mouse rasH2/BHT model as an in vivo rapid assay for lung carcinogens
    * BHT causes other chemicals to produce cancer better and faster. Umemura, Kodama, Hioki, Nomura, Nishikawa, Hirose, Kurokawa. Japan.

  1788. BHT - UMEMURA 2006
    Nine-week detection of six genotoxic lung carcinogens using the rasH2/BHT mouse model

  1789. UNIS 1997
    Platelet Serotonin Measures in Adolescents Conduct Disorder
    * Serotonin dysregulation, aggression.
    * There are numerous other studies showing a dietary connection to serotonin function - this is not hardwired.
       See BACKON 1989, BHAGAVAN 1977, DALAL 2010 to start.
    * Unis, Cook, Vincent, Gjerde, Perry, Mason, Mitchell.

  1790. UNSWORTH 1987
    Serum salicylate levels in a breast fed infant
    * Salicylates (aspirin) should not be used in breastfeeding mothers. Unsworth, Assis-Fonseca, Beswick, Blake.

  1791. VAHDAT 2007
    The relationship between depression and serum ferritin level

    Efectos del flúor sobre el sistema nervioso central

    Effects of the fluoride on the central nervous system (TRANSLATED)

  1794. VALLY 1999
    Asthma induced by alcoholic drinks: A new food allergy questionnaire
    *asthma, wine, Vally, de Klerk, Thompson, Australia

  1795. VALLY 2000
    Alcoholic drinks: Important triggers for asthma
    *asthma, allergy, sulfites, salicylates, Vally, de Klerk, Thompson, Australia

  1796. VALLY 2001
    Role of sulfite additives in wine induced asthma: single dose and cumulative dose studies.

  1797. VALLY 2002
    The prevalence of aspirin intolerant asthma (AIA) in Australian asthmatic patients.

  1798. VALLY 2002
    Alcoholic drinks and asthma
    *asthma, sulfites, salicylates. Vally, Thompson

  1799. VALLY 2009
    Clinical effects of sulphite additives
    * allergy, sulfites, preservative, dermatitis, urticaria, hypotension, abdominal pain, diarrhea, asthma, anaphylaxis
    * Vally, Misso, Maden. UK.

  1800. VALLY 2012
    Adverse reactions to the sulphite additives
    * Sulfites, preservative, antioxidant, dermatitis, urticaria, abdominal pain, gi, diarrhea, asthma

  1801. VAN BEVER 1989
    Food and food additives in severe atopic dermatitis
    *allergy, tartrazine, benzoate, MSG, sulfite, salicylate, tyramine, Van Bever, Docx, Stevens

  1802. VAN DE LAAR 1992
    Food intolerance in rheumatoid arthritis. II. Clinical and histological aspects
    * Diet-responsive patients had increased mast cells; underlying immunoallergological mechanism.
    * van de Laar, Aalbers, Bruins, van Dinther-Janssen, van der Korst, Meijer.

  1803. VAN STEIN 2012
    The co-occurrence of autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms in parents of children with ASD or ASD with ADHD
    *adhd, autism, genetic, Netherlands, parents

  1804. van der TEMPEL 1990
    Effects of fish oil supplementation in rheumatoid arthritis
    * Effective. 12 capsules fractionated (?) fish oil. van der Tempel, Tulleken, Limburg, Muskiet, van Rijswijk.

  1805. VANILLIN-Supreme - specs and promotion of wood-source vanillin by Borregaard Ingredients

  1806. VARGAS 1993
    Modulating Effect of Dietary Carbohydrate Supplementation on Candida albicans Colonization and Invasion in a Neutropenic Mouse Model
    * Glucose makes yeast grow in GI. Vargas, Patrick, Ayers, Hughes.

  1807. VARGHESE 2008
    Aspirin-exacerbated asthma
    * aspirin inhibits enzyme cycooxygenase-1 (COX-1). Varghese & Lockey

  1808. VARNER 1998 - re fluoride
    Chronic administration of aluminum-fluoride or sodium-fluoride to rats in drinking water: alterations in neuronal and cerebrovascular integrity.

  1809. VELING 2002
    Food allergies and hypersensitivities
    * Continuing Education Program, American Academy of Otolaryngology. 49 pages
    * pg. 21, Nonimmunologic reactions: "Toxic reactions result from food components or additives, such as monosodium glutamate, food dyes, bisulfites, ..."
    * Veling & Trevino.

  1810. VENTER 2009
    Factors Associated With Maternal Dietary Intake, Feeding and Weaning Practices, and the Development of Food Hypersensitivity in the Infant
    *Babies, breastfeeding, weaning age, survey, atopy, allergy, Venter, Pereira, Voigt, Grundy, Clayton, Higgins, Arshad, Dean, UK.

  1811. VERKASALO 2005
    Undiagnosed silent coeliac disease: a risk for underachievement?
    * celiac, ADHD, gluten - may explain why some children with ADHD need to remove gluten - beyond the simple Feingold diet - before seeing much improvement.
    * Our materials provide an introduction to the gluten-free/casein-free diet. Verkasalo, Raitakari, Viikari, Marniemi, Savilahti. Finland.

  1812. VERLAET 2014
    Nutrition, immunological mechanisms and dietary immunomodulation in ADHD
    * gut, gi, immune, cytokines, ear infections, eczema, asthma, food additives, epigenetic changes to gene expression,
    * oxidative stress, T-cell, neuroinflammation, prenatal stress, diet, supplements, allergy, EPD
    * Discusses immune dysregulation but does not mention vaccination's role in that.

  1813. VESIKARI 2006
    Safety and Efficacy of a Pentavalent Human–Bovine (WC3) Reassortant Rotavirus Vaccine
    * Intussesception risk similar to placebo - no comparison to non-vaccinated babies
    * Vesikari, Matson, Dennehy, Van Damme, Santosham, Rodriguez, Dallas, Heyse, Goveia, Black, Shinefield, Christie, Ylitalo,
    * Itzler, Coia, Onorato, Adeyi, Marshall, Gothefors, Campens, Karvonen, Watt, O'Brien, DiNubile, Clark, Boslego,
    * Offit, Heaton (at Merck).

  1814. VICKERS 1999
    ABC of complementary medicine: Unconventional approaches to nutritional medicine

  1815. VILBERG 2008
    Prevalence of Plastic Additives in Indoor Air related to Newly Diagnosed Asthma

  1816. VIRDEE 2015
    Food-specific IgG Antibody–guided Elimination Diets Followed by Resolution of Asthma Symptoms and Reduction in Pharmacological Interventions in Two Patients: A Case Report
    * Eliminatng whole foods, no mention of additives. However, this kind of diet automatically eliminates most processed foods too. Accidental Feingold diet?

  1817. VISMARA 2009
    Can one hour per week of therapy lead to lasting changes in young children with autism?
    * Parents learn ABA, Early Start Denver Model. Vismara, Colombi, Rogers.

  1818. VITIELLO 2009 Stimulant Treatment of ADHD and Risk of Sudden Death in Children
    *Claim maybe the kids used other drugs, maybe the ADHD itself caused the deaths, etc.

  1819. VITIELLO 2012 Blood Pressure and Heart Rate in the Multimodal Treatment of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Study Over 10 Years

  1820. VOELLER 2004
    Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

  1821. VOJDANI 2003
    Infections, toxic chemicals and dietary peptides binding to lymphocyte receptors and tissue enzymes are major instigators of autoimmunity in autism.
    * genetic, environment, diet, infection, peptides (gluten, casein), mercury, lymphocyte receptors, enzymes. IgG, IgM, IgA antibodies. autoimmune reactions. Vojdani, Pangborn, Cooper.

  1822. VOJDANI 2014
    Environmental Triggers and Autoimmunity
    * Review. toxic chemicals, diet, GI, infections cause autoimmune disorders. Effect of salt, milk, wheat, gluten, celiac, dental bacteria, mercury. Vojdani, Pollard, Campbell

  1823. VOJDANI 2014
    Elevated levels of antibodies against xenobiotics in a subgroup of healthy subjects
    *autoimmune diseases, genetics, environmental chemicals, haptens, antibodies found in 20% healthy people. Vojdani, Kharrazian, Mukherjee

  1824. VOJDANI 2015
    Immune Reactivity to Food Coloring
    * Food dyes can bond to food or proteins, acting in stealth mode to disrupt immune system.

  1825. VOLKOW 2008
    Methylphenidate Decreased the Amount of Glucose Needed by the Brain to Perform a Cognitive Task
    * Ritalin, ADHD, stimulants, amphetamine, PET, glucose, brain. Volkow, Fowler, Wang, Teland, Logan, Wong, Ma, Pradhan, Benveniste, Swanson.

  1826. VON MUTIUS 2010
    Farm living: effects on childhood asthma and allergy
    *raw milk, Mutius, Vercelli, see also Loss 2011

  1827. VON HILSHEIMER 1974
    Allergy, Toxins, and the Learning Disabled Child

  1828. VORHEES 1983
    Developmental Toxicity and Psychotoxicity of FD and C Red Dye No. 40 (Allura Red AC) in Rats

  1829. VORHEES 2014
    Effects of developmental manganese, stress, and the combination of both on monoamines, growth, and corticosterone
    * brain, dopamine, morepinephrine, corticosterone. Mn effect depends on stress condition. Vorhees, Graham, Amos-Kroohs, Braun, Grace, Schaefer, Skelton, Erikson, Aschner, Williams.

  1830. VORHEES 2014
    Assessing Spatial Learning and Memory in Rodents
    * allocentric (cues outside body), ego-centric (internal cues, self-movement) navigation and testing. Vorhees, Williams

  1831. WAGNER 2003
    Food Additives and Cancer: Banging the Drum - Letter to the Editor, Toxicologic Pathology

  1832. WAGNER-SCHUMAN 2015
    Association of pyrethroid pesticide exposure with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in a nationally representative sample of U.S. children
    * Pesticides, dopamine system, adhd. Tested children's urine for exposure. Above level of detection: 200% adhd. + 50% more for every 10-fold increase. Boys, not girls.hyper, not attention.
    * Wagner-Schuman, Richardson, Auinger, Braun, Lanphear, Epstein, Yolton, Froehlich.

  1833. WAKEFIELD 1994
    Immunohistochemical study of vascular injury in acute multiple sclerosis
    * Wakefield, More, Difford, McLaughlin.

  1834. WAKEFIELD 1994
    Measles virus induction of human endothelial cell tissue factor procoagulant activity in vitro
    * see MAZURE 1994

  1835. WAKEFIELD 1995
    Persistent measles virus infection of the intestine: confirmation by immunogold electron microscopy
    * see LEWIN 1995

  1836. WAKEFIELD 1996
    Genetics versus environment in inflammatory bowel disease: results of a British twin study
    * see THOMPSON 1996

  1837. WAKEFIELD 1996
    Gastric mucosal contraction and vascular injury induced by indomethacin precede neutrophil infiltration in the rat
    * see ANTHONY 1996

  1838. WAKEFIELD 1997
    Detection and comparative analysis of persistent measles virus infection in Crohn's disease by immunogold electron microscopy
    * see DASZAK 1997

  1839. WAKEFIELD 1998
    Prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease in British 26 year olds: national longitudinal birth cohort
    * see MONTGOMERY 1998

  1840. WAKEFIELD 1998
    Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder in children
    * This is the article later retracted by Lancet
    * chronic enterocolitis, GI, MMR vaccination, autism, celiac. Wakefield, Much, Anthony, Linnell, Casson, Mialik, Berelowitz, Dhillon, Thomson, Harvey, Valentine, Davies, Walker-Smith.
    * Comment by Sabra 1998
    * Haller: responding to parent fears of vaccines
    * News for the Practitioner says perhaps the enterocolitis in the autistic children caused failure of viral clearance, & claims no association found in epidemiological studies.

  1841. WAKEFIELD 2000
    Autism Research Review International article

  1842. WAKEFIELD 2001
    Immunohistochemical analysis of measles related antigen in IBD
    * Letter to Editor re IIZUKA 2000 - measles, Crohn's, IBD (inflammatory bowel disease, similar to IBS?)

  1843. WAKEFIELD 2001
    Inflammatory bowel disease and laterality: is left handedness a risk?
    * see MORRIS 2001

  1844. WAKEFIELD 2002
    Potential viral pathogenic mechanism for new variant inflammatory bowel disease
    * see UHLMANN 2002

  1845. WAKEFIELD 2002
    Enterocolitis, autism and measles virus
    * GI, autsm

  1846. WAKEFIELD 2003
    Prevalence of gastrointestinal diseases in two British national birth cohorts
    * see EHLIN 2003

  1847. WAKEFIELD 2011
    article by PF Louis in claiming that the BMJ said they were wrong.

  1848. WAKEFIELD 2012
    Dyer: Wakefield sues BMJ over MMR articles

  1849. WAKSCHLAG 2002
    Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy and Severe Antisocial Behavior in Offspring: A Review
    * Children of mothers who smoked are more likely to have antisocial behavior, conduct disorder, delinquency. Wakschlag, Pickett, Cook, Benowitz, Leventhal.

  1850. WALKER 2000
    The Safety Evaluation of Monosodium Glutamate
    * MSG did not pass placental barrier, not in breast milk. Decided it's safe. Walker, Lupien, UK, Ialy.
    * NOTE: Funded by International Glutamate Technical Committee, parent of The Glutamate Association (MSG industry reps -- see

  1851. WALKER 2008
    Test and Product Review: Freer, P. (2003). Play Attention Interactive Learning Tool. Asheville, NC: Unique Logic and Technology Inc. - J. of Attention Disorders

  1852. WALKER 2010
    Neurodevelopment and Schizophrenia : Broadening the Focus

  1853. WALMSLEY 1997
    Antineutrophil cytoplasm autoantibodies against bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein in inflammatory bowel disease
    * vasculitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, enteritis, ibs. Walmsley, Zhao, Hamilton, Brownlee, Chapman, Pounder, Wakefield, Lockwood

  1854. WALSH 2004
    Reduced violent behavior following biochemical therapy
    (Pfeiffer Treatment Center)

  1855. WALTON 1993
    Adverse Reactions to Aspartame: Double-Blind Challenge in Patients from a Vulnerable Population
    * mood disorders: unipolar depression
    * IRB stopped study after 13 subjects because of severe reactions
    * People with depression are very vulnerable to reaction to aspartame
    * Walton, Hudak, Green-Waite

  1856. WAMBOLDT 1995
    Parental criticism and treatment outcome in adolescents hospitalized for severe, chronic asthma
    * Parents of children with & without (control group) asthma were observed.
    * Parents of children with asthma were more negative and critical; children were noncompliant and oppositional.
    * BUT those children with more critical parents responded better to treatment when separated from parents and forced to follow structured treatment.
    * Improvement is only short-term, until back in family. Called them "family-reactive rapid remitter" asthmatic children
    * Wamboldt, Wamboldt, Gavin, Roesler, Brugman.

  1857. WANG 1995
    Changes of the Human Erythrocyte Membrane Protein SH Binding Site Property With Exposure to Fluoride and Three Strong Mutagens.

  1858. WANG 1996
    Comparison of three inhaled non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on the airway response to sodium metabisulphite and adenosine 5'-monophosphate challenge in asthma
    *Asthma, bronchoconstriction, inhaled NSAID, Wang, Wisniewski, Pavord, Knox, Tattersfield

  1859. WANG 2007
    Arsenic and fluoride exposure in drinking water: Children's IQ and growth in Shanyin County, Shanxi Province, China
    * also controls were taller, heavier, and had better lung capacity. Wang, Cheng, Li, Sang, Zhang, Han, Qiao, Wu. China.

  1860. WANG 2010
    Dietary Intake Patterns of Low-Income Urban African-American Adolescents
    * Several unhealthy eating patterns such as sweetened beverages, fried foods, and high-fat snacks prevailed in their diets
    * Not mentioned but obvious is that these children are also exposed to high levels of additives
    * Wang, Jahns, Tussing-Humphreys, Xie, Rockett, Liang, Johnson.

  1861. WANG 2013
    Long-Term Stimulant Treatment Affects Brain Dopamine Transporter Level in Patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder
    * Wang, Volkow, Wigal, Kollins, Newcorn, Telang, Logan, Jayne, Wong, Han, Fowler, Zhu, Swanson.

  1862. WARD 1970
    Early Infantile Autism: Diagnosis, Etiology, and Treatment
    *autism, very old article gives historical view of early attitude toward autism, refers to "refrigerator mothers"

  1863. WARD 1990
    The influence of the chemical additive tartrazine on the zinc status of hyperactive children: A double-blind placebo-controlled study
    * 20 hyperactive boys, 20 controls. amount of Yellow 5 = 0.5 mg ... even so, hyperactive children reacted. Ward, Soulsbury, Zettel, Colquhoun, Bunday, Barnes. UK

  1864. WARD 1997
    Assessment of chemical factors in relation to child hyperactivity

  1865. WARD 2000
    Enzyme potentiated desensitization (EPD): a potential revolution in allergy care
    * allergy, placebo, T-cells, IL10

  1866. WARD 2004
    Rotavirus Immunoglobulin A Responses Stimulated by Each of 3 Doses of a Quadrivalent Human/ Bovine Reassortant Rotavirus Vaccine
    * Ward, Bernstein, Smith, Sander, Shaw, Eiden, Heaton, Offit, Clarkward

    WARING: See also HARRIS

  1867. WARING 2000
    Sulphur Metabolism in Autism
    * Autistic children excreted more sulfate, sulfite, and thiosulfate, but less thiocyanate.
    * See diet suggestions, page 30.
    * Waring, Klovrza, UK.

  1868. WARING 2008
    Phytoestrogens and Xenoestrogens: The Contribution of Diet and Environment to Endocrine Disruption
    *Phthalates, Phenols, Sulfotransferase, PST, Phenolic, Soy, Cancer, Waring, Ayers, Gescher c, Glatt, Meinl, Jarratt, Kirk, Pettitt, Reab, Harris

  1869. WARRINGTON 1986
    Cell-mediated immune responses to artificial food additives in chronic urticaria

  1870. WATSON 2008
    European Food Safety Authority
    European agency rejects links between hyperactivity and food additives

  1871. WEBER 1979
    Incidence of Bronchoconstriction Due to Aspirin, Azo Dyes, Non-Azo Dyes, and Preservatives in a Population of Perennial Asthmatics
    *Asthma, Salicylate, Yellow 5, Yellow 6, Tartrazine, Sunset Yellow, Amaranth, Ponceau, Erythrosine, Brilliant Blue, Blue 1, Indogotin Blue 2, Sodium Benzoate, BHA, BHT, Nasal Polyps, Weber, Hoffman, Raine, Nelson
    * Used small doses of food dyes & used bronchodilator meds the entire time of the study!

  1872. Web Sites Worth Watching - Psychiatric Services

  1873. WECHSLER 2014
    Elimination diets in the management of eosinophilic esophagitis
    * artificial colors, flavors, corn syrup, salicylates were all allowed on this diet. In fact, candies and drinks were allowed to contain ONLY sugar and artificial flavors/colors.

  1874. WEI 2010
    Oxidative stress induced by urban fine particles in cultured EA.hy926 cells

  1875. WEIG 1999
    Limited effect of refined carbohydrate dietary supplementation on colonization of the gastrointestinal tract of healthy subjects by Candida albicans
    * No difference found. Weig, Werner, Frosch, Kasper. Germany
    * NOTE: In this 11 week study, 6 weeks were baseline, 4 weeks were followup - so only 1 week of an elevated sugar diet was used, by adding only 110 grams sugar ... only about 3 cans of Coke a day for 1 week.

  1876. WEISS 1980
    Behavioral responses to artificial food colors
    (Dr. Weiss is a toxicologist at U of Rochester School of Medicine)

  1877. WEISS 1982 - analysis of studies
    Food additives and environmental chemicals as sources of childhood behavioral disorders

  1878. WEISS 1984
    Food Additive Safety Evaluation: The link to behavioral disorders in children

  1879. WEISS 1986
    Food Additives as a Source of Behavioral Disturbances in Children

  1880. WEISS 1994 - abstract only
    Low level chemical sensitivity: a perspective from behavioral toxicology

  1881. WEISS 1997
    Experimental Strategies for Research on Multiple Chemical Sensitivity
    * Best - single subject design with repeated observations.

  1882. WEISS 2000
    The Developing Brain and the Environment: An Introduction
    * Thalidomide, CDC, pesticides birth defects. Weiss, Landrigan.
    * QUOTE: (Dr. Needleman) "We are conducting a vast toxicologic experiment in our society, in which our children and our children's children are the experimental subjects"

  1883. WEISS 2008 - correspondence
    Food Additives and Hyperactivity
    This letter appears at the bottom on Page 3 of this article.

  1884. WEISS 2012
    Synthetic Food Colors and Neurobehavioral Hazards: The View from Environmental Health Research

  1885. WEISS 2012
    The Intersection of Neurotoxicology and Endocrine Disruption
    * Endocrine disruptors, phthalate esters, Bisphenol A (BPA). estrogens, anti-androgens, obesity, transgenerational effects.

  1886. WELIKY 1979 - abstract
    Correlation of tartrazine hypersensitivity with specific serum IgD levels.
    * food dye Yellow 5, antibodies. Weliky, Heiner, Tamura, Anderson, Stenius-Aarniala, German, Hawley, Lockey.weliky

  1887. WELLS 2011
    Low-Level Lead Exposure and Elevations in Blood Pressure during Pregnancy

  1888. WENDER 1986
    The Food Additive-Free Diet in the Treatment of Behavior Disorders: A Review

    Note: Wender is often quoted as the expert claiming that only 1% of children “demonstrated any consistent behavioral change in the expected direction.” However, she was not talking about 1% responding to the DIET, but rather 1% responding to the CHALLENGEs. Since the challenges were uniformly small, this is not very surprising. It is like using a baby aspirin in a study attempting to show aspirin useful for headache reduction in grown men.

  1889. WERBACH 1992
    Nutritional Influences on Aggressive Behavior
    * conduct disorder, adhd, oppositional defiant disorder, aggressive behavioral syndrome organic personality syndrome.
    * vitamins: niacin, pantothenic acid, thiamine, vitamin B6, vitamin C
    * minerals: iron, lithium, magnesium, manganese, heavy metals, aluminum, cadmium, lead
    * amino acids:serotonin, tryptophan, reactive hypoglycemia, food sensitivity

  1890. WERTZ 2011
    The Toxic Effects of Cigarette Additives. Philip Morris’ Project Mix Reconsidered: An Analysis of Documents Released through Litigation
    *Tobacco, cigarettes, FDA

  1891. WESSELING 2010
    Symptoms of psychological distress and suicidal ideation among banana workers with a history of poisoning by organiphosphate or n-methyl carbamate pesticides.
    - Note - you hear a lot about the farmers in India who buy the Monsanto GMO seeds and end up killing themselves. How much of that is financial stress and how much is pesticide poisoning?

  1892. WEST 2005
    A Comparison of Teachers' and Parents' Knowledge and Beliefs About Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD)
    - Note: They complained that "66 percent of teachers mistakenly reported ADHD could be caused by dietary intake of sugar or additives." The author said, "Of particular concern is that 34 percent of teachers incorrectly identified special diets as an effective form of treatment for ADHD." Bekle 2004, found that 78% of teachers thought it was an effective treatment. Can't they get it that a teacher will certainly recognize an effective treatment when she/he sees one? Teachers are down there in the trenches with the kids, after all.

  1893. WHITAKER 2006
    Food Insecurity and the Risks of Depression and Anxiety in Mothers and Behavior Problems in their Preschool-Aged Children

  1894. WHITAKER 2011
    Serial Pediatric Symptom Checklist Screening in Children with Prenatal Drug Exposure

  1895. WHITE 1995
    Effect of sugar on behavior and mental performance
    * Sugar improves memory, but no effect on behavior except sedative in babies. Reviews elimination diet studies on ADHD but sugar was not restricted anyhow. White, Wolraich

  1896. WHITELEY 2004
    Correlation of urinary excretion of cysteine - sulphate metabolites and trans-indolyl-3-acrloylglycine (IAcrGly) in ten children diagnosed with pervasive developmental disorders.
    * Durham Conference Proceedings. UK.
    * Possible link between immune system and tryptophan and cystein pathways in PDD, autism.
    * Problem in cysteine - sulphate metabolism. Sulfate. See Waring 2000.
    * Whiteley, Waring, Shattock, Hooper.

  1897. WHITELEY 2010
    The ScanBrit randomised, controlled, single-blind study of a gluten- and casein-free dietary intervention for children with autism spectrum disorders
    * Whiteley, Haracopos, Knivsberg, Reichelt, Parlar, Jacobsen, Seim, Pedersen, Schondel, Shattock. Denmark/Norway.
    *Note: Group A (diet) did so well that Group B was given the diet too after 12 months.

  1898. WHITELEY 2013
    Gluten- and casein-free dietary intervention for autism spectrum conditions.
    * Review. Whiteley, Shattock, Knivsberg, Seim, Reichelt, Todd, Carr, Hooper. UK, Norway.

  1899. WIDHOLM 2004
    Spatial Alternation Deficits Following Developmental Exposure to Aroclor 1254 and/or Methylmercury in Rats

  1900. WILES 2009
    “Junk food” diet and childhood behavioural problems: Results from the ALSPAC cohort
    * bad diet at 4 is associated with bad behavior at 7 yrs. Wiles, Northstone, Emmett, Lewis. UK.
    * SEE Peacock 2011

  1901. WILEY 1987
    The Effect of Acid/Alkaline Nutrition on Psychophysiological Function

  1902. WILLERS 2007
    Maternal food consumption during pregnancy and asthma, respiratory and atopic symptoms in 5-year-old children
    * allergy, apples, fish protective effect. Willers, Devereux, Craig, McNeill, Wijga, El-Magd, Turner, Helms, Seaton. Netherlands.

  1903. WILLIAMS 1978
    Relative effects of drugs and diet on hyperactive behaviors: an experimental study

  1904. WILLIAMS 1989
    Aspirin-like effects of selected food additives and industrial sensitizing agents.
    * some food additives & industrial chemicals induce intolerance because they are like aspirin. Williams, Pawlowicz, Davies. UK

  1905. WILLIAMS 2014
    Neuronal reorganization in adult rats neonatally exposed to (±)-3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine
    * Ecstasy (MDMA) in pregnancy changes brain and damages learning & memory in babies. Williams, Skelton, Longacre, Huggins, Maple, Vorhees, Brown.

  1906. WILLOUGHBY 2008
    Parent-Reported Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptomatology and Sleep Problems in a Preschool-Aged Pediatric Clinic Sample

  1907. WILSON 1989
    A double-blind assessment of additive intolerance in children using a 12 day challenge period at home
    * adhd, asthma, urticaria. Yellow 5/6, sulfite/benzoate.
    * Challenge was only 8.5 mg each Yellow 5 & 6 per day, or 8.5 sulfite + 55 mg benzoate
    * Note: challenges were added to a British drink called Lucozade, which was also the control drink.
    * Ingredients of Lucozade vary but seem to include various artificial flavorings, the preservatives potassium sorbate
       & sodium bisulfite, caffeine, and a lot of sugar. Some flavors contain artificial coloring too.
    * Besides the additives in the "control" drink, caffeine is a stimulant similar to Ritalin.

  1908. WINDHAM 2006
    Autism Spectrum Disorders in Relation to Distribution of Hazardous Air Pollutants in the San Francisco Bay Area

  1909. WITTMAN 2009 Pg. 612
    Chiropractic management of a 6-year-old-child wth ADHD
    * Child got better in 6 weeks of care including chiropractic adjustments and nutritional supplementation. Child began cod liver oil, DMG, folic acid, B12, plus liquid vitamin designed for ADHD. Plus dietary changes to decrease amount of food dyes and additives. * Wittman, Vallone, Williams.

  1910. WOLFE 2002
    Anti­vaccinationists past and present

    Note that studies on "sugar" all used TABLE SUGAR, not CORN SYRUP which is what the children are actually ingesting.

  1911. WOLRAICH 1994
    Effects of Diets High in Sucrose or Aspartame on The Behavior and Cognitive Performance of Children (see also White1995)

  1912. WOLRAICH 1997
    The Practical Aspects of Diagnosing and Managing Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    * diet is discussed under "unorthodox treatments" and discounted. Rowe & Rowe 1994 & Boris 1994 totally ignored.
    * Wolraich, Baumgaertel

  1913. WONG 2011
    Xanthene Food Dye, as a Modulator of Alzheimer’s Disease Amyloid-beta Peptide Aggregation and the Associated Impaired Neuronal Cell Function
    *Dementia, memory, behavior, thinking, cognitive function, Red 3, Erythrosin, blood brain barrier, Red 3 to treat or prevent Alzheimer's? Wong, Kwon

  1914. WOO 2014
    Dietary Patterns in Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
    * In Korea, the "traditional-healthy" diet was associated with lower odds of having ADHD, and the "snack pattern" was positively associated with the risk of ADHD.

  1915. WOODS 1998
    The effects of monosodium glutamate in adults with asthma who perceive themselves to be monosodium glutamate–intolerant
    * MSG, subjects with asthma were on an additive-free, salicylate-free diet, AND continued meds & bronchodilators. No wonder they had no reaction to MSG ... probably interaction required (like in Lau 2006) to overcome med control
    * Woods, Weiner, Thien, Abramson, Walters. Australia

  1916. WOODWARD 2005
    The potential impact of the use of homeopathic and herbal remedies on monitoring the safety of prescription products

  1917. WOOLF 2002
    A Child with Chronic Manganese Exposure from Drinking Water
    * Case report of child with elevated manganese from well water. Poor memory, attention deficits. Brother's level was normal but hair elevated, so apparently brother was better at detox. Woolf, Wright, Amarasiriwardena, Bellinger

  1918. World Congress for NeuroRehabilitation - Abstracts

  1919. WRAY 2000
    The role of allergy in oral mucosal diseases
    * Aphthous stomatitis, oral ulcers, oral lichen planus, burning mouth syndrome, gingivitis, etc. 70% reacted to allergens food additives, benzoic acid, perfumes, flavourings,
    * cinnamon, metals, mercury (amalgam) etc. Wray, Rees, Gibson, Forsyth. K

  1920. WRIGHT 1986
    Food allergy or intolerance in severe recurrent aphthous ulceration of the mouth.
    * Association with coeliac disease, but suggested may be associated with gluten even without coeliac disease. Tested gluten, milk, azo food dyes, preservatives. Good responses.
    * Wright, Ryan, Willingham, Holt, Page.

  1921. WURTMAN 2008
    Synapse Formation and Cognitive Brain Development: effect of docosahexaenoic (DHA) and other dietary constituents
    * babies, UMP, Alzheimer's, brain, synapses

  1922. WURTMAN 2011
    Non-Nutritional Uses of Nutrients

  1923. WURTMAN 2014
    A Nutrient Combination that Can Affect Synapse Formation
    * uridine (UMP), DHA, EPA, choline accelerate formation of synaptic membranes, in baby formula, Souvenaid (but not availble yet) Alzheimer's disease.

  1924. XIE 2014
    Antagonistic control of a dual-input mammalian gene switch by food additives
    * benzoates, Flavoring, preservatives. Xie, Ye, Charpin-El Hamri, Fussenegger. Switzerland.

  1925. XYLITOL PAPER 2010
    XIVIATM White Paper: Sustainable and substantiated - Making Xylitol from wood @ the paper mill

  1926. YADAV 2013
    Sunset yellow FCF, a permitted food dye, alters functional responses of splenocytes at non-cytotoxic dose
    * Yellow 6, immune system, changes gene expression. Yadav, Kumar, Tripathi, Das. India.

  1927. YAGYU 1998
    Smell and taste of chewing gum affect frequency domain EEG source localizations.
    * flavor-smell made chewers more comfortable; activates different brain neurons & different brain functional state than gum without them. Yagyu, Kondakor, Kochi, Koenig, Lehmann. Japan

  1928. YANG 2010
    Gain weight by “going diet?” Artificial sweeteners and the neurobiology of sugar cravings
    * history, neurobiology of food reward, obesity. research shows weight gain from artificial sweeteners.

  1929. YASUDA 2013
    Estimation of autistic children by metallomics analysis
    * autism. aluminum, lead, cadmium, mercury, arsenic. epigenetic. Yasuda, Tsutsui.
    * toxic metals, low zinc. calcium, magnesium deficiency. Japan

  1930. YE 2011
    Assessment of the Determination of Azodicarbonamide and Its Decomposition Product Semicarbazide: Investigation of Variation in Flour and Flour Products
    * bread bleaching additive, semicarbazide, cancer, tumors, flour
    * Ye, Wang, Sang, Liu. China

  1931. YEH 2005
    Induction of Phenolsulfotransferase Expression by Phenolic Acids in Human Hepatoma HepG2 Cells

  1932. YEH 2006
    Modulation of Hepatic Phase II Phenol Sulfotransferase and Antioxidant Status by Phenolic Acids in Rats

  1933. Yellow 5
    EFSA: Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation Tartrazine (E 102)

  1934. Yellow 6
    Revised exposure assessment for Sunset Yellow FCF based on the proposed revised maximum permitted levels of use as a food additive

  1935. YEN 2011
    Food safety involving ingestion of foods and beverages prepared with phthalate-plasticizer-containing clouding agents
    *Taiwan, phthalate, sperm DNA damaage, eczema, asthma, rhinitis, hormones, endocrine disruptor, ADHD, low IQ, thyroid hormone change, Yen, Tan, Lin

  1936. YESTON 2013
    Happy gut, happy mouse?
    * editorial; gut microbe balance, dysbiosis, autism

  1937. YOCHUM 2014
    Prenatal Cigarette Smoke Exposure Causes Hyperactivity and Agressive Behavior: Role of Altered Catcholamines and BDNF
    * smoking in pregnancy, mice, male babies hyperactivity, aggression, dopamine, serotonin, ritalin. Yochum, Doherty-Lyon, Hoffman, Hossain, Zellikoff, Richardson.

  1938. YOON 2003
    Assessment of estimated daily intakes of benzoates for average and high consumers in Korea
    * Levels were considered safe. Foods contributing most to benzoate intake were beverages and soy sauce.
    * Yoon, Cho, Park, Lee, Park, Cho, Han, Lee, Lee

  1939. YOON 2014
    Polyunsaturated fatty acid-enriched diet therapy for a child with epilepsy
    * Ketogenic diet, seizures, low-carb, fatty acids, PUFAs, omega-3, Atkins, case-study. Yoon, Lee, Kim, Lee, Kang. Korea

  1940. YOSHIDA 1999
    Amalgam allergy associated with exacerbation of aspirin-intolerant asthma

  1941. YOSHINO 1998
    Diesel Exhaust Particles Block Induction of Oral Tolerance in Mice
    * Diesel exhaust is involved in asthma; this study showed that exposure to diesel particles before exposure to allergen prevents development of tolerance. Yoshino, Ohsawa, Sagai. Japan

  1942. YOSHINO 2002
    Effect of Diesel Exhaust Particle Extracts on Induction of Oral Tolerance in Mice
    * Diesel extracts block Th1 and Th2 oral tolerance. Yoshino, Hayashi, Taneda, Takano, Sagai, Mori. Japan

  1943. YOUNG 1999
    The Influence of Sucralose on Bacterial Metabolism

  1944. YOUNG 2002
    Clinical nutrition: 3. The fuzzy boundary between nutrition and psychopharmacology

  1945. YOUNG 2008
    Thimerosal exposure in infants and neurodevelopmental disorders: An assessment of computerized medical records in the Vaccine Safety Datalink

  1946. YOUNGS 2006
    Lithium Administration to Preadolescent Rats Causes Long-Lasting Increases in Anxiety-Like Behavior and Has Molecular Consequences

  1947. YU 1997 - TBHQ
    Butylated Hydroxyanisole and Its Metabolite tert-Butylhydroquinone Differentially Regulate Mitogen-activated Protein Kinases

  1948. YU 2000
    Molecular Mechanisms of Butylated Hydroxylanisole-Induced Toxicity: Induction of Apoptosis through Direct Release of Cytochrome C
    *BHA, preservative, cytotoxicity, Yu, Mandlekar, Kong

  1949. YU 2008
    Neurotransmitter and Receptor Changes in the Brains of Fetuses From Areas of Endemic Fluorosis

  1950. YUSOFF 2004
    The effects of exclusion of dietary egg and milk in the management of asthmatic children: a pilot study
    Note: Eliminating milk and egg also eliminates most processed foods, thereby lowering the level of additives significantly. So - was it the milk, the egg, or the additives?

  1951. ZANCHIN 2007
    Osmophobia [intolerance to smell] in migraine and tension-type headache and its clinical features in patients with migraine

  1952. ZELNIK 2004
    Range of neurologic disorders in patients with celiac disease

  1953. ZENG 2004
    Functional genomics of the dopaminergic system in hypertension

  1954. ZERVAS 2008
    Review: Control of asthma

  1955. ZHANG 1999 - abstract
    Effect of fluoride-arsenic exposure on the neurobehavioral development of rats offspring (Chinese)
    * 2-generations exposed to fluoride and arsenic. Development rate, learning, memory decreased. Visible brain nerve damage. Zhang, Ling, Liu, Wang.

  1956. ZHANG 2010 -- see Senomyx

  1957. ZHANG 2011
    The estrogenic potential of salicylate esters and their possible risks in foods and cosmetics
    *Flavors, fragrances, several salicylates are estrogen receptor agonists; estradiol equivalent concentrations; up to more than 3 times the ADI.

  1958. ZHONG 2010
    You Are How You Eat : Fast Food and Impatience
    - just seeing the logo causes impatience etc. question: could it have to do with familiarity, and not context?

  1959. ZIEM 1997
    Profile of Patients with Chemical Injury and Sensitivity
    * migraine, headache, fibromyalgia, fatigue, pain, respiratory, adhd, tremor, seizures, mitral valve prolapse. causes: gasoline, kerosens, gas, pesticides, solvents, carpet, glue, fiberglass, copy paper, fabric softener, formaldehyde, carpet shampoo (lauryl sulfate, anesthesia. Porphyrin disturbance

  1960. ZILLICH 2000
    Skin Discoloration with Blue Food Coloring
    * Zillich, Kuhn, Petersen. Blue 1, food dye, enteral feeding, tube feeding. skin cyanotic.

  1961. ZIMMERMANN 2012
    The Effects of Acute Tryptophan Depletion on Reactive Aggression in Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Healthy Controls
    *adhd, tryptophan, aggression, neurotransmitter, Zimmermann, Grabemann, Mette, Abdel-Hamid, Ueckermann, Kraemer, Wiltfang, Kis, Zepf

  1962. ZIVADINOV 2003
    Migraine and Tension-Type Headache in Croatia: A Population-Based Survey of Precipitating Factors

  1963. ZLOTLOW 1977
    Allergic potential of food additives: A report of a case of tartrazine sensitivity without aspirin intolerance
    *early study, urticaria, tartrazine, yellow 5, food dyes, Zlotlow, Settipane

  1964. ZOEGA 2012
    Age, Academic Performance, and Stimulant Prescribing for ADHD: A Nationwide Cohort Study
    * "Children in the youngest third of class were 50% more likely than those in the oldest third to be prescribed stimulants ..."
    * It is recommended doctors take age into account to avoid unnecessary stimulant treatment. Zoega, Valdimarsdottir, Hernandez-Diaz. Iceland, US

  1965. ZOU 2011
    Tourette Syndrome and Excitatory Substances: is There a Connection?
    *TS, urine, food, children, tic disorders, testosterone, ephedrine, no real results, used adult tests, "relationship needs to be explored," Zou, Wang, Zhang, Zhao, Lu, Liu, Wang. China.

  1966. ZUBERBIER 1995
    Pseudoallergen-free diet in the treatment of chronic urticaria: A prospective study
    * urticaria, food additives. 73% patients improved in 2 weeks on diet, but only 19% reacted to individual provocation tests.
    * Zuberbier, Chanatraine-Hess, Hartmann, Czarnetzki. Germany

  1967. ZUBERBIER 1996
    High response rate to additive-free diet in chronic urticaria
    *Correspondence re findings of Greaves & O'Donnell 1995 and Smith & Burton 1994

  1968. ZUBERBIER 2001
    The Role of Allergens and Pseudoallergens in Urticaria
    * skin allergy, urticaria, pseudoallergic reactions, foods. Tomato but not salicylate residue. diet, autoantibodies, GI permeability Germany.

  1969. ZUBERBIER 2002
    Aromatic components of food as novel eliciting factors of pseudoallergic reactions in chronic urticaria
    *allergy, eczema, skin, urticaria, food additives, salicylates, histamine, Zuberbier, Pfrommer, Specht, Vieths, Bastl-Borrmann, Worm, Henz, Germany

  1970. ZUESS 2003
    An Integrative Approach to Depression: Part 2--Assessment and Treatment

  1971. ZUKIER 2010 (Review)
    The Role of Nutrition in Mental Health: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
    * children, adults, adhd, diet. Zukier, Solomon, Hamadeh. Canada

  1972. ZUPPA 2010
    Safety and Efficacy of Galactogogues: Substances that Induce, Maintain and Increase Breast Milk Production
    *Breastfeeding, nursing, Zuppa, Sindico, Orchi, Carducci, Cardiello, Romagnoli, Catenazzi, Italy